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Recycling & Proper Waste Management of   PLASTICS Making Business work for the Environment philippine plastics industry as...
All plastics are derived from distilling crude oil from the ground or gas extraction Feedstock for petrochemicals 2.4% - 4...
NAPHTHA CRACKER or Gas Cracker OIL REFINERIES Converts MONOMERS or FEEDSTOCK to POLYMERS - Both are highly capital intensi...
NAPHTHA CRACKER or Gas Cracker OIL REFINERIES POLYMER PLANT MIDSTREAM Resin Manufacturers PACKAGING TRANSPORT ELECTRICAL &...
<ul><li>LABOR INTENSIVE  - Over 500,000 in  direct labor and indirect workers </li></ul><ul><li>SMALL & MEDIUM ENTERPRISES...
RP Plastics Industry Profile Sources: National Statistics Office Sources: National Statistics Office
Plastics Industry Profile Sources: National Statistics Office
PLASTIC Recycling in the Philippines
R E S I N  I D E N T I F I C A T I O N  C O D E S Bottles, plastic lumber applications. Three and five gallon reusable wat...
PET  – Polyethylene Terephthalate  used for many bottles application because they are inexpensive, lightweight and shatter...
PE/PP Rigids Polyethylene & Polypropylene “Hard” - used in rigid applications such as tables & chairs, PE pipes, bottles &...
PE or PP Films and Bags  Polyethylene & Polypropylene “Flexibles” – products which are used in flexible applications such ...
PVC  –  Polyvinyl Chloride  used for pipes and fittings,    Tarpulins, Medical apps., etc.
General Purpose GPPS  use d in general applications.  PS  Polystyrene Foam PS –  Foam Polystyrene  used in food service pa...
Other Plastic Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)   Polyurethanes (PU)   Polycarbonate (PC)   Polyvinylidene chloride (P...
INDUSTRY INITIATIVES
Packaging Institute of the Philippines Polystyrene Packaging Council of the Philippines Flexible Manufacturers Assn of the...
Working hand in hand to Establish Recycling Guidelines for Plastics  developed by Japan Int’l. Coop, Agency Dept. of Envir...
 
PLASTIC RECYCLING
Bailed or Grinded for EXPORT SMYPG PET Recycling   Plant B2B   Technology
RECYCLING
RECYCLING
May nag re-recycle  o nag re-resikulo ba ng mga Plastik Bags?
LDPE  Bags for sugar and rice PP  Bags for T-shirts, pants etc. Meron po! Segregation Facility Mapulang Lupa, Valenzuela C...
<ul><li>INDUSTRY PROFILE </li></ul><ul><li>300 companies – predominantly Small and Medium Enterprises   </li></ul><ul><li>...
30 kilos per bundle (paldo) for Export
Pilot Project on Mobile Plastic Collection and Recycling DENR NSWSMC DOST-ITDI Caloocan City Quezon City Metro Recyclers
PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION Launching at the Manufacturing Technology World Exhibit, World Trade Center, Sept. 26-29, 2007
QC Environmental Protection & Waste Management Dept. Brgy. Holy Spirit Brgy. Greater Fairview Brgy. Greater Lagro PROJECT ...
Training on Recycling Guidelines  for Plastics bags and Foam PS Japan Int’l. Coop, Agency Dept. of Environment & Natural R...
 
 
 
Brgy. Greater Fairview, Quezon City
Brgy. Holy Spirit, Quezon City
Brgy. Greater Lagro, Quezon City
Brgy. New Era, Quezon City
Claret School of Quezon City (13 Nov)
Miriam College, Quezon City (11 Dec)
Brgy. 82-85 & 126-131 Clusters, Caloocan
Result of Dispatch & Collection Quezon City Caloocan City *from Oct 07 to mid-Jan 08 Brgy. 82-85 Cluster Brgy. 126 -131 Cl...
Conclusion <ul><li>Zero to 1.5 M.T. waste diversion of post-consumer plastic bags and Foam PS in the pilot areas. </li></u...
PELLETIZING SORTING PROCESSING Trash Bags, among others Mechanical Recycling for PLASTICS Above: RECYCLED or PELLETIZED PL...
Recycled Plastics
Alternative Plastic Recycling Technologies <ul><li>Melting Oven Technology   </li></ul><ul><li>Waste Plastic in Asphalt   ...
