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Terrorism and tourism

This presentation is about how terrorism effects the very tourism of any country and can take various disastrous form.

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Terrorism and tourism

  1. 1. Effects of Terrorism on Tourism Submitted by: Priya Gupta TT b
  2. 2.  Is an unlawful act of violence  Intimidates governments or societies  Goal is to achieve political, religious or ideological objectives like ISIS who aspire to establish Islam caliphate all over.
  3. 3. Terrorists have become more ambitious and less confined by geographical boundaries, exploiting the latest technologies to their advantage .
  4. 4. • Exports ( Missed many opportunities to boost tourism due to insecurity). •Trade balance unstable. •Mostly affects international travelers. •Diversification of Funds and Loss of lives. •Decline in FTAs. •Closure of properties, superstructures for renovations.
  5. 5. date attack and location fatalities injuries 11 Sep 2001 crashing of hijacked planes into WorldTrade Center, NewYork City, NewYork, Pentagon in Alexandria, Virginia, and site in Pennsylvania, USA 2,993 8,900 14 Aug 2007 multiple car bombings in Al- Qataniyah and Al-Adnaniyah, 520 1,500
  6. 6. 23 Jun 1985 mid-air bombing of Air India flight off Ireland, and attempted bombing of second flight in Canada 12 Mar 1993 15 bombings in Bombay, India 8 Aug 1998 truck bombings of U.S. embassies in Nairobi, Kenya, and Dar es Saalam,Tanzania 23 Oct 1983 truck bombings of U.S. Marine and French barracks, Beirut, Lebanon 22 Sep 1997 attack at BenTalha, Algeria
  7. 7. date attack and location fatalities injuries 6 Apr 2007 suicide bombing with truck carrying chlorine tanks in Ramadi, Iraq 35 50 6 Sep 1987 water poisoning with pesticide at constabulary in Zamboanga City, Philippines 19 140 21 Jan 1994 attack with chemical grenades on village of Ormancik, Turkey 16 ? 28 Jan 2007 explosion of truck bomb carrying chlorine tank 16 ? 20 Mar 1995 sarin nerve gas attack in subway inToyko, Japan 12 5,511 Significant terrorist acts using unconventional weapons
  8. 8. 20 Jan 2012 multiple bombings and gun attacks in Kano, Nigeria 26-29 Nov 2008 multiple shooting and grenade attacks and hostage takings in Mumbai, India (includes 9 terrorists killed)
  9. 9. • Domestic terrorism; •International terrorism; •Cross-border terrorism.
  10. 10.  Terrorism is aimed at civil targets but tourist are victimised  Directed to economic targets functionally related to tourism  Terrorism targetsTourist directly as “Soft Targets “ which has relatively high Media impact coverage .
  11. 11.  Bioterrorism Bioterrorism refers to the intentional release of toxic biological agents to harm and terrorize civilians, in the name of a political or other cause including:  Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis)  Botulism (Clostridium botulinum toxin)  The Plague (Yersinia pestis)  Smallpox (Variola major)  Tularemia (Francisella tularensis)  Hemorrahagic fever, due to EbolaVirus or MarburgVirus
  12. 12.  Cyber terrorists use information technology to attack civilians and draw attention to their cause. They use information technology, such as computer systems or telecommunications, as a tool to orchestrate a traditional attack. For example, cyberterrorists could disable networked emergency systems or hack into networks housing critical financial information.There is wide disagreement over the extent of the existing threat by cyberterrorists.
  13. 13.  Eco terrorism is a recently coined term means environmental extremists sabotage property to inflict economic damage on industries or actors they see as harming animals or the natural environment.These have included fur companies, animal research laboratories, for example.
  14. 14.  "Nuclear terrorism" refers to a number of different ways nuclear materials might be exploited as a terrorist tactic.These include attacking nuclear facilities, purchasing nuclear weapons, or building nuclear weapons or otherwise finding ways to disperse radioactive materials
  15. 15.  Narcoterrorism has had several meanings since its coining in 1983. It once denoted violence used by drug traffickers to influence governments or prevent government efforts to stop the drug trade. In the last several years, narcoterrorism has been used to indicate situations in which terrorist groups use drug trafficking to fund their other operations.
  16. 16.  Offer a high degree of access, usually 24 hours a day.  Larger hotels have many public spaces and entrances and exits and foreigners may gather there  Meetings and conferences, sometimes prestigious, are hosted
  17. 17.  Restaurants which might be frequented by prominent businessmen and government officials.  Properties which are part of international chains, often American owned, are a symbol of that country and its government.  Grand lobbies and spacious entrances are vulnerable to individual suicide and car bombings.
  18. 18. We can fight with the terrorism and save our resources only by bringing harmony among our different communities and peoples living in the world. It the need of the time for us to come together to make this terrorism get apart from its root level by complementing the existence of every individuals and taking steps or measues by proper agreements and undertakings.
  19. 19. THANK YOU