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SIMPLE PRESENT TENSEI. Verb Form1. TO BE + I am French You / We / They are French He / She / It is French - I am not old You / We / They are not old He / She / it is not old ? Am I late? Are You / We / They late?2. VERB+ I / You / We / They like coffee He / She / It likes coffee- I / You / We / They do not like coffee He / She / It does not like coffee? Do I / You / We / The like coffee? Does He / She / It like coffee?
II. Use of Present Simple TensePresent Simple is used1. when we talk about things that happen repeatedly or habituallyTime expressions such as always, often,sometimes, usually, seldom, onSaturdays,rarely, never, every day, etc.Example: 1. Daniel gets up at 6 oclock every morning. 2. My brothers go to school every day. 3. She sometimes goes out on Friday night. 4. My sister usually sleeps late on Sunday morning. 5. Kristy works 8 hours every day. 6. His parents usually start work at 8 oclock. 7. My children often watch TV in the afternoon. 8. Jane always forgets her keys.2. when we talk about permanent or long-lasting situationsExample: 1. We work in a bank. 2. Bill speaks English very well. 3. Bin lives in London.3. when we talk about people or things in generalExample: 1. Nurses work in clinics and hospitals. 2. Football is a very popular sport in Bulgaria.
4. to indicate general truths, facts and scientific lawsExample: 1. The Earth is spherical. 2. My birthday is in June. 3. Can Tho city is in the South of Vietnam. 4. The sun rises in the east. 5. Water freezes at 0°C (32°F).5. when we talk about travel plans and timetablesMainly with verbs such as go,leave, arrive, start, come, return etc.Example: 1. They arrive in Brussels at 6 p.m. 2. The tram leaves in five minutes. 3. The course starts next week.6. with stative verbsStative verbs: like,dislike, love, think, seem, look, know,feel, understand, want,need, hate,remember, forget, prefer, believe, mean,taste, hear, see, have (when themeaning is "possess"), own, belong, etc.Example: 1. He loves jazz music. 2. My husband hates travelling by train. 3. Jill likes ice cream. I dont like spinach. 4. I think she is a wonderful person. 5. Do you believe in God? 6. My children have no money at the moment. 7. My brother has a new car. 8. That bicycle belongs to me.
7. to give instructions/directionsExample: 1. Walk for 2 blocks to the corner and then turn right. 2. Heat a frying pan over a medium heat and brush with a little sunflower oil.