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FAMILY HEALTH NURSING PROCESS
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SPOT MAP

How to make a spot map?
Why do the spot mapping?
Community mapping for outreach purposes represents an effective and relatively easy way to make sure you are adequately responding to the needs of your community. Developing a community map to document your work may also increase the sustainability of your program, allowing others to recognize and understand the importance of outreach.

How to make a spot map?
Why do the spot mapping?
Community mapping for outreach purposes represents an effective and relatively easy way to make sure you are adequately responding to the needs of your community. Developing a community map to document your work may also increase the sustainability of your program, allowing others to recognize and understand the importance of outreach.

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SPOT MAP

  1. 1. COMMUNITY MAPPING By ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
  2. 2. WHAT IS COMMUNITY MAPPING? • It is a process of creating maps to gain a visual representation of community-specific data organized by geography. For example: - it is possible to track where you or other staff has performed outreach, or plan to perform outreach, by marking these sites on your community map. - You can also track where your community needs you to be, allowing you to answer the question where are the underserved individuals in the service area Reference: Health Outreach Partners. (2011). Community Mapping. [online] Available at: https://outreach-partners.org/2011/10/01/community- mapping/#:~:text=Community%20mapping%20is%20a%20process%20of%20creating%20maps [Accessed 5 Sep. 2022]. • By: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
  3. 3. WHY DO COMMUNITY MAPPING? •To identify - client housing areas - potential transportation barriers (such as a neighborhoods with little or no accessible bus lines) - to target and track prime outreach sites. By: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
  4. 4. WHY DO COMMUNITY MAPPING? - to target and track prime outreach sites. “Community mapping can make a strong case for critically needed social services, increased or better use of outreach funding, or a refocusing of outreach activities (such as shifting where you perform outreach to reach those who are most underserved” Reference: Health Outreach Partners. (2011). Community Mapping. [online] Available at: https://outreach-partners.org/2011/10/01/community- mapping/#:~:text=Community%20mapping%20is%20a%20process%20of%20creating%20maps [Accessed 5 Sep. 2022]. • By: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
  5. 5. WHY VISUALLY PRESENT A MAP? • it is easier to identify and analyze patterns based on location •it provides a visual way of quickly and vividly communicating those patterns to a broad audience Reference: Health Outreach Partners. (2011). Community Mapping. [online] Available at: https://outreach-partners.org/2011/10/01/community- mapping/#:~:text=Community%20mapping%20is%20a%20process%20of%20creating%20maps [Accessed 5 Sep. 2022]. • By: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
  6. 6. WHEN SHOULD COMMUNITY MAPPING BE DONE? •Ideally, always update community map to show the most current information available - update community map, or create an entirely new community map, during slow points throughout the year. Reference: Health Outreach Partners. (2011). Community Mapping. [online] Available at: https://outreach-partners.org/2011/10/01/community- mapping/#:~:text=Community%20mapping%20is%20a%20process%20of%20creating%20maps [Accessed 5 Sep. 2022]. • By: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
  7. 7. WHEN SHOULD COMMUNITY MAPPING BE DONE? •When conducting a community needs assessment, consider simultaneously creating, overhauling, or revising your program’s community map. - these tools inform each other, developing both at the same time streamlines your efforts. Reference: Health Outreach Partners. (2011). Community Mapping. [online] Available at: https://outreach-partners.org/2011/10/01/community- mapping/#:~:text=Community%20mapping%20is%20a%20process%20of%20creating%20maps [Accessed 5 Sep. 2022]. By: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
  8. 8. THE STEPS OF COMMUNITY MAPPING 5 Key Stages to Implementing and Using a Community Map By: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
  9. 9. 1. Determine key information that your map should include. *consider your goal, for example: - areas where the majority of target population lives, works, congregates - identify partner agencies - plot areas in your service region that have a high concentration of food insecurity Reference: Health Outreach Partners. (2011). Community Mapping. [online] Available at: https://outreach-partners.org/2011/10/01/community- mapping/#:~:text=Community%20mapping%20is%20a%20process%20of%20creating%20maps [Accessed 5 Sep. 2022]. By: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
  10. 10. 2. Determine the appropriate geographical scope to be covered in the process - countywide? - statewide? - organizational service area? Reference: Health Outreach Partners. (2011). Community Mapping. [online] Available at: https://outreach-partners.org/2011/10/01/community- mapping/#:~:text=Community%20mapping%20is%20a%20process%20of%20creating%20maps [Accessed 5 Sep. 2022]. By: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
  11. 11. 3. Collect data - existing census data - primary research data from focus groups - survey information you have collected in the past Reference: Health Outreach Partners. (2011). Community Mapping. [online] Available at: https://outreach-partners.org/2011/10/01/community- mapping/#:~:text=Community%20mapping%20is%20a%20process%20of%20creating%20maps [Accessed 5 Sep. 2022]. By: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
