आरक्षणाचा वाद - न्या. पी.बी. सावंत

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सौजन्यः लेनिनवादी लाल निशाण, डिसेंबर २०१३

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आरक्षणाचा वाद - न्या. पी.बी. सावंत

  1. 1. co{ZZdmXr cmc {ZemU {S>g|~a> 2013 44 _amR>m AmajU : amIrd OmJm§Mm dmX!Ý`m.nr.~r.gmd§V, gdm}ƒ Ý`m`mb`mMo {Zd¥ËV Ý`m`_yVr© ‘V‘Vm§Va ZwH$Ë`mM Pmboë`m _hmamîQ´> {dYmZg^oÀ`m AW©g§H$ënr` A{YdoeZmda amÁ`mVrb _amR>m g_mOmÀ`m AZoH$ g§KQ>Zm§Zr _amR>m g_mOmbmhr BVa _mJmgdJr©`m§V g_m{dîQ> H$ê$Z AmajUmÀ`m bm^ XoÊ`mV `mdm, `m _mJUrgmR>r _moMm© H$mT>bm hmoVm. emgZmVrbhr _§Í`m§Zr `m _moMm©bm gm_moao OmD$Z à{VgmX {Xbm hmoVm. Aem àH$mao Joë`m H$mhr dem©§nmgyZ AmajUmMm _wÔm hm OmVrda AmYm[aV AmajU Agy Z`o, Am{W©H$X¥îQ>çm H$_Hw$dV Agboë`m§Zm AmajU Úmdo. JwO©a, _amR>m, ~«m÷U, amOnyV, ¶m gma»¶m OmVtZmhr AmajU XoÊ`mV `mdo, JwUdÎmoda AmYm[aV AmajU XoÊ`mV `mdo. ImgJr joÌmVhr AmajU XoÊ`mV `mdo, B˶mXr AZoH$ ‘wÔo dma§dma g§~§{YV OmVrg‘yhm§H$Sy>Z, ˶m JQ>m§À¶m Zo˶m§H$Sy>Z CnpñWV Ho$co OmVmV, ˶mda dV©‘mZnÌ d Q>r.ìhr.VyZ MMm© KS>dë¶m OmVmV. VgoM ˶mda Vrd« ñdê$nmMr Am§XmocZohr Ho$cr OmVmV. Aem ¶m g‘mOmV VoT> {Z‘m©U H$aUmè¶m OmVr g‘yhm§Zm EH$‘oH$m§{damoYmV {MWmdUr XoUmè¶m dmVmdaUmV AmajUmÀ¶m ‘wÚmda em§V S>mo³¶mZo {dMma H$aUo Amdí¶H$ Amho. ˶mÑï>rZo ^maVr¶ KQ>ZmH$mamMm AmajUmMm hoVy H$m¶ Amho, ˶m~m~V KQ>ZoVrc VaVwXr H$m¶ AmhoV, g‘Vm, gm‘m{OH$ ݶm¶-Aݶm¶ ¶m H$m¶ ^mZJS>r AmhoV, B˶mXr ~m~VMm g‘Vmoc {dMma ‘m§S>Umam ‘mOr ݶm¶‘yVu nr.~r.gmd§V ¶m§Mm coI cmc {ZemUÀ¶m dmMH$m§gmR>r ¶m{R>H$mUr XoV AmhmoV. - g§nmXH$ Ë`m§À`m {ZîH$fm©§da MMm© H$aUma Amho. Ë`mMà_mUo ¶m {ZîH$fm©VyZ Oo _wÔo CnpñWV Pmbobo AmhoV, Ë`mMo dJr©H$aU H$ê$Z Ë`m Ë`m _wÚmÀ`m Am`m_mda d n¡by§da PmoV Q>mH$Ê`mMm à`ËZ H$aUma Amho. H$maU àË`oH$ {ZU©` KoD$Z Ë`mMr MMm© H$aUo pŠbîQ>, ewîH$ Am{U {Zag hmoUma Amho Am{U Ë`mMr AmO JaO Zmhr. øm {df`mMo AZoH$ n¡by d Am`m_ AmhoV. `mMr MMm© Ë`m Ë`m _wÚm§Mm {dMma H$aVm§Zm Ho$bm OmB©b. AmOdaÀ`m {ZdmS>çmVyZ Oo H$mhr _wÔo _w»`V: {Z_m©U hmoVmV, Vo Ago AmhoV. amIrd OmJm§Mo à`moOZ H$m`? Am{U `m amIrd OmJm H$emgmR>r R>odÊ`mV `oVmV? `m{df`r nydr© Ý`m`mYrem§_Ü`oM _V^oX hmoVo. {Za{Zamio Ñ{ï>H$moZ hmoVo. åhUyZ hm {df` _hÎdmMm Amho Am{U AmOhr ho Ñ{ï>H$moZ Ho$ìhm Ho$ìhm AmOÀ`m {ZU©`mVyZ S>moH$mdV AgVmV. Xþgam _wÔm, amIrd OmJm H$moUmgmR>r? ¶mda H$moU h¸$ gm§Jy eH$VmV? {Vgam ‘wÔm, amIrd OmJm§Mo à‘mU, EH§$Xa OmJm§À¶m g§»¶oÀ¶m à‘mUmV ˶m {H$Vr Agmì¶mV? Mm¡Wm ‘wÔm, amIrd OmJm d JwUdÎmm ¶m§Mm nañna g§~§Y H$m¶ Am{U H$gm Agmdm Am{U H$gm R>odcocm Amho? nmMdm ‘wÔm, amIrd OmJm ’$º$ gmd©O{ZH$ joÌmVM Agmì¶mV H$s ImgJr joÌmVhr