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Spirituality
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Spirituality

  1. 1. SpiritualitySpirituality The way to true understandingThe way to true understanding Muhammad Saud KharalMuhammad Saud Kharal PhD in Social Science,PhD in Social Science, Department of Sociology Faculty of SocialDepartment of Sociology Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Airlangga,and Political Sciences, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya IndonesiaSurabaya Indonesia
  2. 2. What Is SpiritualityWhat Is Spirituality • In my opinion it is the middle like betweenIn my opinion it is the middle like between religion and a true understanding of god.religion and a true understanding of god. • However dictionary.com has a different opinionHowever dictionary.com has a different opinion on the definition of spirituality, it also importanton the definition of spirituality, it also important to notice how I have a different opinion and Ito notice how I have a different opinion and I am sure you all have a different opinion ofam sure you all have a different opinion of spirituality.spirituality. A.A. The state, quality, manner, or fact of being spiritual.The state, quality, manner, or fact of being spiritual. B.B. The clergy.The clergy. C.C. Something, such as property or revenue, that belongsSomething, such as property or revenue, that belongs to the church or to a cleric. Often used in the plural.to the church or to a cleric. Often used in the plural.
  3. 3. Table Of ContentsTable Of Contents • The first religion that I will talk about isThe first religion that I will talk about is Judaism.Judaism. • The second religion that I will talk about isThe second religion that I will talk about is Hinduism.Hinduism. • The third religion that I will talk about isThe third religion that I will talk about is Islam.Islam.
  4. 4. What are Jewish spiritualWhat are Jewish spiritual teachers called, and what doteachers called, and what do they do?they do? • MaggidMaggid is the name given to theis the name given to the wondering Jewish spiritualwondering Jewish spiritual leaders, also known as aleaders, also known as a preacher.preacher. • Who in times past traveled fromWho in times past traveled from community to community tocommunity to community to awaken Jews to the beauty ofawaken Jews to the beauty of their tradition.their tradition. • YITZHAK BUXBAUM is aYITZHAK BUXBAUM is a Maggid who goes aroundMaggid who goes around telling stories and helping ourstelling stories and helping ours find the beauty in Judaism.find the beauty in Judaism.
  5. 5. How does one become a Maggid?How does one become a Maggid? • With the help of God.With the help of God. Be a Maggid, a teller of tales, and speakBe a Maggid, a teller of tales, and speak sacred words to the seed of Jacob.sacred words to the seed of Jacob. These are the words you shall speak to theThese are the words you shall speak to the Children of Israel.Children of Israel. With this, we support, strengthen, andWith this, we support, strengthen, and uphold the hands ofuphold the hands of Reb Yitzhak ben Meir BuxbaumReb Yitzhak ben Meir Buxbaum To live a life of the spirit, making theTo live a life of the spirit, making the rounds, knocking on all doors, the doorsrounds, knocking on all doors, the doors facing each other, the door of the Temple,facing each other, the door of the Temple, the gates of the heart, the Heart of Israelthe gates of the heart, the Heart of Israel To return those who are lost, lost to mind,To return those who are lost, lost to mind, the Mind of the Most High,the Mind of the Most High, With stories that draw the heart of IsraelWith stories that draw the heart of Israel and cause them to awaken.and cause them to awaken. Arise, shine, for your light has come!Arise, shine, for your light has come! Tell, tellTell, tell Awaken, awakenAwaken, awaken Return, return the People of Israel inReturn, return the People of Israel in complete repentance, from love.complete repentance, from love. So shall you bless, and merit to see theSo shall you bless, and merit to see the raising of the honor of Israel, in joy.raising of the honor of Israel, in joy. • The way one becomes a Maggid is byThe way one becomes a Maggid is by learning under a teacher until the teacherlearning under a teacher until the teacher believes that the individual is prepared tobelieves that the individual is prepared to venture out into the world and practice beingventure out into the world and practice being a Maggid.a Maggid. • once the teacher sees the power in theonce the teacher sees the power in the student he will recite to him the followingstudent he will recite to him the following words.words.
  6. 6. What are Hindu spiritualWhat are Hindu spiritual teachers called, and what doteachers called, and what do they do?they do? • There are many names given to the hinduThere are many names given to the hindu spiritual teachers and leaders one of which isspiritual teachers and leaders one of which is swamiswami • SwamiSwami 1.1. A religious teacher.A religious teacher. 2.2. A mystic; a yogi.A mystic; a yogi. • another name is Guru jianother name is Guru ji 1.1. A personal spiritual teacher.A personal spiritual teacher. 2.2. A teacher and guide in spiritual andA teacher and guide in spiritual and philosophical matters.philosophical matters. 3.3. A trusted counselor and adviser; a mentor.A trusted counselor and adviser; a mentor.