The Melting  Oven Developed by:  Dept. of Science & Technology, Industrial Technology Development Institute DOST-ITDI
Recycling Process   Waste FPS/EPS, Plastic Bags Melting/Densification  Densified Products  (functional, novelty) Size Redu...
Plastic Sando Bags Used Cooking Oil RAW MATERIALS
Shredding/ Grinding   <ul><li>plastic sando bags  </li></ul><ul><li>(PE, PP, PVC) </li></ul><ul><li>( FPS, EPS) styropor/s...
Weighing and Charging
Melting Process
Molten Plastic casting/pouring into the metal molders   Molding/Forming Technique
Functional Products Table tops School chair Cat walk blocks
Waste Plastics in  Asphalt Mix for Road Pavement DOST-ITDI Developed by:  Dept. of Science & Technology, Industrial Techno...
Shredding of waste plastic bags
Asphalt Asphalt with waste plastic bags Blending/Mixing Shredded waste plastic  bags
Mixing Asphalt with waste plastic bags Aggregates Asphalt concrete with waste plastic bags
 
 
RESULTS OBTAINED <ul><li>Specific gravity increased with modified asphalt content  </li></ul><ul><li>High stability at 6.0...
Other Alternatives <ul><li>Fuel for Cement Kiln  </li></ul>
Other Alternatives <ul><li>Hollow block and Cement Fillers </li></ul>
Other Alternatives <ul><li>Laminated “Zesto” Bags for Export to Europe </li></ul>
Other Alternatives <ul><li>Plastic Waste to Fuel </li></ul>
Other Alternatives <ul><li>Plastic Waste to Energy </li></ul>
ISSUES & CONCERNS <ul><li>Lack of Education & Discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Poor implementation of existing laws (e.g. anti...
Recommended  Recycling  Practices:  Plastics Recyclables Residuals ONLY Residuals X X Export Households “ RECYCLABLE” Deal...
PROPOSED MEASURES <ul><li>Focus on Resource Recovery through RECYCLING in line with RA9003 </li></ul><ul><li>Integration o...
<ul><li>Oxo/Photo/Bio degradable Plastics </li></ul>Other Options
Oxo/Photo/Bio degradable Plastics PE & PP  with Biomate additives  (Oxo-Biodegrable Plastics) Step 1 Oxidation Degradation...
Information on the impact of plastics on energy consumption and CO 2  emissions  Production Use End of life Energy CO 2 CO...
Energy consumption of plastic products and their  potential substitutes <ul><li>+  : Energy consumption </li></ul><ul><li>...
Effect of Substitution of Plastics on Mass, Energy Consumption and GHG Emissions 39 Mill t/a 144 Mill t/a Alternative mate...
Relevance of plastic products in total consumer „carbon footprint“ <ul><li>The average consumer carbon footprint for the E...
GLASS Industry
<ul><li>Glass is 100% recyclable. No waste byproducts. </li></ul><ul><li>Glass recycling extends furnace life and reduces ...
<ul><ul><li>Flint or clear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sources: Coke, gin, catsup bottles, beer,  pharma and packers ja...
Specific Guidelines to improve recycling activities <ul><li>Glass containers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Washed & Cleaned </li><...
The PAPER Industry <ul><li>The pulp and paper industry sector in the Philippines consists of 46 mills with a combined prod...
Why Recycle Paper? <ul><li>Every ton of paper recycled saves almost 17 trees. </li></ul><ul><li>The Philippines has the se...
THE PAPER RECYCLING PROCESS CUSTOMER PULPING DE-INKING FORMING PRESSING DRYING CALENDERING WRAPPING PRINTING SHIPPING WIND...
Non-usable Paper Plastic coated or laminated papers, usually  book covers PAPER TOWEL Wet-strength  or unrepulpable papers...
Requirements: Old Newspapers (ONP) Also includes all newsprint papers such as  magazines (MOD,Womens,Kislap) Not yellowish...
White Papers Printed  bond papers,notebooks, computer forms,books,etc... Requirements: Not yellowish or sunburned Notebook...
Old Corrugated Cartons (OCC) Requirements: Brown  carton boxes Should be baled or tied Brown on both sides. White or color...
Mixed Waste Gray chipboard, carbonless papers, colored and  heavily  printed  papers,  colored OCC, envelopes, folders, ne...
