O slideshow foi denunciado.
Utilizamos seu perfil e dados de atividades no LinkedIn para personalizar e exibir anúncios mais relevantes. Altere suas preferências de anúncios quando desejar.
 anything   that occupies space and has
 mass.

 Macroscopic
 Microscopic
 Particulate
 Color   of a liquid         Flammability   of
                              alcohol
 Odor    of a gas
                ...
 Can be determined without changing the
 nature of the substance (color, odor,
 physical state, density, hardness, meltin...
 Describes the ability of a substance to
 participate in chemical reactions (reactivity
 with oxygen, reactivity with aci...
 Donot depend o the amount of the sample
 being examined



 Depend   on the quantity of the sample
 Odor       Hardness


 Color      Volume


 Weight     Area


 Mass       Thickness


 Density    Freezing   po...
 Has   definite shape and definite volume

 Rigid


 Molecules   are held tightly together

 Molecules   can “wiggle” ...
 Distinct
         volume independent of its
 container

 No   specific shape

 Molecules   slide over each other

 Po...
 No   fixed volume or shape

 Moleculesare very far apart and are
 moving at high speeds

 Moleculescolliding repeatedl...
Copper
Nitrogen
 Highly   ionized state

 positively   charged ions

 Free   negatively charged electrons

 99%    of the matter in t...
BOSE-EINSTEIN CONDENSATE (BEC)
 Predicted in 1924 by Albert Einstein, who
  built on the work of Styendra Bose

 Condens...
Chemical   Initial state   Final state   Physical or
 System                                   Chemical
                  ...
PHYSICAL Change

 Changes  that alter the physical form of
 matter without changing its chemical
 identity.

 ALL   chan...
CHEMICAL Change

 Occurswhen the chemical identity of a
 substance is destroyed and a new
 substance is formed.

 Chemic...
Indicators of Chemical change/reaction
 Color changes
 Odor changes
 Production of gas
 Production of solid or precipi...
Physical and Chemical Changes and Properties

                       Chemical             Physical

    Changes       Old ...
ENDOTHERMIC Process

 The   system absorbs heat

SURROUNDINGS            HEAT

 SYSTEM

 Melting   of ice
EXOTHERMIC Process

 The   system evolves heat

SYSTEM    HEAT

 SURROUNDINGS
 Combustion


 Freezing    of water

 Melting   of ice

 Boiling   of water

 Condensing     steam
 Has  its own set of chemical and physical
  properties
 Cannot be separated into parts by physical
  means
 Has a defi...
 Consists of two or more chemicals
 Properties depend on the substances on it
 Compositions can vary
 Definedby its atomic number
 Cannot be decomposed into simpler
  substances
                        Atomic Number - the...
Hydrogen     H    63.0%
Oxygen       O    25.5%
Carbon       C    9.45%
Nitrogen     N    1.35%
Calcium      Ca
Phosphorus...
a  substance made of more than one type
  of atom
 Composed of 2 or more elements
 Atoms combined in fixed proportions
...
 Turnblue litmus to red
 React with many metals
 React with bases
 An acid can be defined as a substance
  that yields hydrogen ions (H+) when
  dissolved in water.
 HCl
  • Pure substan...
 Cause color changes in plant dyes.
 React with certain metals to produce
  hydrogen gas.
2HCl (aq) + Mg (s)            ...
 pH   – A Measure of Acidity
 Turnred litmus to blue
 React with acids
A base can be defined as a substance that
 yields hydroxide ions (OH-) when dissolved
 in water.
         NaOH         so...
       A salt, is defined as the product formed
    from the neutralization reaction of acids
    and bases. Salts are io...
acid + base      salt + water



HCl (aq) + NaOH (aq)     NaCl (aq) + H2O
H+ + Cl- + Na+ + OH-     Na+ + Cl- + H2O
       ...
Wala akong boses

Kaya please, konting katahimikan at pag-
 itindi ang aking hiling 

                                ...
1.   Identify the physical state of the following:

     a) Helium in a toy balloon
     b) vitamin tablets in a bottle
  ...
2. Identify the type of property in the
  following statements:

a.   Yellow-green chlorine gas attacks silvery
     sodiu...
3. State which type of change occurs in the
  following statements:

a.   Passing an electric current through
     molten ...
c. Chopping a log

d. Burning a log

e. Toasting a slice of bread
4. What is the key difference between an
  element and a compound?


