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Section 3 republican rule

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Section 3 republican rule

  1. 1. Chapter 12: Section 3 Republican Rule
  2. 2. Vocabulary <ul><li>Migration </li></ul><ul><li>Scalawag </li></ul><ul><li>Carpetbagger </li></ul><ul><li>Graft </li></ul><ul><li>Black Republicanism </li></ul><ul><li>KKK </li></ul><ul><li>KKK Acts </li></ul>
  3. 3. Essential Questions <ul><li>What were the effects of Republican Rule in the South? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the resistance to Republican Rule? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Republican Rule in the South <ul><li>By 1870-All States have rejoined the Union </li></ul><ul><li>During Reconstruction many northerners moved to the south and were elected or appointed into government positions </li></ul><ul><li>Southerners viewed Northerners as intruders looking to make money off of the south in the postwar </li></ul>
  5. 5. Republican Rule in the South… <ul><li>Southerners referred to these Northerners as carpetbaggers because some brought suitcases made of carpet fabric </li></ul>
  6. 6. Republican Rule in the South… <ul><li>Carpetbaggers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some exploited the South </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most looked for more opportunities than they could find in the North and West </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schoolteachers for whites and African Americans </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Republican Rule in the South… <ul><li>Southerners also disliked scalawags – white southerners who worked with Republicans and supported Reconstruction </li></ul>
  8. 8. Republican Rule in the South… <ul><li>Scalawags </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small farm owners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to keep wealthy land owners out of power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Favored Republican Reconstruction </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Republican Rule in the South <ul><li>African Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Thousands enter politics </li></ul><ul><li>“Black Republicanism”- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Whites claim that African Americans took over politics in the South </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not true </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Republican Rule in the South <ul><li>Republican Reforms in the South </li></ul><ul><li>Repeal of Black Codes </li></ul><ul><li>State Hospitals and Institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Rebuilt transportation system </li></ul><ul><li>Established Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Paid for reforms through borrowing and collecting taxes </li></ul>
  11. 11. Republican Rule in the South… <ul><li>Some Republicans in the South were corrupt. </li></ul><ul><li>Graft, or getting money illegally through politics, was common in both the South and the North. </li></ul>
  12. 12. African American Communities <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>By 1870 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4,000 School, 9,000 Teachers, 200,000 Former Slaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>40% attended school </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Universities-Tight network of schools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fisk University-Tennessee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Atlanta University </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Morehouse College </li></ul></ul>Georgia
  13. 13. African American Communities… <ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Established Churches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Center of Community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Center </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unofficial Courts </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Essential Question <ul><li>What was the resistance to Republican Rule? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Southern Resistence <ul><li>Rise of Resistance against Republican Reform </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Despise the “Black Republican” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Want to bring power back to the Democratic Party in the South </li></ul>
  16. 16. Ku Klux Klan <ul><li>Secret Society-Founded 1866 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Former Confederate Soldiers-Tennesee </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Goal-Drive out Union Troops and Carpetbaggers </li></ul><ul><li>Rode in gangs at night </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Burned homes, schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drove out Freedmen’s Bureau officials </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Letter to Congress <ul><li>“We believe you are not familiar with the description of the Ku Klux Klan’s riding nightly over the country, going from county to county, and in the county towns spreading terror wherever they go by robbing, whipping, ravishing, and killing our people without provocation…We pray you will take some steps to remedy these evils.” </li></ul>
  18. 18. Enforcement Acts <ul><li>KKK’s actions outraged Grant </li></ul><ul><li>1 st -Illegal to interfere with the right to vote </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd -Elections under the supervision of federal marshalls </li></ul><ul><li>3 rd -KKK Act-outlawed activities of the Klan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3000 Arrested </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>600 convicted </li></ul></ul></ul>