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HOSPITAL – ITS
FUNCTIONS, TYPES AND
ORGANIZATION
PREPARED BY :
VISHNU.R.NAIR,
4TH YEAR PHARM.D,
NATIONAL COLLEGE OF PHARMA...
INDEX/ CONTENTS OF THIS PPT :
 GENERAL ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
 DEFINITION OF HOSPITAL
 FUNCTIONS OF HOSPITAL
 CLASSIFICATION ...
 GENERAL ACKNOWLEDGEMENT :
 Well…………….my FIRST PPT in HOSPITAL
PHARMACY subject!!
 All thanks to GOD, my parents, my H...
 DEFINITION OF HOSPITAL  :
 HOSPITAL is defined as:
 “An INSTITUTION of COMMUNITY HEALTH/ a SPECIALIZED COMPLEX
ORGANI...
 FUNCTIONS OF HOSPITAL  :
1. To UPLIFT QUALITY OF LAW and GENERAL STANDARDS of MEDICAL
PRACTICE
2. To PROVIDE FACILITIES...
6. To PROVIDE a COMMON LINK between GENERAL PUBLIC & POLICY
MAKERS
7. To SUGGEST POLICIES & PROCEDURES to maintain ADEQUAT...
11. To provide facilities for continuing EDUCATION of all the people
12. To PARTICIPATE & IMPLEMENT SAFETY PROGRAMMES of H...
 CLASSIFICATION OF HOSPITALS  :
Classification is mainly based on :
1. CLINICAL GROUNDS
2. NON-CLINICAL GROUNDS
3. SIZE
...
1. BASED ON CLINICAL GROUNDS:
Classified as :
A. MEDICINE-BASED:
- Pediatrics
- Psychiatric and other nervous diseases
- G...
C. MATERNITY:
- Short-term
- Long-term………………
2. Based on non-clinical grounds:
Classified as :
A. GOVERNMENTAL HOSPITALS:
- Army hospital - City hospital
- Navy hospit...
3. BASED ON SIZE :
Classified as :
A. LARGE HOSPITALS: Beds : 1000 and above
B. MEDIUM HOSPITALS: Beds : 500-1000
C. SMALL...
4. BASED ON COST:
Classified as :
A. ELITE HOSPITALS:
- Consist of HIGH TECHNOLOGY & MEDICAL SCIENCE ADVANCEMENTS
- Compri...
5. BASED ON SYSTEMOF MEDICINE:
Classified as :
A. ALLOPATHIC HOSPITALS
B. AYURVEDIC HOSPITALS
C. HOMEOPATHIC HOSPITALS
D. ...
 ORGANIZATION OF HOSPITALS  :
1. ORGANIZATION is defined as “A DYNAMIC PROCESS, in which various
MANAGERIAL ACTIVITIES b...
5. GOVERNING BODY  Appoints a HOSPITAL ADMINISTRATOR to get
various functions performed like CLINICAL SERVICES, NURSING, ...
SERVICES PERFORMED BY HOSPITAL ORGANIZATION:
Include:
A. NURSING SERVICES:
- LARGEST part of a hospital
- Functions all 24...
B. OUT-PATIENT SERVICES:
- Focus on COMFORT for OUT-PATIENTS, as the approach for major/minor
illnesses
- These services ...
3. RADIOLOGICAL SERVICES:
- Performed under direction of a competent RADIOLOGIST
- CHIEF RADIOLOGIST  assisted by various...
4. CENTRAL SUPPLY SERVICES:
- Refers to MEDICAL & SURGICAL SUPPLY SERVICES
- Meant for DIAGNOSIS, TREATMENT, PREVENTION, E...
5. HOSPITAL PHARMACY SERVICES:
- Controls PHARMACY OPERATION in any hospital
- FILLS PRESCRIPTION & no. of NECESSITIES fro...
6. MEDICAL RECORD SERVICES:
- VALUABLE MATERIALS, as they help MEDICAL & PARA-MEDICAL STAFF for
EVALUATION
- Also used for...
7. STORE SERVICES:
- RECEIVE, STORE & ISSUE materials against REQUISITION FORMS of various
DEPARTMENTS & WARDS
- Hospital ...
8. MISCELLANEOUS SERVICES:
- Aimed at overall BENEFIT & PATIENT CARE
- Include:
a. DIETARY SERVICES
b. AMBULATORY SERVICES...
 BIBLIOGRAPHY/ REFERENCE  :
 NAND PRATHIBHA; KHAR.K.R; “A TEXTBOOK OF
HOSPITAL & CLINICAL PHARMACY” ; BIRLA
PUBLICATION...
THANK YOU!!!  
@rxvichu-alwz4uh!  
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Hospital – its functions, types and organization- By rxvichu !!! :)

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Hello friends...........:)
This is my first ppt on HOSPITAL PHARMACY SUBJECT......
This ppt comprises:
a. DEFINITION OF HOSPITAL
b. FUNCTIONS OF HOSPITAL
c. CLASSIFICATION OF HOSPITAL
d. ORGANIZATION OF HOSPITAL.........

Hope u like the ppt! do send ur reviews!!!

