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This presentation talks about color as a secondary element of design

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  1. 1. Ms. Roma Gandhi Dr. BMN College of Home Science NAAC Accredited ‘A’ Grade CGPA 3.64/4 UGC Status: College for Potential of Excellence COLOURS
  2. 2. COLOUR This is one of the most important elements, which brings life, beauty (aesthetics), mood, emotion and character to the design. What is colour? It is a sensation, which causes stimulation of the eye. Colour can make a room appear bright or sober, exciting or dull, spacious or crowded, warm or cool.
  4. 4. Optical instrument called as Spectroscope. At one end of the spectrum is violet and at the other end it is red. The whole band is called as VIBGYOR ie Violet, indigo, blue, green, yellow, orange and red.
  5. 5. COLOUR THEORIES The study of color can be approached in 5 different angles: 1.The Physiologist 2.The Chemist 3.The physicist 4.The Psychologists 5.Who mix paints and dyes and find that the mixtures of colored pigments behave differently.
  6. 6. CLASSIFICATION OF COLOUR 1. Primary Colours 2. Secondary Colours 3. Intermediate Colours 4. Tertiary Colours 5. Quaternary Colours
  7. 7. PRIMARY COLOURS They are called primary colours because we cannot get them by mixing other colours. They occur in either natural or man – made pigments. Red, Yellow & Blue are called primary colours
  8. 8. SECONDARY COLOURS When two primary colours are added in equal proportion a secondary colour is obtained. E.G - ½ Yellow + ½ Red = Orange ½ Red + ½ Blue = Violet (Purple) ½ Blue + ½ Yellow = Green
  9. 9. INTERMEDIATE COLOURS When one primary color and its adjacent secondary color are mixed in equal proportion, we get an intermediate color. e.g. Yellow + Green = Yellowish green Red + Orange = Reddish orange Blue + Purple = Bluish Purple
  10. 10. TERTIARY COLOURS When two secondary colours are mixed in equal proportions, tertiary colours are formed. e.g. Orange + Green = Citron (Yellowish gray)
  11. 11. QUATERNARY COLOURS When two tertiary colours are mixed in equal proportions, they form quarter nary colours
  12. 12. RED Red Orange ORANGE Yellow Orange YELLOW Yellow GreenGREEN BLUE Blue Green Blue Purple PURPLE Red Purple P P P T T T T T T S S S
  13. 13. DIMENSIONS OF COLOURS 1. HUE: it is a term used to indicate the name of the color such red, blue, yellow etc. • The difference between blue and green is the hue. • It indicates the position of the color on the color wheel • It also indicates the warmthness and coolness of a color.
  14. 14. 2. Value: it is the second dimension of color. • It indicates the lightest light (white) and the darkest dark color (black) Eg: red can become light pink or dark maroon. • Dr. D.W.Ross gave 9 steps of value where white is a highest value and black is the lowest value. Half way between black and white becomes middle value on the chart that is GREY.
  15. 15. White, Highlight, light, low light, MIDDLE VALUE, high dark, dark, low dark, black
  16. 16. 3. Intensity or Chroma: it is the dimension which tells us the brightness and dullness, strength and weakness of a color. • In other words it is a property describing the distance of the color from grey or neutralizing.
  17. 17. CLASSIFICATION OF COLOURS • Warmthness or coolness • Heaviness or lightness • Advancing or Receding • Earth or Acid colors
  18. 18. LAW OF COLOURS Help to understand how to choose colours…. RELATED COLOUR SCHEMES • Monochromatic: Only one colour is used, Ideally Primary or Secondary. • Analogous: Any two which are next to each other in colour wheel.
  19. 19. CONTRAST COLOUR SCHEMES • Complementary: 2 Colors directly opposite e.g. Red & Green • Double Complimentary: 4 Colors in double, ( 2 colors next to each other & their opposite in Col Wheel, Red, RP & Green YG) • Split Complimentary: 3 colors, Forms “Y” on color wheel e.g Red, BG, YG
  20. 20. • Double Split: 4 colors, Forms “X” ( Purple, Red, Green, Yellow) • Triad: 3 colors, Forms Triangle ( Primary triangle/ Secondary Triangle/ Any one Inter Triangle) • Tetrad: 4 colors , Forms Rectangle ( 1 primary, 1 secondary & 2 Intermediate)
  21. 21. THANK YOU