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Recycling and proper waste management of plastics r cl denr

  1. 1. Recycling & Proper Waste Management of PLASTICS Making Business work for the Environment philippine plastics industry association 122 A. del mundo st. (W) grace park, caloocan city 330-4423 to 24
  2. 2. All plastics are derived from distilling crude oil from the ground or gas extraction Feedstock for petrochemicals 2.4% - 4% for all types of plastics, packaging is only a small part of this figure OIL REFINERIES The Philippine Plastics Industry NAPHTHA CRACKER or Gas Cracker UPSTREAM Gas/Naphtha Cracker Plant
  3. 3. NAPHTHA CRACKER or Gas Cracker OIL REFINERIES Converts MONOMERS or FEEDSTOCK to POLYMERS - Both are highly capital intensive industries amounting to US$ 1.0 B MIDSTREAM Resin Manufacturers The Philippine Plastics Industry Assn of Petrochemical Mfrs. of the Phils. UPSTREAM Gas/Naphtha Cracker Plant POLYMER PLANT
  4. 4. NAPHTHA CRACKER or Gas Cracker OIL REFINERIES POLYMER PLANT MIDSTREAM Resin Manufacturers PACKAGING TRANSPORT ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONICS FIBER & TEXTILES HOUSEWARE CONSTRUCTION PLASTIC PROCESSORS DOWNSTREAM Plastic Manufacturers The Philippine Plastics Industry Assn of Petrochemical Mfrs. of the Phils. Philippine Plastics Industry Assn. MEDICAL RECYCLING UPSTREAM Gas/Naphtha Cracker Plant
  5. 5. <ul><li>LABOR INTENSIVE - Over 500,000 in direct labor and indirect workers </li></ul><ul><li>SMALL & MEDIUM ENTERPRISES </li></ul><ul><li>Transforms plastic resins into various plastic products for consumer and industrial use </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic industry - key input sector for all other industries & key client to allied industries </li></ul>Industry Profile
  6. 6. RP Plastics Industry Profile Sources: National Statistics Office Sources: National Statistics Office
  7. 7. Plastics Industry Profile Sources: National Statistics Office
  8. 8. PLASTIC Recycling in the Philippines
  9. 9. R E S I N I D E N T I F I C A T I O N C O D E S Bottles, plastic lumber applications. Three and five gallon reusable water bottles, some citrus juice and catsup bottles. Dependent on resin or combination of resins Other . Use of this code indicates that the package in question is made with a resin other than the six listed above, or is made of more than one resin listed above, and used in a multi-layer combination. Thermometers, light switch plates, thermal insulation, egg cartons, vents, desk trays, rulers, license plate frames, foam packing, foam plates, cups, utensils Compact disc jackets, food service applications, grocery store meat trays, egg cartons, aspirin bottles, cups, plates, cutlery. Versatility, insulation, clarity, easily formed Polystyrene (PS). Polystyrene is a versatile plastic that can be rigid or foamed. General purpose polystyrene is clear, hard and brittle. It has a relatively low melting point. Typical applications include protective packaging, containers, lids, cups, bottles and trays. Automobile battery cases, signal lights, battery cables, brooms, brushes, ice scrapers, oil funnels, bicycle racks, rakes, bins, pallets, sheeting, trays. Catsup bottles, yogurt containers and margarine tubs, medicine bottles Strength, toughness, resistance to heat, chemicals, grease and oil, versatile, barrier to moisture. Polypropylene (PP). Polypropylene has good chemical resistance, is strong, and has a high melting point making it good for hot-fill liquids. PP is found in flexible and rigid packaging to fibers and large molded parts for automotive and consumer products. Shipping envelopes, garbage can liners, floor tile, furniture, film and sheet, compost bins, paneling, trash cans, landscape timber, lumber Dry cleaning, bread and frozen food bags, squeezable bottles, e.g. honey, mustard. Ease of processing, strength, toughness, flexibility, ease of sealing, barrier to moisture. Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE).Used predominately in film applications due to its toughness, flexibility and relative transparency, making it popular for use in applications where heat sealing is necessary. LDPE is also used to manufacture some flexible lids and bottles and it is used in wire and cable applications Packaging, loose-leaf binders, decking, paneling, gutters, mud flaps, film and sheet, floor tiles and mats, resilient flooring, cassette trays, electrical boxes, cables, traffic cones, garden hose, mobile home skirting. Clear food and non-food packaging, medical tubing, wire and cable insulation, film and sheet, construction products such as pipes, fittings, siding, floor tiles, carpet backing and window frames.. Versatility, clarity, ease of blending, strength, toughness, resistance to grease, oil and chemicals. Vinyl (Polyvinyl Chloride or PVC): In addition to its stable physical properties, PVC has excellent chemical resistance, good weatherability, flow characteristics and