Agmì¶mV? hm n«íZ AmO ‘moR>çm à‘mUmV M{M©cm OmV Amho, åhUyZ ˶mMrhr AmoiI AmnUmg H$ê$Z ¿¶m¶Mr Amho. ghmdm ‘wÔm, Á¶m AZwgy{MV OmVr/O‘mVrV d ‘mJmgdJmª‘ܶo H$mhr nwT>macoë¶m 춺$s, nwT>macoë¶m dJm©~amo~a ~amo~ar H$ê$ eH$VmV, Aem 춺$s d ˶m§Mo g§~§{YV dmag ¶m§Zm amIrd OmJm§Mm ’$m¶Xm XoʶmV ¶mdm H$s Zmhr? ˶m§Zm {H«$‘rcoAa Ag§ åhUVmV Am{U hm àíZ {H«$‘rcoAaMm åhUyZ AmoiIcm OmVmo. ˶m {H«$‘rcoAaMmhr Amnë¶mcm {dMma H$am¶Mm Amho. Am{U eodQ>Mm ‘wÔm Agm Amho, H$s ¶m amIrd OmJm ’$º$ qhXÿ Y‘m©Vrc ‘mJmg OmVr, AZwgy{MV OmVr/O‘mVr ¶m§À¶mH$[aVmM Agmì¶mV, H$s Oo BVa Y‘mªV Y‘mªV[aV Pmcoco AmhoV, ˶m§À¶mgmR>rhr Agmì¶mV. ‘J Vo ‘wpñc‘ AgVrc, {¼íMZ AgVrc, erI AgVrc qH$dm ~m¡Õ AgVrc Ago ho gmV ‘wÔo AmhoV. ¶m gmV ‘wÚm§Mr MMm© H$aʶmnydu Amnë¶m KQ>ZoZo Á¶m VÎdm§da AmajUmMr gmo¶ Ho$cocr Amho Am{U KQ>ZoV ˶m g§~§YrÀ¶m VaVwXr R>odë¶m AmhoV ˶mMr AmoiI H$ê$Z KoU§ ‘hÎdmM§ Amho. Amnë¶m ¶m {df`mMo {ddoMZ H$aVm§Zm àË`oH$ {ZU©`mMm qH$dm {d{eï>> {ZU©`mMm {ZX}e Z H$aVm AmOn`©§V øm {df`mda Ý`m`mb`mMo Oo {ZdmSo> Pmbobo AmhoV
  2. 2. co{ZZdmXr cmc {ZemU {S>g|~a> 2013 45 KQ>ZoV Hw$R>c§ EH$ VÎd gd©Ì {dIwacoco {XgV Agoc Va Vo g‘VoM§ Amho. KQ>ZoÀ¶m gaZmå¶mnmgyZ Vo eodQ>n¶ªV ¶m ‘yë¶mcm KQ>ZoZo CMcyZ Yacoc§ Amho. KQ>ZoMm gaZm‘m Ag§ åhUVmo, H$s Amåhr ¶m Xoem‘ܶo Agm g‘mO {Z‘m©U H$am¶cm à{Vkm~Õ AmhmoV, H$s Á¶m g‘mOm‘ܶo g‘Vm, ~§YwVm Am{U ñdmV§Í¶ Zm§Xoc. ho g‘VoM§ VÎd Oo gaZmå¶mnmgyZ gwê$ hmoVo Vo nwT>o AZoH$ VaVwXt‘ܶo Amho, ho ’$º$ KQ>ZoV gm§{JVcco VÎd Zmhr Va ݶm¶ emómVhr ¶m g‘VoÀ¶m VÎdmcm CMcyZ Yacoc§ Amho. g‘Vm åhUOo Ho$di EH$mM n[apñWVrVrc XmoZ 춺$s¨Zm EH$M dmJUyH$ XoU§ ho Zìho. Á¶m doir {df‘ pñWVrV 춺$s¨Zm g‘mZ dmJUyH$ XoʶmV ¶oVo, Voìhmhr {df‘Vm {Z‘m©U hmoVo, Voìhmhr Aݶm¶ hmoV AgVmo. hm g‘VoMmM EH$ ^mJ Amho. åhUyZ Ooìhm EImXm g‘mO Amnë¶m g‘mOm‘ܶo g‘Vm {Z‘m©U H$aʶmMm {ZpíMV H$aVmo, ˶m doir àW‘V: ˶mcm g‘mOmVrc Or {df‘Vm Amho Vr Xÿa H$aUo Amdí¶H$ AgVo Am{U {df‘Vm Xÿa H$aʶmH$[aVm Oo Oo Cnm¶ H$aUo Amdí¶H$ Amho, ˶m Cnm¶ ¶moOZm§Mr VaVyX H$amdr cmJVo. amIrd OmJm hm ’$º$ EH$ Cnm¶ Amho. g‘mOmVrc {df‘Vm Xÿa H$aʶmMm Am{U VoWo g‘Vm {Z‘m©U H$aʶmMm hm EH$‘od Cnm¶ Zmhr. na§Vw ¶mhr Cnm¶m‘ܶo AmVmn¶ªV H$go AS>Wio AmUco Jococo AmhoV, ˶mcm {Za{Zamio H§$Jmoao XoD$Z {Za{Zamio AmH$ma, ê$n d a§J XoD$Z Vo Amnë¶mcm {ZdmS>çmVyZ {XgV Amho. ˶mMr MMm© H$aʶmV AW© Zmhr. eodQ>r Oo {ZU©¶ Pmcoco AmhoV Vo AmnU nm{hco, åhUOo AmajUmcm KQ>ZoV {Xcoë¶m ‘ycVÎdmMm g‘mZVoMm AmYma Amho Ag§ {Xgoc. Oar KQ>ZoV g‘VoMm C„oI Ho$cm Jocm ZgVm Am{U ˶m H$[aVm VXVwXr Ho$ë¶m Joë¶m Zg˶m, Varhr ݶm¶emómÀ¶m g‘VoÀ¶m VÎdmà‘mUo ho AmajU R>odmdoM cmJco AgVo, ho AmnU cjmV KoVco nm{hOo. na§Vw AmajUmMm nm¶m