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Haifa 2013

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Haifa 2013

  1. 1. Ludic and Social Media in LearningInnovation Processes Patrick J. CoppockDepartment of Communication and Economics University of Modena & Reggio Emilia, Italy patrick.coppock@unimore.it http://game.unimore.it http://facebook.com/patcop Twitter: Pat_Coppock
  2. 2. Defining Ludic and Social Media• Ludic Media• Ludic Interface• Social Interface• Social Media
  3. 3. Ludic Media• "Ludic”: from the Latin “ludus”, meaning play, game, sport, pastime• Most contemporary media consumption/fruition practices are to some extent playful and thus ludic• Skills we acquire through play may have implications for how we learn, work, participate in the political process, and connect with other people around the world (Henry Jenkins)
  4. 4. Ludic Interfaces• Ludic Interfaces: • are devices designed to connect human interactors in a playful, functional manner with complex technical systems like computer programs, databases, game consoles, web applications, mobile apps, and even whole buildings, their exteriors and wider urban spaces. • seek to offer users a high degree of freedom of action and multiple access options. • are expected to contribute to an increase in accessibility of complex technical systems, and of user creativity and self-fulfillment.
  5. 5. Ludic Interfaces• share methods and knowledge from computer games, artistic experimentation, interactive media, media conversion, social networks and hacker culture• result in tools offering ease of use and playfulness.• tools and concepts endowed with ludic interface principles differ from traditional technological systems as they are playful, user-generated and user-driven, flexible, low-cost and cooperative
  6. 6. Ludic interfaces
  7. 7. Ludic interfaces
  8. 8. Ludic interfaces
  9. 9. Interface Art• Game Art Interfaces: • innovative, application specific • custom-built, locative • rich in connotative power and surprise • playful • critical • invite co-creativity, user-generated or user-driven content Mathias Fuchs http://www.creativegames.org.uk/art/projects.htm
  10. 10. Interface art
  11. 11. Interface art
  12. 12. Urban space as interface http://www.codedcultures.net
  13. 13. Urban space as interface
  14. 14. Urban games
  15. 15. Urban games
  16. 16. Live action role play
  17. 17. Social interface• In general (sociology): • a social interface is a critical point of intersection between different life worlds, social fields or levels of social organization, where social discontinuities based upon discrepancies in values, interests, knowledges and power, are most likely to be located (Long,1989, 2001)• In the field of (user) experience design: • a social interface is one designed to facilitate as wide a range as possible of mediated social interactions between individuals and groups, and the development and symbolic representation of virtual (and actual) communities
  18. 18. Social Media• mediated means of interaction enabling people to create, exchange, share and comment on, a wide range of content matter forms in online virtual communities and networks• take many different forms: online journals, internet forums, mailing lists, weblogs, micro-blogging, wikis, social networks, podcasts, photographic and video archives, performance rating and social bookmarking, etc.• a key ludic (but not only) characteristic of social media practices is the ideation, production, sharing and appraisal/rating of user-based remix/remake content matter
  19. 19. Social Media
  20. 20. Social Media
  21. 21. Social Media
  22. 22. Media & identity• Personal ID v.1• Personal ID v.2• Digital ID v.1• Digital ID v.2
  23. 23. The joys oftraditionaleducatioin
  24. 24. Games and play• Peppino Ortoleva (University of Torino): • new technologies, reorganization of leisure and work time, and other less visible cultural factors have brought significant historical modifications to the traditionally separate ludic sphere. • new game types are emerging, and the threshold between play and reality is being redefined to include aspects of social life that may seem unrelated to play activities. • in the area of ludic practices, where games are played, new, previously marginalized, play spaces and practices have emerged: theme parks, surfing, reality shows, casual games, social networking, etc.
  25. 25. Applied play• Some examples: • informal and formal learning activities in schools, at work, art games, urban games used to explore unknown sides of city spaces and build new relationships • gamification strategies in training, marketing and commerce • flying military drones that kill people in other lands far away • brainstorming sessions in business and science • ludic interfaces for public information and archive systems • play as resource for creatively confronting situations requiring unplanned adaptations or improvisations
  26. 26. Three learning types1. Formal learning: • Institutionally structured, learning objectives, certification, intentional2. Informal learning: • Not institutionally structured, derives from work, family or leisure activities, no explicit learning objectives, no certification, rarely intentional3. Non-formal learning: • Learner interest & community based, structured, knowledge, skill, experientially, emotionally oriented objectives, ±intentional
  27. 27. Life long learning• Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD): Life Long Learning for All (1996)
  28. 28. Mobile vs desktop
  29. 29. Participatory Learning• Henry Jenkins, James Paul Gee & others • Media Convergence > Participatory Culture • Knowledge Communities > Collective Intelligence • Problem solving as exercises in teamwork • “Ad-hocracies” (Cory Doctorow) vs Bureaucracies • Just-in-time open learning • Knowledge as process, not product • Critical thinking and information quality • Fact/fiction; argument/documentation; real/fake; marketing/enlightenment
  30. 30. Knowledge communities• group ownership of work/knowledge vs. autonomous problem solvers• cooperative games/work with different roles assigned according to problems to solve and individual competencies• just-in-time collaborative data/knowledge sharing
  31. 31. Multimodal literacies• Composition seen as informed choices regarding the relative qualities and efficacy of different media types and communication strategies in getting a message across• Literacy seen as a broad set of competencies in reading and writing through images, texts, sounds and simulations• Games and play as active problem solving environments, challenging traditional educational models
  32. 32. Research on ludicmedia and education• James Paul Gee, Arizona State University http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qGd1URORsoE http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jwouueYlwGo&feature=endscreen&NR=1 http://www.edutopia.org/james-gee-video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FmcgMK46nfg (debate chaired by Tracy Fullerton)• Henry Jenkins, University of Southern California http://henryjenkins.org/ http://www.macfound.org/programs/learning/ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FmcgMK46nfg (debate chaired by Tracy Fullerton)• Elena Bertozzi, Long Island University http://myweb.cwpost.liu.edu/ebertozz/vita.html• Rick Ferdig, Kent State University http://www.ferdig.com International Journal of Gaming and Computer Mediated Simulations (IJGCMS) http://www.igi- global.com/journal/international-journal-gaming-computer-mediated/1125
  33. 33. A few ludic theory references• Johannes Huizinga “Homo Ludens”• Roger Caillois, “Man, Play and Games”• Brian Sutton-Smith “The Ambiguity of Play”• Ian Bogost “How to Do Things With Games”• Jesper Juul “Half real”; “The Art of Failure”