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Adeilton Brandão - Open? Closed? Peer Review...?

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With the progress towards open science, scientific communication is facing a new wave of innovations towards more openness and speed of research publication which will deeply affect the way the peer review function is carried out and the overall role of journals in assuring quality and adding value to manuscripts.

Several initiatives are promoting the generalized adoption of open access preprints as a formal beginning stage of research publication, which has been common since the 90’s in the physics community. And, in the last decade, new ways to carry out the evaluation of manuscripts have emerged either to replace or to improve the traditional methods, which are widely criticized as being slow and expensive in addition to lacking transparency.

Quality nonprofit journals from emerging and developing countries have succeeded to follow the main innovations brought by the Internet. In addition to the technicalities of the digital publishing, there is a wide adoption of Open Access in the international flow of scientific information. The new wave of innovations that affect the peer review function and the changing role of journals pose new challenges to the emerging and developing countries in regard of scientific publishing. The adoption of these innovations is essential for progress of SciELO as a leading open access program to enhance scientific communication.

The scope of this workshop aims at an in-depth analysis and discussion of the state of art and main trends of the peer review function, the modalities of carrying it out as well as of the increasing adoption of mechanisms to speed publication such as preprints and how they affect and potentially renew the role of journals. These recommendations will guide SciELO policies on manuscript evaluation and on the adoption of preprint publications.

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Adeilton Brandão - Open? Closed? Peer Review...?

