4. Brief History before Vijayanagara…
• Kumara Rama (1290 AD - 1320 AD),who is considered to be the warrior prince
prior to the establishment of the Vijayanagara Empire.
• Kumara Rama was the son of the King Kampli Raya of Kampli and
• He is younger brother of Hakka-Bukka(the founders of Vijayanagara Empire)
• After the war with Tugalak they lost their kingdom and started working under the
last king of Hoysala..
6. • The Vijayanagara Empire also called Karnata Empire
• It was established in 1336 by Harihara I and his brother Bukka
Raya I of Sangama Dynasty
• Vijaynagar Dynasty rules over India for 3 centuries.
11. Sangama dynasty
Harihara Raya I 1336–1356
Bukka Raya I 1356–1377
Harihara Raya II 1377–1404
Virupaksha Raya 1404–1405
Bukka Raya II 1405–1406
Deva Raya I 1406–1422
Ramachandra Raya 1422
Vira Vijaya Bukka Raya 1422–1424
Deva Raya II 1424–1446
Mallikarjuna Raya 1446–1465
Virupaksha Raya II 1465–1485
Praudha Raya 1485
13. Tuluva dynasty
Tuluva Narasa Nayaka 1491–1503
Vira Narasimha Raya 1503–1509
Krishna Deva Raya 1509–1529
Achyuta Deva Raya 1529–1542
Venkata I 1542
Sadasiva Raya 1542–1570
14. Aravidu dynasty
Aliya Rama Raya 1542–1565
Tirumala Deva Raya 1565–1572
Sriranga I 1572–1586
Venkata II 1586–1614
Sriranga II 1614
Rama Deva Raya 1617–1632
Venkata III 1632–1642
Sriranga III 1642–1646
15. Krishnadeva Raya 1509-1529
• He is son of Tuluva Narasa Nayaka
• Most important ruler of Saluvas
• Expands military recruitment and purchases
• Expands Empire greatly, builds alliances with
Portuguese and other Sultanates
• Builds monumental temples and tries to create
legitimacy through patronage of Brahmins.
• The empire reached its peak during the rule of
Krishna Deva Raya
18. • The rulers of the Vijayanagara empire maintained the well-functioning administrative
methods developed by their predecessors, the Hoysala, Kakatiya
• The King was the ultimate authority, assisted by a cabinet of ministers (Pradhana) headed
by the prime minister (Mahapradhana).
• Other important titles recorded were the chief secretary (Karyakartha or Rayaswami) and
the imperial officers
• At the lower administrative levels, wealthy feudal landlords (Goudas) supervised
accountants (Karanikas or Karnam) and guards (Kavalu).
• King Krishnadevaraya's personal army consisted of 100,000 infantry, 20,000 cavalrymen
and over 900 elephants.
• This number was only a part of the army numbering over 1.1 million soldiers
20. • During the rule of the Vijayanagara Empire, poets, scholars and philosophers wrote
primarily in Kannada, Telugu and Sanskrit, and also in other regional languages such as
• The administrative and court languages of the Empire were Kannada and Telugu
• Many kings of the dynasty were themselves litterateurs and authored classics such as King
Krishnadevaraya's Jambavati Kalyana, a poetic and dramatically skillful work.
• During the reign of Krishnadevaraya culture and literature flourished and reached their
• The great emperor was himself a celebrated poet having composed Amuktamalyada.
• In his court, eight Telugu poets were regarded as the eight pillars of the literary assembly.
23. • In temple building they continued the traditions and styles of the Chalukyas, Cholas and
• Built of hard stone, the Vijayanagar temples are large structures with spacious mandapas and
• Its stylistic hallmark is the ornate pillared Kalyanamantapa (marriage hall), Vasanthamantapa
(open pillared halls) and the Rayagopura (tower)
• The Prasanna Virupaksha temple (underground temple) of Bukka and the Hazare Rama temple
of Deva Raya are examples of Deccan architecture.
• Sasivekalu (mustard) Ganesha and Kadalekalu (ground nut) Ganesha at Hampi,
• The Gommateshvara (Bahubali) monoliths in Karkala and Venur, and the Nandi bull in Lepakshi.
32. Battle of Talikota
• Ahmadnagar Sultanate
• Bijapur Sultanate
• Golkonda Sultanate
• Berar Sultanate
• Bidar Sultanate
In 26 January 1565, a watershed battle fought between the Vijayanagara Empire and the Deccan
sultanates, resulted in a defeat of Vijayanagara.