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THE MBTI IS A self report instrument Non judgmental An indicator of preferences Well researched Rich in theory Professionally interpreted Used internationally A way to sort, not to measure
HISTORY OF MBTI Based on Swiss psychologist Carl G Jung’stype theory (1920s) Behaviour is individual and predictable Developed by Katherine Briggs (mother)and Isabel Myers (daughter) 1940s The most widely used personality indicatorin the world Approximately 1 to 3 million people areadministered by MBTI each year
THE MBTI DOES NOT MEASURE IQ Psychiatric disturbances Emotions Trauma Stress Learning Normalcy Maturity Illness Affluence
ASSUMPTIONS OF TYPE THEORY Preferences are inborn We use both poles at different times, but notwith equal confidence All of the types are equally valuable
E-I DICHOTOMYEXTRAVERSION INTROVERSION Attention focused outward:people, things, action Using trial and errors withconfidence Relaxed and confident Scanning the environmentfor stimulation Seeks variety and action Wants to be with others Live it, then understand it Attention focused inward:concepts, ideas, feelings Considering deeplybefore acting Reserved andquestioning Probing inwardly forstimulation Seeks quiet forconcentration Wants time to be alone Understand it before, liveit
S-N DICHOTOMYSENSING INTUITION Perceiving with the 5 senses Reliance on experience andactual data Practical In touch with physical realities Attending to the presentmoment Live life as it is Prefer using learned skills Pay attention to details Make few factual errors Perceiving with memory andassociation (6th sense) Seeing patterns andmeanings Innovation Seeing possibilities Future achivement Projecting possibilities forthe future Change, rearrange life Prefers adding new skills Look at big picture Identifies complex pattern
T-F DICHOTOMYTHINKING FEELING Decision based on thelogic of the situation Uses cause and effectreasoning Strive for an objectivestandard of truth Can be tough-minded Fair- want everyonetreated equally Decisions based onimpact on people Guided by personalvalues Strive for harmony andpositive interaction May appear tenderhearted Fair-want everyonetreated as an individual
J-P DICHOTOMYJUDGING PERCEIVING Focuses on completingtask Deciding and planning Organizing andscheduling Controlling and regulating Goal oriented Wanting closure evenwhen data are incomplete Wants only the essentialsof the job Focuses on startingtask Taking in information Adapting and changing Curious and interested Open minded Resisting closure inorder to obtain moredata Wants to find out aboutthe job
ADVANTAGES OF MBTI Self awareness for better self-management Identification of behaviour trends thathave positive outcomes Identification of behaviour trends thathave less desirable outcomes Link trends with other data points toclarify personal or professionaldevelopmental opportunities
DISADVANTAGES OF MBTI Trying to predict others behaviour Trying to estimate another individual type(eg. You must be an extravert because youare so gregarious) Assuming that how a preference plays foryou is exactly how it would play out forsomeone else Justifying behavior (eg. Declaring that theindividual must be P because he is alwayslate)