  1. 1. Journal of Microbes and Their Vectors causing Human Infections Adeilton Brandão co-editor Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz abran@ioc.fiocruz.br Scielo 20 years SciELO Network Meeting September 24, 2018 Open? Closed? Peer Review...?
  2. 2. Journal of Microbes and Their Vectors causing Human Infections 1) The gatekeeper role of editors has been a consequence of the communications technology availabe in the second half of the 20th century. 2) This role does not stand up to the standards of the 21st century technology: researchers have gained autonomy to create their own pathway to disseminate research results. But they still haven’ t noticed it... Disclaimer: Personal view only. These statements need evidence...!!! Open? Closed? Peer Review...?
  3. 3. i. long cycle... ii. not open... iii. not free to use. iv. has high cost.. v. cannot be updated... vi. does not estimulate open criticism vii. does not allow corrections viii. is not transparent.. ix. no interaction... Choice? i. imediate... ii. open access... iii. free to use... iv. low cost... v. update vi. open to criticism... vii. real time corrections viii. transparency.. ix. interaction... CLOSEDCLOSED OPENOPEN STATIC DYNAMIC 20th century 21st century current sci pub preprint... Journal of Microbes and Their Vectors causing Human Infections
  4. 4. Journal of Microbes and Their Vectors causing Human Infections A subject matter within (or beyond) the scope of... Academic culture... National R&D organization... Incentives to individual researcher... A hint from the fast track publication at Memorias... Open? Closed? Peer Review...?
  5. 5. Journal of Microbes and Their Vectors causing Human Infections Open? Closed? Peer Review...?
  6. 6. Journal of Microbes and Their Vectors causing Human Infections Open? Closed? Peer Review...?
  7. 7. Journal of Microbes and Their Vectors causing Human Infections Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, FAST TRACK REJECTED The Untranslated Regions (UTR) in T. cruzi mRNA Adeilton Brandão Lab. Interdisciplinar de Pesquisas Medicas Instituto Oswaldo Cruz- Fiocruz Rio de Janeiro - Brazil DOI: 10.1590/0074-0286532411 Open? Closed? Peer Review...?
  8. 8. Journal of Microbes and Their Vectors causing Human Infections Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, FAST TRACK REJECTED The Untranslated Regions (UTR) in T. cruzi mRNA Adeilton Brandão Lab. Interdisciplinar de Pesquisas Medicas Instituto Oswaldo Cruz- Fiocruz Rio de Janeiro - Brazil DOI: 10.1590/0074-0286532411 X Authors have asked us to remove the "rejected" manuscript from Memorias page... Open? Closed? Peer Review...?
  9. 9. Journal of Microbes and Their Vectors causing Human Infections Open? Closed? Peer Review...?
  10. 10. Journal of Microbes and Their Vectors causing Human Infections Open? Closed? Peer Review...?
  11. 11. Journal of Microbes and Their Vectors causing Human Infections REJECTED "...these days a researcher remains without publishing an article only if he/she does not want to"... Hoomam Momen Former editor of Memorias do IOC and Bulletin of the WHO There are journals for every kind of articles: the good ones, the not so good ones, the bad ones... The purpose of reviewing scientific articles... Open? Closed? Peer Review...?
  12. 12. Journal of Microbes and Their Vectors causing Human Infections ...reviewing scientific articles... What is this for? REJECTED Open? Closed? Peer Review...?
  13. 13. Journal of Microbes and Their Vectors causing Human Infections 350 years of scientific publishing... 1665 (1) Baldwin, M. Credibility, peer review, and Nature, 1945–1990. Notes and Records. (2015) 69, 337–352 doi:10.1098/rsnr.2015.0029 (2) Krefting E., Nøding A., Ringvej, M - ed(s). Eighteenth-Century Periodicals as Agents of Change: Perspectives on Northern Enlightenment. - BRILL, 2015 (3) Science as an open enterprise - The Royal Society Science Policy Centre report 02/12 ISBN: 978-0-85403-962-3, © The Royal Society, 2012 Henry Oldenburg The First Editor Phil. Trans. Royal Society "...he needed to consult experts to judge the quality of manuscripts ..." (1) "...letters were much better suited to the quick communication of facts or new discoveries." (3)
  14. 14. Journal of Microbes and Their Vectors causing Human Infections Editor AuthorsAuthors Reviewers Reviewers Reviewers Readers Readers publisher "pay wall" publisher "pay wall" publisher "pay wall" publisher "pay wall" Status quo...
  15. 15. Journal of Microbes and Their Vectors causing Human Infections There is no such a thing as the certifying body for the quality of published scientific results! The set Editor/Peer reviewer/Publisher is a proxy… There should be...? The scientific community should determine it... Peer review = Quality in the Sciences?
  16. 16. Journal of Microbes and Their Vectors causing Human Infections Distinct Perspective... Author: 1) immediacy, visibility, priority, prestige... Reader: 2) free access, relevance, sharing... editor/publisher(journal): 3) to provide 1 and 2(?) with quality... funding agency: 4) strategy to get 1, 2, 3 ... Peer review = Quality in the Sciences?
  17. 17. Journal of Microbes and Their Vectors causing Human Infections Possible Future?
  18. 18. Journal of Microbes and Their Vectors causing Human Infections Ready to Go?
  19. 19. Journal of Microbes and Their Vectors causing Human Infections A scenario...
  20. 20. Journal of Microbes and Their Vectors causing Human Infections A scenario...
  21. 21. Journal of Microbes and Their Vectors causing Human Infections A scenario...
  22. 22. Journal of Microbes and Their Vectors causing Human Infections A scenario...
  23. 23. Journal of Microbes and Their Vectors causing Human Infections The "set" editor/peer reviewer/publisher, i.e., the Journals, cease to be “ the certifying body proxy” of the published science. Probably: Providers of " complementary publishing service" Consequence Researchers take the full control of their intelectual output (both the generators and conveyors of scientific information) Paradigm pre-print, institutional repository Possible Future, in summary...
  24. 24. Journal of Microbes and Their Vectors causing Human Infections Editor AuthorsAuthors Reviewers Reviewers Reviewers Readers Readers publisher "pay wall" publisher "pay wall" publisher "pay wall" publisher "pay wall" Status quo...
  25. 25. Journal of Microbes and Their Vectors causing Human Infections authors decide: if, how, when, where... Authors Reviewers Readers Authors Reviewers Readers Authors Reviewers Readers Authors Reviewers Readers Authors Reviewers Readers Authors Reviewers Readers Authors Reviewers Readers Authors Reviewers Readers Authors Reviewers Readers providers publishing service Authors Reviewers Readers Authors Reviewers Readers Authors Reviewers Readers Authors Reviewers Readers Authors Reviewers Readers Authors Reviewers Readers Authors Reviewers Readers Authors Reviewers Readers providers publishing service providers publishing service providers publishing service pre-print, open, collaborative review, decentralizaded, iterative... providers publishing service

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