  7. 7. India's Most Admired SaintIndia's Most Admired Saint VivekanandaVivekananda • Swami Vivekananda isSwami Vivekananda is one of most admiredone of most admired spiritual leaders of India.spiritual leaders of India. The world knows him asThe world knows him as an inspiring Hindu monk,an inspiring Hindu monk, his motherland regardshis motherland regards him as the patriot sainthim as the patriot saint of modern India, andof modern India, and Hindus consider him as aHindus consider him as a source of spiritual power,source of spiritual power, mental energy, strength-mental energy, strength- giving and open-giving and open- mindedness.mindedness.
  8. 8. Background on the swami jiBackground on the swami ji • Born on January 12,Born on January 12, 1863 in Calcutta, India1863 in Calcutta, India • Rose to worldwideRose to worldwide fame in 1893, whenfame in 1893, when he visited Parliamenthe visited Parliament of World Religions.of World Religions. • He died 4th of July,He died 4th of July, 1902 at the young1902 at the young age of 38.age of 38.
  9. 9. Here are a few sayings ofHere are a few sayings of swami jiswami ji • Love Is The Law Of Life: All love is expansion, all selfishness is contraction.Love Is The Law Of Life: All love is expansion, all selfishness is contraction. Love is therefore the only law of life. He who loves lives, he who is selfish isLove is therefore the only law of life. He who loves lives, he who is selfish is dying. Therefore, love for love's sake, because it is law of life, just as youdying. Therefore, love for love's sake, because it is law of life, just as you breathe to live.breathe to live. • It's Your Outlook That Matters: It is our own mental attitude, which makes theIt's Your Outlook That Matters: It is our own mental attitude, which makes the world what it is for us. Our thoughts make things beautiful, our thoughts makeworld what it is for us. Our thoughts make things beautiful, our thoughts make things ugly. The whole world is in our own minds. Learn to see things in thethings ugly. The whole world is in our own minds. Learn to see things in the proper light.proper light. • Life is Beautiful: First, believe in this world - that there is meaning behindLife is Beautiful: First, believe in this world - that there is meaning behind everything. Everything in the world is good, is holy and beautiful. If you seeeverything. Everything in the world is good, is holy and beautiful. If you see something evil, think that you do not understand it in the right light. Throw thesomething evil, think that you do not understand it in the right light. Throw the burden on yourselves!burden on yourselves! • It's The Way You Feel: Feel like Christ and you will be a Christ; feel like BuddhaIt's The Way You Feel: Feel like Christ and you will be a Christ; feel like Buddha and you will be a Buddha. It is feeling that is the life, the strength, the vitality,and you will be a Buddha. It is feeling that is the life, the strength, the vitality, without which no amount of intellectual activity can reach God.without which no amount of intellectual activity can reach God. • Set Yourself Free: The moment I have realized God sitting in the temple of everySet Yourself Free: The moment I have realized God sitting in the temple of every human body, the moment I stand in reverence before every human being andhuman body, the moment I stand in reverence before every human being and see God in him - that moment I am free from bondage, everything that bindssee God in him - that moment I am free from bondage, everything that binds vanishes, and I am free.vanishes, and I am free.
  10. 10. ContinuedContinued • 6. Don't Play The Blame Game: Condemn none: if you can6. Don't Play The Blame Game: Condemn none: if you can stretch out a helping hand, do so. If you cannot, fold yourstretch out a helping hand, do so. If you cannot, fold your hands, bless your brothers, and let them go their own way.hands, bless your brothers, and let them go their own way. • 7. Help Others: If money helps a man to do good to others, it is7. Help Others: If money helps a man to do good to others, it is of some value; but if not, it is simply a mass of evil, and theof some value; but if not, it is simply a mass of evil, and the sooner it is got rid of, the better.sooner it is got rid of, the better. • 8. Uphold Your Ideals: Our duty is to encourage every one in8. Uphold Your Ideals: Our duty is to encourage every one in his struggle to live up to his own highest idea, and strive at thehis struggle to live up to his own highest idea, and strive at the same time to make the ideal as near as possible to the Truth.same time to make the ideal as near as possible to the Truth. • 9. Listen To Your Soul: You have to grow from the inside out.9. Listen To Your Soul: You have to grow from the inside out. None can teach you, none can make you spiritual. There is noNone can teach you, none can make you spiritual. There is no other teacher but your own soul.other teacher but your own soul. • 10. Be Yourself: The greatest religion is to be true to your own10. Be Yourself: The greatest religion is to be true to your own nature. Have faith in yourselves!nature. Have faith in yourselves!
