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Dgr for crewmember 2016 recurrent

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Dgr for crewmember 2016 recurrent

  1. 1. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 1 By: Sar Sulistyo DANGEROUS GOODS REGULATIONS Setting the Course to Safety By Sarsulistyo, S.S., M.Psi
  2. 2. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 OBJECTIVES  Able to identify dangerous goods;  Have knowledge of the origin of the current regulations and be aware of the general philosophy;  Able to identify the classes of DGs;  Able to refer to the List of DGs;  Recognise and identify the hazard/handling labels applicable to DGs;  Able to identify potential hidden hazards in cargo;  Be familiar with loading and storage procedures;  Be aware of the provisions for DGs in baggage of passengers and crew;  Be familiar with DGs emergency response procedures. 2
  3. 3. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 3 Who should attend ? FLIGHT DISPATCHER/FOO LOGISTIC/STORE KEEPER PILOT FLIGHT ATTENDANT AIRCRAFT ENGINEER
  4. 4. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 4 GENERAL PHILOSOPHY  Classification  Prohibitions  Training  Packaging  Marking And Labeling  Documentation  Notification To PIC (NOTOC)  Avoiding Hidden Hazards  Accident/Incident Reporting  Human Factors
  5. 5. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 5 LEGAL BASIS  ICAO ANNEX-18 TI for the safe transport of DGs by air  CASR PART. 92  PM No. 30, 2013
  6. 6. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 6 1.6. DANGEROUS GOODS SECURITY 1.6.1.1 All persons engaged in the transport of dangerous goods should consider security requirements for the dangerous goods commensurate with their responsibilities. 1.6.1.2 Dangerous goods should only be offered to operators that have been appropriately identified. 1.6.1.3 The provisions of this subsection do not apply to: a) UN 2908 and UN 2909 excepted packages; b) UN 2910 and UN 2911 excepted packages with an activity level not exceeding the A2 value; and c) UN 2912 LSA-I and UN 2913 SCO-I.
  7. 7. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 7 TABLE 1.6.A Indicative List of High Consequence Dangerous Goods (1.6.3.1.2) CLASS DIVISION Class 1 Division 1.1 Class 1 Division 1.2 Class 1 Division 1.3 Compatibility Group C Class 1 Division 1,4, UN 0104, UN 0237, UN 0255, UN 0267, UN 0289, UN 0365, UN 0366, UN 0440, UN 0441, UN 0455, UN 0456, UN 0500 Class 1 Division 1.5 Class 2 Division 2.3. toxic gases (excluding aerosols) Class 3 Desensitized explosives Class 4 Division 4.1 desnsitized explosives Class 6 Division 6.1 substances of PG I; except when transported under the excepted qty provisions (see DGR 2.6) Class 6 Division 6.2 infectious substances of category A (UN 2814 and UN 2900)
  8. 8. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 8 2.3.2.5 Camping Stoves and Fuel Containers that have Contained a Flammable Liquid Fuel With the approval of the operator, as checked baggage only, camping stoves and fuel containers for camping stoves that have contained a flammable liquid fuel may be carried provided the fuel tank of the camping stove and/or fuel container has been completely drained of all liquid fuel and action has been taken to nullify the danger. To nullify the danger, the empty fuel tank and/or container must be allowed to drain for at least 1 hour, the fuel tank and/or container must then be left uncapped for a minimum of 6 hours to allow any residual fuel to evaporate. Alternative methods, such as adding cooking oil to the fuel tank and/or container to elevate the flash point of any residual liquid above the flash point of flammable liquid and then emptying the fuel tank and/or container, are equally acceptable. The fuel tank and/or container must then have the cap securely fastened and be wrapped in an absorbent material such as paper towel and placed in a polyethylene or equivalent bag. The top of the bag must then be sealed or gathered and closed with an elastic band or twine.