5. List two differences between a compound
  and a mi...
HETEROGENEOUS
 Varies in composition and or properties
  from one part of the mixture to another


HOMOGENEOUS
 Has the ...
Kind of mixture   Particle size   Examples   Characteristics
SUSPENSION
 >1000 nm
 Particles are more or
  less evenly dispersed
  throughout a liquid or
  gas
 Different parts
  s...
SOLUTION
 0.2-2.0 nm
 A homogeneous mixture of two or more
  substances uniformly dispersed throughout
  a single phase
Gas              Liquid            Solid
Gas      Oxygen and                         The odor of a
         other gases in...
COLLOID
 2.0-1000 nm
 Consists of tiny particles that are
  suspended in a liquid, solid, or gas

 Stable   heterogeneo...
 Decantation
  • separates liquids from solids that have settled



 Evaporation
  • Separates the solid (residue) from ...
 Distillation
 Filtration
 Centrifugation
 Chromatography
 Sugar    dissolved in water

 Mixture   of ethyl alcohol and water

 Mixture   of salt and sand

 Iron   filings, mon...
MATTER
MATTER
MATTER
MATTER
MATTER
MATTER
MATTER
MATTER
MATTER
MATTER
MATTER
MATTER
MATTER
MATTER
MATTER
MATTER
MATTER
MATTER
MATTER
MATTER
Próximos SlideShares
Carregando em…5
×

de

MATTER Slide 1 MATTER Slide 2 MATTER Slide 3 MATTER Slide 4 MATTER Slide 5 MATTER Slide 6 MATTER Slide 7 MATTER Slide 8 MATTER Slide 9 MATTER Slide 10 MATTER Slide 11 MATTER Slide 12 MATTER Slide 13 MATTER Slide 14 MATTER Slide 15 MATTER Slide 16 MATTER Slide 17 MATTER Slide 18 MATTER Slide 19 MATTER Slide 20 MATTER Slide 21 MATTER Slide 22 MATTER Slide 23 MATTER Slide 24 MATTER Slide 25 MATTER Slide 26 MATTER Slide 27 MATTER Slide 28 MATTER Slide 29 MATTER Slide 30 MATTER Slide 31 MATTER Slide 32 MATTER Slide 33 MATTER Slide 34 MATTER Slide 35 MATTER Slide 36 MATTER Slide 37 MATTER Slide 38 MATTER Slide 39 MATTER Slide 40 MATTER Slide 41 MATTER Slide 42 MATTER Slide 43 MATTER Slide 44 MATTER Slide 45 MATTER Slide 46 MATTER Slide 47 MATTER Slide 48 MATTER Slide 49 MATTER Slide 50 MATTER Slide 51 MATTER Slide 52 MATTER Slide 53 MATTER Slide 54 MATTER Slide 55 MATTER Slide 56 MATTER Slide 57 MATTER Slide 58 MATTER Slide 59 MATTER Slide 60 MATTER Slide 61 MATTER Slide 62 MATTER Slide 63 MATTER Slide 64 MATTER Slide 65 MATTER Slide 66 MATTER Slide 67 MATTER Slide 68 MATTER Slide 69 MATTER Slide 70 MATTER Slide 71 MATTER Slide 72
Próximos SlideShares
Testing for analysis and quality assurance
Avançar
Transfira para ler offline e ver em ecrã inteiro.