stable electrical properties. The diverse slate of vinyl products can be broadly divided into rigid and flexible materials. Bottles and packaging sheet are major rigid markets, but it is also widely used in the construction market for such applications as pipes and fittings, siding, carpet backing and windows. Flexible vinyl is used in wire and cable insulation, film and sheet, floor coverings synthetic leather products, coatings, blood bags, medical tubing and many other applications. Liquid laundry detergent, shampoo, conditioner and motor oil bottles; pipe, buckets, crates, flower pots, garden edging, film and sheet, recycling bins, benches, dog houses, plastic lumber, floor tiles, picnic tables, fencing. Milk, water, juice, cosmetic, shampoo, dish and laundry detergent bottles; yogurt and margarine tubs; cereal box liners; grocery, trash and retail bags. Stiffness, strength, toughness, resistance to chemicals and moisture, permeability to gas, ease of processing, and ease of forming. High Density Polyethylene (HDPE). HDPE is used to make bottles for milk, juice, water and laundry products. Unpigmented bottles are translucent, have good barrier properties and stiffness, and are well suited to packaging products with a short shelf life such as milk. Because HDPE has good chemical resistance, it is used for packaging many household and industrial chemicals such as detergents and bleach. Pigmented HDPE bottles have better stress crack resistance than unpigmented HDPE bottles. Fiber, tote bags, clothing, film and sheet, food and beverage containers, carpet, strapping, fleece wear, luggage and bottles. Plastic soft drink, water, sports drink, beer, mouthwash, catsup and salad dressing bottles. Peanut butter, pickle, jelly and jam jars. Ovenable film and ovenable prepared food trays. Clarity, strength, toughness, barrier to gas and moisture, resistance to heat Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET, PETE). PET is clear, tough, and has good gas and moisture barrier properties. Commonly used in soft drink bottles and many injection molded consumer product containers. Other applications include strapping and both food and non-food containers. Cleaned, recycled PET flakes and pellets are in great demand for spinning fiber for carpet yarns, producing fiberfill and geo-textiles. Nickname: Polyester. Products Applications Recycled Packaging Properties Descriptions Codes
  10. 10. PET – Polyethylene Terephthalate used for many bottles application because they are inexpensive, lightweight and shatter-resistant. (examples: Mineral/Drinking Water Bottles, cosmetic bottles)
  11. 11. PE/PP Rigids Polyethylene & Polypropylene “Hard” - used in rigid applications such as tables & chairs, PE pipes, bottles & closures, pallets, crates, drums and other hard plastics.
  12. 12. PE or PP Films and Bags Polyethylene & Polypropylene “Flexibles” – products which are used in flexible applications such as bags, liners, and other single or mono-component soft plastics.
  13. 13. PVC – Polyvinyl Chloride used for pipes and fittings, Tarpulins, Medical apps., etc.
  14. 14. General Purpose GPPS use d in general applications. PS Polystyrene Foam PS – Foam Polystyrene used in food service packaging. Official name is “Styrofoam” is a trade name of DOW Chemical. EPS – Expanded Polystyrene used as cushioning materials for fresh produce, electronic or appliance industries, etc. High Impact HIPS used for disposable cups, trays pitchers, Refrigerator liners, etc.
  15. 15. Other Plastic Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)  Polyurethanes (PU)  Polycarbonate (PC)  Polyvinylidene chloride (PVDC) (Saran)  Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA)  Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) (trade name Teflon)  Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) Polycarbonate / ABS (PC/ABS)  Multilayered Plastic (Laminates) Over 30,000 types
  16. 16. INDUSTRY INITIATIVES
  17. 17. Packaging Institute of the Philippines Polystyrene Packaging Council of the Philippines Flexible Manufacturers Assn of the Phils. Soap and Detergent Association the Phils. Ad hoc Flexible Group PNOC-Petrochemical Development Corp. Assn. of Petrochemical Manufacturers of the Phils. Philippine Plastics Industry Association PET Manufacturers Assn. of the Philippines PET Recycling Development Assn. Metro Plastic Recycling Association Inc. Industry Convergence to address Environmental Issues Multisectoral Committee on the Environment
  18. 18. Working hand in hand to Establish Recycling Guidelines for Plastics developed by Japan Int’l. Coop, Agency Dept. of Environment & Natural Resources Nat’l/ Solid Waste Mgmt. Commission Dept. of Science & Technology - ITDI SAGIP Environment
  19. 20. PLASTIC RECYCLING
  20. 21. Bailed or Grinded for EXPORT SMYPG PET Recycling Plant B2B Technology
  21. 22. RECYCLING
  22. 23. RECYCLING
  23. 24. May nag re-recycle o nag re-resikulo ba ng mga Plastik Bags?
