• Welcome to the presentation on Cellulitis and
• In this presentation, we will explore the
causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment
options for these skin infections.
3. What is Cellulitis?
• Cellulitis is a common bacterial skin infection
that affects the deeper layers of the skin.
• It is usually caused by bacteria entering the
skin through a cut, wound, or insect bite.
• Common symptoms include redness, swelling,
warmth, and pain in the affected area.
4. What is Necrotizing Fasciitis?
• Necrotizing Fasciitis is a rare but severe
bacterial infection that affects the fascia, a
connective tissue beneath the skin.
• It is often referred to as a "flesh-eating"
infection due to its rapid progression and
destruction of the skin, muscle, and fat.
• Necrotizing Fasciitis requires immediate
medical attention as it can be life-threatening.
5. Causes of Cellulitis and Necrotizing
• Both conditions are primarily caused by
bacteria, most commonly Streptococcus and
• Factors such as weakened immune system,
poor circulation, diabetes, and skin injuries
increase the risk of developing these
6. Symptoms of Cellulitis
• Redness, warmth, and swelling in the affected
• Pain or tenderness.
• Tight, glossy skin.
• Fever and chills.
• Swollen lymph nodes.
7. Symptoms of Necrotizing Fasciitis
• Severe pain and tenderness in the affected
• Redness, swelling, and blistering.
• Skin that appears shiny, tight, or discolored.
• Flu-like symptoms such as fever, fatigue, and
8. Diagnosis of Cellulitis and Necrotizing
• Physical examination of the affected area.
• Blood tests to identify the type of bacteria.
• Imaging tests like X-rays or CT scans.
• Tissue biopsy to confirm the diagnosis in
9. Complications of Cellulitis and
• Abscess formation.
• Bloodstream infection (sepsis).
• Tissue death (necrosis).
• Organ failure.
• Limb amputation (in severe cases).
10. Treatment of Cellulitis
• Antibiotics prescribed by a healthcare
• Elevating the affected area to reduce swelling.
• Pain relievers to manage discomfort.
• Keeping the area clean and dry.
• Follow-up visits to monitor progress.
11. Treatment of Necrotizing Fasciitis
• Hospitalization is often required for
• Surgery to remove infected tissue
• Intravenous antibiotics to fight the infection.
• Supportive care, including pain management
• Wound care and dressing changes.
12. Prevention of Cellulitis and Necrotizing
• Practice good hygiene, including regular
• Keep wounds clean and covered.
• Avoid sharing personal items.
• Manage chronic conditions such as diabetes
• Seek prompt medical attention for any signs of
13. Case Study: Cellulitis
• Present a case study highlighting a patient's
experience with cellulitis, including symptoms,
diagnosis, and treatment outcomes.
14. Case Study: Necrotizing Fasciitis
• Present a case study illustrating the severity
and rapid progression of necrotizing fasciitis,
along with the treatment and recovery
15. Prevalence and Statistics
• Share relevant statistics and data regarding
the prevalence of cellulitis and necrotizing
fasciitis globally or in specific regions.
16. Public Awareness and Education
• Discuss the importance of public awareness
campaigns to educate people about the signs,
symptoms, and preventive measures for
cellulitis and necrotizing fasciitis.
• In conclusion, cellulitis and necrotizing fasciitis
are serious skin infections caused by bacteria.
• Early diagnosis, prompt medical intervention,
and appropriate treatment are crucial for
• Remember to practice good hygiene and seek
medical help if you suspect an infection.
18. • Thank you!
• Open the floor for questions and discussion.
• Thank the audience for their attention and