Read the text and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct
response.Only one response is correct.
A story is told that around 400 years ago some children were fooling around in an eye glass
shop. They noticed that when they placed lenses one on top of the other, they were able to see a
considerable distance. They played around with the concept for a while, experimenting with what
happened when they varied the distance between the lenses. Hans Lippershey, the Dutch lens maker
the invention of the first telescope
who eventually applied for the first telescope patent, credits children as having been his motivation
the invention of the first telescope.
According to the writer, the first telescope was
A invented by children.
B made by a lense maker.
C a reflective telescope.
D quite a complex piece of equipment.
The first telescopes built in the early 1600s were very primitive inventions allowing the user to
see around 3-times further than the naked eye. It was not too long however, until Italian astronomer
Galileo heard about the invention ‘that through use of correctly-positioned lenses, allowed people
see things a long way away’.The tools used in the manufacturing of the first refracting telescope
all Galileo needed to know and within 24 hours he had developed a better one. In fact, the process
improvements Galileo made on Lippershey’s telescope were quite dramatic. Whereas the original
version had a magnification of 3, the new telescope had a magnification of around 30. Galileo
achieved these extraordinary results by figuring out the combination of the positions of the lenses
also by making his own lenses which were of better quality. Although he originally thought they
The writer states that Galileo
A improved on the design of the first telescope.
B created the first reflective telescope.
C took 24 hours to make a reflective telescope.
D allowed people to see 3 times further than the first telescope.
Read the text and answer the question by selecting all the correct responses.You will
need to select more than one response.
The intense rate of change in the world gives rise to numerous new products - many of them
electronic. What is brand new and state-of-the-art one month is quickly relegated to ‘old model’ status
the next. Within the world of computing, this frenetic pace of change has led to millions of out-dated,
worthless products. Keystone, an American-based research company reported, ‘In 2005, one computer
became obsolete for every new one introduced in the market. By the year 2010, experts estimate that
the USA there will be over 500 million obsolete computers. Most of these computers will be destined
for landfills, incinerators or hazardous waste exports.’ Old, outdated keyboards, monitors and hard
drives all combine to produce what is now widely known as ‘e-waste’ and the way to appropriately
dispose of them is proving to be a challenge.
Most computers are a complicated assembly of hundreds of different materials, many of which
are highly toxic. Most computer users are unaware that these toxic metals, acids, plastics and other
substances have been shown to be the cause of various blood diseases and cancers. Amongst workers
involved in the recycling of computer products, there has been a proliferation of blood diseases.
circuit boards for example, contain heavy metals such as antimony, silver, chromium, zinc, lead, tin
copper. Environmentalist Kieran Shaw estimates there is hardly any other product for which the sum
the environmental impacts of raw material, extraction, industrial refining and production, use and
disposal is so extensive as for printed circuit boards.
Which statements are true based on the information given in the passage:
1.These days products do not get outdated soon.
2.These days products get obsolete in a short period.
3.There are many ways e waste is disposed off today.
4.Recycling of computers does not pose any health hazard to workers.
5.Incineration is a superior method of e-waste disposal than landfills.
Bicycling for Recycling
Dear Environmentally-Conscious Friend,
After the remarkable achievements of last year, we have again organised a Bicycle
to promote the recycling of resources and usage of recycled goods for the protection
our environment. Unlike last year, this year, the rally will start in Werribee and will
cover a slightly shorter 45-kilometre route. The reduction in distance is due to the new
area being quite hilly!
This year we have set ourselves the goal of raising £50,000 for our worthy cause. To
help us do this, we have invited sponsorship from 20 large, commercial companies. If
you would like to suggest a sponsor that we might not have considered, please contact
– there is no minimum donation amount. The funds raised will be used to launch our
Recycled Resources, Recycled Goods countrywide awareness program in the coming
months. We have also contacted numerous social organisations who will help us to
Channel 2 has agreed to be our media partner and will telecast the entire rally.
miss your chance to be on national TV!
You are also invited to attend a post-rally press conference at the National Press
Auditorium. Contact G. Jaisin on 0425 652 254 for more details.
The route has five designated checkpoints – Werribee, Mentone, Parade Ground,
Port and Beacon Park. The first half of the route from Werribee to the Parade Ground
passes through Bush Park and continues along the Eastern Coast. This section is quite
isolated so we will establish emergency stops and drink booths with greater frequency.
