1. Recount text is a text which has social function to retell past events experiences
for the purpose of informing and entertaining.
2. A recount text has the following generic /schematic structure.
Orientations : provides the setting and introduce participants.
Events : tell what happened, in what sequence
Re- orientation : optional closure of events
3. Function: to tell past events for the purpose of informing or entertaining. Events are
usually aranged in a
4. Types of recount:
a. Personal recount : retelling of an activity that the writer/speaker has been
personally involve in, such as:
b. Factual recount : recording the particular of an accident, such as : report of a
police report , news report, historical account
c. Imaginative recount : talking on an imaginary role and giving detail of events.
Narrative is the most famous type of any text. Various purposes are communicated in a narrative type. However the
way it is constructed is describing certain event, character or phenomenon in detail. Narrative prefer showing to telling and
that the power of narrative. Reader will feel as he show by him self what happen in the text. Actually narrative can be fiction
such as short story or novel and non-fiction like memoirs.
According to Madison smart Bell, the narrative design, or what we call form or structure, is of first and final
importance to any work of fiction. In that structure, we will find elements of story; characterization, point of view, theme and
plot. Plot is the way of the story constructed.
When we read a text, we can call it narrative as we see the following generic structure inside the text:
You have to introduce the characters or participant and informing the plot of the story, that consist of place, time, etc.
You should describe the rising crisis events of the story.
You have to show the way of actor or participant solved the problems.
You might write the message from the story and you could write the moral values of the story at the end of paragraph. It is
optional, you can put reorientation on your story or not.
A narrative text has these features:
§Simple past tense
You have to use simple past tense because narrative text tells about the event which already happened.
§Direct speech dialogues
You should use direct speech to show the conversation in that story.
§Adverb and adverbial
You should use adverb and adverbial phrases to locate the particular incidents or events.
§The events are in chronological order
You have to write narrative text with sequence of event, in order to make the story chronological.
1.Duck and Turtle
Two ducks who lived in a big lake had a friend who was a turtle. One year there was a very little rain and
the lake began to dry up. One of the ducks said to the other, “Soon, there’ll be no water in this lake. Let’s go and look
“Yes, answered the second duck, “But first let’s say good bye to our friend, the turtle.”
When they told the turtle they were going to leave, he said, “I’ll die here without any water and without any
friends. Take me with you.”
“The ducks answered, “We can’t. We are going to fly, and you have no wings.”
“The turtle thought for a minute and then said, “please wait here.”
Then he went away and found a strong, straight stick. He brought it back to his friends, put the middle of it in
his mouth and said, “Now if each of you takes me one end of the stick in his mouth, you can lift me up and carry me
“ That is dangerous,” said the ducks, “if you try to talk while we’re carrying you through the air, you won’t be
able to hold the stick, so you’ll fall down along way and break your shell.”
“all right,” answered the turtle, “I promise not to talk while we’re in the air. So the ducks took the stick and flew
away, with the turtle between them. All went well until they were flying over a town. Then some people saw them
and shouted, “Look, those ducks are carrying a cat!”The turtle got very angry, “A cat? I’m not …” he said, but he did
not get any further, because when he opened his mouth, the stick came out of his mouth and the poor turtle fell to
2. The Monkeys and The Cap Seller
Once, a cap seller was passing through a jungle. He was very tired and
needed to rest. Then, he stopped and spread a cloth under a tree. He placed his
bag full of caps near him and lay down with his cap on his head.
The cap seller had a sound sleep for one hour. When he got up, the first thing he
did was to look into his bag. He was startled when he found all his caps were not
When he looked up the sky, he was very surprised to see monkeys sitting on the
branches of a tree, each of the monkeys is wearing a cap of on its head. They had
evidently done it to imitate him
He decided to get his caps back by making a humble request to the monkeys. In
return, the monkeys only made faces of him. When he begun to make gesture, the
monkeys also imitated him.
At last he found a clever idea. ” Monkeys are a great imitator,” he thought. So he
took off his own cap and threw it down on the ground. And as he had expected, all
the monkeys took off the caps and threw the caps down on the ground. Quickly,
he stood up and collected the caps, put them back into his bag and went away.
