The 3 r's of waste management my student (raghav duggal)
THE 3 Rs – 1. Recycle
Saves limited natural
Prevents greenhouse gas
emissions and water
Provides raw materials for
industry and creates jobs
Saves landfill space
THE 3 Rs – 2. Waste Reduction
Make double sided copies.
Circulate memos, documents and periodicals.
Use durable cups and silverware.
Proof-read documents on the computer screen.
Purchase merchandise with minimal packaging or order
Read periodicals online.
Reduce your junk mail by writing to the Direct Marketing
Association at Mail Preference Service, PO Box 9008,
Farmingdale, NY 11735-9008.
THE 3 Rs – 3. Reuse
Reuse single-sided paper for scratch
Reuse foam peanuts and other packaging
Use remanufactured or surplus office
Use rechargeable batteries.
Use rechargeable fax and printer
Compost grass clippings and food waste.
Donate toys and other items to charity.
WHAT DO THE 3 ARROWS
Collection of Recyclables
Manufacturing of the Material
Buy Recycled Products
RECYCLED PRODUCT EXAMPLES
Recycled Paper – tissue and copier
Crumb tires – playground surfaces
and soaker hoses
Remanufactured products – toner
cartridges and office furniture
Re-refined motor oil
Aluminum and Steel Cans, Glass Bottles
Plastic Lumber – benches and decks
EcoSpun Fabric – shirts and carpet
WHAT YOU CAN DO TO HELP!
Reduce, Reuse, Recycle
Buy Recycled Products
Tell your friends
THANK YOU FOR YOUR TIME.
Waste Types (based on survey of 5 centers)
Infectious Waste: Body tissues, Blood soaked cotton and
gauze pieces and body fluids
Infectious Plastic: Disposable syringes, tubings, IV bottles
Sharps: Broken glasses and metal sharps like scalpels and
Average quantity of bio-medical waste/bed/day: 0.075- 0.1Kg
II. General Waste: Packaging material & food waste
•Waste is generally mixed in a single bin/bag.
•In some districts waste is being segregated into different
Waste collection and storage:
•Open bins and drums.
•Bins are not bagged.
•Spills on floor at the time of generation.
•No regular pattern of waste collection and the waste
is collected as and when required.
•Waste is transported manually from point of
generation to final treatment/disposal site.
•No protective gears are provided to the health care
•No immunization/accident reporting.
No specific waste treatment pattern is followed except in
Open dumping of waste around the health care
Open burning of waste
Scavenging of waste by waste sorters and animals
Furnaces for burning of waste in some PHCs
In facilities near urban areas waste is being carried
by centralized facility
Treatment and disposal methods
• Pit Disposal.
• Needle Devices – Destroyers/ cutters.
• Small autoclaves.
•Incorporating waste mgmt. into housekeeping
and infection control.
•Raising occupational safety awareness.
•Training and capacity building for better
•Resolving transport issues (onsite/offsite
•Incorporating safe-easy to use, low operating