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The relation between the domains of information retrieval and knowledge organization in international journals

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The objective of this research is to analyze the thematic of international scientific production published during the 2006 - 2015 period on Knowledge Organization and Information Retrieval indexed in Web of Science and Scopus databases. This study develops a qualitative and exploratory research of a corpus of 100 papers that establishes a relationship between Knowledge Organization and Information Retrieval. The study also analyses the papers that are part of the corpus and classifies them into three categories, using the dimensions of Knowledge Organization that are considered themes in the Brazilian Congress on Knowledge Organization and Representation organized by the International Society for Knowledge Organization (ISKO): epistemological dimension, applied dimension, social and political dimension. We found that most of the scientific production is concentrated in the applied dimension, which can be explained by the applied characteristic of Information Retrieval. The epistemological dimension is the second most recurrent, and the social and political dimension has low incidence, which can be explained once the corpus is formed by the international scientific production and is not reflected in a dimension designed for a Brazilian Congress.

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The relation between the domains of information retrieval and knowledge organization in international journals

  1. 1. THE RELATION BETWEEN THE DOMAINS OF INFORMATION RETRIEVAL AND KNOWLEDGE ORGANIZATION IN INTERNATIONAL JOURNALS Msc. Paula Carina de Araújo Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquisa Filho (UNESP) Prof. Dr. Edberto Ferneda Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquisa Filho (UNESP) Prof. Dr. José Augusto Chaves Guimarães Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquisa Filho (UNESP)
  2. 2. The scientific production of a domain determines its degree of development and evolution. The analysis of a domain is essential to understand it, identify research trends and contribute to the advancement of production and scientific communication. Research Context IX Encontro Internacional de Informação, Conhecimento e Ação
  3. 3. The objective of this research is to analyze the themes of the international scientific literature published between 2006 and 2015, about Knowledge Organization and Information Retrieval indexed in Web of Science and Scopus databases. Objective IX Encontro Internacional de Informação, Conhecimento e Ação
  4. 4. This analysis is proposed due to the authors' interest on the scientific production in KO. This research question arose when attending the course Computational Models of Information Retrieval at the Information Science Graduate Program at Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho (UNESP). The analysis of the scientific production of a domain or the relationship between domains allows its knowledge, its construction and interdisciplinary, as Rendón Rojas (2008) stated. Motivations IX Encontro Internacional de Informação, Conhecimento e Ação
  5. 5. Qualitative exploratory study. Corpus: 100 scientific articles published between 2006 and 2015, about RI e OC, indexed in Web of Science e Scopus. Methodology IX Encontro Internacional de Informação, Conhecimento e Ação
  6. 6. DATA COLLECTION Date of the data collection: July 30 2015. Search strategy: “information retrieval” AND (“knowledge organization OR “information organization”) Search fields: title, abstract and keywords. Filters: scientific articles between 2006 and 2015 Methodology IX Encontro Internacional de Informação, Conhecimento e Ação
  7. 7. ORGANIZATION Web of Science: 57 documents Scopus: 92 documents Bibliographic Manager: Repetitions: 41 documents Other documents: 5 Articles that are not part of the scope: 3 Methodology IX Encontro Internacional de Informação, Conhecimento e Ação
  8. 8. ANALYSIS The second stage of the research consisted in analyzing the content of the articles by reading the titles, abstracts and keywords. Categorization Categories: the three sub-themes named dimensions of KO proposed by ISKO in the Brazilian chapter congresses: epistemological dimension, applied dimension, social and political dimension. Methodology IX Encontro Internacional de Informação, Conhecimento e Ação
  9. 9. Journals IX Encontro Internacional de Informação, Conhecimento e Ação FIGURE 1: Articles per Journal SOURCE: Research Dat 65 journals 13 with at least 2 papers in the corpus
  10. 10. The most representative journals: Knowledge Organization (11) Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (9) Scope of the journals: both accepet publications on the issues that are studied in this research as the main thematics. Knowledge Organization is one of the é um dos principais periódicos do domínio da OC, editado pela ISKO. Journals IX Encontro Internacional de Informação, Conhecimento e Ação
