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Review for Hemodialysis
Exam: AV Access
1. ______________________describes blood from
the venous needle going straight back to the arterial
needle.
A. Reactivatio...
2. Grafts may be surgically created in a
__________________________ configuration.
A. Straight or loop
B. Crossed or loop
...
3. The AVG arteriovenous graft is an access created
by a direct connection of the patient’s own artery
and vein.
A. True
B...
4. The achievement of an adequate haemodialysis
treatment depends on the blood flow through the
dialyser.
A. True
B. False
5. Both synthetic and biological materials can be
used for an AVG creation.
A. True
B. False
6. A graft ___________________________ than a
native vein, resulting in higher pressures inside the
graft.
A. Is less comp...
7. An anastomosis is a surgically created connection
between an artery and a vein.
A. True
B. False
8. When surgically creating an AVG artificial graft
material is implanted.
A. True
B. False
9. An (AVF) arteriovenous fistula is the safest but
most problematic access
A. True
B. False
10. ____________________________refers to the
cannulation technique used allowing for rotation of
sites.
A. Rope ladder
B....
11. An arteriovenous fistula AVF is created using a
native vein.
A. True
B. False
12. An AV graft is created using a native vein.
A. True
B. False
13. An AVG arteriovenous graft requires less time for
maturation than an AVF.
A. True
B. False
14. A dysfunctional access will improve dialysis
adequacy.
A. True
B. False
15. An AV graft has less problems and generally a
longer life span than an AV fistula.
A. True
B. False
16. A newly constructed AVF usually needs less than
one week to develop to a size where it can be
cannulated.
A. True
B. F...
17. If an AVF arteriovenous fistula is not possible
then an AVG arteriovenous graft is the next choice
for vascular access...
18. If an AVF arteriovenous fistula is not possible
then a central venous catheter (CVC) is the next
choice for permanent ...
19. Constant site cannulation method is another
name for __________________ cannulation
technique.
A. Rope ladder
B. Area
...
20. The venous needle must always be placed closest
to the anastomosis and facing towards it.
A. True
B. False
21. Prior to cannulation it is important to listen for
the ____________ and feel for the _____________.
A. Thrill and brui...
22. It is important to determine that an access is
________________ before inserting the needles
A. Permeable
B. Pliable
C...
23. The venous needle must always be placed in the
direction of the ______________________ in the
access.
A. Flow of blood...
24. ____________________is the main cause of
access swelling following needle placement.
A. Aneurysm
B. Infection
C. Infil...
25. The arterial needle must always face in the
opposite direction from the venous needle.
A. True
B. False
26. A functional vascular access is crucial for all
dialysis patients.
A. True
B. False
27. In general an AVF requires 4-6 weeks for
maturation.
A. True
B. False
28. When surgically creating an AVF artificial graft
material is implanted.
A. True
B. False
29. The arterial needle must always be placed
___________________ the anastomosis than the
venous needle.
A. Nearer to
B. ...
30. An access must be reliable and withstand
repetitive cannulation.
A. True
B. False
Arteriovenous access for hemodialysis Review Questions
Arteriovenous access for hemodialysis Review Questions
Arteriovenous access for hemodialysis Review Questions
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Arteriovenous access for hemodialysis Review Questions

Review for Hemodialysis: AV Access

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Arteriovenous access for hemodialysis Review Questions

  1. 1. Review for Hemodialysis Exam: AV Access
  2. 2. 1. ______________________describes blood from the venous needle going straight back to the arterial needle. A. Reactivation B. Recirculation C. Rebound
  3. 3. 2. Grafts may be surgically created in a __________________________ configuration. A. Straight or loop B. Crossed or loop C. Straight or crossed
  4. 4. 3. The AVG arteriovenous graft is an access created by a direct connection of the patient’s own artery and vein. A. True B. False
  5. 5. 4. The achievement of an adequate haemodialysis treatment depends on the blood flow through the dialyser. A. True B. False
  6. 6. 5. Both synthetic and biological materials can be used for an AVG creation. A. True B. False
  7. 7. 6. A graft ___________________________ than a native vein, resulting in higher pressures inside the graft. A. Is less compliant B. Is more compliant C. Is softer
  8. 8. 7. An anastomosis is a surgically created connection between an artery and a vein. A. True B. False
  9. 9. 8. When surgically creating an AVG artificial graft material is implanted. A. True B. False
  10. 10. 9. An (AVF) arteriovenous fistula is the safest but most problematic access A. True B. False
  11. 11. 10. ____________________________refers to the cannulation technique used allowing for rotation of sites. A. Rope ladder B. Buttonhole C. Constant site
  12. 12. 11. An arteriovenous fistula AVF is created using a native vein. A. True B. False
  13. 13. 12. An AV graft is created using a native vein. A. True B. False
  14. 14. 13. An AVG arteriovenous graft requires less time for maturation than an AVF. A. True B. False
  15. 15. 14. A dysfunctional access will improve dialysis adequacy. A. True B. False
  16. 16. 15. An AV graft has less problems and generally a longer life span than an AV fistula. A. True B. False
  17. 17. 16. A newly constructed AVF usually needs less than one week to develop to a size where it can be cannulated. A. True B. False
  18. 18. 17. If an AVF arteriovenous fistula is not possible then an AVG arteriovenous graft is the next choice for vascular access. A. True B. False
  19. 19. 18. If an AVF arteriovenous fistula is not possible then a central venous catheter (CVC) is the next choice for permanent vascular access. A. True B. False
  20. 20. 19. Constant site cannulation method is another name for __________________ cannulation technique. A. Rope ladder B. Area C. Buttonhole
  21. 21. 20. The venous needle must always be placed closest to the anastomosis and facing towards it. A. True B. False
  22. 22. 21. Prior to cannulation it is important to listen for the ____________ and feel for the _____________. A. Thrill and bruit B. Bruit and thrill C. Tamponade and thrill
  23. 23. 22. It is important to determine that an access is ________________ before inserting the needles A. Permeable B. Pliable C. Patent
  24. 24. 23. The venous needle must always be placed in the direction of the ______________________ in the access. A. Flow of blood B. Anastomosis C. Pulse
  25. 25. 24. ____________________is the main cause of access swelling following needle placement. A. Aneurysm B. Infection C. Infiltration
  26. 26. 25. The arterial needle must always face in the opposite direction from the venous needle. A. True B. False
  27. 27. 26. A functional vascular access is crucial for all dialysis patients. A. True B. False
  28. 28. 27. In general an AVF requires 4-6 weeks for maturation. A. True B. False
  29. 29. 28. When surgically creating an AVF artificial graft material is implanted. A. True B. False
  30. 30. 29. The arterial needle must always be placed ___________________ the anastomosis than the venous needle. A. Nearer to B. Further from C. Equidistant to
  31. 31. 30. An access must be reliable and withstand repetitive cannulation. A. True B. False

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