Branches of chemistry

PAVEL HASAN
PAVEL HASANStudent at IUBAT em Student
Presentation On
BRANCHES
OF
CHEMISTRY
Definition Of chemistry
• Chemistry is the study of the substances, specially their
structure, properties, transformations and the energy changes
accompanying these transformation.
Or, the branch of science that deals with the identification of
the substances of which matter is composed; the investigation
of their properties and the ways in which they interact,
combine, and change; and the use of these processes to form
new substances.
Some Uses of Chemistry
• Everything is made of chemicals. Many of the changes we
observe in the world around we see that caused by chemical
reactions. Chemistry is very important because it helps us to
know the composition, structure& changes of matter. All the
matters are made up of chemistry. In our every day like
various chemical are being used in various form, some of
those are being used as food, some of those used clanging etc.
Some Uses of Chemistry
 Industries and Transport
 Food Security and Agriculture
 Science and Technology
 Cooking
 Cleaning
 Medicine
 Environmental Issues
 Polymers
 Building Materials , etc.
Branches of Chemistry
• There are five main branches of chemistry:
Organic chemistry
Inorganic chemistry
Analytical chemistry
Physical Chemistry
Biochemistry
Organic Chemistry
• Organic Chemistry is the study of compounds that contain the
elements carbon and hydrogen.
Or, Organic chemistry involves the study of the structure,
properties, and preparation of chemical compounds that consist
primarily of carbon and hydrogen. Examples: Petroleum,
almost all medicine, food
ORGANIC
Known as carbon
chemistry
Food chemistry
Fossil Fuels
Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
• Organic chemistry overlaps with many areas including-
Medicinal chemistry —the design, development, and
synthesis of medicinal drugs. It overlaps with
pharmacology (the study of drug action).
Organometallic chemistry — the study of chemical
compounds containing bonds between carbon and a metal.
Polymer chemistry — the study of the chemistry of
polymers.
Organic Chemistry
 Physical organic chemistry — the study of the
interrelationships between structure and reactivity in
organic molecules.
 Stereochemistry — the study of the spatial
arrangements of atoms in molecules and their effects
on the chemical and physical properties of
substances.
Inorganic chemistry
• The study of compounds that are made of only one or no
carbon elements. It covers all chemical compounds except
organic compounds.
• Inorganic chemistry study things such as crystal structures,
minerals, metals, catalysts, and most elements in the Periodic
Table.
INORGANIC
Involves all elements
Metals/Materials
chemistry
Chemical Reactions
Inorganic chemistry
Inorganic chemistry
• Branches of inorganic chemistry include:
Bioinorganic chemistry — the study of the interaction of
metal ions with living tissue, mainly through their direct
effect on enzyme activity.
Geochemistry — the study of the chemical composition
and changes in rocks, minerals, and atmosphere of the earth
or a celestial body.
Inorganic chemistry
Nuclear chemistry — the study of radioactive substances.
Organometallic chemistry — the study of chemical
compounds containing bonds between carbon and a metal.
Solid-state chemistry — the study of the synthesis,
structure, and properties of solid materials.
Analytical Chemistry
• It is the study of the separation, identification,
and quantification of the chemical components of natural and
artificial materials. It has qualitative analysis which is more on
the physical properties and identity and quantitative analysis
the measurement and amount of a certain substance.
• Analytical chemistry involves the qualitative and quantitative
determination of the chemical components of substances.
ANALYTICAL
Identifies, Evaluates,
Compares
Uses instruments to
