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God has given human beings the boon of wisdom and discretion to thinkupon the signs of the universe and to draw conclusions. That is the reasonwhy they disclose the hidden facts of it and its structure and have maderemarkable progress in many walks of life. Children are the flowers of heaven.They are the most beautiful and purest creation of God. They are innocentboth inwardly and outwardly. No doubt, they are the beauty of this world.
CONTINUE Early in the morning when the children put on different kinds of clothesand begin to go to schools for the sake of knowledge, we feel a specific kindof joy through their innocence. But there are also other children, those who cannot go to schools due tofinancial problems, they only watch others go to schools and can merely wishto seek knowledge. It is due to many hindrances and difficulties; desperateconditions that they face in life. Having been forced to kill theiraspirations, dreams and other wishes, they are pressed to earn a living forthemselves and for their families. It is also a fact that there are many childrenwho play a key role in sustaining the economically life of their family withoutwhich, their families would not be able to make ends meet. These are also partof our society who have forgotten the pleasures of their childhood. When achild in addition to getting education, earns his livelihood, this act of earninga livelihood is called as child Labour. The concept of child Labour got muchattention during the 1990s when European countries announced a ban on thegoods of the less-developed countries because of child Labour.
DEFINITION The International Labour Organization (ILO) defines child Labour as:1- When a child is working during early age2- He overworks or gives over time to Labour3- He works due to the psychologically, socially, and materialistic pressure4- He becomes ready to Labour on a very low pay
United Nations International Childrens Emergency Fund(UNICEF) defines"child" as anyone below the age of 18, and "child Labour" as some type of work performed by children below age 18. (UNICEF)
INTRODUCTIONToday Pakistan is facing a lot ofsocial problems but some are verycommon in Pakistan, which aredestroying our society and alsoeconomy of Pakistan. Like childlabour, poverty, illiteracy, populationgrowth, terrorism, smuggling, drugabuse etc. The topic which I haveselected is child laborite is a globalissue. Child labour is one of themost common problems in Asia andalso in Pakistan.
Child Labour is an important and a serious global issue through which all andsundry countries of the world are directly or indirectly affected, but, it is verycommon in Latin America, Africa and Asia. According to some, in severalAsian countries 1/10 manpower consists of child Labour. In India thenumber of children between the ages of 10-14 has crossed above 44million, in Pakistan this number is from 8 to 10 million, in Bangladesh 8-12million, in Brazil 7 million, whereas their number is 12 million in Nigeria.
GLOBAL ISSUEChild Labour is an important and aserious global issue through which alland sundry countries of the worldare directly or indirectlyaffected, but, it is very common inLatin America, Africa and Asia.According to some, in several Asiancountries 1/10 manpower consistsof child Labour. In India the numberof children between the ages of 10-14 has crossed above 44 million, inPakistan this number is from 8 to 10million, in Bangladesh 8-12million, in Brazil 7 million, whereastheir number is 12 million in Nigeria.
In Pakistan children aged 5-14 are above 40 million. During the last year, theFederal Bureau of Statistics released the results of its survey funded by ILOsIPEC (International Program on the Elimination of Child Labour). Thefindings were that 3.8 million children age group of 5-14 years are working inPakistan out of total 40 million children in this age group; fifty percent ofthese economically active children are in age group of 5 to 9 years. Even outof these 3.8 million economically active children, 2.7 million were claimed tobe working in the agriculture sector. Two million and four hundred thousand(73%) of them were said to be boys.
CAUSES OF CHILD LABOUR Poverty Parental Illiterate Social Apathy Easily Available Ignorance Lack of Education Minority Group Internal/external factors Economic Shock
SCOPE TO USE THEM IN….. Agricultural Areas Industrial and factory sites Construction work Mine industry Scrape businesses Home maids in India like 3rd world countries Road side hotels Mills Workshop purposes
EXAMPLESFor many international companies itwas found that child labour was usede.g. Nike and the soccer ball industryin Pakistan GAP fashion company in India IKEA carpet manufacturing inSouth Asia Shrimp-industry in Thailand
ACTIVE ORGANIZATIONS UNICEF (United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund) ILO ( International Labour organization) ACTRAV IPEC ICFTU WCL LIRGIAD HIVA CLM
CONCLUSION The children are working as a labour in school goingage for the survival of there families and to full fill thebasic necessities. People don’t know the importance of education.That’s why most of children remain illiterate. It is not just responsibility of government we are alsoresponsible for that.
SUGGESTION Awareness must be raised and parents should pay attention to the educationof their children. Child Labour Laws should be strictly put into practice. If we want success then we have to act upon these principles and thenour country can easily get rid of this problem. We have to distribute the education free of coast, give flame to the candleof education and distribute the light of knowledge among the people because ourHoly prophet (PBUH) also says that “get knowledge and distributeamong others.”