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Structure and Features of Academic Text

These are some of the topics from English for Academic Purposes

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Structure and Features of Academic Text

  1. 1. English for Academic Purposes
  2. 2. EAP  focuses instruction on skills required to perform in an English-speaking academic context across core subject areas generally encountered in a university setting
  3. 3. Structure of academic texts  three-part essay structure  the reader is introduced to the topic that will be discussed and to the argument that will be presented  the discussion/analysis is carried out and the results are presented  the argument is summed up and conclusions are drawn
  4. 4. introduction to provide the reader with a clear idea of the focus and aim of the text  the topic of the essay/article will be presented in the introduction, often accompanied by a thesis statement (the claim that the writer wishes to make)
  5. 5. introduction provides the context/background of the argument introduces the theoretical perspectives, terminology, etc. that will be used explains how the writing will be organised
  6. 6. Body where the essay's (or article's) argument, ideas and results are developed and discussed
  7. 7. conclusion should not contain any new facts or ideas, but rather function as a brief restatement of the main arguments and facts that have been treated in the essay
  8. 8. Academic Writing  process that starts with:  Posing a question  Problematizing a concept  Evaluating an opinion  Answering the question/questions posed or  Clarifying the problem or  Arguing for a stand
  9. 9. Purposes  to inform  to argue a specific point  to persuade
  10. 10. Features of Academic Texts
  11. 11. COMPLEX Written language has longer words, it is lexically more dense and it has a more varied vocabulary. Written texts are shorter and the language has more grammatical complexity, including more subordinate clauses and more passives.
  12. 12. FORMAL should avoid colloquial words and expressions
  13. 13. PRECISE Facts are given accurately and precisely
  14. 14. OBJECTIVE objective rather than personal has fewer words that refer to the writer or the reader main emphasis should be on the information that you want to give and the arguments you want to make, rather than you
  15. 15. EXPLICIT it is the responsibility of the writer in English to make it clear to the reader how the various parts of the text are related
  16. 16. ACCURATE  uses vocabulary accurately most subjects have words with narrow specific meanings
  17. 17. HEDGING it is necessary to make decisions about your stance on a particular subject, or the strength of the claims you are making
  18. 18. RESPONSIBLE you must be responsible for, and must be able to provide evidence and justification for, any claims you make. You are also responsible for demonstrating an understanding of any source texts you use