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Car Free Omaha

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Car Free Omaha

  1. 1. Car-Free Omaha<br />Metropolitan Community College Green Living Workshop Series<br />
  2. 2. Car-Free Omaha<br />OverviewThink of the cities you like to visit – Minneapolis, Denver, Portland, San Francisco, Chicago<br />
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  7. 7. Car-Free Omaha<br />Planning ConcernsTransportation planning in the U.S. has focused on moving cars rather than moving people<br />
  8. 8. Land Use Context and Zoning<br />Place-making and Pedestrian Facilities<br />Multiple Modes and Local Access<br />Vehicle Zone<br />“Vehicle Mobility Priority”<br />COMPONENTS OF AN URBAN STREETSCAPE<br />
  9. 9. Access vs. Mobility<br />
  10. 10. Car-Free Omaha<br />Planning Concerns27% of all trips taken by automobile in the U.S. are less than one mile in distance<br />
  11. 11. Network Design<br />Sparse Hierarchy System<br />Dense Grid Network<br />
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  14. 14. Network Capacity<br />Sparse Hierarchy System<br />Dense Grid Network<br />4-lane arterial @ 45mph = 2400 vph<br />Two 2-lane streets @ 30mph = 3600 vph<br />
  15. 15. High Connectivity<br />Travel Lanes Required<br />Moderate Connectivity<br />Low Connectivity<br />
  16. 16. Network Capacity<br />Sparse Hierarchy System<br />Manage Capacity Through Continual Widening of Arterials<br />Manage Capacity by Providing Multiple Routes and Modes<br />Dense Grid Network<br />
  17. 17. Induced traffic and perpetual widening<br />
  18. 18. Safety vs. Livability<br />E. Dumbaugh, The Design of Safe Urban Roadsides: An Empirical Analysis, 2007<br />
  19. 19. E. Dumbaugh, The Design of Safe Urban Roadsides: An Empirical Analysis, 2007<br />
  20. 20. Car-Free Omaha<br />Health ConcernsThe National Morbidity, Mortality, and Air Pollution Study estimates as many as 52,000 deaths are caused by air pollution each year – Omaha’s share would be 353 deaths per year<br />
  21. 21. Car-Free Omaha<br />Health Concerns More people in the U.S. die each year from air pollution than from firearms, STDs, and illegal drug use combined<br />
  22. 22. Health Concerns Per capita vehicle miles traveled (VMT) in the U.S. is almost 10 times larger than in 1950<br />Car-Free Omaha<br />
  23. 23. Vehicular Mobility Priority<br />
  24. 24. Car-Free Omaha<br />Health Concerns Living in car-dependent neighborhoods reduces life expectancy by 4 years<br />
  25. 25. Car-Free Omaha<br />Health Concerns Each hour spent driving each day corresponds to a 6% increased risk for obesity<br />
  26. 26. Car-Free Omaha<br />Health Concerns Statistically speaking, the most dangerous activity a parent can do with their child is drive them someplace<br />
  27. 27. Car-Free Omaha<br />Social Concerns The disabled, poor, and elderly have difficulty participating in society because of the requirement to drive, and preference given to drivers<br />
  28. 28. Vehicular Mobility Priority<br />
  29. 29. Car-Free Omaha<br />Financial ConcernsCar-dependent neighborhoods are expensive to build and maintain<br />
  30. 30. Car-Free Omaha<br />Financial ConcernsCar-dependent neighborhoods on average cost cities $1.16 for every $1 in tax revenue they generate<br />
  31. 31. Car-Free Omaha<br />Financial ConcernsOf the 180 street and highway improvements identified by MAPA that need to occur by 2030, less than 10 are in Omaha, east of 72nd Street<br />
  32. 32. Car-Free Omaha<br />Financial ConcernsIn 2002, Omaha spent $179 per person on road construction and maintenance – compared to $29.52 per person on public transit<br />
  33. 33. Vehicular Mobility Priority<br />8 lanes = 100 ft of pavement <br />144th and W. Center<br />156th and Maple<br />76th and Cass<br />84th and W. Center<br />
  34. 34. Car-Free Omaha<br />Financial Concerns“Free” parking costs $5 per day, per driver – costs that are passed down to everyone<br />
  35. 35. Car-Free Omaha<br />The Solution:Livable StreetsLivable NeighborhoodsLivable OmahaCar-Free Omaha<br />
  36. 36. 1<br />2<br />Maximum number of cars on a street = capacity<br />Distribution of people served by these cars<br />4<br />3<br />Same number of people on a bus<br />Same number of people on a pedestrian and bicycle friendly street<br />
  37. 37. Car-Free Omaha<br />Financial SolutionsFor every $1 invested in public transportation, $5 is generated in economic returns<br />