@rxvichu-alwz4uh!! :)

Publicada em: Saúde e medicina
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Hospital – its functions, types and organization- By rxvichu !!! :)

  1. 1. HOSPITAL – ITS FUNCTIONS, TYPES AND ORGANIZATION PREPARED BY : VISHNU.R.NAIR, 4TH YEAR PHARM.D, NATIONAL COLLEGE OF PHARMACY, KERALA UNIVERSITY OF HEALTH SCIENCES (KUHS), KERALA STATE.
  2. 2. INDEX/ CONTENTS OF THIS PPT :  GENERAL ACKNOWLEDGEMENT  DEFINITION OF HOSPITAL  FUNCTIONS OF HOSPITAL  CLASSIFICATION OF HOSPITAL  ORGANIZATION OF HOSPITAL  BIBLIOGRAPHY/ REFERENCE
  3. 3.  GENERAL ACKNOWLEDGEMENT :  Well…………….my FIRST PPT in HOSPITAL PHARMACY subject!!  All thanks to GOD, my parents, my HOSPITAL PHARMACY TEACHER, and many more for their blessings, care and encouragements  Hope u like this ppt! @rxvichu-alwz4uh!  
  4. 4.  DEFINITION OF HOSPITAL  :  HOSPITAL is defined as:  “An INSTITUTION of COMMUNITY HEALTH/ a SPECIALIZED COMPLEX ORGANIZATION, that makes use of PHYSICIANS, SURGEONS & team of TECHNICAL STAFF, in order to provide facilities for DIAGNOSIS, THERAPY, REHABILITATION, PREVENTION, EDUCATION & RESEARCH…………”
  5. 5.  FUNCTIONS OF HOSPITAL  : 1. To UPLIFT QUALITY OF LAW and GENERAL STANDARDS of MEDICAL PRACTICE 2. To PROVIDE FACILITIES & GUIDANCE , by which persons can work in GROUPS, with the intention of BETTERMENT of HOSPITAL DEPARTMENT, PATIENT & COMMUNITY 3. To REDUCE DISEASE OCCURRENCE by early DIAGNOSIS and TREATMENT 4. To ESTIMATE needs for FACILITIES, SUPPLIES & EQUIPMENTS, and their UTILIZATION for EVALUATION, CONTROL & MAINTENANCE 5. To ESTIMATE DEPARTMENTAL NECESSITIES
  6. 6. 6. To PROVIDE a COMMON LINK between GENERAL PUBLIC & POLICY MAKERS 7. To SUGGEST POLICIES & PROCEDURES to maintain ADEQUATE & COMPETENT STAFF 8. To DEVELOP & MAINTAIN an effective system of CLINICAL & ADMINISTRATIVE RECORDS & REPORTS 9. To HARNESS growth of MEDICAL SCIENCE, by PROPER TRAINING of DOCTORS & NURSES in large training hospitals 10. To CREATE & DEVELOP FINANCIAL PLAN for the OPERATION OF HOSPITAL
  7. 7. 11. To provide facilities for continuing EDUCATION of all the people 12. To PARTICIPATE & IMPLEMENT SAFETY PROGRAMMES of HOSPITAL 13. To INITIATE, UTILIZE & PARTICIPATE in RESEARCH PROJECTS, aimed at IMPROVEMENT of PATIENT CARE, and other hospital services……………………….
  8. 8.  CLASSIFICATION OF HOSPITALS  : Classification is mainly based on : 1. CLINICAL GROUNDS 2. NON-CLINICAL GROUNDS 3. SIZE 4. COST 5. SYSTEM OF MEDICINE
  9. 9. 1. BASED ON CLINICAL GROUNDS: Classified as : A. MEDICINE-BASED: - Pediatrics - Psychiatric and other nervous diseases - General medicine B. SURGERY-BASED: - Orthopedics - Gynecology & obstetrics - ENT
  10. 10. C. MATERNITY: - Short-term - Long-term………………
  11. 11. 2. Based on non-clinical grounds: Classified as : A. GOVERNMENTAL HOSPITALS: - Army hospital - City hospital - Navy hospital - Civil hospital B. NON-GOVERNMENTAL HOSPITALS: - Private hospitals(for profit) - Non-profit hospitals ( Church hospital, Community hospital, hospital, Charitable hospital)……………
  12. 12. 3. BASED ON SIZE : Classified as : A. LARGE HOSPITALS: Beds : 1000 and above B. MEDIUM HOSPITALS: Beds : 500-1000 C. SMALL HOSPITALS: Beds : 100-500 D. VERY SMALL HOSPITALS: Beds : less than 100
  13. 13. 4. BASED ON COST: Classified as : A. ELITE HOSPITALS: - Consist of HIGH TECHNOLOGY & MEDICAL SCIENCE ADVANCEMENTS - Comprise DELUXE ROOMS, with T.V, TELEPHONES & REFRIGERATOR - Room rate : Rs. 500-1,200/ day - Also known as “5-STAR HOSPITALS” - Example : APOLLO HOSPITAL B. BUDGET HOSPITALS: - Meant for MODERATE-LOW BUDGET people (Example: CHARITABLE & CIVIL HOSPITALS )
