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Introduction to Environmental Studies

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Environmental Studies
Benefits
Scope
Goals
Framework for studying
Educational Aspects
Green Technology

Publicada em: Educação
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Introduction to Environmental Studies

  1. 1. ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES Definition, scope & Multidisciplinary nature, Need for public awareness, Introduction to Green Technology
  2. 2. ENVIRONMENT <ul><li>environner (Fr) : to encircle or surround </li></ul><ul><li>surrounding external conditions influencing development or growth of people, animal or plants; living or working conditions etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Circumstances and conditions that surround an organism </li></ul><ul><li>Social and cultural conditions that affect an individual </li></ul>
  3. 3. SCOPE OF ENVIRONMENT Atmosphere : Virtual Ocean of Air Hydrosphere : The surface of Earth filled with any form of Water Lithosphere : Outer shell of the Earth composed of crust and the rigid outer most mantle Biosphere : The place on earth where life exists
  4. 4. ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES <ul><li>Systematic understanding of our environment </li></ul><ul><li>Highly interdisciplinary </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusive </li></ul><ul><li>Holistic </li></ul><ul><li>Mission-oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Essential to study to overcome “Environmental Crisis” </li></ul>
  5. 5. OBJECTIVES OF EVS <ul><li>Awareness : about our environment and its allied problems </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge : acquire basic understanding and experience about our environment and associated problems </li></ul><ul><li>Attitude : concern for the environment and active participation in its improvement and protection </li></ul><ul><li>Skill : identifying and solving environmental problems </li></ul><ul><li>Participation : providing opportunity to be involved in resolving the environmental problems </li></ul>
  6. 6. IMPORTANCE OF EVS <ul><li>The EVS enlighten us about the importance of protection and conservation of our environment </li></ul><ul><li>EVS have become significant for the following reasons: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Environment issues being of international importance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problems cropped in the wake of development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explosive increase in pollution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need for an alternative solution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to save humanity from extinction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need for wise planning of development </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. BENEFITS OF EVS <ul><li>Conservation of energy and fast depleting natural resources </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in economic productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Imparting knowledge about waste management, treatment and disposal </li></ul><ul><li>Develop social responsibility towards environment protection </li></ul><ul><li>Creating awareness to control population </li></ul><ul><li>Inculcating attitude and values towards understanding interdependence of nature and man and work towards sustainable development </li></ul>
  8. 8. FRAMEWORK FOR ADDRESSING ENV. PROBLEM
  9. 9. MAJOR GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS <ul><li>From http://www.pref.kyoto.jp/intro/21cent/kankyo/contents_e/globe_prob/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>Global Warming </li></ul><ul><li>Ozone Layer Depletion </li></ul><ul><li>Acid Rain </li></ul><ul><li>Deforestation </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of Biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>Water Pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Desertification </li></ul><ul><li>Waste disposal </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid population growth </li></ul><ul><li>Depletion of non-renewable energy sources </li></ul><ul><li>Food and Water shortage </li></ul>
  10. 10. NEED FOR PUBLIC AWARENESS <ul><li>Important to understand that natural environment and man-made environment are interdependent </li></ul><ul><li>Essential to make the public aware of the formidable consequences of the Environmental Degradation (be it local or regional or global) </li></ul><ul><li>reformative measures if not undertaken, would result in the extinction of life. </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental protection is every individual’s obligation and duty </li></ul><ul><li>And so, Environmental consciousness needs to be propagated at all levels </li></ul>
  11. 11. ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION: GOALS <ul><li>To develop teaching materials and aids for formal education sector </li></ul><ul><li>To encourage non-governmental organizations for promoting awareness </li></ul><ul><li>To promote environment education through existing educational/scientific/research institutes </li></ul><ul><li>To ensure training and manpower development in environment education </li></ul><ul><li>To mobilize people’s awareness for the preservation and conservation of environment </li></ul>
  12. 12. FORMAL ENV. EDUCATION IN INDIA <ul><li>In schools : through text books </li></ul><ul><li>In colleges & university level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>M.Sc, M. Phil, PhD programs in Env. Chem/ Bio/Toxicology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>M.E and M.Tech in Env. Engineering (Civil&Chem) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PG diploma in Env. Management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Environmental Appreciation Course </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IGNOU & MOEF have a non-credit three months awareness course to create env. Consciousness and leadership among people </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In Management and Business Studies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>So that managers and leaders can introduce environmentally sound practices in their operations </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. NON-FORMAL EDUCATION AND AWARENESS <ul><li>National Environment Awareness Campaign(NEAC) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduced in mid-1986, its is a multi-media campaign </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nominal financial assistance provided to NGO’s /schools/ other institutions to conduct awareness activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Activities- seminars, workshops, camps, rallies, exhibitions, debates, street theatre, planting of trees, cleaning of public areas/water bodies etc.. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implemented through 28 Regional Resource Agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eco Clubs of National Green Corps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To sensitize school students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eco-clubs are being set up in 100 schools of every district in the country. 50,000 have been set up so far. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Govt. provides financial assistance and training to teachers and the resource material </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. NON-FORMAL EDUCATION AND AWARENESS (CONTD..) <ul><li>GLOBE ( G lobal L earning and O bservations to B enefit the E nvironment) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>India joined this intl. program aimed at school students in 2000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students of GLOBE school collect data about environmental parameters under trained teachers and data is used to explain various hypothesis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students interact with GLOBE scientists and participate in workshops on basic and advanced GLOBE protocols </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mass Awareness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focusing on rural areas. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Doordarshan and other channels telecast env. based programs/commercials/films/documentaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional media agencies are hired to assist </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. NON-FORMAL EDUCATION AND AWARENESS (CONTD..) <ul><li>Other awareness program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Green Olympiad conducted by TERI- 80000 school students from Russia, UAE and India participate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Awareness activities by NGO’s and other institutions on Environment days like Earth day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TV quiz program for winners of regional written environmental quiz programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vacation program on Natural resources- building a broader constituency of support for conservation, for high school students, organized by Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and Environment (ATREE), an NGO </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. NON-FORMAL EDUCATION AND AWARENESS (CONTD..) <ul><li>Centres of Excellence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scheme started in 1983 to strengthen research, awareness and training in priority areas of environmental science and management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nine centres have been established </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Centre for Environmental Education, Ahemdabad </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>C.P.R. Environmental Education Centre, Chennai </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Centre for Ecological Sciences, IISc. Bangalore </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History, Coimbatore </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Centre for Mining Environment, ISM, Dhanbad </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Centre for Env. Management of Degraded Ecosystems, DU, Delhi </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tropical Botanical Garden and Research Inst., Thiruvananthpuram </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Madras School of Economics, Chennai </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Foundation for Revitalization of Local Health Traditions, Bangalore </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. GREEN TECHNOLOGY <ul><li>Advancement in science and technology led to indiscriminate exploitation of exhaustible resources and expulsion of hazardous chemical and synthetic wastes in the environment. </li></ul><ul><li>This has created extraordinary technical, health, economic, environmental, political and social problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Green Technology or Clean Tech , encompasses a continuously evolving group of methods and materials, from techniques for generating energy to non-toxic cleaning products </li></ul>
  18. 18. GREEN TECHNOLOGY (CONTD.) <ul><li>Green Technology or Clean Tech , is the development and application of products, equipment and systems used to conserve the natural environment and resources, which minimize and reduces the negative impact of human activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Criteria of Green Tech products, equipments or systems: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It minimizes the degradation of the environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It has zero or low green house gas (GHG) emission </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is safe for use and promotes healthy and improved environment for all forms of life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It conserves the use of energy and natural resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It promotes the use of renewable resources. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. GOALS OF GREEN TECH <ul><li>Sustainability - meeting present needs of society without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Cradle to cradle&quot; design - ending the &quot;cradle to grave&quot; cycle of manufactured products, by creating products that can be fully reclaimed or re-used. </li></ul><ul><li>Source reduction - reducing waste and pollution by changing patterns of production and consumption. </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation - developing alternatives to technologies - whether fossil fuel or chemical intensive agriculture - that have been demonstrated to damage health and the environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Viability - creating a center of economic activity around technologies and products that benefit the environment, speeding their implementation and creating new careers that truly protect the planet. </li></ul>
  20. 20. GREEN TECH SUBJECT AREAS <ul><li>Energy development of alternative fuels, new means of generating energy and energy efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Green building encompasses everything from the choice of building materials to building location </li></ul><ul><li>Environmentally preferred purchasing government purchasing of products whose contents and methods of production have the smallest possible impact on the environment </li></ul><ul><li>Green chemistry invention, design and application of chemical products and processes to reduce & eliminate the use and generation of hazardous substances </li></ul><ul><li>Green nanotechnology application of green chemistry and green engineering principles to materials at nano-scale </li></ul><ul><li>Green computing designing, manufacturing, using, and disposing of computers & associated subsystems, effectively with minimal or no impact on the environment </li></ul>
  21. 21. EXAMPLES OF CLEAN TECH <ul><li>Un-leaded petrol, sulphur free coal, CNG, LPG, Bio-fuels, hybrid vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Air pollution control equipments like catalytic converters, electrostatic precipitators, flue-gas desulphurization units etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Genetically engineered crops which require less chemical pesticides due to their genetic resistance to diseases and pests </li></ul><ul><li>Solar energy, hydro energy, ocean energy, geothermal energy, wind energy as alternatives </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling of waste paper, metal, glass, flyash, slag, red-mud etc. </li></ul>
  22. 22. QUESTIONS

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