g‘Vm ho ‘yë¶ ¶mMm gwX¡dmZo KQ>Zo‘ܶo C„oI Pmcocm Amho Am{U ˶m VÎdmà‘mUoM AmajUmÀ¶m VaVwXr Ho$coë¶m AmhoV. AmVm ˶m VaVwXr H$m¶ AmhoV ˶m àW‘V: AmnU g‘OyZ KoD$. n{hcr VaVyX hr KQ>Zm H$c‘ 15 (3) ‘ܶo na§naoZo Á¶m g‘mOmÀ¶m 50 Q>¸o$ {d^mJmcm AmOn¶ªV ݶm¶ XoʶmV Amcm Zmhr, Am{U AmOhr XoʶmV ¶oV Zmhr. Aem {ó¶m§H$[aVm Img VaVwXr H$aʶmMr ‘w^m XoʶmV Amcr Amho. ˶mH$aVm gaH$macm Oê$a Vo H$m¶Xo H$aVm ¶oVrc. Xþgao H$c‘ ho 15 (4) Amho. ¶m H$c‘mà‘mUo AZwgy{MV OmVr/O‘mVr Am{U gm‘m{OH$ d e¡j{UH$ÑîQ>çm ‘mJmgcoco dJ© ¶m§À¶mH$[aVm Img VaVwXr H$aʶmg ~§YZ AgUma Zmhr. ¶m VaVwXrV Va BVa ‘mJmgdJu¶m§Mr ì¶m»¶mM Z‘yX Ho$cocr Amho. "Oo gm‘m{OH$ÑîQ>çm Am{U e¡j{UH$ÑîQ>çm Aem XmoÝhr ÑîQ>rZo ‘mJmgcoco AmhoV, Vo ‘mJmgcoco' Aer hr ì¶m»¶m Ho$cocr Amho. hr ‘hÎdmMr Amho. AZwgy{MV OmVr/O‘mVr R>a{dʶmV AS>MU ¶oV Zmhr. H$maU ˶m AZwgy{MV OmVr/O‘mVt‘ܶo H$moU AgmdoV ho KQ>ZoÀ¶m g§~§{YV n[a{eï>m‘ܶo Z‘yX Ho$coco AgVo. KQ>Zm H$c‘ 16 (4) ‘ܶo Or VaVyX H$aʶmV Amcr Amho Á¶m ‘mJmgdJu¶m§Zm emgH$s¶ godo‘ܶo nwaogo à{V{Z{YËd {‘imcoco Zmhr, ˶m§Zm nwaogo à{V{Z{YËd {‘idyZ XoʶmgmR>r ì¶dñWm H$aʶmV Amcocr Amho. eoS>çwëS> H$mñQ> d eoS>çwëS> Q´>mB©~ åhUOo AZwgy{MV OmVr/ O‘mVrH$aVm Img VaVyX KQ>Zm H$c‘ 335 ‘ܶo Ho$cocr Amho. ˶mMà‘mUo KQ>Zm H$c‘ 46 ‘ܶohr g‘mOmVrc Oo Xw~©c d H$‘Hw$dV KQ>H$ AmhoV. ˶m§Mo g§ajU H$aʶmgmR>r d ˶m§Mr CÞVr H$aʶmgmR>r VaVyX H$aʶmV Amcocr Amho. H$c‘ 330 d 332 ‘ܶo cmoH$g^m d amÁ¶mVrc {dYmZg^o‘ܶo AZwgy{MV OmVr/ O‘mVrH$[aVmM ’$º$ amIrd OmJm R>odʶmMr VaVyX H$aʶmV Amcr. BVa ‘mJmgdJm©H$[aVm Zmhr. H$c‘ 331 ‘ܶo A°½cmo B§{S>¶Zm§H$[aVm cmoH$g^o‘ܶo amIrd OmJm R>odʶmH$[aVm VaVyX H$aʶmV Amcocr Amho. H$c‘ 15 (3), (4) d 16 (4) ho ‘yc^yV h¸$m§À¶m àH$aUmV AmhoV Am{U KQ>Zm H$c‘ 46 ‘mJ©Xe©H$ VÎdm§Vco EH$ VÎd Amho. 15 (3) d (4) ‘ܶo gaH$macm AmajU XoʶmMr ‘w^m Amho. ˶m§Zr AmajU R>odcoM nm{hOo Ago ˶m§À¶mda ~§YZ Zmhr. 15 (3) {ó¶m§H$[aVm d ‘wcm§H$[aVm Amho. AmnU AmO BWo ‘wcm§Mm {dMma H$aV Zmhr. H$c‘ 16 (4) ‘ܶo BVa ‘mJmgdJu¶m§H$[aVm AmajU R>odʶmMr VaVyX Amho. AZwgy{MV OmVr/O‘mVr ¶mH$aVm Img VaVyX Amho. gaH$mar godoV AmajU R>odVmZm emgZ ¶§ÌUoVrc H$m¶©j‘Vm {dMmamV KoD$Z AmajUmMr VaVyX H$aʶmV ¶mdr Ago BWo åhQ>coco Amho. na§Vw hr AQ> gH$mamË‘H$ Amho, H$maU {VWohr Aer VaVyX H$ê$Z R>odcocr Amho, H$s AZwgy{MV OmVr/O‘mVrVrc C‘oXdmam§Zm {H$‘mZ nmÌVm JwUm§Mr eV© cmJy AgUma Zmhr d Vr {e{Wc H$aVm ¶oB©c, ˶mMà‘mUo ˶mÀ¶m JwUm§Mr narjm H$aVmZm {ZH$f g¡c H$aVm ¶oVrc. hm ‘mnX§S> {e{Wc H$aʶmMr VaVyX ’$º$ AZwgy{MV OmVr/ O‘mVrH$[aVmM Amho, BVa ‘mJmgdJu¶m§H$[aVm Zmhr ho AmnU cjmV R>odco nm{hOo. AZwgy{MV OmVr/O‘mVtZm KQ>ZoZo {ZXmZ H$mJXmda Var COdo ‘mn XoʶmMm à¶ËZ Ho$cocm Amho.