  24. 25. LDPE Bags for sugar and rice PP Bags for T-shirts, pants etc. Meron po! Segregation Facility Mapulang Lupa, Valenzuela City HDPE Grocery bags & sando bags HDPE Garbage bags
  25. 26. <ul><li>INDUSTRY PROFILE </li></ul><ul><li>300 companies – predominantly Small and Medium Enterprises </li></ul><ul><li>Total no. of employees – 176,922 direct employees in 2006 (down from 244,000 in 2004) </li></ul>Plastic Bag RECYCLING in the Philippines Undergoes MECHANICAL RECYCLING for Re-USE HDPE Grocery “sando” bags HDPE Garbage bags LDPE Bags for sugar & rice PP Bags for T-shirts, pants etc. Bailed for Storage or Export
  26. 27. 30 kilos per bundle (paldo) for Export
  27. 28. Pilot Project on Mobile Plastic Collection and Recycling DENR NSWSMC DOST-ITDI Caloocan City Quezon City Metro Recyclers
  28. 29. PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION Launching at the Manufacturing Technology World Exhibit, World Trade Center, Sept. 26-29, 2007
  29. 30. QC Environmental Protection & Waste Management Dept. Brgy. Holy Spirit Brgy. Greater Fairview Brgy. Greater Lagro PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION MOA Signing with Pilot Barangays
  30. 31. Training on Recycling Guidelines for Plastics bags and Foam PS Japan Int’l. Coop, Agency Dept. of Environment & Natural Resources Nat’l/ Solid Waste Mgmt. Commission Dept. of Science & Technology - ITDI SAGIP Environment
  31. 35. Brgy. Greater Fairview, Quezon City
  32. 36. Brgy. Holy Spirit, Quezon City
  33. 37. Brgy. Greater Lagro, Quezon City
  34. 38. Brgy. New Era, Quezon City
  35. 39. Claret School of Quezon City (13 Nov)
  36. 40. Miriam College, Quezon City (11 Dec)
  37. 41. Brgy. 82-85 & 126-131 Clusters, Caloocan
  38. 42. Result of Dispatch & Collection Quezon City Caloocan City *from Oct 07 to mid-Jan 08 Brgy. 82-85 Cluster Brgy. 126 -131 Cluster Brgy. Greater Fairview Brgy. Greater Lagro Brgy. Holy Spirit Brgy. New Era Miriam College Claret School of Q.C. Date 1,557.8 Total Waste Diverted* Net Wt. (kg) LGU 497.3 1,055.5
  39. 43. Conclusion <ul><li>Zero to 1.5 M.T. waste diversion of post-consumer plastic bags and Foam PS in the pilot areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Continued collection in Quezon City pilot areas </li></ul><ul><li>Expansion in Caloocan covering 188 barangays. Target of 50% by mid-2008. </li></ul><ul><li>Miriam College and Claret School of Quezon City are segregating plastic bags and Foam PS (Miriam only) </li></ul><ul><li>Education is a factor in the success of the project. Schools major contributors. </li></ul>
  40. 44. PELLETIZING SORTING PROCESSING Trash Bags, among others Mechanical Recycling for PLASTICS Above: RECYCLED or PELLETIZED PLASTIC
  41. 45. Recycled Plastics
  42. 46. Alternative Plastic Recycling Technologies <ul><li>Melting Oven Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Waste Plastic in Asphalt Roads </li></ul><ul><li>Other Alternatives </li></ul>
  43. 47. The Melting Oven Developed by: Dept. of Science & Technology, Industrial Technology Development Institute DOST-ITDI
  44. 48. Recycling Process Waste FPS/EPS, Plastic Bags Melting/Densification Densified Products (functional, novelty) Size Reduction
  45. 49. Plastic Sando Bags Used Cooking Oil RAW MATERIALS
  46. 50. Shredding/ Grinding <ul><li>plastic sando bags </li></ul><ul><li>(PE, PP, PVC) </li></ul><ul><li>( FPS, EPS) styropor/styrofoam </li></ul><ul><li>HDPE, PET bottles </li></ul><ul><li>trays and containers </li></ul><ul><li>Aluminum foil packs </li></ul><ul><li>( sachet, pouch) </li></ul><ul><li>PE, PP household </li></ul><ul><li>plastic wares </li></ul><ul><li>other commodity </li></ul><ul><li>plastics </li></ul>Can GRIND:
  47. 51. Weighing and Charging
  48. 52. Melting Process
  49. 53. Molten Plastic casting/pouring into the metal molders Molding/Forming Technique
  50. 54. Functional Products Table tops School chair Cat walk blocks
  51. 55. Waste Plastics in Asphalt Mix for Road Pavement DOST-ITDI Developed by: Dept. of Science & Technology, Industrial Technology Development Institute
  52. 56. Shredding of waste plastic bags