Each booth staff member will be issued with communication equipment to report any
emergency situation from all remote areas. All emergency assistance, including
paramedics, will be on standby.
Which conclusions can be drawn from the given information:
1 Last year’s bike rally was a great success.
2 Compared to last year’s route, this year’s is longer.
3 Larger donations are expected from commercial companies.
4 Individual sponsors can donate any amount.
5 Participants are invited to attend a press conference before the date of the rally.
6 Emergency support will NOT be available in isolated areas.
The text boxes in the left panal have been placed in the random order.Restore the
original order by dragging the text boxes from the left panel to the right panel.
A. In a matter of seconds, the tsunami waves wiped out the long years of struggle for
B.The damage from this extraordinary disaster was estimated to be in the vicinity of
US$13 billion - the equivalent to the combined GDP of the world’s developing countries
for an entire year.
C.Thus the world was once again reminded of the fearsome and destructive power of
D..On December 26, 2004, a massive earthquake centered off the coast of the Indonesian
Island of Sumatra caused a series of deadly tsunamis in the Indian Ocean.
A.However, platypus populations are believed to have declined or disappeared in many
catchments, particularly in urban and agricultural landscapes.
B.As a species, it is not currently considered to be endangered.
C.In Australia, the platypus is officially classified as ‘Common but Vulnerable’
D. In most cases, the specific underlying reasons for the reduction in numbers remain
In the text below some words are missing .Drag words from the box below to the
appropriate place in the text.To undo an answer choice drag the word back to the
box below the text.
Male and Female Platypus
Platypus are unique Australian animals. Although all platypus share many similarities,
the male and female are somewhat ------- from each other. For example, on the hind feet,
the male has a ……………spur while the young female has two……………. . In
the ………………. the mother keeps her eggs warm and, once born, supplies her young
with ………………. . On the other hand, the male platypus does not help raise the
young at all.
milk different moveable buds similar underground nest despite
The study ----- that bus drivers were asleep for as much as 25% of the time they
were ---- the bus. What
the drivers were having was a ----- of ‘micro-sleeps’ – short periods of time of 10 to
20 seconds where they would be ----- as being asleep..
Show reveals drive driving classify classified series serial
The assertion that water has always been the --- of life is nothing new. Water comes in
Many------- spring water, sea and river water, rainwater, and fog and dew water. ---- water is
becoming ----- and this scarcity is becoming a very real---- for governments all around the world.
Form forms scarce essence happiness worry Yet
Unfortunately, due to its need for a----- of several factors, fog is not readily ----
Dew however appears far more ------ and is less subject to the constraints of climate and
geography. ----- for dew to form there--- to be some humidity in the air and a reasonably clear
available Combination combine frequently In order needs needed
Below is a text with blanks .Click on each blank ,a list of choices will appear.Select
the appropriate choice for each blank.
Certified Nurse Assistants are often the principal -------- (care giving/care
givers/caring/careful) in nursing homes, assisting
with the activities of daily living. This may include, but is not ------(limiting to ,limited
to,limit,restricted) helping people
in and out of bed, assisting with eating, bathing and dressing, as well as administering
medications when requested to do so. As the relationship ------
( develops/developing/development/develop) between the residents
and their caregivers, Nurse Assistants often find that providing emotional support
becomes another important------ ( worry/worried/aspect/aspects) of their occupation.
Because hospitals and nursing homes must provide 24-hour care, Nurse Assistants
------ (employ/employing/employer/employed) in these institutions can often be
required to work evenings, nights, weekends,
holidays and must be available for shift work.
Practicing the ------- (evacuate/evacuated/evacuation/is evacuated) of a hazardous area
in a fast and ------- (orderly/order/ordered/time)manner can be the key
to surviving a fire emergency and regular fire drills are a way of accomplishing this. It is
----- (recommend/recommend in/recommended/not recommend) that every member
of staff is involved in the exercise. If this is not
possible, ------- (at the most/at least/more/less) half the personnel in each department
should be present.
During the fire drill the supervisors should note in the incidents register inappropriate
activity such as delays in the collection of personal items, -------
( happiness/difficult/difficulties/most difficult) experienced by
those with disabilities. If any doorways or fire escapes are obstructed this must also be