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Paper.8.Four goals of Cultural Studies.

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Paper.8.Four goals of Cultural Studies.

  1. 1. Name: Vaghela Sejal Pareshbhai. No.29 Paper no.8 Paper Name: Cultural Studies Submitted to: Department of English Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar University.
  2. 2. Topic: Four Goals of Cultural Study:  What is Cultural Study? Cultural studies is composed of elements of Marxism, Post structuralism and Postmodernism, Feminism, Gender studies, anthropology, sociology, race and ethnic studies, film theory, urban studies, public policy, popular culture studies and Postcolonial studies: those field that concentrate on social and cultural forces that either create community or cause division and alienation.
  3. 3. Four Goals: Interdisciplinary  Cultural studies transcends the confines of a particular discipline such as literary criticism or history.  Practiced in such journals as critical inquiry, Representations and boundary, cultural studies involves scrutinizing the cultural phenomenon of a text. Like: Italian Opera or A Latino telenovela.
  4. 4.  According to Lawrence Gross berg, Cary Nelson and Paula Treichler:  “Cut across diverse social and political interests and address many of the struggles within the current scene.”  Intellectual works are not limited by their own “BORDERS” as single texts, historical problems, or disciplines and the critic’s own personal connections to What is being analyzed may also be described.  Henry Giroux and others write in their Dalhousie Review manifesto that culturalstudies practioners are “resisting intellectuals” who see what they do as “An emancipatory project” because it erodes the traditional disciplinary divisions in most institutions of higher education.
  5. 5. Cultural Studies is Politically Engaged  Cultural critics see themselves as “oppositional”, not only within their own disciplines but to many of the power structures of society at large.  They question inequalities within power structures and seek to discover models for restructuring relationships among dominant and minority.
  6. 6.  Individual subjectivity is culturally constructed.  Such a notion taken to a philosophical extreme, denies the autonomy of the individual.  Whether an actual person or a character in literature , a rebuttal of the traditional humanistic “Great Man” or “ Great Book” theory.  A relocation of aesthetics and culture from the ideal realms of taste and sensibility into the arena of a whole society’s everyday life as it is constructed.
  7. 7. Cultural Study denies the separation of “high” and “low” or Elite and popular culture:  Cultural critics today work to transfer the term culture to include mass culture, whether popular, folk or urban.  Jean Baudrillard and Andreas Huyssen, cultural critics argues that after world war II the distinctions among high, low and Mass culture collapsed  Often only reflects prevailing social, economic and political power bases.
  8. 8.  The images of India that were circulated during the colonial rule of the British raj by writers like Rudyard Kipling seem innocent, but reveal an entrenched imperialist argument for white superiority and worldwide domination of other races especially Asians.  Transgressing of boundaries among disciplines high and low can make cultural studies just plain fun.  “The Birth of Captain Jack sparrow” An analysis for sources of Johnny Depp’s funky performance in Disney’s pirates of the Caribbean.
  9. 9. Cultural studies analyzes not only the cultural work but also the means of production  Marxist critics have long recognized the importance of such paraliterary questions:  Who supports a given artist?  Who published the book?  How are these books distributed?  Who buys books?
  10. 10.  Janice Radway’s study of the American romance, novel and its readers, Reading the Romance, Women, Patriarchy and popular Literature, which demonstrates the textual effects of the publishing industry’s decisions about books that will minimize its financial risks.  Cultural studies thus joins subjectivity.  Culture in relation to individual lives with engagement, a direct approach to attacking social ills.  Though cultural studies practitioners deny “humanism” or “the humanities” as universal categories, they strive for what they might call “social reason”.  Often resembles the goals and values of humanistic and democratic ideals.

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