  53. 57. Asphalt Asphalt with waste plastic bags Blending/Mixing Shredded waste plastic bags
  54. 58. Mixing Asphalt with waste plastic bags Aggregates Asphalt concrete with waste plastic bags
  55. 61. RESULTS OBTAINED <ul><li>Specific gravity increased with modified asphalt content </li></ul><ul><li>High stability at 6.0% modified asphalt content </li></ul><ul><li>Flow increased with modified asphalt content </li></ul><ul><li>Air voids decreased as modified asphalt content increases </li></ul>
  56. 62. Other Alternatives <ul><li>Fuel for Cement Kiln </li></ul>
  57. 63. Other Alternatives <ul><li>Hollow block and Cement Fillers </li></ul>
  58. 64. Other Alternatives <ul><li>Laminated “Zesto” Bags for Export to Europe </li></ul>
  59. 65. Other Alternatives <ul><li>Plastic Waste to Fuel </li></ul>
  60. 66. Other Alternatives <ul><li>Plastic Waste to Energy </li></ul>
  61. 67. ISSUES & CONCERNS <ul><li>Lack of Education & Discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Poor implementation of existing laws (e.g. anti-littering, segregation, MRF) </li></ul><ul><li>Political Will </li></ul><ul><li>Low valued recyclables </li></ul><ul><li>TO BAN or NOT TO BAN? </li></ul>
  62. 68. Recommended Recycling Practices: Plastics Recyclables Residuals ONLY Residuals X X Export Households “ RECYCLABLE” Dealers Manufacturers Eco-Aides Materials Recovery Facility / Waste Market Recyclers Store/Outlet Garbage Truck Landfills Alternatives
  63. 69. PROPOSED MEASURES <ul><li>Focus on Resource Recovery through RECYCLING in line with RA9003 </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of Solid Waste in Curricula </li></ul><ul><li>Private Sector Initiative for IEC </li></ul><ul><li>Increased Gov’t. – Private – NGO partnership for concrete programs </li></ul>
  64. 70. <ul><li>Oxo/Photo/Bio degradable Plastics </li></ul>Other Options
  65. 71. Oxo/Photo/Bio degradable Plastics PE & PP with Biomate additives (Oxo-Biodegrable Plastics) Step 1 Oxidation Degradation (Production of low molecular mass oxidation products) Step 2 Bio-Degradation (Bio-assimilation of low molecular mass oxidation products) Sun Light Heat and Oxygen (The Natural Environment) Natural Soil and Composting Environment
  66. 72. Information on the impact of plastics on energy consumption and CO 2 emissions Production Use End of life Energy CO 2 CO 2 CO 2 Energy Energy Raw materials Products Packaging Housing Transportation <ul><li>Improved production efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Production emissions reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Improved product design with plastics </li></ul><ul><li>Lighter, more efficient products with plastics </li></ul><ul><li>Preserved food by plastic packaging </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced land-fill </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling operations </li></ul><ul><li>Energy reclamation </li></ul>Recycle / Energy conversion
  67. 73. Energy consumption of plastic products and their potential substitutes <ul><li>+ : Energy consumption </li></ul><ul><li>: Energy credits (prevented food losses / saved primary production / saved production of electricity & heat) </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison of plastic products with alternative materials </li></ul><ul><li>split into life-cycle phases </li></ul>
  68. 74. Effect of Substitution of Plastics on Mass, Energy Consumption and GHG Emissions 39 Mill t/a 144 Mill t/a Alternative materials x 3,7 Total mass for same funct. Units Subst. Plastics 46,4 Mill. t incl. not substitutable plastic products 4.940 Mill GJ/a 7.230 Mill GJ/a +46% Alternative materials (incl. not subst. plastics) Energy consumption in total life-cycle All plasticproducts 240 Mill t/a 360 Mill t/a +50% GHG emissions in total life-cycle Alternative materials (incl. not subst. plastics) All plasticproducts
  69. 75. Relevance of plastic products in total consumer „carbon footprint“ <ul><li>The average consumer carbon footprint for the EU27+2 is approx. 14 tonnes CO2-equivalents per capita </li></ul>170 kg per capita result from plastics consumption. This equals 1,3% of the total consumer carbon footprint.
