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New Patterns for 
ADL Architectures and 
Learning Designs
1994 1998 2000 2004 2012 2013 2014 
A Short History of 
ADL Research at the ISN 
ISN’s Digital Library started 
ISN’s ADL ...
Educational Design 
Integration Patterns
Pillars for our Work 
ADL 
Delivery 
Channels 
Blended 
Learning 
Personalized 
Learning 
XAPI 
and 
TLA 
Integra%ng 
the ...
Course 
Mgmt 
Our view on the TLA 
LRS 
Content Broker 
Learner Profile 
LRS 
Content Broker 
Learner Profile 
SCORM 
Sequ...
Our Results build on the 
Experiences in Developing and 
Deploying Two Tools
Mobler Cards
ISN Personal Dossiers 
(http://lab.isn.ethz.ch)
The Baseline for LD set by SCORM 
• Free Choice 
• Linear Sequences 
• Networked Sequences 
• Hierarchical Designs
Baseline for Practitioners 
Hybrid Learning (Design) Model
Ac%vity 
Type 
Role 
Role 
Statement 
Ac%vity 
Verbs 
(choose 
1 
or 
2) 
Interac%on 
Type 
ADL 
Tools
The Hybrid Learning Design 
Model can get used as a Tool for 
Educational Storylines
Learning design as a form of 
arranging learning activities
Our LD Patterns focus on 
the Transitions between 
Learning Activities
Revisit the SCORM Patterns 
• Free Choice – implicit 
• Linear Sequences – easy 
• Networked Sequences – hard 
• Hierarchi...
Learning Design Patterns 
for Extended Blended Learning 
• Preparation Pattern 
• Growth Pattern 
• Integration Pattern (l...
All Patterns have been modeled 
with Ilias LMS and Mobler Cards 
(unless indicated otherwise)
Basic preparation Lorem ipsum … 
Lorem 
ipsum 
… 
A 
ques%on 
pool 
is 
open 
un%l 
the 
main 
course 
starts
Homework for face-to-face classes 
Lorem ipsum … Lorem ipsum … Lorem ipsum … 
Every 
week 
a 
new 
ques%on 
pool 
replaces...
The Flipped Classroom 
Lorem Lorem ipsum … Lorem ipsum … 
AMer 
every 
session 
new 
exercises 
are 
ac%vated 
that 
are 
...
Basic Growth Pattern 
C.1 
C.2 
C.3 
C.4 
TEST 
E.1 
E.1+2 
E.1+2+3 
E.1+2+3+4 
More 
exercises 
become 
available 
with 
...
Basic Integration 
Pattern 
Each 
par%cipant 
gets 
specific 
exercises, 
the 
group 
synthesizes 
the 
knowledge
Lorem ipsum … 
Basic 
Specialization 
Pattern 
Online 
Test 
General 
exercises 
are 
available 
to 
all 
Special 
profess...
Teachers and Trainers can 
implement and control these 
patterns directly from within 
ILIAS using the built-in content 
e...
Patterns Beyond Mobler Cards
Basic Exploration
Resource Research 
ISN 
Personal 
Dossiers 
PaXern
Inquiry-based Learning 
Question 
Hypothesis 
Operationali-sation 
Planning 
Data 
Collection 
Commu-nication 
Interpretat...
Why is there no reward pattern?
Guides 
what 
can 
be 
evaluated 
or 
assessed 
Guides 
what 
can 
be 
evaluated 
automa%cally 
(or 
gamified) 
For 
relat...
The Key Challenge 
How to connect these activity 
patterns across several 
ADL-tools?
Architectural Patterns 
• Proxy LMS Pattern 
• Personal Hub Pattern 
• Integrating Environment Pattern 
• Activity Activat...
Mobler Cards App Ilias E-Portfolio 
System 
LRS LRS LRS 
Proxy LMS 
Sensor 
Network 
Core 
Mobler 
Cards 
Architecture
Mobile App VLE 
Personal Hub 
LRS 
LRS 
Sensor 
Network 
Mobile App 
LRS 
Sensor 
Network 
Mobler 
Cards 
synchronizes 
in...