5 gostaram

Compartilhar

Baixar para ler offline

MATTER

Baixar para ler offline

-classification
-properties
-phases

Livros relacionados

Gratuito durante 30 dias do Scribd

Ver tudo

Audiolivros relacionados

Gratuito durante 30 dias do Scribd

Ver tudo

MATTER

  1. 1.  anything that occupies space and has mass.  Macroscopic  Microscopic  Particulate
  2. 2.  Color of a liquid  Flammability of alcohol  Odor of a gas  Density of gold  Reactivity with HCl  Melting point of sulfur  Boiling point of water  Volume of a metal  Hardness of diamond sphere
  3. 3.  Can be determined without changing the nature of the substance (color, odor, physical state, density, hardness, melting point and boiling point)
  4. 4.  Describes the ability of a substance to participate in chemical reactions (reactivity with oxygen, reactivity with acids, flammability)
  5. 5.  Donot depend o the amount of the sample being examined  Depend on the quantity of the sample
  6. 6.  Odor  Hardness  Color  Volume  Weight  Area  Mass  Thickness  Density  Freezing point
  7. 7.  Has definite shape and definite volume  Rigid  Molecules are held tightly together  Molecules can “wiggle” or vibrate only very slightly
  8. 8.  Distinct volume independent of its container  No specific shape  Molecules slide over each other  Pours easily
  9. 9.  No fixed volume or shape  Moleculesare very far apart and are moving at high speeds  Moleculescolliding repeatedly with each other and with the walls of the container
  10. 10. Copper
  11. 11. Nitrogen
  12. 12.  Highly ionized state  positively charged ions   Free negatively charged electrons  99% of the matter in the universe
  13. 13. BOSE-EINSTEIN CONDENSATE (BEC)  Predicted in 1924 by Albert Einstein, who built on the work of Styendra Bose  Condensation occurs when individual atoms meld into a “superatom” behaving as a single entity at just a few hundred billionths of a degree above absolute zero
  14. 14. Chemical Initial state Final state Physical or System Chemical Change?
  15. 15. PHYSICAL Change  Changes that alter the physical form of matter without changing its chemical identity.  ALL changes of state are physical changes
  16. 16. CHEMICAL Change  Occurswhen the chemical identity of a substance is destroyed and a new substance is formed.  Chemical reactions
  17. 17. Indicators of Chemical change/reaction  Color changes  Odor changes  Production of gas  Production of solid or precipitate
  18. 18. Physical and Chemical Changes and Properties Chemical Physical Changes Old substances New form of old destroyed substance New substances No new substance formed formed Properties Properties defined Description by by types of senses chemical changes possible Measurable properties
  19. 19. ENDOTHERMIC Process  The system absorbs heat SURROUNDINGS HEAT SYSTEM  Melting of ice
  20. 20. EXOTHERMIC Process  The system evolves heat SYSTEM HEAT SURROUNDINGS
  21. 21.  Combustion  Freezing of water  Melting of ice  Boiling of water  Condensing steam
  22. 22.  Has its own set of chemical and physical properties  Cannot be separated into parts by physical means  Has a definite, fixed composition that does not vary from one sample to another
  23. 23.  Consists of two or more chemicals  Properties depend on the substances on it  Compositions can vary
  24. 24.  Definedby its atomic number  Cannot be decomposed into simpler substances Atomic Number - the number of protons in an unreacted atom Mass Number - the number of protons and neutrons together
  25. 25. Hydrogen H 63.0% Oxygen O 25.5% Carbon C 9.45% Nitrogen N 1.35% Calcium Ca Phosphorus P Chlorine Cl Sulfur S 0.7% Sodium Na Potassium K Magnesium Mg
  26. 26. a substance made of more than one type of atom  Composed of 2 or more elements  Atoms combined in fixed proportions  Can be decomposed into two or more other substances by chemical change
  27. 27.  Turnblue litmus to red  React with many metals  React with bases
