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Disaster mitigation and management a futuristic approach

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Disaster management plans are traditionally made to manage disasters. Effective management of disasters requires getting information to the right place at the right time using latest technologies. Leverage learning by local organizations, NGO’s and youth is one effective tool to improve disaster management outcomes. However, there are cognitive, organizational and social barriers that prevent these organizations from learning. Organizational culture is another important aspect to enhance learning and learning literature. In this connection, this paper emphasizes the need for National Disaster Management Force at all levels of society similar to the NSS and NCC in achieving effective disaster management. The necessity of need based systems and procedures, to expedite the transfer of technology to each and every citizen of the country; to implement effective rules and regulations; to design policies; to improve interdisciplinary approach in combating disasters are discussed. An effort is made to propose a futuristic approach to cater the challenges in disaster mitigation and management for safe and resilient India.

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Disaster mitigation and management a futuristic approach

  1. 1. DISASTER MITIGATION AND MANAGEMENT - A FUTURISTIC APPROACH 1Professor, 2 UG Student, Department of Civil Engineering, Sree Vidyanikethan Engineering College(Autonomous), A. Rangampet, Tirupati – 517102, Chittoor Dist., Andhra Pradesh. BY Dr. O. ESWARA REDDY1 and Mr. A. PAVAN KUMAR2
  2. 2. Content: Introduction Disaster Management Approach National Disaster Management Force Role of NGOs in Disaster Mitigation and Management Role of Print and Electronic Media Sendai Framework Transfer of Technology An Interdisciplinary Approach Conclusion
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION: 64 37 38 25 24 39 26 19 27 31 14 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 OCCURRENCE OF DISASTER occurrence SOURCE: EM-DAT, The International Disaster Database, Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters - CRED
  4. 4. Total deaths 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 4997 1431 2236 1808 2204 1442 1038 599 7119 1037 2807 28667616 7384478 38143033 13989068 11096639 4802488 12829319 4280860 16708827 5654264 154100 Total deaths Total affected SOURCE: EM-DAT, The International Disaster Database, Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters - CRED
  5. 5. 0 5000000 10000000 15000000 20000000 25000000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 TOTAL DAMAGE ('000 $) Total damage ('000 $) SOURCE: EM-DAT, The International Disaster Database, Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters - CRED
  6. 6. 464000 4153000 0 2400000 4000 907000 325000 0 0 650200 1000 0 500000 1000000 1500000 2000000 2500000 3000000 3500000 4000000 4500000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 HOMELESS Homeless SOURCE: EM-DAT, The International Disaster Database, Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters - CRED
  7. 7. Disaster Management Approach (DMA)  Data  Awareness  Planning and Prevention  Risk Pooling  Response  Recovery
  8. 8. DMA Data: Data Finding effective resilience measures Increases awareness Early warning systems Efficient Disaster response Resilient rebuilding • Risk Identification • Awareness • Contingency Planning • Adaptation OUTCOME:
  9. 9. DMA Awareness: • Student awareness • Community awareness • Communication School awareness
  10. 10. DMA Planning and Prevention: • Establish resilient structures • Supervision of construction • Retrofitting existing structures • Others DISASTER
  11. 11. DMA Risk Pooling: • Recovery of individuals, firms and economies. • Indemnity cover • Government catastrophe funds • Others
  12. 12. DMA Response: Before and During the time of Disaster : • Early warning systems • Evacuation plans • Efficient Response measures and Rescue
  13. 13. DMA Response: After Disaster : • Restoring law and order • Quick damage Assessment • Funds usage
  14. 14. DMA Recovery: • Deploying loss adjusters • Financial support • Lessons learnt • Resilient and sustainable rebuilding
  15. 15. NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT FORCE • National Disaster Management Force (NDMF)
  16. 16. • Why NDMF ? • Impact on policy framing • Provides “what to do, what not to do”. • Emerging a well society
  17. 17. • Implementation • School level • College level • Municipal and Rural level
  18. 18. • Role of NDMF • By inculcating National integrity, Discipline, Commitment, Smart thinking, Sharp response, Motivation, Leadership, Charity, Human values, Ethics and Knowledge on latest technologies. • To channelize the energy and dynamism of young men towards activities beneficial to them and to the society.
  19. 19. Role of NGOs in Disaster Mitigation and Management  Crucial, Essential and Vital  To Reduce Communication gap  In present scenario – Strengthening Disaster Preparedness and Mitigation.
  20. 20. Role of NGOs in Disaster Mitigation and Management SOURCE: Role of NGOs in Disaster Management (Draft), February 2015, National Disaster Management Guidelines. In Preparedness: To Mobilize, organize, training, linking, assessment, monitoring, process and share data during and after disaster. In Mitigation: Awareness-strengthening disaster preparedness measures-Improving Infrastructure-water and sanitation systems
  21. 21. EARTHQUAKE - GUJARAT
  22. 22. LANDSLIDE - DARJEELING
  23. 23. FLOODS - UTTARKAND
  24. 24. CYCLONE EFFECT - VISAKHAPATNAM
  25. 25. AVALANCHE EFFECT – JAMMU AND KASHMIR
  26. 26. NUCLEAR DISASTER - FUKUSHIMA
  27. 27. INDUSTRIAL DISASTER
  28. 28. OIL SPILL DISASTER
  29. 29. TRAIN ACCIDENT
  30. 30. BUS ACCIDENT
  31. 31. Role of Print and Media in Disaster Mitigation and Management
  32. 32. Sendai Framework (2015-2030) • Understanding disaster risk • Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk • Investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience • Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response, and to “Build Back Better” in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction SOURCE: Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, Third UN World Conference, Sendai, Japan, March 18,2015.
  33. 33. Transfer of Technology
  34. 34. An Interdisciplinary Approach • Government • Print & Media • NGOs • Youth • Military • Academic institutions • Sociologists • Psychologists • Others
  35. 35. Conclusion: • NDMF at all levels of society to combat disasters effectively. • Government interest alone will not give effective results, unless every individual of the nation realizes that their part is crucial in making India Resilient towards Disaster.
  36. 36. References • Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, Third UN World Conference, Sendai, Japan, March 18, 2015. • Disaster Management Act, 2005, Government of India (Gol). • National Policy on Disaster Management 2009, Gol. • Report of the Fourteenth Finance Commission, 24th February, 2015, Gol. • Seventh Schedule (Article-246), the Constitution of India. • State Level Programmes for Strengthening Disaster Management in India-Initiatives by Ministry of Home Affairs, Gol. • National Cadet Corps, Gol. • National Services Scheme, Gol. • Role of NGOs in Disaster Management (Draft), February 2015, National Disaster Management Guidelines. • Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters, Hyogo Framework for Action 2005- 2015, International Strategy for Disaster Reduction. • Valerie Ingham, John Hicks, Mir Rabiul Islam, Ian Manock and Richard Sappey (2015). “An Interdisciplinary Approach to Disaster Management, Incorporating Economics and Social Psychology.” International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 6, Issue 5, pp.93-106. • Jennifer Tatebe and Carol Mutch (2015). “Perspectives on Education, Children and Young People in Disaster Risk Reduction.” International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, In Press, Available online 2 July 2015.
  37. 37. THANK U

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