  14. 14. 5. BASED ON SYSTEMOF MEDICINE: Classified as : A. ALLOPATHIC HOSPITALS B. AYURVEDIC HOSPITALS C. HOMEOPATHIC HOSPITALS D. UNANI HOSPITALS…………………………
  15. 15.  ORGANIZATION OF HOSPITALS  : 1. ORGANIZATION is defined as “A DYNAMIC PROCESS, in which various MANAGERIAL ACTIVITIES bring & bind people together, for the ACHIEVEMENT of COMMON GOALS & OBJECTIVES” 2. Most important BODY of a hospital is the GOVERNING BODY/ BOARD OF DIRECTORS/ BOARD OF TRUSTEES 3. GOVERNING BODY  Consists of various eminent personalities in the field of : a. MEDICAL EDUCATION c. ADMINISTRATION b. RESEARCH d. POLITICS (Optional) 4. Function of GOVERNING BODY is to FRAME all major POLICIES, PLANS & PROGRAMMES of hospital
  16. 16. 5. GOVERNING BODY  Appoints a HOSPITAL ADMINISTRATOR to get various functions performed like CLINICAL SERVICES, NURSING, PHARMACY SERVICES, etc ………………….
  17. 17. SERVICES PERFORMED BY HOSPITAL ORGANIZATION: Include: A. NURSING SERVICES: - LARGEST part of a hospital - Functions all 24 hours - Nurses  assigned specific number of beds  have to give personal attention to patients - Nurses are trained for PRENATAL CARE, OBSERVATION, PATIENT COMFORT DURING LABOUR, etc. - NURSING DIRECTOR is the in-charge of NURSING SERVICES……….
  18. 18. B. OUT-PATIENT SERVICES: - Focus on COMFORT for OUT-PATIENTS, as the approach for major/minor illnesses - These services  make a hospital an IDEAL COMMUNITY INSTITUTION - Hospital is duty-bound to provide DIAGNOSTIC, PREVENTIVE & CURATIVE measures to the OUT-PATIENTS………………….
  19. 19. 3. RADIOLOGICAL SERVICES: - Performed under direction of a competent RADIOLOGIST - CHIEF RADIOLOGIST  assisted by various TECHNICIANS - Services include UTILIZATION of EQUIPMENTS like: a. SONOGRAPHY b. X-RAY c. ECG d. CT-SCAN, etc……………
  20. 20. 4. CENTRAL SUPPLY SERVICES: - Refers to MEDICAL & SURGICAL SUPPLY SERVICES - Meant for DIAGNOSIS, TREATMENT, PREVENTION, EDUCATION & RESEARCH - Involves their COLLECTION, PROCESSING, STORAGE & ISSUANCE against proper INDENT FORM - Qualified & skilled staff personnel are responsible for its maintenance…………………
  21. 21. 5. HOSPITAL PHARMACY SERVICES: - Controls PHARMACY OPERATION in any hospital - FILLS PRESCRIPTION & no. of NECESSITIES from wards - Functions begin from DRUG PROCUREMENT to DISTRIBUTION to I.P and O.P - Responsible for : a. PROPER DRUG DELIVERY d. MANUFACTURE b. INFORMATION SYSTEM e. STERILIZATION c. DRUG STORAGE f. ADVICING PATIENT ON DRUG USE
  22. 22. 6. MEDICAL RECORD SERVICES: - VALUABLE MATERIALS, as they help MEDICAL & PARA-MEDICAL STAFF for EVALUATION - Also used for EDUCATION, RESEARCH & TRAINING - Consists of : a. PATIENT HISTORY c. PHYSICAL EXAMINATION DETAILS b. LAB- TEST REPORTS d. PHYSICAN’S ADVICE, etc. - It is mandatory to store medical records properly to FACILITATE EASY ACCESS on requirement…………………..
  23. 23. 7. STORE SERVICES: - RECEIVE, STORE & ISSUE materials against REQUISITION FORMS of various DEPARTMENTS & WARDS - Hospital consists of: a. MEDICAL STORE b. STORE FOR GENERAL ITEMS c. SURGICAL STORES, etc - Maintain a BUFFER STOCK of certain materials, including LIFE-SAVING DRUGS…………………….
  24. 24. 8. MISCELLANEOUS SERVICES: - Aimed at overall BENEFIT & PATIENT CARE - Include: a. DIETARY SERVICES b. AMBULATORY SERVICES c. LAUNDRY SERVICES d. TRANSPORT SERVICES e. MORTUARY SERVICES f. LIBRARY SERVICES………………………….
  25. 25.  BIBLIOGRAPHY/ REFERENCE  :  NAND PRATHIBHA; KHAR.K.R; “A TEXTBOOK OF HOSPITAL & CLINICAL PHARMACY” ; BIRLA PUBLICATIONS; PAGE: 3-7  MERCHANT.S.H; QADRY.S.J; “A TEXTBOOK OF HOSPITAL PHARMACY”; REVISED BY GOYAL.K.R & PARIKH.K.R …………………………….
  26. 26. THANK YOU!!!   @rxvichu-alwz4uh!  

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