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PRONOUN / KATA GANTI
DEFINITE
Digunakan untuk menggantikan orang atau benda yang sudah diketahui/dikatakan sebelumnya.

  ...
INDEFINITE
Digunakan untuk menggantikan orang atau benda yang belum/tidak diketahui/dikatakan sebelumnya.

 -   Somebody /...
1.   I have a cat. … is black                                                      6.   Is his name Anton? Yes, …
     a. ...
11. The chairs are very comfortable. We want to buy …                    16. I need a dictionary. Could you lend me … ?
  ...
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Pronoun

  1. 1. PRONOUN / KATA GANTI DEFINITE Digunakan untuk menggantikan orang atau benda yang sudah diketahui/dikatakan sebelumnya. Possessive Subject Object Keterangan Adjective Pronoun I Me My Mine Menggantikan si pembicara I write a letter The letter is written by me This is my letter The letter is mine You You Your Yours Menggantikan lawan bicara/pendengar You write a letter The letter is written by you This is your letter The letter is yours He Him His His Menggantikan orang lain (bukan He writes a letter The letter is written by him This is his letter The letter is his pembicara maupun pendengar) laki-laki Menggantikan orang lain (bukan She Her Her Hers pembicara maupun pendengar) She writes a letter The letter is written by her This is her letter The letter is hers perempuan We Us Our Ours Menggantikan We write a letter The letter is written by us This is our letter The letter is ours pembicara+pendengar+orang lain They Them Their Theirs Menggantikan beberapa orang/benda They write a letter The letter is written by them This is their letter The letter is theirs Menggantikan It It Its Its benda/kegiatan/keadaan/object bukan It write a letter The letter is written by it This is its letter The letter is its manusia Untuk Adjective dan pronoun, kalau Digunakan di awal Digunakan di akhir kalimat pronoun-nya nama boleh gunakan Digunakan di akhir kalimat Digunakan sebelum object kalimat sebagai sebagai pemilik Subject + ‘s : sebagai object subject Andy’s, Ana’s, Buddy’s, mother’s, father’s, uncle’s, etc © Aidia Propitious 1
  2. 2. INDEFINITE Digunakan untuk menggantikan orang atau benda yang belum/tidak diketahui/dikatakan sebelumnya. - Somebody / someone He saw somebody there Seseorang Dapat juga digunakan dalam kalimat Tanya bila Digunakan dalam kalimat positive He saw someone there - Something jawabannya sudah pasti yes He saw something there Sesuatu - Anybody / anyone He didn’t see anybody there Dapat juga digunakan dalam kalimat positive Digunakan dalam kalimat negative atau bila artinya siapa saja atau apa saja Seseorang / setiap orang interogative Did he see anyone there? - Anything He didn’t see anything there Apa saja / setiap benda Did he see anything there? He saw everybody there - Everybody / everyone Sama dengan di atas.. ! (anybody/anyone / He didn’t see everybody there Setiap orang anything) Did he see everyone there? Dapat juga digunakan seperti di atas (anybody, - Everything Digunakan dalam kalimat negative atau He saw everything there anyone, anything), begitupun sebaliknya Apa saja / setiap benda interrogative maupun positive He didn’t see everything there Did he see everything there? - No one / nobody Tidak seorang pun Digunakan dalam kalimat positive He saw nobody there Bisa juga menggunakan - Nothing He saw no one there anybody/anyone/anything, tetapi kalimatnya Tidak ada sama sekali /tidak ada He saw nothing there harus negative satupun Is this you’re another pen? Another Bendanya boleh disebutkan, boleh juga tidak. Digunakan untuk benda lain yang belum This is my another pen Yang lain (belum pernah disebutkan/belum diketahui sebelumnya disebutkan/diketahui) Syarat : noun-nya harus tunggal (singular) Nama bendanya boleh diganti one / ones Is this you’re other pen? The other / the others Digunakan untuk benda lain yang sudah This is my other pen Kalau bendanya lebih dari satu the other-nya Yang lain (sudah pernah disebutkan/sudah diketahui sebelumnya diberi akhiran s menjadi the others disebutkan/diketahui) Nama bendanya boleh diganti one / ones These are my other pens Other / others Bendanya boleh disebutkan, boleh juga tidak. These are my others Yang lain (belum pernah Sama dengan another disebutkan/diketahui) Syarat : noun-nya harus jamak (singular) Nama bendanya boleh diganti one / ones That, this + (to be ; is, was) Digunakan untuk menunjuk benda tunggal This is my pen Menunjuk benda tunggal (singular) Those, these + (to be ; are, were) Digunakan untuk menunjuk benda jamak These are my pens Menunjuk benda jamak (plural) © Aidia Propitious
  3. 3. 1. I have a cat. … is black 6. Is his name Anton? Yes, … a. it a. I am Anton b. its b. he is anton c. he c. you are anton d. she d. she is anton 2. This umbrella is red, but … is black 7. Is your sister a doctor? Yes, … a. the other a. I am b. the others b. we are c. another c. she is d. other d. he is 3. Ana and … are neighbors. We live on Jalan Rusa 8. Mr. Ali’s daughter is not here now. … has gone to Supermarket a. you a. he b. he b. she c. she c. they d. I d. we 4. Debora and I are the best students in our class. Our headmaster will give … 9. The lady and … have passed the test. Both of you will be student of SMA a present. a. I a. me b. you b. her c. he c. us d. she d. them 10. On my way home yesterday, I heard … falling from the tree 5. There are ten children in the yard. Seven are boys and … are girls a. something a. the others b. everything b. the other c. anything c. another d. all things d. another children © Aidia Propitious 3
  4. 4. 11. The chairs are very comfortable. We want to buy … 16. I need a dictionary. Could you lend me … ? a. it a. yours b. its b. your c. them c. you d. they d. your’s 12. … is ill now. The doctor will examine her soon 17. Andi, Johan, Sartika, Luci, and I are going to go camping. Now … need a a. Mr. William tent b. Mrs. William a. he c. William b. she d. William’s brother c. they d. we 13. It is very difficult, I think … can do it a. no one 18. Billy is a student in America, and so am I. b. one … will finish studying there next year c. anybody a. we d. nobody b. he c. I 14. I came to Ana’s house last night. d. they I knocked the door, but there was no answer I think there wasn’t anybody there 19. The gardener has to cut 20 trees. He has cut 10 trees. He is going to cut … I’m sure there was … at home tomorrow a. everyone a. the other tree b. anyone b. the others tree c. someone c. the other trees d. no one d. the others trees 15. We invited all friends to our party. … enjoyed the party very much 20. Tono has just bought a new car. a. us …. New car is red. b. them a. His c. he b. Him d. they c. He d. He’s © Aidia Propitious 4
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    Aug. 14, 2011
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    Nov. 11, 2010
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    Oct. 31, 2010
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