  9. 9. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 9 CLASSES AND LABELS (DGR 3.1 to 3.9; 7.3, 7.4) CLASS 1 : EXPLOSIVE  It has 6 divisions  They are forbidden carried by pax. Acft and CAO  Except. Division 1.4S
  10. 10. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 10 CLASS 2 : GASES  It has 3 divisions  Division 2.1 Flammable gas (RFG)  Division 2.2 Non Flammable no toxic gas (RNG)  Division 2.3 toxic gas (forbidden for transport by air) (RPG)
  11. 11. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 11 CLASS 3 : FLAMMABLE LIQUID (RFL)  It has no division  The material (liquid) which is having flash point equal or less than 60⁰C (closed cup)  Flash point equal or less than 65ᴼC (open cup)  It has flash point and boiling point
  12. 12. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 12 CLASS 4: FLAMMABLE SOLID They have three divisions:  Division 4.1: flammable solid (RFS)  Division 4.2 spontaneous combustible (RSC)  Division 4.3 dangerous when wet (RFW) Notes: Division 4.3 shall be segregated with water; Class 8
  13. 13. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 13 CLASS 5: Oxidizer and Organic peroxides  it has two divisions:  Division 5.1: oxidizer (ROX)  Division 5.2: Organic peroxides (ROP) Note: Division 5.1 shall be protect from direct sun exposure, and shall be attached by handling label such as:
  14. 14. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 14 4G/X15/S/16/GB/0466
  15. 15. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 15 CLASS 6: TOXIC AND INFECTIOUS SUBSTANCE  Division 6.1 : Toxic (RPB)  Division 6.2 : Infectious substance (RIS)
  16. 16. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 16
  17. 17. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 17 CLASS 7: RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL (RAM)  Category I (RRY)  Category II (RRW)  Category III (RRW)  Fisile
  18. 18. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 18 CLASS 8 : CORROSIVE MATERIAL (RCM)  It has NO Division
  19. 19. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 19 CLASS 9 : MISCELLANEOUS SUBSTANCE  RMD  ICE  RLI  RLM  RSB
  20. 20. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 20 CHECK YOUR UNDERSTANDING 1. Toxic substances: a) Class or Divisions: ……………………? b) IMP codes: ……………..? 2. How many classes of dangerous goods? 3. Dangerous goods class 1 may not be allowed carry by passenger and CAO, except? 4. Dangerous goods which does have Division, mentioned them. 5. Dangerous goods which has flash point point and boiling point? 6. Liquid which is categorized “Flammable Liquid”, how many flash point? 7. May Dangerous Division Division 2.3 be carried by aircraft? 8. Can the bullets be carried by aircraft? 9. What is Division of Class 2 of DGs which may NOT be allowed carry by passenger & CAO?
  21. 21. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 21 IDENTIFICATION At the end of this session the participants will be able to:  Identify the UN number or Proper Shipping Namae (PSN) of the Dangerous Goods in the DGR manual
  22. 22. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 22 The function of IDENTIFICATION is:  To look for UN number;  Proper Shipping Name (PSN)  Class or division  Packing Group/PG (the degree of danger, there are 3 PG, I, II, III)  Packing Instructions (PI)  Maximum net qty/pakcage In the IATA DGR manual you can put on: • Sub section 4.2 “LIST OF DANGEROUS GOODS” • Sub section 4.3 ‘NUMERICAL CROSS REFERENCE”
  23. 23. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 23 A
  24. 24. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 24 CHECK YOUR UNDERSTANDING 1. Methanol • UN number ? • Class/Division = ………….? • PG ? • Max. net qty for passenger aircraft? • Max. net qty for CAO? 2. UN 1546 • PSN ? • Class/Division = ………….? • PG ? • Max. net qty for passenger aircraft? • Max. net qty for CAO?
  25. 25. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 25 PACKING INSTRUCTION PACKING REQUIREMENTS
  26. 26. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 26 Dangerous goods must be packed in good quality packagings which must be strong enough to withstand the shocks and loadings normally encountered in transport, including removal from a pallet, unit load device or overpack for subsequent manual or mechanical handling. 5.3.2. GENERAL PACKING REQUIREMENTS
  27. 27. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 27 The following types of packagings are used to ship dangerous goods, other than radioactive material:  UN Specification Packagings;  Limited Quantity Packagings;  Excepted quantity packagings (see Unit 2);  Other Packagings. 5.0.2.1 Packing Groups 5.0.2.1.1 For packing purposes, Packing Group numbers I, II or III are assigned to substances other than those in Classes 1, 2 and 7, self-reactive substances of Division 4.1, Divisions 5.2 and 6.2, according to the relative degree of danger presented by the substance.  Packing Group I—Substances presenting high danger.  Packing Group II—Substances presenting medium danger.  Packing Group III—Substances presenting low danger.
  28. 28. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 28
  29. 29. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 29
  30. 30. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 30 Example of marking for single packaging to contain liquid: 1A1/Y 1.3/ 95 / 16 / USA / DOD a b c d f g (a) The United States National symbol (b) The of packaging code (c) Packing Group code • X = PG I, II, III • Y = PG II, III • Z = PG III only (d) Relative density (show if >1.2) (e) Test pressure (in kilo pascals) • PG I – not less than 250 kPa • PG II & III, not less than 95 kPa f) Year of manufacture or assembly g) State (country) authorizing mark h) Symbol of manufacturer/certifier 1 kPa =
  31. 31. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 31 A
  32. 32. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 32 IMPORTANCE OF THE SHIPPER'S DECLARATION FOR DANGEROUS GOODS A Shipper's Declaration for Dangerous Goods is required from the shipper for every dangerous goods that he ships — with very few exceptions which are shown in the IATA DGR. In completing one of these forms the shipper certifies that:  the goods are not forbidden for transport by air;  all goods listed are correctly classified;  All goods listed are packed according to the applicable packing instructions and are in the quantities shown;  all packages are correctly marked and labelled;  the shipments are in all respects in the proper condition for transport by air according to applicable national and international regulations and operator variations.