Mostly 
PLE VLE 
LRS 
Integrating Environment 
implemented 
by 
Mobler 
Cards 
LRS 
VLE 
LRS 
PLE 
= 
Personal 
Learning 
...
Mobile App 
LRS 
HR-Mangement 
System 
LRS 
Complex Integration 
Local 
Sensor 
Network 
Simulation 
LRS 
Local 
Sensor 
N...
XAPI 
Activity Stream 
Log Data 
Learning Analytics 
Engine 
Event & Context 
Handler 
LRS 
Applica%on 
Specific 
Why is t...
XAPI 
Activity Stream 
Log Data 
Statistics 
UI 
Learning Analytics 
Engine 
Activity 
Provider 
Activity 
Selection 
Even...
Digital Library VLE 
Proxy Content 
Interaction Script 
CMI / 
LRS 
CMI / 
LRS 
Content 
Shadow LMS Pattern 
DRM 
Content ...
Limitations 
• High payload built into XAPI streams 
• Not really optimized for mobile apps 
• Unnecessary exposure of use...
Dr. Christian Glahn 
http://www.isn.ethz.ch 
https://github.com/ISN-Zurich/ 
@phish108 
hXp://slidesha.re/phish108 
hXp://...
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New Patterns for ADL Architectures and Learning Designs

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This presentation gives an overview on worked patterns for integrating complex learning designs into a network of ADL tools using the new ADL specifications XAPI and TLA. (It has been presented a the ADL Initiative on 18 Sep. 2014)

Publicada em: Tecnologia
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New Patterns for ADL Architectures and Learning Designs

  1. 1. New Patterns for ADL Architectures and Learning Designs
  2. 2. 1994 1998 2000 2004 2012 2013 2014 A Short History of ADL Research at the ISN ISN’s Digital Library started ISN’s ADL Activities Started PfP ADL WG started Ilias SCORM Editor Delivery Channels Ed. Design Patterns Mobile Mission Support Promo%ng and suppor%ng ADL in Europe
  3. 3. Educational Design Integration Patterns
  4. 4. Pillars for our Work ADL Delivery Channels Blended Learning Personalized Learning XAPI and TLA Integra%ng the new ADL-­‐ specs with exis%ng prac%ce
  5. 5. Course Mgmt Our view on the TLA LRS Content Broker Learner Profile LRS Content Broker Learner Profile SCORM Sequencing Content Mgmt xAPI IMS QTI OAuth/IMS LIP TLA SCORM Learning ADL Tool Management System From Centralis%c LMSes to distributed Learning Environments
  6. 6. Our Results build on the Experiences in Developing and Deploying Two Tools
  7. 7. Mobler Cards
  8. 8. ISN Personal Dossiers (http://lab.isn.ethz.ch)
  9. 9. The Baseline for LD set by SCORM • Free Choice • Linear Sequences • Networked Sequences • Hierarchical Designs
  10. 10. Baseline for Practitioners Hybrid Learning (Design) Model
  11. 11. Ac%vity Type Role Role Statement Ac%vity Verbs (choose 1 or 2) Interac%on Type ADL Tools
  12. 12. The Hybrid Learning Design Model can get used as a Tool for Educational Storylines
  13. 13. Learning design as a form of arranging learning activities
  14. 14. Our LD Patterns focus on the Transitions between Learning Activities
  15. 15. Revisit the SCORM Patterns • Free Choice – implicit • Linear Sequences – easy • Networked Sequences – hard • Hierarchical Designs – confusing
  16. 16. Learning Design Patterns for Extended Blended Learning • Preparation Pattern • Growth Pattern • Integration Pattern (learners integrate knowledge) • Specialization Pattern • Exploration Pattern
  17. 17. All Patterns have been modeled with Ilias LMS and Mobler Cards (unless indicated otherwise)
  18. 18. Basic preparation Lorem ipsum … Lorem ipsum … A ques%on pool is open un%l the main course starts
