1. Business Question
business question and need support to help me learn.
This homework needs to watch several lectures and then complete them according to the
requirements in word. I will give you the lecture link and finish it within a day.
Individual Learning Log: A Self-Reflective Essay
This document is to serve as a guide to help students in writing the Individual Learning Log.
This assessment is a self-reflective, individually written essay. Our hope is that by providing
you some additional documentation, you will have a clearer picture of what is expected for
Weight: This assessment counts for 30% of your overall coursemark.
Due Date: This assessment is due on the 6th of March 2023
Length: The Individual Learning Log is 2,000 words with a plus or minus 10% over/ under.
Abstract: The aims and objectives of this assignment is to draw from two speakers that have
presented topics on the course. You are required to develop a self-reflective essay that
provides insights into your opinions about what you think about subject matter that this
speaker developed. You will need to support your position with academic and practitioner
literature that support the arguments put forth within the essay.
This 30% essay is the building blocks to assessment number two- critical evaluation and
literature review. What you do here in the learning log self-reflective essay is a smaller
version of what will ultimately be your critical evaluation and literature review.
Tip One: What is a Learning Log-Self-Reflective Essay?
First, the self-reflective essay is an opinion. It is the ability to take a ‘topic’ or ‘theme’
expressed by a speaker and express an opinion. We may take the ideas generated from a
talk and further substantiate an argument on that topic. We might agree or disagree with
the suppositions put forth by a speaker. What is important here is that you develop a clear
line of argument. It is important to support your position and your rationale for making that
The most effective reflection papers focus on your opinions (you can use the first person of
“I”) and critique the arguments of the speaker.
Tip Two: Do I have to incorporate literature to help me make my argument?
Yes. You are required to bring in supporting literature that helps you to substantiate your
2. You will use a range of different literature to help you support your arguments, which will
include: journal articles, books, magazines and newspapers, and websites. The key here is to
strike a balance when drawing from literature to help you support your arguments.
Tip Three: How to get started?
The idea of having a self-reflective essay in this course is to get you to start writing while at
University in a way that requires you to think and develop your own ideas. The self-
reflective essay will help you develop a critical opinion on a subject matter, whether it is to
support an argument or disagree with an argument.
The starting point for the essay is to articulate- what is the argument?
Clearly put forth what the argument in the essay is going to be and then express an opinion.
Tip Four: What language and structure should I used in the self-reflective essay?
Look at the powerpoint slides that I provided for the self-reflective essay. I have provided
you with a specific structure for the essay. This would include an introduction that frames
what you are looking at and the arguments that should be contained within the
For example, in the introduction I am looking for you to answer the following questions:
What are you looking at?
Why is it important?
What do you intend to argue?
These three questions should feature in the overall introduction to your essay. An
introduction provides you the opportunity to link your arguments together and provides
you the opportunity frame or position your arguments.
You should use subheadings and transitions in your argument. You should have four
subheadings in your paper:
Introduction (250-300 words approximately)
Speaker/ Theme One (750 words approximately)
Speaker/ Theme Two (750 words approximately)
Conclusion (150-250 words approximately)
Each subsection should stand alone, but inter-link with the overall arguments of the paper.
What I mean here is that each subsection should have an introduction that answers: what
am I looking at?; why is it important; what do I intend to argue.
This formulaic approach to writing helps to ensure that you are putting forth a coherent,
supported argument in each section of the paper. You would link the essay together as a
whole by either using your self-reflection as a link to each individual topic OR by creating a
theme that cuts across multiple speakers/ topics. For example, ethics, resilience,
globalization, and digitization are examples of ‘meta’ themes that you can use to link your
arguments together. You can discuss how each speaker/ topic highlights different
perspectives on ethics, resilience, globalization, and digitization.
Finally, incorporate language/ arguments that ensure that you are being self-reflective.
Reflective language consists of 3 key elements:
A brief description of what you are looking at
Your interpretation of that topic in a way that is:
3. Analytical: how you made sense of the topic
Impact: how it informed you (i.e. confirmed what you know or challenged what you know)
A critical reflection of how this has impacted or changed your thinking or the way we think
Tip Five: Choosing a topic(s) and linking your arguments together
Choose a topic(s) that is most interesting to you. A topic where you can express a clear
opinion and find supporting materials to help you develop your topic.
