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Career Counseling• It is the process of helping an individual come up with a personal career plan by collecting, collating and evaluating various information about the self and the world of work to help the client meet his/her life goals and take the necessary steps to implement the plan.
first report on vocational guidance Frank Parsons, known as theFather of the Guidance Movement Director of the Vocational Bureau of Boston, Massachusetts.
In the Philippinesfirst mention about vocational guidance in areport made by the Director of Educationinformation relative to opportunities in variousindustries was compiledused in advising students as to the kind ofwork they might pursueThese functions were left to the teachers.
Dr. Paul Monroe, head of an educational survey group,surveys of occupations be made in every community andprovince kinds of work that would profitably developed the number of workers the amount of wages paid chances for advancementstudents who have the capacity for doing a particular kind of workall in order that every worker would perform the kind ofjob for which he is best adapted and properly trained
curricula and procedures organized to explorethe different aptitudes, interests and abilities ofthe students;through school records, the capacity of a studentshould be discovered;through counseling, all facts could be used inso far as vocational and educational decisionsare made by the students, the parents and theteachers.
principals be required to give vocationalguidance to all classes graduating from theseventh gradeBatangas High School introduced guidancefirst in the fourth year and then in theseventh grade
“Opportunities for SeventhGrade Graduates” bookletswere distributed among themembers of the graduatingclass
emphasis was shifted to theproblem of placementgraduates of secondary schoolsfound it difficult to secureemployment
224 graduates of vocational schools were givenplacement through the Placement Department ofthe Division of Vocational EducationAnother placement service operated by theBureau of Education helped secondarynormal graduates.
Philippine Vocational Guidance Associationand the Rotary Club of Manila preparedpapers on the various professions,vocations, or occupationspapers were distributed free to schools
General Type A curriculum tried in Batangasand Capiz High Schoolsnew curriculum provided exploratory coursesduring the second year and the specializedvocational courses the following yearsincludesAutomotive Work WoodworkingElectricity Graphic ArtsMusic Child CareHome and Family Nutrition
1. Very High Turn-outof Shifters in College Students enter college undecided and unprepared
Wrong Perceptions students tend to enroll in more popular courses because of stereotyping, without thoroughly thinking about the course, their ability to pursue it, and the job opportunities that went along with it.
Students enroll in „morepopular‟ courses because: Students get the impression that there are a lot of opportunities connected with these courses after they graduate. Students believe that just because people they know in the same field make much money, so will they. Colleges feed on the trend of enrollment and they continuously strengthen and promote their programs.
reasons for this significant drop according to Roger Bartholomew financial problems problems arising from irresponsible behavior like early parenthood and mainly, the students being unprepared for college because they had poor high school background and/or they were not properly oriented while they were still in high school about what course they should take.
According to a high school guidance coordinator the bad thing that happens in career orientations is basically school-selling and promotion of courses and the courses that they promote are those that their institutions are known for. The not-so popular courses are left out.
Overconcentration of graduates on few degree courses leads them to compete for very limited jobs upon graduation. Inthe process, thousands are forced to accept jobs forwhich they were not trained for.
Projected labor needs, both domestically andoverseas, from the DOLE, with projectedsalary scales; A chart matching degrees, tech/voc skills and other qualifications with jobs and career areas, to be supplied by DOST, TESDA and CHED; Career Aptitude Tests (up-to-date and aligned to Philippine and international careers) that can be administered both manually and by computer in ALL schools around the country for ALL students.
An annual two-day program for allcurrent designated career counselorsshowing them how to access and usethe statistics compiled from DOLE, howto keep up-to-date with career trends,how to share this information with theirstudents and how to administer andinterpret career aptitude tests.
micro imperatives that need to be put inplace by school principals, counselors andteachers Each school and college to have one designated career counselor for every 100 junior and senior students; Each student to receive an absolute minimum of 1 hour of individual, confidential career counseling in the junior and senior years;
Each school to provide the opportunity for anabsolute minimum of one in-school event and oneextra-mural event directly related to careers (e.g. visitto a call center, an airplane maintenance hanger, awelding workshop, a semi-conductor plant, a careercounseling exhibit, a military training camp, etc.) Career counseling to be focused not just on students pursuing bachelors degrees but on students with key technical skills (electrician, plumber, welder, carpenter, seaman, potter, gardener, mechanic,panel beater, etc.)
Each student given tips ongaining access to good careeradvisory websites; Post-graduation mapping of the progress of high school and college students.