  19. 19. Homework for face-to-face classes Lorem ipsum … Lorem ipsum … Lorem ipsum … Every week a new ques%on pool replaces the old ones
  20. 20. The Flipped Classroom Lorem Lorem ipsum … Lorem ipsum … AMer every session new exercises are ac%vated that are discussed during the next session
  21. 21. Basic Growth Pattern C.1 C.2 C.3 C.4 TEST E.1 E.1+2 E.1+2+3 E.1+2+3+4 More exercises become available with every completed chapter
  22. 22. Basic Integration Pattern Each par%cipant gets specific exercises, the group synthesizes the knowledge
  23. 23. Lorem ipsum … Basic Specialization Pattern Online Test General exercises are available to all Special professional learning needs
  24. 24. Teachers and Trainers can implement and control these patterns directly from within ILIAS using the built-in content editor, role management, and access-rules
  25. 25. Patterns Beyond Mobler Cards
  26. 26. Basic Exploration
  27. 27. Resource Research ISN Personal Dossiers PaXern
  28. 28. Inquiry-based Learning Question Hypothesis Operationali-sation Planning Data Collection Commu-nication Interpretation Discussion Data analysis Reporting h3p://wespot.net
  29. 29. Why is there no reward pattern?
  30. 30. Guides what can be evaluated or assessed Guides what can be evaluated automa%cally (or gamified) For related paXerns see Glahn, 2009, Verpoorten, 2013, and Kelle, 2013
  31. 31. The Key Challenge How to connect these activity patterns across several ADL-tools?
  32. 32. Architectural Patterns • Proxy LMS Pattern • Personal Hub Pattern • Integrating Environment Pattern • Activity Activation • Shadow LMS Pattern
  33. 33. Mobler Cards App Ilias E-Portfolio System LRS LRS LRS Proxy LMS Sensor Network Core Mobler Cards Architecture
  34. 34. Mobile App VLE Personal Hub LRS LRS Sensor Network Mobile App LRS Sensor Network Mobler Cards synchronizes instances via the LMS VLE = Virtual Learning Environment (or LMS)
  35. 35. Mostly PLE VLE LRS Integrating Environment implemented by Mobler Cards LRS VLE LRS PLE = Personal Learning Environment
  36. 36. Mobile App LRS HR-Mangement System LRS Complex Integration Local Sensor Network Simulation LRS Local Sensor Network VLE LRS VLE LRS E-Portfolio System LRS SCORM My Future Vision of a Learning Environment
  37. 37. XAPI Activity Stream Log Data Learning Analytics Engine Event & Context Handler LRS Applica%on Specific Why is there no central LRS?
  38. 38. XAPI Activity Stream Log Data Statistics UI Learning Analytics Engine Activity Provider Activity Selection Event & Context Handler Learning Environment Activity Activation Pattern Activity Activation LRS Learning Design Decisions
  39. 39. Digital Library VLE Proxy Content Interaction Script CMI / LRS CMI / LRS Content Shadow LMS Pattern DRM Content and Learning Processes are Managed in Different Systems (supported by ISN Personal Dossiers)
  40. 40. Limitations • High payload built into XAPI streams • Not really optimized for mobile apps • Unnecessary exposure of user data (shadow LMS) • XAPI still bound to a client-server architecture • Missing filters and triggers • Avoid implicit models such as found in IMS Simple Sequencing • Unclear how main activity stream should get filtered in practice (e.g. for course facilitators and students) • TLA is unspecified at a functional level (yet) • Missing process model
  41. 41. Dr. Christian Glahn http://www.isn.ethz.ch https://github.com/ISN-Zurich/ @phish108 hXp://slidesha.re/phish108 hXp://lo-­‐f.at/glahn

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