  28. 28.  An acid can be defined as a substance that yields hydrogen ions (H+) when dissolved in water.  HCl • Pure substance, hydrogen chloride • Dissolved in water (H+ Cl-), hydrochloric acid  Anoxoacid is an acid that contains hydrogen, oxygen, and another element.
  29. 29.  Cause color changes in plant dyes.  React with certain metals to produce hydrogen gas. 2HCl (aq) + Mg (s) MgCl2 (aq) + H2 (g)  Reactwith carbonates and bicarbonates to produce carbon dioxide gas 2HCl (aq) + CaCO3 (s) CaCl2 (aq) + CO2 (g) + H2O (l)  Aqueous acid solutions conduct electricity.
  30. 30.  pH – A Measure of Acidity
  31. 31.  Turnred litmus to blue  React with acids
  32. 32. A base can be defined as a substance that yields hydroxide ions (OH-) when dissolved in water. NaOH sodium hydroxide KOH potassium hydroxide Ba(OH)2 barium hydroxide
  33. 33.  A salt, is defined as the product formed from the neutralization reaction of acids and bases. Salts are ionic compounds composed of cations (positively charged ions) and anions (negative ions) so that the product is electrically neutral (without a net charge)
  34. 34. acid + base salt + water HCl (aq) + NaOH (aq) NaCl (aq) + H2O H+ + Cl- + Na+ + OH- Na+ + Cl- + H2O H+ + OH- H2O 4.3
  35. 35. Wala akong boses Kaya please, konting katahimikan at pag- itindi ang aking hiling  Salamat, Ma’am Pie 
  36. 36. 1. Identify the physical state of the following: a) Helium in a toy balloon b) vitamin tablets in a bottle c) mercury in a thermometer
  37. 37. 2. Identify the type of property in the following statements: a. Yellow-green chlorine gas attacks silvery sodium metal to form white crystals of sodium chloride. b. A magnet separates the mixture of black iron shavings and white sand.
  38. 38. 3. State which type of change occurs in the following statements: a. Passing an electric current through molten magnesium chloride yields molten magnesium and gaseous chlorine. b. The iron in discarded automobiles forms reddish brown, crumbly rust.
  39. 39. c. Chopping a log d. Burning a log e. Toasting a slice of bread
  40. 40. 4. What is the key difference between an element and a compound? 5. List two differences between a compound and a mixture. 6. Make a concept of the Classification of Matter.
  41. 41. HETEROGENEOUS  Varies in composition and or properties from one part of the mixture to another HOMOGENEOUS  Has the same/uniform composition and properties throughout
  42. 42. Kind of mixture Particle size Examples Characteristics
  43. 43. SUSPENSION  >1000 nm  Particles are more or less evenly dispersed throughout a liquid or gas  Different parts separate over time
  44. 44. SOLUTION  0.2-2.0 nm  A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances uniformly dispersed throughout a single phase
  45. 45. Gas Liquid Solid Gas Oxygen and The odor of a other gases in Water vapor in solid -- nitrogen (air) air (humidity) molecules of that solid being dissolved in the air Liquid Carbon dioxide Ethanol Sucrose (table in water (common sugar) in water; (carbonated alcohol) in sodium chloride water) water; various (table salt) in hydrocarbons in water each other (petroleum) * Solid Hydrogen Water in Steel, Brass, dissolved to activated other metal palladium charcoal alloys
  46. 46. COLLOID  2.0-1000 nm  Consists of tiny particles that are suspended in a liquid, solid, or gas  Stable heterogeneous mixtures  Exhibits Tyndall effect
  47. 47.  Decantation • separates liquids from solids that have settled  Evaporation • Separates the solid (residue) from the liquid (filtrate) parts of the mixture
  48. 48.  Distillation
  49. 49.  Filtration
  50. 50.  Centrifugation
  51. 51.  Chromatography
  52. 52.  Sugar dissolved in water  Mixture of ethyl alcohol and water  Mixture of salt and sand  Iron filings, mongo seeds and salt mixture
  • LightSaber030

    Sep. 21, 2015
  • MeowykinsMcMeowy

    Sep. 21, 2015
  • JakeLim6

    Sep. 21, 2015
  • Atheatut

    Sep. 13, 2015
  • athea829

    Aug. 13, 2015

-classification -properties -phases

Vistos

Vistos totais

1.961

No Slideshare

0

De incorporações

0

Número de incorporações

2

Ações

Baixados

57

Compartilhados

0

Comentários

0

Curtir

5

×