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Personality & Culture.pptx

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Personality & Culture.pptx

  1. 1. Personality and Culture
  2. 2. Personality - Definition A persistent set of characteristics, qualities, and traits that taken together form a unique person We should think of personality as the sum total of the ways an individual reacts to and interacts with others.
  3. 3. Personality - Determinants Heredity versus Environment Heredity
  4. 4. Research – Heredity v/s Environment Pair of twins separated at birth - Household 1 Household 2 A 50% personality similarities found in twins separated at birth and raised apart This is not that personality does not change. Research has shown that personality is more changeable in adolescence and more stable among adults
  5. 5. Personality traits - Definition Characteristics that are exhibited in a large number of situations, are called as personality traits of that person
  6. 6. Measuring Personality Personality tests are useful in hiring decisions and help managers forecast who is best for a job. Many of our behaviors stem from our personalities, so understanding the components of personality helps us predict behaviour. Method: self-report Weakness: • The respondent might lie or practice impression management to create a good impression. • Another problem is accuracy; a candidate who is in a bad mood when taking the survey may have inaccurate scores.
  7. 7. Personality Frameworks • The Big Five Personality Model
  8. 8. The Big Five Personality Model • Five traits do a very good job of predicting how people behave in a variety of real-life situation • Big Five factors
  9. 9. The Big Five Personality Questionnaire - sample
  10. 10. The Big Five Personality Results - sample
  11. 11. Personality Theories • Trait theory • Psychodynamic theory (https://www.simplypsychology.org/psyche.html#:~:text=Freud's%20 personality%20theory%20(1923)%20saw,different%20stages%20in%2 0our%20lives.) • Humanistic theory
  12. 12. Other major personality attributes influencing OB • Locus of Control • Machiavellianism • Endomorph, mesomorph and ectomorph • Type A and type B behavior
  13. 13. Organizational Culture • Refers to the underlying values, beliefs, and codes of practice that make a community what it is. • Seven dimensions of organizational culture • Innovation and risk-taking • Attention to detail • Outcome orientation • People orientation • Individual versus team orientation • Aggressiveness • Stability
  14. 14. Creating and Sustaining a Culture • How a culture begins • Keeping a culture alive • Selection practices • Top management actions • Socialization methods
  15. 15. Culture’s functions • A boundary-defining role • Conveys a sense of identity for organization members • Facilitates commitment to something larger than individual self- interest • Enhances the stability of the social system • Sensemaking and control mechanism that guides and shapes employees’ attitudes and behavior - defines the rules of the game.
  16. 16. Culture as a liability • Barrier to Change • Barrier to Diversity • Barrier to Mergers and Acquisitions
  17. 17. HOW EMPLOYEES LEARN CULTURE • Ceremonies, Rites and Rituals • Stories and Myths • Language • Symbols

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