find answers
Basis of
Chemical Research
Analytical Chemistry
Analytical Chemistry
• Examples of areas using analytical chemistry include:
 Forensic chemistry — the application of chemical principles,
techniques, and methods to the investigation of crime.
 Environmental chemistry —the study of the chemical and biochemical
phenomena that occur in the environment. It relies heavily on analytical
chemistry and includes atmospheric, aquatic, and soil chemistry.
 Bioanalytical Chemistry — the examination of biological materials
such as blood, urine, hair, saliva, and sweat to detect the presence of
specific drugs.
Physical Chemistry
• Chemistry that relies on a lot of physics and math to study the
changes in energy that happen to matter.
• The study of the shape of non-living matter and how that
affects matter at the visible scale.
• Physical chemists typically study the rate of a chemical
reaction, the interaction of molecules with radiation, and the
calculation of structures and properties.
PHYSICAL
Heating/Freezing of
materials
Involves matter and
energy
Exothermic, Endergonic—
Nuclear chemistry
Physical Chemistry
Physical Chemistry
Sub-branches of physical chemistry include:
 Photochemistry — the study of the chemical changes caused by
light.
 Surface chemistry — the study of chemical reactions at surfaces of
substances. It includes topics like adsorption, heterogeneous
catalysis, formation of colloids, corrosion, electrode processes, and
chromatography.
 Chemical kinetics — the study of the rates of chemical reactions, the
factors affecting those rates, and the mechanism by which the
reactions proceed.
Physical Chemistry
 Quantum chemistry — the mathematical description of the
motion and interaction of subatomic particles. It incorporates
quantization of energy, wave-particle duality, the uncertainty
principle, and their relationship to chemical processes.
 Spectroscopy — the use of the absorption, emission, or
scattering of electromagnetic radiation by matter to study the
matter or the chemical processes it undergoes.
Biochemistry
• Biochemistry is the study of the chemistry in
biological processes of all living organisms. There is
an evident overlapping of different branches of
chemistry but they are all observed in the systems of
living things.
• Biochemical research includes cancer and stem cell
biology, infectious disease, and cell membrane and
structural biology.
BIOCHEMISTRY
“Living” Chemistry;
Environmental
Medical research
Proteins, Amino
Acids, DNA, food
Biochemistry
Biochemistry
• It spans molecular biology, genetics, biochemical pharmacology,
clinical biochemistry, and agricultural biochemistry. Sub-branches of
biochemistry is-
 Molecular biology — the study of the interactions between the
various systems of a cell, such as the different types of DNA, RNA,
and protein biosynthesis.
 Genetics — the study of genes, heredity, and variation in living
organisms.
 Pharmacology — the study of mechanisms of drug action and the
influence of drugs on an organism.
Biochemistry
 Toxicology —a sub-branch of pharmacology that studies the
effects of poisons on living organisms.
 Clinical biochemistry — the study of the changes that disease
causes in the chemical composition and biochemical processes
of the body.
 Agricultural biochemistry — the study of the chemistry that
occurs in plants, animals, and microorganisms.
Sub-branches of chemistry
 Nuclear Chemistry –
It is the study of radioactive elements
nuclear processes and nuclear properties.
 Radioactive decay-
Radioactive decay is the process by which an
unstable atomic nucleus loses energy by emitting
ionizing particles or radiation.
Sub-branches of chemistry
 Materials Chemistry –
It is the preparation, characterization, and
understanding of substances with a useful
function. This is more of application of
chemistry in different sciences, engineering and
industry.
******THEEND******
1 de 27

