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Primary and secondary Sources

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Powerpoint on Primary and Secondary Sources

Publicada em: Educação
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Primary and secondary Sources

  1. 1. What are primary sources? Original records from the past recorded by people who were: Involved in the event Witnessed the event, OR Knew the persons involved in the event
  2. 2. Examples of Primary Sources Letters Manuscripts Diaries Journals Memoirs Autobiographies Oral histories Interviews Speeches Newspapers* Government documents Photographs* Maps* Video footage of event* Audio and video recordings Research data Objects or artifacts * Usually, but not always, will be a primary source
  3. 3. An Introduction to Primary and Secondary Sources
  4. 4. They can also be objects (artifacts) or visual evidence. They give you an idea about what people alive at the time saw or thought about the event. What are primary sources?
  5. 5. Keep in mind that a primary source reflects only one point of view and may contain a person’s bias (prejudice) toward an event. What are primary sources?
  6. 6. Examples of primary sources: Books, magazines, newspapers Printed Publications
  7. 7. Examples of primary sources: Personal Records Diaries, journals, records
  8. 8. Examples of primary sources: Visual Materials Paintings, drawings, sculpture
  9. 9. Examples of primary sources: Visual Materials photographs, film, maps
  10. 10. Examples of primary sources: Oral Histories Chronicles, memoirs, myths, legends passed down by word of mouth Click on this button to hear an example of oral history -------- >
  11. 11. Examples of primary sources: Songs and Poems
  12. 12. Examples of primary sources: Artifacts Tools, ornaments, objects
  13. 13. Secondary Sources
  14. 14. What are secondary sources? Secondary sources are made at a later time. They include written information by historians or others AFTER an event has taken place.
  15. 15. Examples of Secondary Sources Books with endnotes and footnotes Biographies Encyclopedia Reprints of artwork A journal/magazine article which interprets or reviews previous findings Conference proceedings Literary criticism Book reviews Most works incorporating primary sources
  16. 16. What Are Secondary Sources? They interpret the primary sources. Text Books Encyclopedias Dictionaries Books that interpret history Articles that interpret history
  17. 17. What are secondary sources? Although they can be useful and reliable, they cannot reflect what people who lived at the time thought or felt about the event. But they can represent a more fair account of the event because they can include more than one point of view, or may include information that was unavailable at the time of the event.
  18. 18. Examples of secondary sources: Textbooks, biographies, histories, newspaper report by someone who was not present
  19. 19. Examples of secondary sources: Charts, graphs, or images created AFTER the time period.
  20. 20. Name that Source! The following slides contain examples of primary and secondary sources. See if you can classify each example as a primary or secondary source.
  21. 21. Classify these: primary or secondary?
  22. 22. Classify these:
  23. 23. Classify these:
  24. 24. Classify these:
  25. 25. Classify these:
  26. 26. Classify these:
  27. 27. Classify these:
  28. 28. Classify these:
  29. 29. Wikipedia - Tips Do NOT use Wikipedia as either a Primary or Secondary source in your research. Use Wikipedia as a starting point for your research and as a way to locate actual Primary and Secondary sources.
  30. 30. Wikipedia
  31. 31. Cite Those Sources!
  32. 32. Cite Those Sources!
  33. 33. The End