  12. 12. 4. Create maps with locations of: - client housing - community assets such as churches, social clubs, local grocery stores, laundromats Reference: Health Outreach Partners. (2011). Community Mapping. [online] Available at: https://outreach-partners.org/2011/10/01/community- mapping/#:~:text=Community%20mapping%20is%20a%20process%20of%20creating%20maps [Accessed 5 Sep. 2022]. By: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
  13. 13. 5. Use your community to advocate for community health and well-being by promoting a more efficient use of community resources - if your mapping project reveals a patient population living adjacent to pesticide- laden fields, advocate for your organization to prioritize pesticide safety trainings By: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
  14. 14. HOW TO MAKE A MAP? By: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
  15. 15. THE INTERNET MAKES IT EASIER THAN EVER TO CREATE AND KEEP COMMUNITY MAP CURRENT. - GOOGLE MAPS REPRESENTS AN ONLINE APPLICATION DESIGNED TO EFFICIENTLY CAPTURE, MANAGE, ANALYZE, AND DISPLAY ALL KINDS OF GEOGRAPHICALLY REFERENCED INFORMATION. IF NO INTERNET ACCESS, USE A WALL MAP. REFERENCE: HEALTH OUTREACH PARTNERS. (2011). COMMUNITY MAPPING. [ONLINE] AVAILABLE AT: HTTPS://OUTREACH-PARTNERS.ORG/2011/10/01/COMMUNITY- MAPPING/#:~:TEXT=COMMUNITY%20MAPPING%20IS%20A%20PROCESS%20OF%20CREATING%20MAPS [ACCESSED 5 SEP. 2022]. By: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
  16. 16. STEP 1 Locate geographical map (either physical or on the internet): - geographical wall maps provide a detailed visual overview of the service area - use Google maps to access a web- based map of the service area. Reference: Health Outreach Partners. (2011). Community Mapping. [online] Available at: https://outreach-partners.org/2011/10/01/community- mapping/#:~:text=Community%20mapping%20is%20a%20process%20of%20creating%20maps [Accessed 5 Sep. 2022]. By: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
  17. 17. •STEP 2 Highlight sites of the target population congregates: - Using pushpins, flags, color-coded pegs, or stickers draw attention to important sites and outreach areas with pushpins, or stickers. - If using a Google map, use the feature that pinpoints sites or mark off regions By: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
  18. 18. STEP 3 Highlight outreach program activities: - incorporate specific elements of the outreach program onto the geographical wall map, like using different colored flags or dots to represent first-time visits versus follow-ups. - If using a Google map, edit the shape, color, and descriptions of the markers. By: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
  19. 19. WHY USE GOOGLE MAPS FOR COMMUNIT Y MAPPING? By: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
  20. 20. Google maps is free and easy to use, allows to quickly begin the community mapping project. Reference: Health Outreach Partners. (2011). Community Mapping. [online] Available at: https://outreach-partners.org/2011/10/01/community- mapping/#:~:text=Community%20mapping%20is%20a%20process%20of%20creating%20maps [Accessed 5 Sep. 2022]. By: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
  21. 21. FEATURES OF A GOOGLE MAP • Shareable and others can edit the map, allowing for multiple people to edit and update the map. • can color code and change the icons used to mark locations or places of interest, for example sites where the target population congregates or important healthcare access points. • can color code and edit shapes to mark off regions of interest, for instance a neighborhood where outreach services can be provided. • Reference: Health Outreach Partners. (2011). Community Mapping. [online] Available at: https://outreach-partners.org/2011/10/01/community- mapping/#:~:text=Community%20mapping%20is%20a%20process%20of%20creating%20maps [Accessed 5 Sep. 2022]. By: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
  22. 22. FEATURES OF A GOOGLE MAP •can get driving, walking, and public transport directions between important outreach locations. •can zoom in and out of the map and view the map via satellite and in a 3D view though Google Earth. •can print, send, and link the map as well as keep a comment log. Reference: Health Outreach Partners. (2011). Community Mapping. [online] Available at: https://outreach-partners.org/2011/10/01/community- mapping/#:~:text=Community%20mapping%20is%20a%20process%20of%20creating%20maps [Accessed 5 Sep. 2022]. By: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
  23. 23. HOW TO START USING A GOOGLE MAP? By: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
  24. 24. 1. Open Google maps. Go to maps.google.com. 2. Click on My Maps. 3. Click Create New Map. 4. You will need to sign-in with a Google account. 5. Enter a title and description for your map into the appropriate fields. 6. You can decide to make the map public or unlisted. Public maps are published in search results and available for anyone on the internet to see. Reference: Health Outreach Partners. (2011). Community Mapping. [online] Available at: https://outreach-partners.org/2011/10/01/community-mapping/#:~:text=Community%20mapping%20is%20a%20process%20of%20creating%20maps [Accessed 5 Sep. 2022]. By: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
  25. 25. 8. You can create site makers on your map to indicate important locations of interest by clicking on the balloon icon. Enter a title and description of your site marker and click OK. - You can also edit the color and shape of the marker by clicking on the balloon icon within the pop-up bubble. - You can also mark off regions on your map by clicking on the drop-down arrow within the line icon. By: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
  26. 26. How to mark off regions on the map? - click on the drop-down arrow within the line icon. - Click on the draw a shape option. a. Enter a title and description of the site marker and click OK. b. You can also edit the color and shape of the region by clicking on the box icon within the By: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III

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