Recomendados

Introduction to chemistry por
Introduction to chemistryIntroduction to chemistry
Introduction to chemistryKhanSaif2
28.5K visualizações11 slides
Chemistry por
ChemistryChemistry
ChemistryDaniel Tabinga
51.2K visualizações21 slides
Isotopes por
IsotopesIsotopes
IsotopesSaba khokhar
29.7K visualizações22 slides
Stoichiometry por
StoichiometryStoichiometry
StoichiometryLiwayway Memije-Cruz
16.3K visualizações28 slides
The Periodic Table por
The Periodic TableThe Periodic Table
The Periodic TableCurrituck County High School
118.2K visualizações40 slides
Periodic Table of Elements por
Periodic Table of ElementsPeriodic Table of Elements
Periodic Table of Elementsdumouchelle
97.7K visualizações68 slides

Mais conteúdo relacionado

Mais procurados

Lecture 8.1- Ionic vs. Covalent por
Lecture 8.1- Ionic vs. CovalentLecture 8.1- Ionic vs. Covalent
Lecture 8.1- Ionic vs. CovalentMary Beth Smith
28.7K visualizações38 slides
Introduction to chemistry por
Introduction to chemistryIntroduction to chemistry
Introduction to chemistryMoshe Lacson
21K visualizações9 slides
Introduction to atomic theory ppt por
Introduction to atomic theory pptIntroduction to atomic theory ppt
Introduction to atomic theory pptMariana Serrato
22.2K visualizações16 slides
Chemistry - Chp 1 - Introduction To Chemistry - PowerPoint por
Chemistry - Chp 1 - Introduction To Chemistry - PowerPointChemistry - Chp 1 - Introduction To Chemistry - PowerPoint
Chemistry - Chp 1 - Introduction To Chemistry - PowerPointMr. Walajtys
24.9K visualizações41 slides
Atoms And Subatomic Particles por
Atoms And  Subatomic ParticlesAtoms And  Subatomic Particles
Atoms And Subatomic Particlestnewberry
22.7K visualizações14 slides
organic and inorganic chemistry por
organic and inorganic chemistry organic and inorganic chemistry
organic and inorganic chemistry AsadAli751
4.4K visualizações74 slides

Mais procurados(20)

Lecture 8.1- Ionic vs. Covalent por Mary Beth Smith
Lecture 8.1- Ionic vs. CovalentLecture 8.1- Ionic vs. Covalent
Lecture 8.1- Ionic vs. Covalent
Mary Beth Smith28.7K visualizações
Introduction to chemistry por Moshe Lacson
Introduction to chemistryIntroduction to chemistry
Introduction to chemistry
Moshe Lacson21K visualizações
Introduction to atomic theory ppt por Mariana Serrato
Introduction to atomic theory pptIntroduction to atomic theory ppt
Introduction to atomic theory ppt
Mariana Serrato22.2K visualizações
Chemistry - Chp 1 - Introduction To Chemistry - PowerPoint por Mr. Walajtys
Chemistry - Chp 1 - Introduction To Chemistry - PowerPointChemistry - Chp 1 - Introduction To Chemistry - PowerPoint
Chemistry - Chp 1 - Introduction To Chemistry - PowerPoint
Mr. Walajtys24.9K visualizações
Atoms And Subatomic Particles por tnewberry
Atoms And  Subatomic ParticlesAtoms And  Subatomic Particles
Atoms And Subatomic Particles
tnewberry22.7K visualizações
organic and inorganic chemistry por AsadAli751
organic and inorganic chemistry organic and inorganic chemistry
organic and inorganic chemistry
AsadAli7514.4K visualizações
Writing and Balancing Chemical Equation por Danica Gutierrez
Writing and Balancing Chemical EquationWriting and Balancing Chemical Equation
Writing and Balancing Chemical Equation
Danica Gutierrez23.3K visualizações
Basic Chemistry por mpattani
Basic ChemistryBasic Chemistry
Basic Chemistry
mpattani40.2K visualizações
Chemistry matter-ppt por Nishanth Dara
Chemistry matter-ppt Chemistry matter-ppt
Chemistry matter-ppt
Nishanth Dara5.6K visualizações
The kinetic molecular theory of matter por Laurence Carino
The kinetic molecular theory of matterThe kinetic molecular theory of matter
The kinetic molecular theory of matter
Laurence Carino10.2K visualizações
Chapter 1 - Introduction to Chemistry por Kendon Smith
Chapter 1 - Introduction to ChemistryChapter 1 - Introduction to Chemistry
Chapter 1 - Introduction to Chemistry
Kendon Smith20.5K visualizações
Atoms, Molecules, and Ions por Lumen Learning
Atoms, Molecules, and IonsAtoms, Molecules, and Ions
Atoms, Molecules, and Ions
Lumen Learning12.5K visualizações
Introduction to Chemistry por Kev R
Introduction to ChemistryIntroduction to Chemistry
Introduction to Chemistry
Kev R3K visualizações
Intermolecular Forces por Joevi Jhun Idul
Intermolecular ForcesIntermolecular Forces
Intermolecular Forces
Joevi Jhun Idul28.4K visualizações
2.1.3.1 octet rule por Martin Brown
2.1.3.1 octet rule2.1.3.1 octet rule
2.1.3.1 octet rule
Martin Brown11.1K visualizações
CHEMISTRY basic concepts of chemistry por AJAL A J
CHEMISTRY  basic concepts of chemistryCHEMISTRY  basic concepts of chemistry
CHEMISTRY basic concepts of chemistry
AJAL A J4.3K visualizações
Concentration units por Sidra Javed
Concentration unitsConcentration units
Concentration units
Sidra Javed16.7K visualizações