You have the choice of writing on two separate special lectures or you have the opportunity
to develop ‘themes.’ Please consult seminar session one on how to write a self-reflective
paper for further guidance.
Approach One: Topics that are not interconnected based on the content of the talk.
Topics are lectures that each speaker gave. So Nina Van Volkinburg will talk about digital
disruption, Graham Perkins will talk about International HRM, Buster Howes will talk about
resilience, Alex Thompson talked about visual ethics, etc… Say you want to choose two
topics, but you do not see how they might link with each other. For example, you may find
that it is difficult to link International HRM and visual ethics.
How do I link the paper together using this approach?
If you choose two topics that do not seem to inherently link together, link your essay
together through your opinion; your own personal self-reflection. What I mean here is why
did you choose to write about these two speakers/ topics? What was it about them that you
found interesting? How have these two topics changed your way of thinking?
What you are doing here is linking two speakers together through your own subjective
experiences. By focusing in on how it has impacted, changed or reinforced your knowledge
you have created a natural linkage to the essay. This is exactly why the individual
assignment is in fact a self-reflective essay. By default, I have given you the opportunity to
link arguments together through your own personal experiences.
Approach Two: Linking your topic together through a ‘meta’ or ‘macro’ theme
A ‘meta’ or ‘macro’ theme is a concept that is applicable to multiple speakers. Here are some
examples of terms that are ‘meta’ themes:
Digitization (there are a number of sub-categories here, AI, machine learning, social media)
There are probably a lot more themes that cut across the lectures, but these are ones that
jump out to me immediately. What you would do in this approach is feature the ‘theme’ in
your essay. You could then talk about how each speaker highlighted different nuances to
this theme. For example, think about ethics. Ethics directly relates to Alex’s talk on an ethics
4. in representation. It certainly relates to Mark Thompson’s talk on the digital economy. It
relates to decisions we make in international human resource management. Each one of
these talks raises its own unique set of issues related to ethics. Using approach two you
would highlight how each speaker developed their own unique perspective of ethics.
Importantly, how does this ‘meta’ theme relate to your own perspective? When using
approach number two, don’t forget to relate this to your own personal self-reflection, which
is still a core remit to the assignment.
Tip Six: Style notes
Short and Sweet – For the most part, most reflection sections/ themes are approximately
750- 800 words long. Don’t go off on tangents. Only include relevant information.
(Remember, a proper introduction to the essay itself is needed and will likely be 250 to 300
words long. You must also write an overall conclusion).
Clear and Concise – Make your paper as clear and concise as possible. Use aims and
objectives to frame your arguments so that your essay follows a clear line of argument.
Maintain the Right Tone – Use a professional and academic tone, even though the writing is
Proofreading – Not only should you proofread for spelling and grammatical errors, but you
should focus on organization as well. Answer the question presented in the introduction. I
do not grade on grammar, but I do grade on the structure of your argument. Do you frame
clear aims and objectives to your essay? Do your arguments link together? Use studiosity to
help you position the arguments within your paper.
Tip Seven: Brainstorming your ideas
Note taking is an essential part of writing an effective reflection paper. It helps you get your
thoughts in order and makes writing far more efficient.
Start by writing a few sentences that are relevant to your main theme. Use these as a sort of
summary of the rest of your notes.
From there, jot down ideas and thoughts that relate to this theme. Remember, that the idea
of a reflection paper is to present your own opinions, so keep this in mind while
Everyone has a different favoured method of brainstorming for an essay. A few of the most
common are charts, diagrams, and lists.
The result of your brainstorming is a rough outline that you can use to guide your writing.
Tip Eight: Writing help
There are writing resources available for you to use.
The Insessional Team Page: The insessional team provides resources and one-to-one
workshops on writing skills, oral communication skills, listening skills, grammar, and
Use studiosity. Studiosity is a subscription based service subsidised by the business school.
You are able to get written feedback on style, grammar, structure, flow, and positioning of
your arguments. You get 10 attempts per year.