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Climate and energy policies advocacy of youth in the arab world

The first step on this road can be sharpening the skills of females in energy sector pool of talents with availing mentorship, networking and training opportunities.
mS. Sabrina Fawaz, Representative of Climate and Energy Policies Advocacy of Youth in the Arab World program, FES’s Regional Climate and Energy Project MENA and Germanwatch presentation at Sustainable Energy Field: A Step towards Sustainable Communities - Workshop on the side of International Beirut Energy Forum on 25 September 2019.

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Climate and energy policies advocacy of youth in the arab world

  1. 1. Climate and Energy Policies Advocacy of Youth in the Arab World Enabling Women in Sustainable Energy Field: A step towards Sustainable Communities International Beirut Energy Forum 25 September 2019 Beirut, Lebanon
  2. 2. About The program • Regional project on Climate and Energy Policies Advocacy of Youth in the Arab World by the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES)’s Regional Climate and Energy Project MENA & Germanwatch. • The project started in March 2019 and lasts until October 2019. • 12 young Professionals, Researchers and Activists from 10 Arab Countries - 8 are women.
  3. 3. Objectives • Strengthening the capacities of the regional youth within the energy and climate field, such as building more advocacy and research skills. • Integrating societal aspects of energy and climate into the policy, especially gender disparities. • Writing a position paper on energy and climate for the Arab region, which includes the vision and recommendations of the youth based on the current instated energy and climate policies.
  4. 4. Policy Paper (The output) This policy paper will be presented to regional decision-makers to be aware of what the youth of the region is expecting from the energy field, as well as civil society actors and international organizations working in the MENA region.
  5. 5. Vision Accomplishing sustainable and renewable energy transition for climate action through youth empowered MENA cooperation and the inclusion of all relevant actors, especially women!
  6. 6. Objectives: Women Empowerment • The program was diverse and inclusive; the majority of participants were women from STEM background with an energy perspective. • A chapter dedicated to societal aspects of the energy transition, with a special focus on gender. • Giving women exposure and a platform to express their opinions. • Ability to network and meet professionals and youth from the field. • Mentorship tool for policy makers to include more women in the decision making process.
  7. 7. Youth and Gender in Climate & Energy  The Arab Countries are characterized by young populations  Control Youth Immigration and empower women by providing new opportunities  Entrepreneurial potential in sustainable energy sector for women  Youth has the passion for climate change & environment  Developing research program in climate change, RE & EE Youth & Gender Employability Activism Innovation Engagement
  8. 8. Societies for Energy and Climate Justice Challenges: -Absence of inclusive policies that take into account all stakeholders. -Lack of civil society’s engagement in decision making and advocacy. -Lack of energy culture and sustainable social behavior in the region. Social injustice is the unequal quality of life and access to goods within a society and across countries. Climate change and energy injustice are forms of social injustice and are evident on a country level, intergenerational and gender level. Recommendations: -Enable NGOs and civil societies to effectively engage in decision making. -Build regulatory frameworks that empower communities and build energy culture, particularly for women. -Support equal access, control, and distribution of benefits for all communities and men and women.
  9. 9. Renewable Energy deployment for climate change mitigation and adaptation in the MENA region Challenges: - Food and water security - Sustainable & connected cities - Protecting the most vulnerable, especially women who are the most affected by climate change - Many multilateral agreements - Few of them were successful - MENA region is highly impacted by climate change and Renewable energy deployment is the most efficient way for both climate change mitigation & adaptation Recommendations: - Balance between climate change mitigation & adaptation plans - Joining NDC partnership initiatives and reducing GHG emissions - Empowering women and including them in decision making processes
  10. 10. The Regional Dependency on Fossil Fuels of the MENA Countries: How to lead a transition to renewable energy? The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region depends heavily on fossil fuels for energy supply and domestic consumption. Currently, the MENA region can be classified into two main categories due to inherent differences: Challenges Recommendations Net Importing Countries Net Exporting Countries Energy Security Vulnerability ( Economically and Politically) Economic Dependency Revenues and Reserves Develop a clear plan for energy transition including all stake holders Subsidies Incorporate more local (RE) resources according to the respective needs of each MENA country Decouple fossil fuels from the economic model through diversification
  11. 11. Economy Market liberalization Regional integration Transportation Economic diversification Energy as catalyst for socioeconomic development
  12. 12. Realizing Renewables In Conflict Situations: Challenges & Opportunities Challenges of energy supply: - Economic Challenges: Destruction of power grid infrastructure, lack of fiscal space, the limited ability to expand already-stretched energy supplies. - Political Challenges: It is hard to install RE ,especially within areas with highly damaged infrastructure, no long-term guarantees. - Technical & Cultural Challenges The MENA region currently faces conflicts in Sudan, Palestine, Syria, Yemen, and Libya. These conflicts have caused the death of hundreds of thousands of people and displaced millions over the past decade. In this areas access to energy is increasingly recognized as a main challenge for recovery. Recommendations: -Develop a common strategy for cooperation and integration among MENA states. -Expand the use of decentralized energy solutions not only for short-term needs. -Facilitate small & medium sized businesses as well as start ups, while supporting their capability to acquire loans.
  13. 13. Programs like this should be encouraged: • Visibility and inclusion of women • Gender perspective in energy and environmental policies • Women as experts in the training
  14. 14. Thank you for Your Attention!

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