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Effects of Terrorism on
Is an unlawful act of violence
Intimidates governments or societies
Goal is to achieve political, religious or
ideological objectives like ISIS who aspire to
establish Islam caliphate all over.
Terrorists have become more ambitious and
less confined by geographical boundaries,
exploiting the latest technologies to their
• Exports ( Missed many opportunities to boost
tourism due to insecurity).
•Trade balance unstable.
•Mostly affects international travelers.
•Diversification of Funds and Loss of lives.
•Decline in FTAs.
•Closure of properties, superstructures for
11 Sep 2001
Virginia, and site
14 Aug 2007
bombings in Al-
23 Jun 1985
mid-air bombing of Air India
flight off Ireland, and
attempted bombing of
second flight in Canada
12 Mar 1993 15 bombings in Bombay, India
8 Aug 1998
truck bombings of U.S.
embassies in Nairobi, Kenya,
and Dar es Saalam,Tanzania
23 Oct 1983
truck bombings of U.S.
Marine and French barracks,
22 Sep 1997 attack at BenTalha, Algeria
date attack and location fatalities injuries
6 Apr 2007
suicide bombing with
truck carrying chlorine
tanks in Ramadi, Iraq
6 Sep 1987
water poisoning with
pesticide at constabulary
in Zamboanga City,
21 Jan 1994
attack with chemical
grenades on village of
28 Jan 2007
explosion of truck bomb
carrying chlorine tank
20 Mar 1995
sarin nerve gas attack in
subway inToyko, Japan
Significant terrorist acts using unconventional weapons
20 Jan 2012
multiple bombings and gun
attacks in Kano, Nigeria
26-29 Nov 2008
multiple shooting and
grenade attacks and hostage
takings in Mumbai, India
(includes 9 terrorists killed)
Terrorism is aimed at civil targets but tourist
Directed to economic targets functionally
related to tourism
Terrorism targetsTourist directly as “Soft
Targets “ which has relatively high Media
impact coverage .
Bioterrorism refers to the intentional release of toxic biological agents to
harm and terrorize civilians, in the name of a political or other cause
Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis)
Botulism (Clostridium botulinum toxin)
The Plague (Yersinia pestis)
Smallpox (Variola major)
Tularemia (Francisella tularensis)
Hemorrahagic fever, due to EbolaVirus or MarburgVirus
Cyber terrorists use information technology to
attack civilians and draw attention to their cause.
They use information technology, such as computer
systems or telecommunications, as a tool to
orchestrate a traditional attack.
For example, cyberterrorists could disable networked
emergency systems or hack into networks housing
critical financial information.There is wide
disagreement over the extent of the existing threat
Eco terrorism is a recently coined term means
environmental extremists sabotage property
to inflict economic damage on industries or
actors they see as harming animals or the
natural environment.These have included fur
companies, animal research laboratories, for
"Nuclear terrorism" refers to a number of
different ways nuclear materials might be
exploited as a terrorist tactic.These include
attacking nuclear facilities, purchasing
nuclear weapons, or building nuclear
weapons or otherwise finding ways to
disperse radioactive materials
Narcoterrorism has had several meanings
since its coining in 1983. It once denoted
violence used by drug traffickers to
influence governments or prevent
government efforts to stop the drug trade.
In the last several years, narcoterrorism has
been used to indicate situations in which
terrorist groups use drug trafficking to fund
their other operations.
Offer a high degree of access, usually 24
hours a day.
Larger hotels have many public spaces and
entrances and exits and foreigners may
Meetings and conferences, sometimes
prestigious, are hosted
Restaurants which might be frequented by
prominent businessmen and government
Properties which are part of international
chains, often American owned, are a symbol
of that country and its government.
Grand lobbies and spacious entrances are
vulnerable to individual suicide and car
We can fight with the terrorism and save our resources
only by bringing harmony among our different
communities and peoples living in the world.
It the need of the time for us to come together to make
this terrorism get apart from its root level by
complementing the existence of every individuals and
taking steps or measues by proper agreements and