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Key Open Standards for inter-operable IoT systems

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Key Open Standards for inter-operable IoT systems

  1. 1. Key requirements for Interoperable IoT systems Pratul Sharma Technical Marketing Manager, ARM Inc. May/08/2014
  2. 2. Agenda • Why Interoperability? • Open standards for interoperability – Data Communication Standards – Web Objects – Device Management – Web Services • ARM IoT Solution 2
  3. 3. Why Interoperability?
  4. 4. IoT market Growth Projections Source: Piper Jaffray IoTIoT 39%
  5. 5. Two Scenarios of IoT Market Growth Open Data and Objects The future Reach Smart Everything SaaS M2M Applications Internet / broadband MobileTelephony Sensors & Actuators Networks FixedTelephony Networks Mobile internet Scale Needs Standards Sharing Needs Trust Trust Needs Security Today Risk Time
  6. 6. Key Elements to Drive IoT Market Growth New Applications Innovation Trust Security Interoperability Standards
  7. 7. Growth in the Billions Doesn't come without Standards and Industry Alliances
  8. 8. A simple Model of an IoT system Sensor, Actuator and uController (nodes) User Interface/Application Device Management Data Communication Infrastructure 2) Device Management1) Data Communication 3) Web Objects 4) Web Services For Interoperable IoT system we need standards for
  9. 9. Data Communication Standards
  10. 10. Communication interfaces in an IoT system 1 Comm. Infra.– App. Interface IoT Device – Comm. Infra. Interface Sensor, Actuator and uController (nodes) User Interface/Application Device Management Data Communication Infrastructure
  11. 11. Communication infrastructure and Web app. Interface TLS TLS TLS TLS TLS TLS
  12. 12. 1 Communication infrastructure and Constrained Device interface  It’s a Standard IP interface as constrained devices are not involved  Standard IP protocol stack is suitable for communication DTLS DTLS DTLS DTLS DTLS DTLS
  13. 13. How does CoAP features optimize IoT data communication? • Resource discovery – New devices (nodes) are discovered automatically. No human intervention needed. – Easy to add new devices. Easy to replace the devices. • Subscription – Push of Information from IoT devices to application. • Content Negotiation – Data type to be used between the client and the server is settled before the actual data communication. It make it easy to integrate CoAP enabled device in an IoT system. – Explicitly indicate the content type of the payload in the header • Simple Caching – Optimize performance • REST oriented – REST based web services are based on architecture of the web and more compatible with existing web tools and techniques. – It has less overhead, less parsing complexity, statelessness, and tighter integration with HTTP
  14. 14. CoAP and optimized security handshakes: 10x reduction in bandwidth 1 Constrained Devices Little Data Bandwidth HTTP CoAP 10x reduction in BW Internet
  15. 15. 6LoWPAN : High level overview 1 IOT nodes Standard Internet Packet size ~ 1280 bytes Packet size ~127 bytes 6LoWPAN specification • 6LoWPAN is adaptation layer for IPV6 • Function • IPV6 header compression • Packet fragmentation and re-assembly • Optimized Neighborhood discovery
  16. 16. Why 6LoWPAN? • No need for translation gateways or proxies. • IP networks allow the use of existing network infrastructure. • Very well known and have been proven to work and scale. • Open and free standard. Processes and documents available to anyone. • Encourages innovation and is better understood by a wider audience. • Tools for managing, commissioning and diagnosing IP-based networks already exist. • Allows Interoperability on device side.
