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control of nosocomial infections derived from the hospital air and contaminated equipment
CONTROL OF NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS
DERIVED FROM THE HOSPITAL AIR
INFECTION ARISING FROM
Ms. V. Pravallika
The levels of bacteria in the air are most closely
correlated with the degree of house keeping
Methods to control air borne infection
In the operating room the following factors are
The no. of people and their activities
The highest bacterial content has been focused to
occur during periods of the greatest activity.
Hence the member of individuals and their activities
should be regulated .
The quality of air in the operating room, filters can be
used to ensure that the air entering the operating room
doesn’t contain pathogenic bacteria.
Ultra violet light in the operating room seems to
significantly reduce the number of bacteria in the air.
In other areas disinfectant sprays and vapors and the
proper ventilation may help to control air borne
The measures described below, if meticulously adhered
to may reduce the possibility of nosocomial infections
arising from contaminated equipment.
1. Water reservoirs of all the types, for example, those
on oxygen equipment, are prone to become
contaminated should be changed daily.
2. Equipment for inhalation therapy tends to become
heavily contaminated during use. Between use for
patients, such equipment should be completely
disassembled and then undergo gas sterilization.
3. Materials used for administering intravenous
infusions should be checked.
Equipment, such as portable x-ray machines can collect
dust, which may be dislodged over the patient there
should be constant attention to keep such equipment
4. All linen, when removed from the point of use,
should be placed in bags for transport to the sorting
area. Proper surveillance of laundry is absolutely
essential to ensure adequate supply of safe linen for use
in various areas.