  11. 11. Brazilian Journals: Perspectivas em Ciência da Informação (4) Transinformação (3) Informação & Sociedade (2) some of the most important Brazilian journals of Information Science and they cover the thematics IR and KO. They are classified in Qualis stratum A1 of CAPES (Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel). Journals IX Encontro Internacional de Informação, Conhecimento e Ação
  12. 12. Type of Authorship IX Encontro Internacional de Informação, Conhecimento e Ação FIGURE 2: Type of Authorship SOURCE: Research Data
  13. 13. The co-authorship reflects the generation and exchange of new and current knowledge with which greater authority from the epistemological point of view is achieved, highlighting the solution of common problems. (BEAVER, 2004). Type of Authorship IX Encontro Internacional de Informação, Conhecimento e Ação
  14. 14. KO Dimensions IX Encontro Internacional de Informação, Conhecimento e Ação FIGURE 3: Knowledge Organization Dimension SOURCE: Research Data
  15. 15. Epistemological Dimension IX Encontro Internacional de Informação, Conhecimento e Ação FIGURE 4: Epistemological Dimension SOURCE: Dados da pesquisa
  16. 16. Studies related to this dimension are key to discuss theory that, consequently, shall underpin the practice represented in the applied dimension. Epistemological Dimension IX Encontro Internacional de Informação, Conhecimento e Ação
  17. 17. Applied Dimension IX Encontro Internacional de Informação, Conhecimento e Ação FIGURE 5: Applied Dimension SOURCE: Research Data
  18. 18. The predominance of research in the applied dimension can be explained by the characteristics of the corpus, considering that IR is a process involving application, tests, etc. This does not mean that studies in the epistemological dimension are not necessary, as recognizing and discussing concepts, addressing the history and methods of KO and IR are critical issues. Applied Dimension IX Encontro Internacional de Informação, Conhecimento e Ação
  19. 19. Social and Political Dimension IX Encontro Internacional de Informação, Conhecimento e Ação FIGURE 6: Social and Political Dimension SOURCE: Research Data
  20. 20. The low incidence of articles with this theme can be explained because the corpus is formed by international articles, and, the Social and Political Dimension of KO was established as a sub-theme of the ISKO-Brazil congress because of a national yearning, since the first edition of the congress. Social and Political Dimension IX Encontro Internacional de Informação, Conhecimento e Ação
  21. 21. These results confirm the predominance of research related to the applied dimension of KO. This same result was obtained by Bufrem (2015). Research Tendencies: Simple Knowledge Organization Systems (SKOS), automatic indexing, semantic web e ontologies. Conclusion IX Encontro Internacional de Informação, Conhecimento e Ação
  22. 22. Further Research The analysis of the social network formed by the authors of this corpus. Citation analysis, co-citation and bibliographic coupling. Identify epistemic communities. Develop an similar analysis in national journal literature related to IR and KO domains. Encouraged research related to social and political dimensions. Conclusion IX Encontro Internacional de Informação, Conhecimento e Ação
  23. 23. Regarding IR and KO in this research, the analysis of the corpus allowed us to infer that there is a close relationship between these two domains in the international journal literature indexed in WoS and Scopus databases and published in the last ten years. Conclusion IX Encontro Internacional de Informação, Conhecimento e Ação
  24. 24. References IX Encontro Internacional de Informação, Conhecimento e Ação BEAVER, Donald D. Does collaborative research greater epistemic authority?. Scientometrics, v.60, n.3, p. 399-408, ago. 2004. BUFREM, Leilah Santiago. Perspectivas da pesquisa sobre organização do conhecimento no Brasil. In: GUIMARÃES, José Augusto Chaves; DODEBEI, Vera. Organização do conhecimento e diversidade cultural. Marília: ISKO-Brasil; FUNDEPE, 2015. p. 709-724. Disponível em: < http://isko-brasil.org.br/wp- content/uploads/2015/09/Organiza%C3%A7%C3%A3o-do-Conhecimento-e- Diversidade-Cultural-ISKO-BRASIL-2015.pdf>. Acesso em: 20 set. 2015. RENDÓN ROJAS Miguel Ángel. La ciencia de la información en el contexto de las ciencias sociales y humanas: ontología, epistemología, metodología e interdisciplina. Datagramazero: revista de ciência da informação, v. 9, n. 4, ago. 2008. Disponível em: <http://www.datagramazero.org.br/ago08/F_I_art.htm>. Acesso em: jun. 2012.
  25. 25. Paula Carina de Araújo paula.carina.a@gmail.com Edberto Ferneda ferneda@marilia.unesp.br José Augusto Chaves Guimarães guima@marilia.unesp.br
  26. 26. The relation between the domains of information retrieval and knowledge organization in international journals by Paula Carina de Araújo, Edberto Ferneda e José Augusto Chaves Guimarães is licensed under a Creative Commons Attibution 4.0 International Licence.

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