The Definition and Purpose of Descriptive Text
Descriptive text is a text which says what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to
describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing.
The Generic Structure of Descriptive Text
Descriptive text has structure as below:
Identification; identifying the phenomenon to be described.
Description; describing the phenomenon in parts, qualities, or/and characteristics.
The Language Feature of Descriptive Text
Using attributive and identifying process.
Using adjective and classifiers in nominal group.
Using simple present tense
Descriptive text is a type that is widely used in everyday life to describe objects,
animals and so forth. Descriptive Text is an English text for mengggmbarkan what
objects or living things
we described, both in appearance, smell, sound, or texture of the object or living thing
My mother is a beautiful person. She is not tall but not short, and she has
curly hair and brown. Her eyes color are like honey and her color skin color light
brown, and she has a beautiful smile. Her weight likes 120 lbs.
She is a very kind person. She is very lovely, friendly, patient, and she loves
to help people. I love my mom, because she is a good example to me. She loves being
in the Church, and she loves sing and dance too.
She is a very good child, wife and mother. She always takes care of her
family. She likes her house to be clean and organized. She a very organized person,
and all things in the house are in the right place. She doesn't like messes.
She always has a smile on her face. She is so sweet and lovely. I like when I
am going to sleep or went I wake up or when I am going to go to some places, she
always give me a kiss, and when the family have a problem she always be with us to
helps us and to give us all her love.
Yuta is one of the 150 International students at the ELC of Brigham Young
University. He is from Japan. He grew up in Japan, and he is 19 years old.
There are six people in his family, a father, a mother, three sisters and
himself. He is the youngest in his family. He is also the only boy in his
family, but now he is in Provo, Utah, studying English.
Yuta likes the United States very much and he thinks everything is cheap.
Yuta thinks his English classes are excellent and the teachers are
professionals. Yuta thinks someone in his class is noisy so he doesn't like
that. In his free time he spends too much time sleeping, so it seems that
he has a sleeping sickness
A PROCEDURE tells how to do or make something.
GoalTells what will be made or doneThis can be the title of the text or an introductory statement.
List of what is required
In order in which they occur
May include pictures, diagrams or labels
(Steps clearly explain what needs to be done and how it needs to be done
Steps usually start with an action verb (bossy verb) and it sounds like a command.Steps are numbered
How To Make Fruit Ice
• sugar water
1. First, Cut the fruit round or dice.
2. then, Scratching the flesh of a melon.
3. then, Boil sugar with water until cooked for about 30 minutes.
4. Next, Put in serving glasses that have been cut round pieces or dice.
5. then, to taste Pour the sugar water, put ice cubes and put milk on ice fruit.
6. Last, put the decorations on the glass with a piece of strawberry on it
How To Make Orange Juice
• 125 mL sugar
• 5 mL. vanilla extract
• 1 handful ice cubes
• 165 mL orange juice concentrate
• 250 mL milk
• 250 mL water
1. Combine all ingredients in blender except ice cubes. .
2. Add ice cubes and blend until smooth.
3. Pour in a glass
Baby Panda Debuts at National Zoo in
Bao Bao, four-and-a-half-month-old giant panda cub, inside her
habitat at the
National Zoo, Washington, Jan. 7, 2014.
January 11, 2014
The newest star at the National Zoo in Washington has gotten her first taste of the spotlight.
Giant panda cub Bao Bao made her debut Saturday in front of visitors from the zoo's members‘
club. The zoo is allowing its members exclusive viewing opportunities before the four-and-a-half-month
bear appears for the first time before the general public next Saturday.
Bao Bao got her name -- Chinese for "precious" or "treasure" -- through an online vote. In
keeping with Chinese naming tradition, U.S. zoos typically do not name their pandas until they turn
100 days old.
The giant panda is one of the world's most endangered species, and a female born in captivity is
rare and a reason for celebration.
Bao Bao's parents are the National Zoo's female panda Mei Xiang and male panda Tian Tian. Her
birth on August 23 was broadcast live on the zoo's panda cam.
Only about 1,600 giant pandas are estimated to be living in the wild and some 300 in captivity –
most of them in China.
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