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Principles of Architecture and qualities of architecture by Pravin Minde

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Principles of Architecture and qualities of architecture by Pravin Minde

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Principles of Architecture and qualities of architecture by Pravin Minde

  1. 1. Presentation on Principles of Architecture By : Prof . Pravin Minde B.E. (Civil), M.E. (C & M) LMISTE, LMIWWA, AMIE, MICE(I),
  2. 2. Introduction ARCHITECTURE is “The science and art of constructing buildings, according to some proportions and rules determined by the character and destination of the buildings” ARCHITECTS: a person who plans, designs buildings and advises in their constructions.
  3. 3. Role of various agencies in planning of building 1. ARCHITECT 35% 2. QUNTITY SURVEYOR 23% 3. STRUCTURAL ENGINEER 18% 4. SERVICE ENGINEER 12% 5. MANAGEMENT CONSULTANT 4% 6. LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT 2% 7. SPECIALIST DESIGNER 2% 8. VARIOUS OTHER CONSULTANTS 4% (such as environmentalist, interior designer etc.)
  4. 4. Principles of Architecture  Goodness:- It means convenient arrangement of various rooms or grouping Beauty:- It means balances between Moral, Social, Aesthetic & Scientific aspects. Truth:- It means harmony with establishment laws.
  5. 5. Architecture of Building Architecture Function/Utility Form Aesthetics
  6. 6. Function / Utility • Requirement of Client. • Requirement of Site. • Building Rules And Byelaws. • No. of Users. • Principles of Building Planning like Aspect, Prospect, Roominess, Circulation, Privacy etc. • Sketch plan & layout plan • Approval from Sanctioning authority • Lighting & Ventilation
  7. 7. Form  Structures  Climate  Materials  Method And Technique of Construction  Economy  Skill Labors  Earthquake Design
  8. 8. Aesthetics • Nature • Environment • Unity • Contrast • Proportion • Scale • Expression • Character of Building • Interior Design • Color • Landscape
  9. 9. Principles and Elements of Architectural Composition 1. Focus 2. Unity 3. Balance 4. Rhythm 5. Harmony 6. Discord 7. Texture 8. Contrast 9. Monotony 10.Scale 11.Proportion 12.Colour 13.Character.
  10. 10. 1.Focus • It means to Highlight Elements . • Eye movement is directed towards a center of interest that takes a position of prominence in the Elevation. • The elements in a design that attracts one’s eye – the focal point.
  11. 11. Focus
  12. 12. 2.Unity • Unity is achieved by the consistent use of lines, color, material, and/or texture within a design. It means Completeness and indicates harmony among the different building elements.
  13. 13. 3.Balance • Parts of the design are equally distributed to create a sense of stability. Both physical and visual balance exist. • Types •Symmetrical or formal balance •Asymmetrical or informal balance •Radial balance •Vertical balance •Horizontal balance
  14. 14. Symmetrical or Formal Balance • The elements within the design are identical in relation to a centerline or axis. The Taj Mahal Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India
  15. 15. Asymmetrical or Informal Balance • Parts of the design are not identical but are equal in visual weight. Chateau de Chaumont Saone-et-Loire, France
  16. 16. Radial Balance • Design elements radiate outward from the center. Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II Milan, Italy Architect: Giuseppe Mengoni
  17. 17. Vertical Balance • The top and bottom parts are equal.
  18. 18. Horizontal Balance • The parts on the left and right sides are equal • If a vertical line were drawn down the center of each design, the left and right would be mirror images.
  19. 19. 4.Rhythm • Repeated use of line, shape, color, texture or pattern • Types • Regular rhythm • Random rhythm • Gradated rhythm
  20. 20. Regular Rhythm • An element is repeated at the same repetition/interval each time.
  21. 21. Random Rhythm • The beats of the element are random or are at irregular intervals.
  22. 22. Gradated Rhythm • The repeated element is identical with the exception of one detail increasing or decreasing gradually with each repetition.
  23. 23. 5.Harmony / Movement • Flow or feeling of action. • When two or more Elements are similar nature produce harmony.
  24. 24. 6.Discord • It is a group of elements of entirely different nature so that they have an unpleasant effect. These can be disturbed to all elements of harmony
  25. 25. 7.Texture • The surface look or feel of something • Smooth Surface – Reflects more light and therefore is a more intense color. • Rough Surface – Absorbs more light and therefore appears darker.
  26. 26. Smooth Texture
  27. 27. Rough Texture Park Guell – Barcelona, Spain Architect: Antonio Gaudí
  28. 28. 8.Contrast • Noticeably different Can be created with • Color • Proportion and scale • Shape & Mass • Texture & Pattern • Lighting
  29. 29. 9.Monotony • Continuous repetition of single elements or a number of elements producing an unpleasant effects is call as monotony