  70. 76. GLASS Industry
  71. 77. <ul><li>Glass is 100% recyclable. No waste byproducts. </li></ul><ul><li>Glass recycling extends furnace life and reduces energy costs. </li></ul><ul><li>Glass Cullet - Broken glass from softdrinks, beer, liquor, pharmaceutical bottles and packers jars (food, condiments, chemicals, etc.). </li></ul>GLASS Industry
  72. 78. <ul><ul><li>Flint or clear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sources: Coke, gin, catsup bottles, beer, pharma and packers jars </li></ul></ul></ul>Cullet Classification <ul><ul><li>Amber or brown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sources: Beer and pharma bottles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sources: Sprite, Cosmos Sparkle, Cali </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flint with blue prints </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sources: Royal Tru-Orange, Pepsi </li></ul></ul>
  73. 79. Specific Guidelines to improve recycling activities <ul><li>Glass containers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Washed & Cleaned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clear Contents </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Banlawan” or Rinsed with running water </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remove caps and labels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sorted according to color </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flint or clear </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Amber or brown </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Emerald or green </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flint with blue prints </li></ul></ul></ul>
  74. 80. The PAPER Industry <ul><li>The pulp and paper industry sector in the Philippines consists of 46 mills with a combined production of 1,120,000 tons of pulp, paper and board per year (2002). </li></ul>
  75. 81. Why Recycle Paper? <ul><li>Every ton of paper recycled saves almost 17 trees. </li></ul><ul><li>The Philippines has the second lowest paper recovery rate in the region. </li></ul><ul><li>17% of our waste is paper </li></ul><ul><li>60% Energy Savings / 90% less air pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling paper also means that there is a substitute available for virgin paper. </li></ul>Recycling Practices: Paper Packaging The Philippines has the second lowest paper recovery rate in the region. PHILIPPINES
  76. 82. THE PAPER RECYCLING PROCESS CUSTOMER PULPING DE-INKING FORMING PRESSING DRYING CALENDERING WRAPPING PRINTING SHIPPING WINDING REELING WASTE PAPER CLEANING/ SCREENING
  77. 83. Non-usable Paper Plastic coated or laminated papers, usually book covers PAPER TOWEL Wet-strength or unrepulpable papers Carbon papers
  78. 84. Requirements: Old Newspapers (ONP) Also includes all newsprint papers such as magazines (MOD,Womens,Kislap) Not yellowish or sunburned Atras BUKAS Bayan sa RW Print date should not be more than 6 months old upon delivery June 6, 2002 Not heavily printed or heavily colored (ex. Komiks)
  79. 85. White Papers Printed bond papers,notebooks, computer forms,books,etc... Requirements: Not yellowish or sunburned Notebook springs should be removed Glossy or coated papers should be separated if quantity is big Not heavily printed or heavily colored
  80. 86. Old Corrugated Cartons (OCC) Requirements: Brown carton boxes Should be baled or tied Brown on both sides. White or colored cartons such as Zesto and Coke boxes are classified as mixed waste. Coke Zesto Zesto
  81. 87. Mixed Waste Gray chipboard, carbonless papers, colored and heavily printed papers, colored OCC, envelopes, folders, newspapers more than 6 months old, mimeo test papers, komiks, and other repulpable papers not falling in the other 3 categories.
  82. 88. Thank you very much
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