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Matthew is, probably, the
publican (tax collector) to which
Jesus called to be part of the
direct witness of the facts that
also called in the Gospels with
the name of Levi.
probably an Hellenized Jew.
Together with Marc and Luke
belongs to the so called Synoptic
Gospels with a common structure
3. Date and place
Date: In its primitive
form towards the
final drafting: towards
the year 80, probably
by a disciple.
written in Syria
the greatest number
of Jewish Christianity
The more immediate recipients: Jewish Christianity.
No explanation of the Jewish customs (that their readers knew)
No translation of Hebrew vocabulary
Several references to the Old Testament and the Mosaic Law.
Written in Aramaic (used by the Jews who lived in Palestine)
5. Three most important features
A very didactic Gospel
A gospel of compliance
A gospel of the discourses of the Lord
6. Structure of the Gospel: 1st part
A) PRELUDE (ch 1-2): Childhood of Jesus
B) Immediate PREPARATION of Jesus' mission (ch 3 -4,11):
Environment: Desert and Jordan
C) The MESSIANIC MISSION IN GALILEE. General Synthesis (ch. 4,12 -
Jesus teaches: the discourse on the mountain. (4,25-7,28)
Jesus cures the sick (8,1-9,35 and 8,18-22 / 9,9-17)
D) Jesus the MESSIAH sends His disciples. (ch. 9,36-11,1).
E) Faith CRISIS after the revelation of the Messiah, the Son of God. (ch
F) The PARABLES. (CH 13,1-52) Thirds major group of lessons.
7. Structure of the Gospel: 2nd part
A) Three JOURNEYS (ch. 14,1-16,20)
B) The way to JERUSALEM. (ch. 16,21-21,17)
C) OPPOSITION to Jesus and the SCATOLOGICAL DISCOURSE(21,18-
D) DEATH and RESURRECTION of Jesus. (ch 26-27)
8. Most important teachings
Jesus is the Messias, foretold by the prophets
Matthew doesn’t just want to tell a story but to demonstrate
that Jesus is the Kyrios
He has inaugurate a Messianic kingdom in the
Chirstology is the base for Ecclesiology
Crist asks us for a personal, essential and real continuity of
Christ’s followers have to make the Kingdom of heaven on
The Gospel will be announced to all nations for
Those who believe, even if they are pagans, will receive the
kingdom of God.
Jews who didn’t accept Jesus, will be excluded from the
Kingdom of God.