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HistoryThe history of Polish music includes theperiod from the Middle Ages to moderntimes.
The Middle agesThe first composition in Polish is awedding song „o Chmielu Chmielu”
Bogurodzica – first anthemThis is the first written Polish religious song andit was composed in 14th century.For several centuries it was the national anthemand was sang during ceremonies ofstate, church, and before great battles.
Polish music in RenaissancePolish composers played animportant role in theRenaissance of Europeanculture.The most significant composersof the Renaissance ("The GoldenAge of Polish culture") are:Mikołaj Gomółka, Wacław zSzamotuł, Marcin Leopolita andJakub Polak.
BaroqueBaroque music is the style of Western artmusic composed from approximately 1600 to1750. This era follows the Renaissance andwas followed in turn by the Classical era.
The Flute Concert ofSanssouci by Adolph von Menzel.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P67POIA621Y
OperaBaroque music expanded thesize, range, and complexity ofinstrumental performance, and alsoestablished opera as a musical genre
ClassicismClassicism in music included years from 1760 to1820. The main presumption of this movementwas balance between baroque and romantic.Classics resigned the Baroque polyphony. Themain role belonged to instrumental music.Classical composers created forms such as:sonata, rondo and string concert. Classicism inPolish music was represented by MariaSzymanowska and Maciej Kamienski.
Maria SzymanowskaMaria Szymanowska was a Polishcomposer, who lived and composed duringClassicism.She wrote many pieces for piano, includingetudes, nocturnes, waltzes, polonaises, mazurkas. She is known for her many remarkable piecesof music, which became symbols of the Polishclassicism.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y0e8q9MHqTQ
Romanticism in PolandRomanticism in Poland was a literary, artistic and intellectual period in theevolution of Polish culture that began around 1820, coinciding with thepublication of Adam Mickiewiczs first poems in 1822. It ended with thesuppression of the January 1863 Uprising against the Russian Empire, in1864. The latter event ushered in a new era in Polish culture known asthe Positivism.Polish Romanticism, unlike Romanticism elsewhere in Europe, was notlimited to literary and artistic concerns. Due to specific Polish historicalcircumstances, notably the partitions of Poland, it was also anideological, philosophical and political movement that expressed theideals and way of life of a large portion of the Polish social elite.
Polish Romantic musiciansRomantic ideas formed not only literature but alsomusic.The music of Fryderyk Chopin and StanislawMoniuszko inspired the development of the PolishRomantic movement in all fields of creativity.
Fryderyk ChopinFryderyk Franciszek Chopinwas a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist. He iswidely considered one of the greatest Romantic pianocomposers. Chopin was born in Zelazowa Wola, avillage in the Duchy of Warsaw. A renowned childprodigy, he grew up in Warsaw and completed hismusic education there; he composed many of hismature works in Warsaw before leaving Poland in 1830at age of 20, shortly before the November 1830Uprising.He composed : mazurkas; etudes; preludes; nocturnes;waltzes; polonaises; rondos; ballades; impromptus;piano sonatas, etc.
StanisławMoniuszkoStanisław Moniuszko wasa Polish composer, conductor and teacher activeduring the foreign partitions of Poland. His outputincludes many popular art songs and operas, andhis musical style is filled with patriotic folk themes ofthe peoples of the former Polish –LithuaniaCommonwealth (predominantly Polish andBelarusian). He is generally referred to as the fatherof Polish national opera.