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Long span structure

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Long span structure

  1. 1. LONG SPAN STRUCTURE S T R U C T U R E W I T H S PA N L A R G E R T H A N 2 0 M C A N B E R E G A R D E D A S L O N G S PA N S T R U C T U R E By Prashant Borge
  2. 2. TYPE OF STRUCTURE Classification based on • beams • Trusses • Arch • Cable • Tent • Pnumatic
  3. 3. TYPE OF BEAMS • Castellated beams. • Tapered beam. • Stub girders. • Lattice beam.
  4. 4. BASIC EQUATION
  5. 5. CASTELLATED BEAM.
  6. 6. ADVANTAGE • They are light and strong. • They are cheap. • Easy to assemble at the construction site. • The openings in the web simplify the work of the installer and the electrician, since taking pipes across beams presents no problems. After all, the web of the beam already has many wide openings by nature. • ceiling systems, can also be installed easily. And castellated beams are ELEGANT. Most architects rate the aesthetic value of a castellated beam highly.
  7. 7. TAPERED BEAM
  8. 8. BASIC PRINCIPLE
  9. 9. STUB GIRDER
  10. 10. LATTICE BEAM • A lattice girder is a girder where the flanges are connected by a lattice web.
  11. 11. TRUSSES • A truss is essentially a triangulated system of (usually) straight interconnected structural elements; it is sometimes also referred to as an open web girder. The individual elements are connected at nodes; the connections are often assumed to be nominally pinned. The external forces applied to the system and the reactions at the supports are generally applied at the nodes. When all the members and applied forces are in a same plane, the system is a plane or 2D truss.
  12. 12. TYPE OF TRUSS • Pitched roof trusses. • Parallel chord trusses. • Trapezoidal trusses.
  13. 13. PITCHED ROOF TRUSSES
  14. 14. PARALLEL CHORD TRUSS
  15. 15. TRAPEZOIDAL TRUSS
  16. 16. ADVANTAGES • Long span • Lightweight • Reduced deflection (compared to plain members) • Opportunity to support considerable loads.
  17. 17. ARCH • A usually curved structure forming the upper edge of an open space and supporting the weight above it, as in a bridge or doorway. • A structure, such as a freestanding monument, shaped like an i verted U. • A curve with the ends down and the middle up: the arch of a raised eyebrow.
  18. 18. TYPE OF ARCHES Geometrical classification • Parabolic arch • Unsymmetrical arch • Semi circular arch • Segmental arch Support conditions • Three hinged arch • Two hinged arch • Fixed arch
  19. 19. GEOMETRY OF ARCH • Parabolic arch : y= 4rx(L-x) L² • Segmental arch :y(2R-y)=(L²/4) • Semi Circular arch: y= R • Unsymmetrical arch: y=kx²
  20. 20. IDUKKI ARCH DAM,KERALA. HEIGHT 168.91 M LENGTH365.85 M
  21. 21. HOOVER DAM ,COLORADO[1935]. SPAN 379M,HT.221M
  22. 22. ORIENTE_STATION_LISBOA/PORT UGAL
  23. 23. TAMA ART UNIVERSITY LIBRARY, TOKYO, JAPAN
  24. 24. LOS ANGELES AIRPORT IN1961
  25. 25. WIMBLEY STADIUM , 134-METRE- HIGH

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