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Only Two Religions 13 - Review & Discuss

Heritage Presbyterian Church
Adult Sunday School

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Only Two Religions 13 - Review & Discuss

  1. 1. P e t e r J o n e s Director of truthXchange A Worldview & Culture Teaching Series by Ligonier Ministries Adult Sunday School Summer 2019
  2. 2. Lesson Slide 13 2 Review & Discuss The Big Question How can we make sense of the breakneck spiritual and social changes happening right now in our culture? and How should Christians respond?
  3. 3. Lesson Slide 13 3 Review & Discuss Series Recap • As we surveyed the religious landscape of modern culture, we encountered an astonishingly diverse range of views. But beneath the surface, we learned these seemingly disparate spiritualities share a common worldview, one that is radically opposed to the Christian faith. • In this series, we have learned from Dr. Peter Jones as he examined the worldview and fundamental religious convictions that drive modern culture. He demonstrated that in the final analysis, there can be only two religions— worship of the Creator or worship of creation. • By better understanding the present cultural context, you are now equipped to more clearly articulate the Christian faith and worldview to a world in need of redemption.
  4. 4. Lesson Slide 13 4 Review & Discuss Scripture Reading For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth. For what can be known about God is plain to them, because God has shown it to them. For his invisible attributes, namely, his eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly perceived, ever since the creation of the world, in the things that have been made. So they are without excuse. For although they knew God, they did not honor him as God or give thanks to him, but they became futile in their thinking, and their foolish hearts were darkened. Claiming to be wise, they became fools, and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images resembling mortal man and birds and animals and creeping things. Therefore God gave them up in the lusts of their hearts to impurity, to the dishonoring of their bodies among themselves, because they exchanged the truth about God for a lie and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever! Amen. Romans 1:18-25
  5. 5. Lesson Slide 13 5 Review & Discuss A Brief History Lesson • The Age of Enlightenment dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century • At its most foundational level, the main tenets of Enlightenment thinking were: • Humanity is basically good • Humanity can build a perfect world if we harness right thinking • Optimism in the rational nature, gifted potential, and glorious destiny of humanity began to shift people’s reliance away from God and toward Man • “Man is the measure of all things” became the motto of the age
  6. 6. Lesson Slide 13 6 Review & Discuss Enlightenment Problem Solving • Shortly thereafter, Western culture saw a number of movements that sought to address societal problems based on applied coercion of Enlightenment thinking • “We can solve the world’s problems if you just give us control of . . .” 1. The economic tools and the means of production (Karl Marx / Communism) 2. The racial makeup of society (Adolf Hitler / Nazism) 3. The money supply (The Federal Reserve—note the Fed’s creation was followed shortly thereafter by the Great Depression) 4. The sovereignty of countries through forced disarmament and restrictions on the right to wage war (The League of Nations—note its creation was followed shortly thereafter by World War II)
  7. 7. Lesson Slide 13 7 Review & Discuss Revolution and the War for a Civilization’s Soul • “As in all successful revolutions, the old must be destroyed in order for the new day to arrive. . . The destruction of the binaries and the systemic elimination of Christian influence in the public square have been a necessary prelude to the realization of a transformed new society.” ~ Peter Jones, The Other Worldview, p. 80 • "The power of rationalization drives the culture war . . . Since failed rationalization means self- recrimination, it must be avoided at all costs. . . Since the necessity for self-justification requires the complicity of the whole culture, holdouts cannot be tolerated.” ~ Peter Jones (quoting Robert Reilly), The Other Worldview, p. 84
  8. 8. Lesson Slide 13 8 Review & Discuss Where to Draw the Line? 1. Based on Peter Jones’ teaching of Oneism as neo-paganism, in order to bring about the promised “utopia,” what does the Oneist worldview require control of? How should Christians respond to demands for control: • From government? • From corporations, including our employers? • From schools? • From entertainment and news media? • From churches? 2. If/when we are tempted or coerced to bow the knee to Oneism, where should we “draw the line” in each of these spheres? 3. What risk do you run to your faithfulness and witness to Christ if you don’t decide beforehand where you will draw your line in each of these spheres? Will your lines be firm or negotiable?
  9. 9. Lesson Slide 13 9 Review & Discuss Discussion Questions 1. Explain how only Twoism allows for genuine salvation. 2. What are some ways that you could convince someone who doesn’t believe in right and wrong that their position is untenable? 3. Explain how the Christian faith, with its uniquely Twoist worldview, is the only way that one can experience relief of guilt. 4. How does the incarnation, as the union of God and man, preserve Twoism?
  10. 10. Lesson Slide 13 10 Review & Discuss Oneism & Twoism: 5 Points 1. All Is One and One Is All—Many people are beginning to think that God is the Spirit of everything. This means that, ultimately, man, animals, rocks and trees are all divine. There is no major distinction between God and Man. 1. One God, the Creator— God is distinct from his creation. Everything that is not God was created by him: the earth, animals and man, who alone is created in his image. God Oneism Twoism
  11. 11. Lesson Slide 13 11 Review & Discuss Oneism & Twoism: 5 Points 2. Humanity Is One—If all people are Equal, no group has unique access to the truth. All humans are divine and must live together, accepting a common standard of morality and trying to become as like one another as possible, rather than emphasizing distinctions that can cause friction. 2. One in Christ Alone— The only true unity is created by common faith in Jesus Christ. God defines two categories of people: his children and those who are in rebellion against him. True Christian love knows no racial or economic barriers. Humanity Oneism Twoism
  12. 12. Lesson Slide 13 12 Review & Discuss Oneism & Twoism: 5 Points 3. All Religions Are One— No religion knows the only path to God. All roads lead to the top of the mountain, from which we see the same moon. Religions should emphasize their similarities, not their differences, since they share the same mystical experience. 3. One Truth—Jesus says we can only approach the Father through him. Christians do not revere Christ as one great prophet among others. He is God in human form, come to rescue us from our sin. To spiritualize him as a Christ, present in a variety of religions, is to refuse him. Religion Oneism Twoism
  13. 13. Lesson Slide 13 13 Review & Discuss Oneism & Twoism: 5 Points 4. One Problem: Amnesia— Since God is in all of us, is all of us, we should not worry about sin and guilt. If we wake up to the wonderful reality that we are God, we will eliminate the distinctions of sex, role and doctrine that divide us. 4. One Problem: Death through Sin—Sin has ruined our peace with God. We dare not approach him because he is so pure that we would be destroyed. Yet sin also destroys us. Without God’s solution, the problem of sin is insurmountable. Our Problem Oneism Twoism
  14. 14. Lesson Slide 13 14 Review & Discuss Oneism & Twoism: 5 Points 5. One Answer: Look Within—If you want to be happy, you need to love yourself and stop feeling guilty. The more you believe in yourself and your own power—the more you assert that power for your own happiness, the sooner you will have a sense of freedom from constraint. You will enjoy a truly peaceful and fulfilled experience of God. 5. One Solution: Look to Him— God comes to save us. We do not find salvation in ourselves. We can admit the reality of our sin, repent, and receive God’s just forgiveness. Jesus became sin for us and took its guilt and punishment. He then proved his power over sin in his resurrection. He will transform us and receive us as his children to live with him forever. The Solution Oneism Twoism
  15. 15. Lesson Slide 13 15 Review & Discuss Resources by Peter Jones • Only Two Religions (study guide) • Only Two Religions (evangelism tool) • truthxchange.com (website) • heritage-pca.org (website) • The Other Worldview (book) • The Pagan Heart of Today’s Culture (booklet)