  11. 11. Final continueFinal continue • 11. Nothing Is Impossible: Never think there is anything11. Nothing Is Impossible: Never think there is anything impossible for the soul. It is the greatest heresy to think so. Ifimpossible for the soul. It is the greatest heresy to think so. If there is sin, this is the only sin - to say that you are weak, orthere is sin, this is the only sin - to say that you are weak, or others are weak.others are weak. • 12. You Have The Power: All the powers in the universe are12. You Have The Power: All the powers in the universe are already ours. It is we who have put our hands before our eyesalready ours. It is we who have put our hands before our eyes and cry that it is dark.and cry that it is dark. • 13. Learn Everyday: The goal of mankind is knowledge... now13. Learn Everyday: The goal of mankind is knowledge... now this knowledge is inherent in man. No knowledge comes fromthis knowledge is inherent in man. No knowledge comes from outside: it is all inside. What we say a man 'knows', should, inoutside: it is all inside. What we say a man 'knows', should, in strict psychological language, be what he 'discovers' orstrict psychological language, be what he 'discovers' or 'unveils'; what man 'learns' is really what he discovers by'unveils'; what man 'learns' is really what he discovers by taking the cover off his own soul, which is a mine of infinitetaking the cover off his own soul, which is a mine of infinite knowledge.knowledge. • 14. Be Truthful: Everything can be sacrificed for truth, but truth14. Be Truthful: Everything can be sacrificed for truth, but truth cannot be sacrificed for anything.cannot be sacrificed for anything. • 15. Think Different: All differences in this world are of degree,15. Think Different: All differences in this world are of degree, and not of kind, because oneness is the secret of everything.and not of kind, because oneness is the secret of everything.
  12. 12. What are Muslim spiritualWhat are Muslim spiritual teachers called, and what doteachers called, and what do they do?they do? • The title of a Muslim spiritual leader is, a Sufi,The title of a Muslim spiritual leader is, a Sufi, dervishes.dervishes. • Both are known for there lack of worldly careBoth are known for there lack of worldly care they do not bother with worldly indulgences theythey do not bother with worldly indulgences they merely work to get enough food for themselves.merely work to get enough food for themselves. • Both of them also seek the love of god and seeBoth of them also seek the love of god and see no differences in humans every path leads tono differences in humans every path leads to god in there point of view.god in there point of view.
  13. 13. A famous Sufi isA famous Sufi is JalaluddinJalaluddin RumiRumi • Born September 29, 1207Born September 29, 1207 in Persia .in Persia . • Age 37 On Saturday,Age 37 On Saturday, November 28, 1244 A.D.November 28, 1244 A.D. meets shams.meets shams. • Age 39 Shams leftAge 39 Shams left Qonya and Rumi for theQonya and Rumi for the first time.first time. • At sunset of December 16,At sunset of December 16, 1273 A.D.1273 A.D.
  14. 14. Poems of RumiPoems of Rumi • Art as Flirtation and SurrenderArt as Flirtation and Surrender   In your light I learn howIn your light I learn how to love.In your beauty, how to make poems.You danceto love.In your beauty, how to make poems.You dance inside my chest,where no one sees you,but sometimes Iinside my chest,where no one sees you,but sometimes I do,and that sight becomes this art.do,and that sight becomes this art. • "One went to the door of the Beloved and knocked. A"One went to the door of the Beloved and knocked. A voice asked, 'Who is there?'He answered, 'It is I.' Thevoice asked, 'Who is there?'He answered, 'It is I.' The voice said, 'There is no room for Me and Thee.‘ The doorvoice said, 'There is no room for Me and Thee.‘ The door was shut.After a year of solitude and deprivation hewas shut.After a year of solitude and deprivation he returned and knocked.returned and knocked. A voice from within asked, 'Who is there?‘ The man said,A voice from within asked, 'Who is there?‘ The man said, 'It is Thee.‘ The door was opened for him."'It is Thee.‘ The door was opened for him."
  15. 15. How to read sufi booksHow to read sufi books • The key to understanding Rumi or any other SufiThe key to understanding Rumi or any other Sufi is to understand the analogies that are beingis to understand the analogies that are being used.used. • For example beloved or lover are refferences forFor example beloved or lover are refferences for god or there spiritual masters, because theygod or there spiritual masters, because they were so in love with god that they no longerwere so in love with god that they no longer considered themselves as part of this life theyconsidered themselves as part of this life they were intoxicated with love of god alone blind towere intoxicated with love of god alone blind to the material world but not the godly world theythe material world but not the godly world they believed that everything had gods presences inbelieved that everything had gods presences in it and that evil happens because it may helpit and that evil happens because it may help someone out in the end.someone out in the end.
  16. 16. ContinuedContinued • Their true inspiration for any of their worksTheir true inspiration for any of their works was the quran and secondly from spiritualwas the quran and secondly from spiritual trips which each individual experencestrips which each individual experences while on the path of god.while on the path of god. • They also drew on inspiration from theThey also drew on inspiration from the world which would remind them of god.world which would remind them of god.
  17. 17. Compare and ContrastCompare and Contrast • CompareCompare • All three seeked outAll three seeked out teachers along the pathteachers along the path • They believed in theThey believed in the individuals rights to seekindividuals rights to seek guidance from somethingguidance from something higherhigher • All three would use storesAll three would use stores and analogies to helpand analogies to help people understand.people understand. • All three ideal and storiesAll three ideal and stories have stood the test ofhave stood the test of timetime • ContrastContrast • Came from differentCame from different religionsreligions • Lived in differentLived in different areas and practicedareas and practiced different religions.different religions.
  18. 18. Three men three religions oneThree men three religions one unifying principle.unifying principle.
  19. 19. There is only one god and manyThere is only one god and many ways to reach him.ways to reach him.

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