Similar a Branches of chemistry

chemistry .pptx por
 chemistry .pptx chemistry .pptx
chemistry .pptxRidaAmir3
32 visualizações11 slides
Chemistry in our daily life and its importance por
Chemistry in our daily life and its importanceChemistry in our daily life and its importance
Chemistry in our daily life and its importanceAMIR HASSAN
10.1K visualizações73 slides
What is chemistry por
What is chemistryWhat is chemistry
What is chemistryshankar bera
111 visualizações10 slides
Chemistry Branches por
Chemistry BranchesChemistry Branches
Chemistry BranchesCarlFrancisLanuza
21 visualizações11 slides
Chemistry 9th class Chapter 1 Branches por
Chemistry 9th class Chapter 1 BranchesChemistry 9th class Chapter 1 Branches
Chemistry 9th class Chapter 1 BranchesGhanwaSamad
4.1K visualizações19 slides
English For Chemistry por
English For ChemistryEnglish For Chemistry
English For ChemistryDr. Shadia Banjar
6.7K visualizações14 slides

Similar a Branches of chemistry(20)

chemistry .pptx por RidaAmir3
 chemistry .pptx chemistry .pptx
chemistry .pptx
RidaAmir332 visualizações
Chemistry in our daily life and its importance por AMIR HASSAN
Chemistry in our daily life and its importanceChemistry in our daily life and its importance
Chemistry in our daily life and its importance
AMIR HASSAN10.1K visualizações
What is chemistry por shankar bera
What is chemistryWhat is chemistry
What is chemistry
shankar bera111 visualizações
Chemistry Branches por CarlFrancisLanuza
Chemistry BranchesChemistry Branches
Chemistry Branches
CarlFrancisLanuza21 visualizações
Chemistry 9th class Chapter 1 Branches por GhanwaSamad
Chemistry 9th class Chapter 1 BranchesChemistry 9th class Chapter 1 Branches
Chemistry 9th class Chapter 1 Branches
GhanwaSamad4.1K visualizações
English For Chemistry por Dr. Shadia Banjar
English For ChemistryEnglish For Chemistry
English For Chemistry
Dr. Shadia Banjar6.7K visualizações
01-2-CPU2020LJB.pdf por Israelpeculiar
01-2-CPU2020LJB.pdf01-2-CPU2020LJB.pdf
01-2-CPU2020LJB.pdf
Israelpeculiar13 visualizações
Chemical specializations por AbdelRahman Kamal
Chemical specializationsChemical specializations
Chemical specializations
AbdelRahman Kamal146 visualizações
Chemistry por PRINTDESK by Dan
ChemistryChemistry
Chemistry
PRINTDESK by Dan438 visualizações
Chemistry 9Th Book, PUNJAB TEXT BOOK por Sumama Shakir
Chemistry 9Th Book, PUNJAB TEXT BOOK Chemistry 9Th Book, PUNJAB TEXT BOOK
Chemistry 9Th Book, PUNJAB TEXT BOOK
Sumama Shakir28.4K visualizações
Chemistry 9 por Mehtab Rai
Chemistry 9Chemistry 9
Chemistry 9
Mehtab Rai3K visualizações
Presentation chemistry por AbhishekKumar4772
Presentation chemistryPresentation chemistry
Presentation chemistry
AbhishekKumar47721.6K visualizações
Branches of CHemistry por janehbasto
Branches of CHemistryBranches of CHemistry
Branches of CHemistry
janehbasto4.6K visualizações
Chemistry por Abhimanyu Gupta
ChemistryChemistry
Chemistry
Abhimanyu Gupta30 visualizações
Lec 1. Biochemistry.pptx por jawher Ali
Lec 1. Biochemistry.pptxLec 1. Biochemistry.pptx
Lec 1. Biochemistry.pptx
jawher Ali5 visualizações
Chemistry as a science por soundarya
Chemistry as a scienceChemistry as a science
Chemistry as a science
soundarya 11 visualizações
chemistry introduction por Muneeb Ahmed
chemistry introductionchemistry introduction
chemistry introduction
Muneeb Ahmed528 visualizações
Introduction of Basic Chemistry por Ammar Jamil
Introduction of Basic ChemistryIntroduction of Basic Chemistry
Introduction of Basic Chemistry
Ammar Jamil699 visualizações
Chapter 1 (1) por SHERIFA s
Chapter 1 (1)Chapter 1 (1)
Chapter 1 (1)
SHERIFA s43 visualizações
2500_TOXICOLOGY - unit I - part i.pptx por ImedMAATOUK3
2500_TOXICOLOGY - unit I - part i.pptx2500_TOXICOLOGY - unit I - part i.pptx
2500_TOXICOLOGY - unit I - part i.pptx
ImedMAATOUK314 visualizações