  17. 17. Web Objects
  18. 18. Web objects DTLS / UDP Proprietary CoAP 6LoWPAN IoTDevice DTLS / UDP Proprietry CoAP 6LoWPAN IoTDeviceService 1 Service 2 DTLS / UDP Web Object CoAP 6LoWPAN IoTDevice Service 1 Service 2 DTLS / UDP Web Object CoAP 6LoWPAN IoTDevice In addition to data communication we need standard web objects for Interoperability Non-interoperable devices & Services DTLS / UDP Web Object CoAP 6LoWPAN IoTDevice Service 1 Service 2 Service 3 Interoperable Services Interoperable Devices & Services
  19. 19. IPSO Web Objects • The IPSO Alliance promotes the Internet Protocol for smart objects. • We need semantics to build a Web of Things • Web Objects exposes the state and behavior of a device. • IPSO defines Web Object guidelines (join us!) • 65+ members
  20. 20. IPSO Object example: Temperature Sensor Example Temperature sensor: This IPSO object should be used over a temperature sensor to report a remote temperature measurement. It also provides resources for minimum/maximum measured values and the minimum/maximum range that can be measured by the temperature sensor. The unit used here is Celsius degree. Object info Resource Info Object Object ID Object URN Multiple Instances? IPSO Temperature 303 urn:oma:lwm2m:ext:303 Yes Resource Name Resource ID Access Type Multiple Instances? Type Units Descriptions Sensor Value 5700 R No Decimal Cel This resource type returns the Temperature Value in °C Min Measured Value 5601 R No Decimal Cel The minimum value measured by the sensor since it is ON Max Measured Value 5602 R No Decimal Cel The maximum value measured by the sensor since it is ON Accessing the Resources • Temperature Value /303/0/5700 • Min Measured Value /303/0/5601 • Max Measured Value /303/0/5602 LWM2M Client /303/0 5700 5601 5602 Temperature Value Min Measured Value Max Measured Value Object
  21. 21. Device Management
  22. 22. Device Management 2 Mobile Device Management Device Management Provisioning Device Configuration Software Upgrade Fault Management  Enabling, disabling features  Changes to settings  Changes to parameters of the device  Update application and system software  Bug fixes  Report Errors from devices  Query about status of devices
  23. 23. OMA Lightweight M2M ©Sensinode 2013 • Efficient Device-Server interface based on open IETF standards • Banking class security based on DTLS • Standard Device management already defined by OMA • Applicable to Cellular, 6LoWPAN, WiFi, Zigbee IP and other IP based on constrained networks • Can be combined with other DM offerings. * OMA also define Objects for Device Management
  24. 24. Web Services
  25. 25. REST Style Web Services • We need web applications in an IoT system to configure, control and monitor the sensors and actuators. • Web services are required to integrate web applications over the internet protocol backbone. • REST is web service architecture style for designing networked applications. • REST is not a "standard". Its a set of guidelines/constraints. • REST uses simple HTTP/CoAP to make calls between machines rather than using complex mechanisms such as Remote Procedure Call (RPC) or (Simple Object Access Protocol) SOAP. • The World Wide Web can be viewed as a REST-based architecture.
  26. 26. Open Standard based ARM IoT Solution
  27. 27. 27 ARM IoT Products: from Device to Cloud
  28. 28. ARM Sensinode NanoService  Web Application SDK Java SDK and Reference Applications (source code) for rapid development of customer application that controls/monitors IoT nodes  NanoService Platform IoT security, communication and data flow platform with OMA Lightweight M2M Server support  NanoService Client Enables secure, efficient communication between devices and the NanoService Platform with OMA Lightweight M2M Client support
  29. 29. ARM Sensinode NanoMesh • NanoRouter 6LoWPAN to IPv6 border router for both embedded platforms and Linux. • NanoStack 6LoWPAN protocol stack for both routing and host devices. • Stack Products – ZigBee IP – Home Area Network Mesh – BT Smart IP – 6LoWPAN for BT Smart devices – ZigBee NAN – Neighborhood Area Network Mesh – G3 PLC – For wired smart metering applications 802.15.4 2.4 GHz ZigBee IP ZigBee NAN BT Smart IP BT 4.0 (LE) 2.4 GHz 802.15.4g Sub-GHz 6LoWPAN IPv6
  30. 30. Free Online IDE
  31. 31. Get started today! mbed.org 1,200,000+ mbed.org unique visitors in 2013 100,000+ mbed-enabled development boards shipped 100+ Major OEMs from diverse industries are using mbed 45,000+ Mbed developers
  32. 32. The Internet of Things is the next evolution of Web Summary ARM Mbed and Sensinode SW enables the design of future proof and scalable IoT systems. 32 Market growth driven by Standards, Security and Innovation. Interoperability will be the key. CoAP, 6LoWPAN, IPSO objects, OMALWM2M