  3. 3. co{ZZdmXr cmc {ZemU {S>g|~a> 2013 46 Xþgar EH$ Jmoï> AmnU cjmV R>odm¶cm nm{hOo, H$s {ejUmV qH$dm gaH$mar ZmoH$arV AmajUmMr VaVyX AZwgy{MV OmVr/O‘mVr d BVa ‘mJmgdJu¶m§gmR>r H$aʶmV Amcocr Amho. ˶mda H$mimMo ~§YZ Zmhr. hr amIrd OmJm§Mr ¶moOZm nwT>o {H$Vrhr df} Mmcy eHo$c. na§Vw AZwgy{MV OmVr/O‘mVtZm Oo cmoH$g^oV dm {dYmZg^oV AmajU XoʶmV Amcoco Amho ¶m§Mr ‘¶m©Xm nydu ’$º$ 10 df} R>odʶmV Amcocr hmoVr. Vr AmVm doimodoir dmT>V OmD$Z AmO KQ>Zm A§‘cmV Amë¶mnmgyZ 60 dfmªn¶ªV ZoʶmV Amcr Amho. hr H$mimMr ‘¶m©Xm H$m KmcʶmV Amcr ho ‘m¶m AmH$cZmÀ¶m ncrH$S>Mo Amho. H$maU dñVwpñWVr Aer Amho, H$s AmO Oa ¶m AZwgy{MV OmVr/O‘mVrVrc C‘oXdma {ZdSy>Z ¶m¶Mo AgVrc Va Vo {H$Vrhr nwT>macoco Agco Var ˶m ˶m ‘VXmag§KmV BVa OU ˶m§Zm ‘Vo XoVrc Aer Anojm H$aU§ AdmñVd R>aUma Amho. hr H$mimMr ‘¶m©Xm AmVm H$m¶‘Mr H$mTy>Z Q>mH$ʶmV Amcr nm{hOo. H$maU à˶oH$ Xhm dfmªZr Vr dmT>dmdr cmJVo, AmnU dmT>dV Amcmo AmhmoV, Am{U ˶m§Mm A§V Ñ{ï>nWmV Zmhr Am{U A§V hmoUo e³¶ Zmhr. hr ‘¶m©Xm H$m¶Xo ‘§S>imVrc à{V{Z{YËdmH$[aVmM Amho. Vr emgH$s¶ godoVë¶m OmJm§gmR>r dm e¡j{UH$ g§ñWm§Vrc OmJm§gmR>r Zmhr ho AmnU cjmV R>odm¶cm nm{hOo. AmVm AmnU Oo ‘wÔo CnpñWV Ho$coco AmhoV ˶mMm {dMma H$ê$. àW‘ àíZ Agm, H$s ¶m AmajUmMr Amdí¶H$Vm H$m¶? d Vo H$emgmR>r R>odʶmV ¶oVo. AmO OJm‘ܶo Agm EH$hr Xoe Zmhr H$s {OWo g‘mO EH${OZgr Amho. à˶oH$ Xoem‘ܶo {Za{Zamù¶m ^oXmda AmYm[aV Ago AcJ AcJ g‘mO g‘yh qH$dm JQ> ApñVËdmV AmhoV, ‘J Vmo ^oX Y‘m©Mm Agoc, ^mfoMm Agoc, d§emMm, àXoemMm qH$dm Am‘À¶mgma»¶m Xoem‘ܶo OmVrMm Agoc. AcJ AcJ AmoiI Agcoco ho g‘mOJQ> à˶oH$ Xoem‘ܶo AmhoV. na§Vw AmajU R>odʶmH$[aVm EdT>§M H$maU nwaog§ Zmhr. H$maU AcJ AcJ JQ> AgyZgwÕm Hw$R>ë¶mhr JQ>mda Vmo ˶m JQ>mMm gXñ¶ åhUyZ Oa Aݶm¶ hmoV Zgoc, ˶mÀ¶m ~m~VrV njnmV hmoV Zgoc qH$dm Pmcm Zgoc, Va VoWo AmajU R>odʶmMr JaO ZgVo. na§Vw Am‘À¶mgma»¶m Xoem‘ܶo qH$dm A‘o[aHo$V gwÕm EH$m {d{eï> d§emMm, ^mfoMm, OmVrMm åhUyZ Á¶m Á¶m g‘mOJQ>mda AmOn¶ªV Aݶm¶ hmoV Amcm qH$dm AmO hmoV Amho, {VWo ˶m g‘mOJQ>mH$[aVm AmajUmMr Amdí¶H$Vm AgVo. Am‘À¶m Xoem‘ܶo OJmVco gd© ^oX AmhoVM, nU EH$ A{YH$ ^oX åhUOo OmVrMm ^oX Amho Am{U ¶m OmVrÀ¶m ^oXmda Amnë¶m Xoem‘ܶo ‘moR>çm g‘wXm¶mcm AmOn¶ªV g‘mOmÀ¶m H$ma^mam‘ܶo, g‘mOmÀ¶m gd© gw{dYm§‘ܶo gh^mJ ZmH$maʶmV Amcocm Amho. ˶mÀ¶m{déÕ njnmV H$aʶmV Amcocm Amho, ˶m§À¶mda Aݶm¶ hmoV Amcocm Amho.hm Aݶm¶ Zmhrgm H$aʶmH$[aVm åhUyZ AmajUmMr JaO Amho. Voìhm AmajUmMr JaO H$m? Agm àíZ {dMmaUmè¶m§Zr g‘mOmV dñVwpñWVr H$m¶ Amho ho g‘OmdyZ KoU§ A˶§V Amdí¶H$ Amho, åhUyZ hm àíZ ¶m Xoem§À¶m ~m~VrV AàñVwV Amho. ¶m XoemV AmajUmMr Amdí¶H$Vm Amho ho ZmH$maVm ¶oUma Zmhr. ¶m nwT>o {ddoMZ ‘r H$aUma Amho Vo {ó¶m, A°½cmoB§{S>¶Z dJ¡ao ~mOycm R>odyZ, ’$º$ AZwgy{MV OmVr/O‘mVr Am{U BVa ‘mJmgdJ© ¶m§À¶m g§X^m©V H$aUma Amho. Xþgam àíZ, Aem amIrd OmJm H$moUmcm Úmì¶mV? ˶mda H$moU h¸$ gm§Jy eH$Vmo? ¶m ‘wÚmcm AZoH$ nXa AmhoV Am{U XaamoO A{YH$ nXa ’w$Q>V Mmccoco AmhoV. n{hcr Jmoï> hr Amho, H$s AZwgy{MV OmVr/O‘mVr ˶mMà‘mUo BVa ‘mJmgdJu¶ R>adVmZm Omo ‘mnX§S> ݶm¶mc¶mZo ‘mݶ Ho$cm Amho Vmo ‘mnX§S> OmVrÀ¶m AmYmamda Hw$R>ë¶m OmVr/O‘mVr, AZwgy{MV OmVr/O‘mVr‘ܶo nS>VmV d Hw$R>ë¶m BVa ‘mJmgdJu¶m§‘ܶo nS>VmV ho R>a{dʶmV Amcoco Amho, ˶mMo ñnï> H$maU Amho. Om{Vì¶dñWoZo ¶m XoemV AZoH$ Aݶm¶ Ho$coco AmhoV. na§Vw ˶mMo dJuH$aU H$aʶmH$arVm EH$ CnH$ma H$ê$Z R>odcm Amho. Vmo CnH$ma åhUOo H$moU AZwgy{MV OmVr/O‘mVrV d H$moU BVa ‘mJmgdJu¶ OmVrV g‘m{dï> hmoVmV ho R>a{dʶmH$aVm EH$ gmYm Am{U gmonm Cnm¶ ˶m§Zr Amnë¶mcm {Xcocm Amho Am{U Vmo Amho OmVr§Mm. ˶m‘wio ˶m ~m~VrV A{YH$ g§emoYZ H$aʶmMr JaO nS>V Zmhr. Om{Vì¶dñWoMm BWo A{YH$ D$hmnmoh H$aʶmMr JaO Zmhr. ¶m XoemVrc gd© {ZH¥$ï> CÚmoJY§Xo, ì¶dgm¶ Oo emar[aH$ H$ï>m§da Adc§~yZ AmhoV Vo gd© ¶m {ZåZ OmVrH$S>o AZygy{MV OmVr/O‘mVtH$S>o qH$dm BVa ‘mJgdJu¶m§H$S>o gmon{dcoco AmhoV. Oo H$‘rV H$‘r l‘mda Am{U Vohr ~wÕr Am{U kmZ ¶m§À¶mda Adc§~yZ Agcoco ì¶dgm¶ AmhoV ho CƒdUu¶m§H$[aVm ‘¶m©{XV Ho$coco AmhoV Am{U ˶m‘wio ì¶dgm¶mdê$Z OmVr AmoiIVm ¶oVmV. Xþgar Jmoï> Aer Amho, H$s AZwgy{MV OmVr/O‘mVr~Ôc ‘V^oX hmoʶmMrhr JaO Zmhr. ˶m§Mr ¶mXr àW‘V: amï´>nVtZr Omhra Ho$cr hmoVr. KQ>ZoZo ˶mH$aVm EH$m Am¶moJmÀ¶m Zo‘UwH$sMrhr VaVyX Ho$cocr Amho. ¶m ¶mXt‘ܶo H$moU AgmdoV, H$moU ZgmdoV ¶mMo gd}jU hm Am¶moJ doimodoir H$aV AgVmo d ˶m§À¶m {e’$maer à‘mUo A{YH$ OmVr ¶m ¶mXr‘ܶo g‘m{dï> Ho$ë¶m OmVmV.