Último

Retail Store Scavenger Hunt.pptx por
Retail Store Scavenger Hunt.pptxRetail Store Scavenger Hunt.pptx
Retail Store Scavenger Hunt.pptxjmurphy154
47 visualizações10 slides
GCSE Spanish por
GCSE SpanishGCSE Spanish
GCSE SpanishWestHatch
53 visualizações166 slides
Thanksgiving!.pdf por
Thanksgiving!.pdfThanksgiving!.pdf
Thanksgiving!.pdfEnglishCEIPdeSigeiro
401 visualizações17 slides
The Accursed House by Émile Gaboriau por
The Accursed House  by Émile GaboriauThe Accursed House  by Émile Gaboriau
The Accursed House by Émile GaboriauDivyaSheta
234 visualizações15 slides
A-Level Art por
A-Level ArtA-Level Art
A-Level ArtWestHatch
48 visualizações82 slides
Mineral nutrition and Fertilizer use of Cashew por
 Mineral nutrition and Fertilizer use of Cashew Mineral nutrition and Fertilizer use of Cashew
Mineral nutrition and Fertilizer use of CashewAruna Srikantha Jayawardana
52 visualizações107 slides

Último(20)

Retail Store Scavenger Hunt.pptx por jmurphy154
Retail Store Scavenger Hunt.pptxRetail Store Scavenger Hunt.pptx
Retail Store Scavenger Hunt.pptx
jmurphy15447 visualizações
GCSE Spanish por WestHatch
GCSE SpanishGCSE Spanish
GCSE Spanish
WestHatch53 visualizações
The Accursed House by Émile Gaboriau por DivyaSheta
The Accursed House  by Émile GaboriauThe Accursed House  by Émile Gaboriau
The Accursed House by Émile Gaboriau
DivyaSheta234 visualizações
A-Level Art por WestHatch
A-Level ArtA-Level Art
A-Level Art
WestHatch48 visualizações
GCSE Geography por WestHatch
GCSE GeographyGCSE Geography
GCSE Geography
WestHatch47 visualizações
CUNY IT Picciano.pptx por apicciano
CUNY IT Picciano.pptxCUNY IT Picciano.pptx
CUNY IT Picciano.pptx
apicciano56 visualizações
Meet the Bible por Steve Thomason
Meet the BibleMeet the Bible
Meet the Bible
Steve Thomason69 visualizações
When Sex Gets Complicated: Porn, Affairs, & Cybersex por Marlene Maheu
When Sex Gets Complicated: Porn, Affairs, & CybersexWhen Sex Gets Complicated: Porn, Affairs, & Cybersex
When Sex Gets Complicated: Porn, Affairs, & Cybersex
Marlene Maheu99 visualizações
CONTENTS.pptx por iguerendiain
CONTENTS.pptxCONTENTS.pptx
CONTENTS.pptx
iguerendiain65 visualizações
Gopal Chakraborty Memorial Quiz 2.0 Prelims.pptx por Debapriya Chakraborty
Gopal Chakraborty Memorial Quiz 2.0 Prelims.pptxGopal Chakraborty Memorial Quiz 2.0 Prelims.pptx
Gopal Chakraborty Memorial Quiz 2.0 Prelims.pptx
Debapriya Chakraborty709 visualizações
UNIDAD 3 6º C.MEDIO.pptx por MarcosRodriguezUcedo
UNIDAD 3 6º C.MEDIO.pptxUNIDAD 3 6º C.MEDIO.pptx
UNIDAD 3 6º C.MEDIO.pptx
MarcosRodriguezUcedo139 visualizações
Classification of crude drugs.pptx por GayatriPatra14
Classification of crude drugs.pptxClassification of crude drugs.pptx
Classification of crude drugs.pptx
GayatriPatra14104 visualizações
Jibachha publishing Textbook.docx por DrJibachhaSahVetphys
Jibachha publishing Textbook.docxJibachha publishing Textbook.docx
Jibachha publishing Textbook.docx
DrJibachhaSahVetphys53 visualizações
11.28.23 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx por mary850239
11.28.23 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx11.28.23 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx
11.28.23 Social Capital and Social Exclusion.pptx
mary850239383 visualizações
Monthly Information Session for MV Asterix (November) por Esquimalt MFRC
Monthly Information Session for MV Asterix (November)Monthly Information Session for MV Asterix (November)
Monthly Information Session for MV Asterix (November)
Esquimalt MFRC91 visualizações
ISO/IEC 27001 and ISO/IEC 27005: Managing AI Risks Effectively por PECB
ISO/IEC 27001 and ISO/IEC 27005: Managing AI Risks EffectivelyISO/IEC 27001 and ISO/IEC 27005: Managing AI Risks Effectively
ISO/IEC 27001 and ISO/IEC 27005: Managing AI Risks Effectively
PECB 651 visualizações
How to empty an One2many field in Odoo por Celine George
How to empty an One2many field in OdooHow to empty an One2many field in Odoo
How to empty an One2many field in Odoo
Celine George97 visualizações