  38. 38. Financial SolutionsSpending on transit generates more jobs than spending on highways<br />Car-Free Omaha<br />
  39. 39. Financial SolutionsHouseholds can save as much as $8,000 per year by living with one less car<br />Car-Free Omaha<br />
  40. 40. Health SolutionsAmericans who ride mass transit walk an average of 19 minutes per day (compared to 6 minutes per day by car drivers)<br />Car-Free Omaha<br />
  41. 41. Health SolutionsResidents of “transit intensive” neighborhoods exercise more often, have longer life expectancies, and are healthier than residents of car-dependent neighborhoods<br />Car-Free Omaha<br />
  42. 42. Social Solutions 83% of the elderly say public transit provides easy access to things needed for everyday life<br />Car-Free Omaha<br />
  43. 43. Social SolutionsA 2009 survey showed that 92% of Young Professionals in Omaha want improved public transportation options<br />Car-Free Omaha<br />
  44. 44. The Solution:Make streets “public” space once again<br />Car-Free Omaha<br />
  45. 45. Which would you prefer?<br />Car-Free Omaha<br />
  46. 46. E14th Corridor - San Leandro, CA Source: Community, Design + Architecture<br />
  47. 47. E14th Corridor - San Leandro, CA Source: Community, Design + Architecture<br />
  48. 48. E14th Corridor - San Leandro, CA Source: Community, Design + Architecture<br />
  49. 49. Dover Kohl and Partners<br />Johnson City, Tennessee<br />COMPONENTS OF AN URBAN STREETSCAPE<br />
  50. 50. Dover Kohl and Partners<br />Johnson City, Tennessee<br />COMPONENTS OF AN URBAN STREETSCAPE<br />
  51. 51. Dover Kohl and Partners<br />Johnson City, Tennessee<br />COMPONENTS OF AN URBAN STREETSCAPE<br />
  52. 52. Dover Kohl and Partners<br />Johnson City, Tennessee<br />COMPONENTS OF AN URBAN STREETSCAPE<br />
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  59. 59. What’s going on nationally?Young adults, ages 21-30 now only account for 14% of all miles driven, down from 21% in 1995<br />Car-Free Omaha<br />
  60. 60. What’s going on in Omaha?Feedback stage for MAPA’s 5-year plan<br />Car-Free Omaha<br />
  61. 61. What’s going on in Omaha?Metro (MAT) improvements – 32 new buses, WiFi (soon) at transit centers, bike racks on ALL buses<br />Car-Free Omaha<br />
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  63. 63. What’s going on in Omaha?Newly hired Bicycle/Pedestrian Coordinator for the City of Omaha<br />Car-Free Omaha<br />
  64. 64. What’s going on in Omaha?New 20-mile Midtown bike loop, connecting Benson, Dundee, & UNO with Keystone, Downtown, & Midtown<br />Car-Free Omaha<br />
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  66. 66. What’s going on in Omaha?Upcoming 30-year transportation plan by the City Planning Department<br />Car-Free Omaha<br />
  67. 67. What’s going on in Omaha?Active efforts by Omaha By Design, Activate Omaha, Young Professionals Council, and others to rethink transportation in the city<br />Car-Free Omaha<br />
  68. 68. Car-Free Omaha<br />Metropolitan Community College Green Living Workshop Series<br />

Notas do Editor

  • Imagine visiting cities that are fun, vibrant, easy to get around without a car. Think of our growing awareness of the financial and environmental costs of oil
  • 2/3 of all trips in the U.S. taken by car are less than 5 miles in distance
  • Pre-natal exposure to air pollution is correlated with fetal demise, pre-term delivery, and low birth weight
  • Individuals in the Omaha area drive 22.7 miles per day
  • Residents of sprawling neighborhoods in Atlanta were 35% more likely to be obese than in compact neighborhoods, even when controlling for race, age, sex, and income
  • One mile of urban freeway costs 2,500 times more per mile than a shared-use bike route like the Keystone Trail. Houses that are farther apart require longer roads, sewer and water lines, and this increases mileage on city-owned vehicles, emergency vehicles, school-buses, garbage trucks, etc.
  • Omaha is losing money on car dependent neighborhoods…and we’re all paying for it!
  • Every $10 million invested in public transportation returns up to $30 million in business sales alone
  • Simply shifting 50% of highway funds to transit would result in a net gain of 180,150 MORE jobs – without a single dollar of new spending
  • GenYers own fewer cars and drive less. They’re more likely to see autos as a source of pollution, not as a sex or status symbol.
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