  4. 4. co{ZZdmXr cmc {ZemU {S>g|~a> 2013 47 na§Vw BVa ‘mJmgdJu¶ (Other Backward Class) Agm Omo eãX à¶moJ H$c‘ 16 (4) ‘ܶo Amho ˶mda ’$ma dmX{ddmX Pmco AmhoV. H$c‘ 15 (4) ‘ܶo ""BVa ‘mJmgdJu¶'' ¶m eãXà¶moJmMr OdiOdi ì¶m»¶mM {Xcocr Amho. gm‘m{OH$ Am{U e¡j{UH$ Aem XmoÝhr Ñï>rZo Oo ‘mJmgcoco AmhoV Vo BVa ‘mJgdJu¶, ’$º$ gm‘m{OH$ÑîQ>çm ‘mJmgcoco BVa ‘mJmgdJu¶m§‘ܶo ‘moS>V ZmhrV. VgoM ’$º$ e¡j{UH$ÑîQ>çm ‘mJmgcoco BVa ‘mJmgdJu¶m§‘ܶo g‘m{dï> hmoD$ eH$V ZmhrV. åhUyZ AmO Á¶m H$mhr OmVr e¡j{UH$ÑîQ>çm ‘mJmgcoë¶m AmhoV åhUyZ Amnë¶mcm BVa ‘mJmgdJu¶ dJmª‘ܶo JUco Omdo Aer ‘mJUr H$aVmV, Vr KQ>ZoÀ¶m {dê$Õ Amho. ˶mda {ZU©¶hr AmhoV, ˶m gd© {ZU©¶m§Mr ‘r MMm© H$aV Zmhr. na§Vw BVa ‘mJmgdJu¶ ¶m dJm©‘ܶo g‘m{dï> hmoʶmH$[aVm Vmo g‘mO XmoÝhr Ñï>rZo ‘mJmg Agm¶cm nm{hOo Agm ݶm¶mc¶mMm {ZU©¶ Amho. AmVm {Vgar ‘mJUr ¶m¶cm cmJcr Amho. Am{W©H$ÑîQ>çm Oo ‘mJmgcoco AmhoV ˶m§Zmhr BVa ‘mJmgdJu¶m§‘ܶo g‘m{dï> H$aʶmV ¶mdo Aer hr ‘mJUr Amho Am{U H$mhr amOH$s¶ ZoVo, amOH$s¶ nj ˶m§À¶m gmo¶rH$[aVm ˶m ‘mJUrcm nmqR>~mhr XoV AgVmV. CƒdUu¶m§Vrc Oo Am{W©H$ÑîQ>çm ‘mJmgcoco AmhoV ˶m§Zmhr AmajU XoʶmV ¶mdo Aer hr ‘mJUr Amho. ˶m ~m~VrV AmnU XmoZ-VrZ Jmoï>r cjmV R>odë¶m nm{hOoV. ˶m åhUOo KQ>ZoZo BVa ‘mJmgdJu¶m§Mr ì¶m»¶m Am{W©H$ÑîQ>çm ‘mJmgcoco Aer Ho$cocr Zmhr. Vr ‘wÔm‘hÿZ Q>micocr Amho. ’$º$ gm‘m{OH$ Am{U e¡j{UH$ÑîQ>çm ‘mJmgcoco AerM ì¶m»¶m XoʶmV Amcr Amho. Voìhm AmOÀ¶m KQ>Zoà‘mUo Ho$di Am{W©H$ÑîQ>çm ‘mJmgcoë¶m§Zm AmajU XoVm ¶oUma Zmhr. Xþgao Ago H$s Am{W©H$ÑîQ>çm ‘mJmgcoë¶m§Zm amIrd OmJm R>odë¶mg Vo EH$m doJù¶m dJm©gmR>r AmajU hmoB©c. Am{W©H$ÑîQ>çm ‘mJmgcoco cmoH$ gd© OmVr/O‘mVrV, Y‘m©V AmhoV. EH$mM g‘mO g‘yhmH$[aVm Am{W©H$ÑîQ>çm ‘mJmgcoco cmoH$ gd© OmVr/O‘mVrV, Y‘m©V AmhoV. EH$mM g‘mO g‘yhmH$aVm Am{W©H$ÑîQ>çm ‘mJmgcoco åhUyZ Vwåhmcm AmajU R>odVm ¶oUma Zmhr. BWo nwÝhm g‘VoMo VÎd AmS>do ¶oB©c. Oo EH$mM n[apñWVrV AmhoV, Vo gd©M Jar~ AmhoV, ˶m gd© J[a~m§Zm Am{W©H$ÑîQ>çm ‘mJmgcoco AmhoV åhUyZ AmajU Úmdo cmJoc. ¶mMm AW© Agm, H$s Á¶m§Zm ‘J AZwgy{MV OmVr/O‘mVrVrc AgmoV BVa ‘mJmgcoco åhUOo gm‘m{OH$ÑîQ>çm e¡j{UH$ÑîQ>çm ‘mJgcoco AgmoV ˶m§Zmhr ¶m {ZH$fm§da AmajU Úmdo cmJoc åhUOo ˶m§Zm AmYrM AmajU Amho. ˶m§À¶m ì¶{V[aº$ A{YH$ AmajU Am{W©H$ÑîQ>çm ‘mJmgcoco åhUyZ Úmdo cmJoc, H$maU VoM g‘VoÀ¶m VÎdmcm Yê$Z hmoB©c. Oo Jar~ Vo Hw$R>ë¶mhr OmVr/O‘mVrMo AgmoV, ˶m§Zm AmajU Úmdo cmJoc åhUyZM KQ>ZmH$mam§Zr Á¶m doiocm AmajUmMr VaVyX Ho$cr ˶m doir eãXà¶moJ dmnaVmZm H$miOr KoVcr hmoVr. {Vgar Jmoï> Aer H$s AmajUmMm CÔoe Oo g‘mOJQ> BVa g‘mOJQ>m§À¶m VwcZoV e¡j{UH$, gm‘m{OH$, Am{W©H$, gm§ñH¥${VH$ Ñï>rZo ImcÀ¶m nmVirda AmhoV ˶m§Zm BVa JQ>mÀ¶m nmVirda AmUUo, g‘mO JQ>mcm daÀ¶m nmVirda AmUUo, hm Amho. åhUOo AmajU ho JQ> H|${ÐV Amho. 춺$s H|${ÐV Zmhr. 