Branches of chemistry

  • 2. Definition Of chemistry • Chemistry is the study of the substances, specially their structure, properties, transformations and the energy changes accompanying these transformation. Or, the branch of science that deals with the identification of the substances of which matter is composed; the investigation of their properties and the ways in which they interact, combine, and change; and the use of these processes to form new substances.
  • 3. Some Uses of Chemistry • Everything is made of chemicals. Many of the changes we observe in the world around we see that caused by chemical reactions. Chemistry is very important because it helps us to know the composition, structure& changes of matter. All the matters are made up of chemistry. In our every day like various chemical are being used in various form, some of those are being used as food, some of those used clanging etc.
  • 4. Some Uses of Chemistry  Industries and Transport  Food Security and Agriculture  Science and Technology  Cooking  Cleaning  Medicine  Environmental Issues  Polymers  Building Materials , etc.
  • 5. Branches of Chemistry • There are five main branches of chemistry: Organic chemistry Inorganic chemistry Analytical chemistry Physical Chemistry Biochemistry
  • 6. Organic Chemistry • Organic Chemistry is the study of compounds that contain the elements carbon and hydrogen. Or, Organic chemistry involves the study of the structure, properties, and preparation of chemical compounds that consist primarily of carbon and hydrogen. Examples: Petroleum, almost all medicine, food
  • 7. ORGANIC Known as carbon chemistry Food chemistry Fossil Fuels Organic Chemistry
  • 8. Organic Chemistry • Organic chemistry overlaps with many areas including- Medicinal chemistry —the design, development, and synthesis of medicinal drugs. It overlaps with pharmacology (the study of drug action). Organometallic chemistry — the study of chemical compounds containing bonds between carbon and a metal. Polymer chemistry — the study of the chemistry of polymers.
  • 9. Organic Chemistry  Physical organic chemistry — the study of the interrelationships between structure and reactivity in organic molecules.  Stereochemistry — the study of the spatial arrangements of atoms in molecules and their effects on the chemical and physical properties of substances.
  • 10. Inorganic chemistry • The study of compounds that are made of only one or no carbon elements. It covers all chemical compounds except organic compounds. • Inorganic chemistry study things such as crystal structures, minerals, metals, catalysts, and most elements in the Periodic Table.
  • 12. Inorganic chemistry • Branches of inorganic chemistry include: Bioinorganic chemistry — the study of the interaction of metal ions with living tissue, mainly through their direct effect on enzyme activity. Geochemistry — the study of the chemical composition and changes in rocks, minerals, and atmosphere of the earth or a celestial body.
  • 13. Inorganic chemistry Nuclear chemistry — the study of radioactive substances. Organometallic chemistry — the study of chemical compounds containing bonds between carbon and a metal. Solid-state chemistry — the study of the synthesis, structure, and properties of solid materials.
  • 14. Analytical Chemistry • It is the study of the separation, identification, and quantification of the chemical components of natural and artificial materials. It has qualitative analysis which is more on the physical properties and identity and quantitative analysis the measurement and amount of a certain substance. • Analytical chemistry involves the qualitative and quantitative determination of the chemical components of substances.
  • 15. ANALYTICAL Identifies, Evaluates, Compares Uses instruments to find answers Basis of Chemical Research Analytical Chemistry