  30. 30. 10.Proportion • Comparative relationships between elements in a design with respect to size. • Proportion refers to the relative size and scale of the various elements in a design.
  31. 31. 11.scale • The scale in architectural composition means proper relation of different elements to one another and to whole. The scale is considered with respect to surroundings. • The sizes of doors, windows and staircase are different for residential building when compared to public building. • The proper scale is essential for better and qualitative results of proportion.
  32. 32. 12.Colour • Colour has an immediate and profound effect on a design.
  33. 33. Colour • Warm Colors – Reds, oranges, yellows • Cool Colors – Blues, purples, greens
  34. 34. Colour
  35. 35. 13.Character It refers to the styles of the building. The character is related to functional aspect of the building and evolves from proper combination of unity, mass composition, proportion, scale etc. which constitutes the basic principles of Architectural composition. Types of character 1. Functional Character 2. Traditional Character 3. Personal Character
  36. 36. Functional character That show the purpose of the building or the reason for its erection. The external appearance plays an important role in determining the purpose and the function of the structure.
  37. 37. Traditional character The character of some buildings is expressed through elements associated with certain influences. Such influences often go thousands of years back in history and culture. Cultural aspects play an important role in determining the Associated Character of a particular structure.
  38. 38. Personal character If a building is designed in the proper spirit, personal characteristics such as grace, dignity and vitality can be expressed as an integral part of the structure.
  39. 39. Qualities of Architecture 1 Cohesion 2 Completeness 3 Elegance 4 Equivalence 5 Hierarchy 6 Modularity 7 Vision
  40. 40. Cohesion • The action or fact of forming a unified whole.(Uniformity between elements) • Cohesion runs within functional sub- components of an architecture (e.g., how related the functions are within a room or floor.) as well across the entire architecture • The Functionally Inter-correlated between different elements and components of structure
  41. 41. Completeness • Having all the necessary or appropriate parts. • There are no missing parts to the design and there are no elements of the design that have been left with a weaker description than the rest. The solution is complete and the architecture balanced.
  42. 42. Elegance • Pleasingly ingenious and simple. • The architecture weaves together the ingenious use of technology with processes & organisation to complete tasks and fulfil business objectives. • The architecture oozes innovation without confusing the observer. • To achieving this degree of quality requires dedication, time and experience.
  43. 43. Equivalence • Equal in value, amount, function, meaning, etc. • The architecture separates the design along with levels of equivalent concern of its constituents. • The results in uncluttered and clear designs for each design concern. • The principle levels of abstraction concentrate design effort efficiently.
  44. 44. Hierarchy • An arrangement or classification of things according to relative importance. • The architecture demonstrates the inheritance of properties from higher levels of abstraction to lower levels of detail. • This order of inheritance recognises patterns to simplify complex problems, using hierarchical relationships to avoid repetition and confusion in detail.
  45. 45. Modularity • Employing or involving a module or modules as the basis of design or construction (where module is each of a set of standardised parts of independent units that can be used to construct a more complex structure). • Significances or ability of Modules/elements .
  46. 46. Vision • A mental image of what the future will or could be like. • The architecture conveys an inspiring outline of the future of the enterprise within the bounds of the scope of the problem being solved. • Inspiration is born of creative innovation in the solution, justification in the language & context of the business.
  47. 47. Role of Architect • Architecture has to do with planning and designing form, space and ambience to reflect functional, technical, social, environmental and aesthetic considerations. • It requires the creative manipulation and coordination of materials and technology, and of light and shadow. Often, conflicting requirements must be resolved. • The practice of architecture also encompasses the pragmatic aspects of realizing buildings and structures, including scheduling, cost estimation and construction administration. • Documentation produced by architects, typically drawings, plans and technical specifications, defines the structure and/or behavior of a building or other kind of system that is to be or has been constructed.

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