춺$s {d{eï> JQ>mMr åhUyZ {VÀ¶mda AmOn¶ªV Aݶm¶ Pmcm d AmOhr hmoV Amho åhUyZ ˶m 춺$scm AmajUmMm ’$m¶Xm. 춺$s åhUyZ Zmhr. na§Vw Am{W©H$ {ZH$fmda Oa AmajU R>odco Va Vo ì¶{º$H|${ÐV hmoUma Amho. H$maU à˶oH$ OmVr/O‘mVrVë¶m Jar~ 춺$s H$mTy>Z ˶m§Zm AmajUmMm ’$m¶Xm Úmdm cmJUma Amho. AmO Va Aer ^mfm H$aʶmV ¶oVo, H$s Oo ’$º$ CƒdUu¶m§Vrc Jar~ AmhoV ˶m§À¶mH$[aVm AmajU R>odʶmV ¶mdo åhUOo ’$º$ CƒdUu¶m§Vrc Jar~ AmhoV. BVa OmVr/O‘mVt‘ܶo Jar~ ZmhrV Agm ¶m‘mJrc g‘O Amho. ho KQ>ZoÀ¶m {déÕ hmoUma Amho Am{U KQ>Zm XþéñV H$ê$Zhr Hw$R>ë¶m EH$m OmVr/O‘mVrVrc J[a~m§H$[aVm AmajU R>odVm ¶oUma Zmhr. Vgo R>odë¶mg KQ>ZoÀ¶m g‘VoÀ¶m ‘yë¶mMm Ðmoh hmoUma Amho. {Vgam ‘wÔm Agm Amho, H$s Ama{jV OmJm§Mo à‘mU {H$Vr Agmdo? ݶm¶mc¶mZo EH$ X§S>H$ KmcyZ {Xcocm Amho, H$s Ama{jV OmJm, ‘J ˶m {ejU joÌmVrc AgmoV qH$dm emgH$s¶ godoVrc AgmoV 50 Q>³³¶m§nojm OmñV Agy Z¶oV, ho 50 Q>¸o$M H$m? 70 Q>¸o$ H$m Zmhr? 30 Q>¸o$ H$m Zmhr? Va ˶mMo VÎd Ago Amho, H$s JwUdÎmm hm ˶mMm gd©gmYmaU {Z¶‘. hm {Z¶‘ Oa AndmX H$am¶Mm Agoc Va ¶m AndmXmMr H$jm ‘w»¶ {Z¶‘mÀ¶m H$jonojm A{YH$ Agy Z¶o. Vo Oa A{YH$ Agoc Va AndmXM {Z¶‘ hmoB©c. åhUyZ amIrd OmJm 50 Q>¸o$M R>odʶmV Amë¶m AmhoV Am{U AmO Oo AmajU R>odʶmV Amcoco Amho Vo AZwgy{MV OmVr/O‘mVr ¶m§À¶m XoemVrc EHy$U cmoH$g§»¶oÀ¶m à‘mUmV Amho. 15 Q>¸o$ AZwgy{MV OmVr (eoS>çwëS> H$mñQ>) d 7.5 Q>¸o$ AZwgy{MV O‘mVr (eoS>çwëS> Q´>mB©~) ¶m§À¶mH$[aVm Amho. Cacoë¶m 27 Q>¸o$ OmJm BVa ‘mJmgdJu¶m§H$[aVm R>odʶmV Amë¶m AmhoV. BVa ‘mJmgdJu¶m§Mo à‘mU ho cmoH$g§»¶o‘ܶo OdiOdi 60 Q>³³¶m§nojm A{YH$ Amho. ˶m§Zm 27 Q>³³¶m§daM JwOamU H$aU§ ^mJ Amho. H$maU amIrd OmJm§gmR>r 50 Q>¸o$ ~§YZ ݶm¶mc¶mZo KmcyZ {Xcoco
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  7. 7. co{ZZdmXr cmc {ZemU {S>g|~a> 2013 50 AmajU Agmdo H$s Zgmdo? Amnë¶mcm AmR>dV Agoc H$s Ooìhm Am‘À¶m Ag§»¶ ~§Yy ^{JZr ~m¡Õ Yå‘mV ‘moR>çm g§»¶oZo Joë¶m. Ama§^rÀ¶m H$mimV ¶m ~m¡Õ Yå‘r¶m§Zm AmajUmMm h¸$ Zmhr Agm {ZU©¶ H$mhr ݶm¶mc¶mZo Voìhm {Xcm hmoVm. åhUOo ‘mJmgconU ho ’$º$ qhXÿ Y‘m©VM AgVo Agm ¶m {ZU©¶mMm nm¶m hmoVm. AmVm gwX¡dmZo Vmo {ZU©¶ {’$acm Amho Am{U Oar qhXÿ Y‘m©Vë¶m cmoH$m§Zr ~m¡Õ Yå‘m‘ܶo àdoe Ho$cm Agcm Var ~m¡Õ Yå‘r¶m§Zmhr Oo nydunmgyZ MmcV Amcoco AmajU Amho Vo Mmcy amhmdo Agm {ZU©¶ Amcm Amho. ¶mVyZM Xþgam àíZ {Z‘m©U Pmcm Amho. AmO Oo erI, ‘wgc‘mZ, {¼íMZ Pmcoco AmhoV Vo gwÕm nydu qhXÿ Y‘m©VcoM hmoVo. Vo Ooìhm Xþgè¶m Y‘m©V Joco ˶m doir AmnAmnë¶m OmVr Amnë¶m~amo~a KoD$Z Joco. EH$ Jmoï> AWm©V ‘mݶ Ho$cr nm{hOo. erI AgmoV, ‘wpñc‘ AgmoV dm {¼íMZ AgmoV {VWo Añn¥í¶Vm nmicr OmV Zmhr. ˶m‘wio ˶mMm g‘mdoe AZwgy{MV OmVr/O‘mVr‘ܶo H$aVm ¶oUma Zmhr. na§Vw BVa ‘mJmgdJu¶m§V ˶mVë¶m AZoH$ OmVr/ O‘mVr ¶oD$ eH$VmV. à˶oH$ Y‘m©V ‘J Vmo {¼íMZ Y‘© Agmo, ‘wpñc‘ Y‘© Agmo, dm erI Y‘© Agmo {VWo OmVrMr