  • 16. Analytical Chemistry • Examples of areas using analytical chemistry include:  Forensic chemistry — the application of chemical principles, techniques, and methods to the investigation of crime.  Environmental chemistry —the study of the chemical and biochemical phenomena that occur in the environment. It relies heavily on analytical chemistry and includes atmospheric, aquatic, and soil chemistry.  Bioanalytical Chemistry — the examination of biological materials such as blood, urine, hair, saliva, and sweat to detect the presence of specific drugs.
  • 17. Physical Chemistry • Chemistry that relies on a lot of physics and math to study the changes in energy that happen to matter. • The study of the shape of non-living matter and how that affects matter at the visible scale. • Physical chemists typically study the rate of a chemical reaction, the interaction of molecules with radiation, and the calculation of structures and properties.
  • 18. PHYSICAL Heating/Freezing of materials Involves matter and energy Exothermic, Endergonic— Nuclear chemistry Physical Chemistry
  • 19. Physical Chemistry Sub-branches of physical chemistry include:  Photochemistry — the study of the chemical changes caused by light.  Surface chemistry — the study of chemical reactions at surfaces of substances. It includes topics like adsorption, heterogeneous catalysis, formation of colloids, corrosion, electrode processes, and chromatography.  Chemical kinetics — the study of the rates of chemical reactions, the factors affecting those rates, and the mechanism by which the reactions proceed.
  • 20. Physical Chemistry  Quantum chemistry — the mathematical description of the motion and interaction of subatomic particles. It incorporates quantization of energy, wave-particle duality, the uncertainty principle, and their relationship to chemical processes.  Spectroscopy — the use of the absorption, emission, or scattering of electromagnetic radiation by matter to study the matter or the chemical processes it undergoes.
  • 21. Biochemistry • Biochemistry is the study of the chemistry in biological processes of all living organisms. There is an evident overlapping of different branches of chemistry but they are all observed in the systems of living things. • Biochemical research includes cancer and stem cell biology, infectious disease, and cell membrane and structural biology.
  • 23. Biochemistry • It spans molecular biology, genetics, biochemical pharmacology, clinical biochemistry, and agricultural biochemistry. Sub-branches of biochemistry is-  Molecular biology — the study of the interactions between the various systems of a cell, such as the different types of DNA, RNA, and protein biosynthesis.  Genetics — the study of genes, heredity, and variation in living organisms.  Pharmacology — the study of mechanisms of drug action and the influence of drugs on an organism.
  • 24. Biochemistry  Toxicology —a sub-branch of pharmacology that studies the effects of poisons on living organisms.  Clinical biochemistry — the study of the changes that disease causes in the chemical composition and biochemical processes of the body.  Agricultural biochemistry — the study of the chemistry that occurs in plants, animals, and microorganisms.
  • 25. Sub-branches of chemistry  Nuclear Chemistry – It is the study of radioactive elements nuclear processes and nuclear properties.  Radioactive decay- Radioactive decay is the process by which an unstable atomic nucleus loses energy by emitting ionizing particles or radiation.
  • 26. Sub-branches of chemistry  Materials Chemistry – It is the preparation, characterization, and understanding of substances with a useful function. This is more of application of chemistry in different sciences, engineering and industry.