• Visual effects are the various processes by which
imagery is created and/or manipulated outside the
context of a live action shot.
• Visual effects involve the integration of live-
action footage and generated imagery to create
environments which look realistic which is impossible
to capture on film.
• Visual effects using computer generated imagery has
recently become accessible to the independent
filmmaker with the introduction of affordable and user
friendly animation and compositing software.
• VFX can be categorize into : Compositing, Matte
Painting, Animation, Lighting, Texture, Rigging.
• It is the application of computer graphics to create or
contribute to images in art, printed media, video
games, films, television programs, commercials,
• The visual scenes may be dynamic or static, and may be
two-dimensional (2D), though the term "CGI" is most
commonly used to refer to 3D computer graphics used
for creating scenes or special effects in films and
• Computer graphics software is used to make computer-
generated imagery for films, professional-grade films,
games, and fine art from their home computers.
• Rotoscoping is an animation technique in which
animators trace over live-action film movement, frame
by frame, for use in animated films.
• Originally, pre-recorded live-action film images were
projected onto a frosted glass panel and re-drawn by an
• This projection equipment is called a rotoscope,
although this device has been replaced by computers in
recent years. In the visual effects industry, the term
rotoscoping refers to the technique of manually creating
a matte for an element on a live-action plate so it may be
composited over another background.
• It is the combining of visual elements from separate
sources into single image, often to create the illusion that
all those elements are parts of the same scene
• Compositing is taking real-life elements with Computer
Generated (CG) Element and putting them together - so
they seem like they were shot together.
• Live-action shooting for compositing is variously called
"chroma key", "blue screen", "green screen" and other
names. Today, most, though not all, compositing is
achieved through digital image manipulation.
• A matte painting is a painted representation of a
landscape, set, or distant location that allows filmmakers
to create the illusion of an environment that is
nonexistent in real life or would otherwise be too
expensive or impossible to build or visit.
• Historically, matte painters and film technicians have
used various techniques to combine a matte-painted
image with live-action footage. At its best, depending on
the skill levels of the artists and technicians, the effect is
"seamless" and creates environments that would
otherwise be impossible to film.
• In the scenes the painting part is static and movements
are integrated on it.
• Skeletal animation is a technique in computer
animation in which a character is represented in two
parts: a surface representation used to draw the character
(called skin or mesh) and a hierarchical set of
interconnected bones (called the skeleton or rig) used to
animate the mesh. While this technique is often used to
animate humans or more generally for organic modeling.
• This technique is used in virtually all animation systems
where simplified user interfaces allows animators to
control often complex algorithms .However, the intention
of the technique is never to imitate real anatomy or
physical processes, but only to control the deformation of
the mesh data.
• Motion capture (MOCAP) is an effective 3D animation
tool for realistically capturing human motion .
• In cinematography, match moving is a cinematic
technique that allows the insertion of computer graphics
into live-action footage with correct position, scale,
orientation, and motion relative to the photographed
objects in the shot.
• The term is used loosely to describe several different
methods of extracting camera motion information from
a motion picture. Sometimes referred to as motion
tracking or camera solving, match moving is related
to rotoscoping and photogrammetry.
• Autodesk max
• Autodesk maya
• After effects
• Cinema 4D
• City Engine
• Dx Studio
• Light wave 3D
• Micro station
• Real Flow
• Wings 3D
• Autodesk Maya commonly
shortened to Maya, is a 3D
computer graphics software that
runs on Windows and OS X,
originally developed by Alias
Systems Corporation and currently
owned and developed by
Autodesk, Inc. It is used to create
interactive 3D applications,
including video games, animated
film, TV series, or visual effects.
• It is written in
• Adobe After Effects is a
digital motion graphics, visual
effects and compositing app deve
loped by Adobe Systems used in
the post-production process
of filmmaking and television
production. After Effects can also
be used as a basic non-linear
editor and a media transcoder.
• It includes Adobe Photoshop,
Adobe photo elements and all.
• It is written in C++ only.
• Stan Lee is an American comic
book writer, editor, publisher,
media producer, television host,
actor, voice actor and former
president and chairman of Marvel
• he co-created Spider-Man,
the Hulk, the Fantastic Four, Iron
Man, Thor, X-Men, and many
other fictional characters,
introducing complex, naturalistic
characters and a thoroughly shared
universe into superhero comic
• His Net Worth is $50m
• Age 91
• Industrial Light &
Magic (ILM) is an
effects company that was
founded in May
1975 by George Lucas.
• His net worth is $4.9b
• Age 70