CVa§S> Amho. AmOhr Jmoì¶mVrc d¥ÎmnÌo Oa AmnU CKS>cr Va Amnë¶mcm Ago {Xgoc, H$s ˶mV c¾{df¶H$ Á¶m Om{hamVr ¶oVmV, ˶mV H°$Wm°{cH$ ~«måhrU Agm ñnï> C„oI AgVmo. AmOhr ‘wpñc‘ Y‘m©‘ܶo gæ¶X EH$m ~mOycm Va Im{Q>H$ Xþgè¶m ~mOycm AgVmo. ˶m§À¶mV ~oQ>r ì¶dhma hmoV ZmhrV. erI Y‘m©‘ܶo hrM n[apñWVr Amho. nadm Va Q>mBåg Am°’$ B§{S>¶m‘ܶo ¶m ~m~VrV EH$ ‘moR>m coIM Amcocm Amho. ˶mV Ago XmIdyZ XoʶmV Amco Amho, H$s B§½c§S>‘ܶo am{hcoco erI Y‘m©Mo cmoH$ AmOhr {VWo Om{Vì¶dñWm nmiV AgVmV. Oo H${Zð> OmVrVrc C‘oXdma AmhoV, ˶m§Zm ‘wcr {‘iV ZmhrV. H$maU Cƒ OmVrVrc ‘wcr ˶m§Zm XoʶmV ¶oV ZmhrV. ˶m‘wio Á¶m Á¶m doir Ago ào‘g§~§Y OwiyZ ¶oVmV ˶m doir Am°ZaS>oWgmR>r Vem ‘wctÀ¶m H$Îmcr Ho$ë¶m OmVmV. Voìhm àíZ Agm CnpñWV hmoVmo H$s AmO Oo BVa Y‘m©V ‘mJmgdJu¶ AmhoV Vo ‘mJmgdJu¶m§gmR>r R>odcoco AmajU ‘mJy eH$VmV d ˶m§Zm Vo KQ>Zoà‘mUo {Xco Joco nm{hOo. H$maU ‘mJmgconU ho Y‘m©da Adc§~yZ ZgVo. Vo ˶m ˶m Y‘m©Vrc Or ì¶dñWm Amho ˶m ì¶dñWoda Adc§~yZ AgVo. Y‘m©Mo Zmd ~XcyZ ‘mJmgconU ~Xcco OmV Zmhr. Voìhm hr Or ‘mJUr AmO nwT>o ¶oV Amho, ‘wpñc‘ Amo.~r.gr., {¼íMZ Amo.~r.gr., erI Amo.~r.gr., ¶m§Mr Vr ݶmæ¶ Amho. na§Vw ˶m§Zm Oa AmajU Úm¶Mo Pmco Va nwÝhm ˶m 50 Q>¸o$ ‘¶m©XoV Úmdo cmJoc Am{U åhUyZ {VWco AmVm Oo 27 Q>¸o$ BVa ‘mJmgcoco cmoH$ AmhoV Vo ˶mcm Z¸$s {damoY H$aUma, na§Vw Vo An[ahm¶© Amho. Vo H$amdoM cmJUma Amho. ‘cm ݶm¶mc¶mÀ¶m {ZdmS>çm§VyZ Oo ‘wÔo AmajUmÀ¶m g§~§Yr {Z‘m©U hmoUmao AmT>iyZ Amco ˶m ‘wÚm§Mr MMm© H$aʶmMm ‘r BWo à¶ËZ Ho$cocm Amho. eodQ>r EH$ Jmoï> ‘cm ‘wÔm‘ hmoD$Z BWo ‘m§S>mdrer dmQ>Vo, Vr hr H$s amIrd OmJm§da Zoh‘rM ‘¶m©Xm amhUma Amho. ˶m dfm©Zwdf} am{hë¶m Var. (Am{U KQ>ZoV ˶m§À¶mda H$mimMr ‘¶m©Xm Zmhr. Amho Vr H$m¶Xo‘§S>imVrc AZwgy{MV OmVr/O‘mVtÀ¶m à{V{Z{YËdmda Amho.) ‘mJmgdJu¶m§Mm dJ© åhUyZ ˶m‘wio CÕma hmoUma Zmhr. AmOMr Am{W©H$ d gm‘m{OH$ ì¶dñWm ~Xccr VaM gdmªMm CËH$f© hmoUma Amho. na§Vw ‘mJmgdJu¶ d ˶m§Mo ZoVo ho amIrd OmJm hmM, Amnë¶m CÕmamMm EH$‘od ‘mJ© Amho Ago J¥hrV Yê$Z AmO ˶mdaM cj H|${ÐV H$aV AmhoV, ˶m‘wio CÕmamÀ¶m Iè¶m Cnm¶m§H$S>o Xwc©j H$aV AmhoV. àñWm{nV {hVg§~§Yr¶ ‘mJmgdJu¶m§Zm amIrd OmJm§À¶m àíZm§da AmnmngmV PJS>V R>odV AmhoV d ˶m§Mo cj Iè¶m C{Ôï>m§nmgyZ XþgarH$S>o di{dʶmV ¶eñdr hmoV AmhoV. KQ>ZoMo C{Ôï> g’$c hmoʶmH$[aVm "Zmhrao dJm©'Mr EH$OyQ> hmoUo Amdí¶H$ Amho, VrV AS>Wio {Z‘m©U hmoV AmhoV. ‘mJmgdJu¶m§Mm CÕma H$aʶmH$[aVm amIrd OmJm hm ’$º$ EH$ Cnm¶ Amho ho cjmV R>odyZM gd© ‘mJmgdJu¶m§Zr Amnë¶m Iè¶m CÕmamMm cT>m cT>V am{hcm nm{hOo. (gm¡Oݶ : S>m°.{dO¶ Iao g§nm{XV "ݶm¶ ì¶dñWm d AmajU,' àH$meH$ : S>m°.~m~mgmho~ Am§~oS>H$a AܶmgZ, d Aä¶mg H|$Ð, nwUo {dÚmnrR>, nwUo, ‘mM© 2009,‘amR>m Amo~rgrH$aU, ¶m àm.AemoH$ ~w{Õd§V g§nm{XV nwñVH$mMr àñVmdZm)

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