  33. 33. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 33 The Shipper's Declaration is a vital link in the safe transport of dangerous goods by air. It indicates:  which type of aircraft can be used for the shipment (e.g. passenger or all-cargo aircraft);  whether the shipment is radioactive or otherwise;  the technical name of the commodity(ies);  the hazards that are involved;  the type of packaging used and the quantity enclosed;  any special handling requirements;  who made the declaration.
  34. 34. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 34
  35. 35. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 35 The shipper of the dangerous goods bears the greatest responsibility under the TDG regulations for ensuring the safety of the goods. The shipper is responsible for the following:  • Determining the hazardous properties of the goods  • Classifying the goods based on their hazard(s)  • Labeling and marking the containers  • Choosing and using proper containers  • Preparing a proper shipping document  • Reporting spills  • Training employees who handle dangerous goods
  36. 36. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 36 The Transporter’s Responsibilities  Ensuring the goods have been properly marked  Ensuring the shipping document is correct  Reporting spills  Training employees who handle dangerous goods
  37. 37. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 37 1. Who is the most responsibility, when it comes to dangerous goods? 2. What does this symbol mean? 3. Who is responsible to approved “Shipper’s Declaration of DGs? 4. Explain the meaning of the symbol of this marking! “4D/X25/S/16/AU/MNF0393Z” 5. Mention the following proper shipping name for the following items: A. UN 1863 B. UN 1072 C. UN 2993
  38. 38. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 38 Dangerous Goods Documents
  39. 39. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 39 DANGEROUS GOODS DOCUMENTATION  Dangerous Goods Shipper’s Declaration (SHIPDEC)  Notification to Captain (NOTOC)  Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)  DGs Inspection checklist
  40. 40. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 40 Shipper’s Declaration is a formal document which is used to inform: a) The DGs has been identified, classified, packed, marked/labeled, and meet with the applicable regulations (ICAO or National)
  41. 41. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 41 Shipper's Declaration for Dangerous Goods The list of dangerous goods that do not require a Shipper's Declaration for Dangerous Goods will include four new items:  UN 3164, Articles, pressurized, hydraulic  UN 3164, Articles, pressurized, pneumatic  Dangerous goods in excepted quantities  UN 2807, Magnetized material
  42. 42. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 42 Fire extinguishers Special provision 225 has been updated to specify the types of fire extinguishers which fall under the entry UN 1044 FIRE EXTINGUISHERS with compressed or liquefied gas: • Portable fire extinguishers for small manual handling and operation. • Fire extinguishers for installation in aircraft. • Fire extinguishers mounted on wheels for manual handling. • Fire extinguishing equipment or machinery mounted on wheels or wheeled platforms or units carried similar to (small) trailers. • Fire extinguishers composed of a non-rollable pressure drum and equipment, and handled e.g. by fork lift or crane when loaded or unloaded
  43. 43. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 43
  44. 44. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 44
  45. 45. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 45
  46. 46. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 46 NOTIFICATION TO CAPTAIN (NOTOC) Is a legal document which is issued by operators. This document is used to give information to PIC, that his/her aircraft loaded Dangerous Goods, and to request approval from the PIC. If the PIC agrees, the NOTOC shall be signed by the PIC. NOTOC shall be:  Attached with SHIPDEC  Issued by FOO or HLO or Cargo staff
  47. 47. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 47
  48. 48. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 48 The substance and articles listed in DGR Table 9.5.A are not required to be shown on the NOTOC
  49. 49. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 49 1. The function of NOTOC: a. To give informal information to PIC that the A/C loads DGs b. To give formal information to PIC that the A/C loads DGs c. To request approval from the PIC d. To meet the SOP 2. The function of SHIPDEC: a. To make sure the DGs has been approved by the DGs specialist b. To make sure that DGs has met with the classification c. To make sure that DGs has meet with: identification, classification, marking/labeling, proper packaging, and proper documentation
  50. 50. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 50 INFORMATION BY THE PIC IN CASE OF IN FLIGHT EMERGENCY:  Proper Shipping Name (PSN) and/or UN/ID Number  The class/Division (and for class 1 the compatibility Group)  Any identified subsidiary risk (s)  The quantity and the location on board the aircraft
  51. 51. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 51 UNIT-8: DANGEROUS GOODS EMERGENCY RESPONSE Ref. to ICAO Annex-14 AERODROMES, Chapter 9-Emergency and Other Services . . . Emergency checklist for Flight Crew: 1. Follow aircraft Emergency procedures for fire or smoke removal; 2. “No Smoking Sign” is ON; 3. Consider landing as soon as possible; 4. Consider turning off non-essential electrical power; 5. Determine source of smoke/fumes/fire; 6. For dangerous goods incidents in the passenger cabin, see cabin crew checklist and coordinate cockpit/cabin crew actions; 7. Determine emergency response drill code (from NOTOC where available or from “red book”); 8. Use guidance from aircraft emergency response drills chart to help with incident; and 9. If the situation permits, notify ATC of Dangerous Goods being carried
  52. 52. Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 52 After Landing: 1. Disembark passengers and crew before opening any cargo compartment doors;

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