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Learning Management SystemByParth N. AcharyaSardar Vallabhbhai Institute of Technology, Vasad By PresenterMedia.com
•Structure of Presentation 1 Introduction to LMS 2 Benchmark of a good LMS 3 Hardware and Software for LMS 4 Features of a commercially available LMS - TrainNet 5 Features of an Open Standard LMS - MOODLE X Q&A
•Introduction to LMS What is LMS? Learning Management System is a software package enables the management and delivery of learning content and resources to students. LMS typically contains features for administration assessment course management content management and authoring.
•Benchmark of a good LMS General Criteria Features and Functionality Intellectual Property Security Cost of Ownership Hardware and Software Maintainability and Ease of Considerations Maintenance Multilingual Support Usability, Ease of Use, and User Integration Capacity documentation LOM integration User Adoption / Current User Reliability Community Scalability Openness Standards Compliancy / Specification Conformance
•General Criteria FEATURES AND FUNCTIONALITY COST OF OWNERSHIP• See Feature Specific Criteria for • What is the cost and ease of details. implementation?• How robust is the feature set for • How fast can you be up and the program? running?• Does it already include all of the • What level of expertise is teaching "tools" faculty need? required?• Does it include both synchronous • What kind of support and and asynchronous assistance are available? communications tools? • What are the costs for• Can data be imported and licensing, software, hardware exported easily into/from the and custom development program? requirements?
•General Criteria MAINTAINABILITY AND EASE USABILITY, EASE OF USE, AND OF MAINTENANCE USER DOCUMENTATION• How many valuable resource hours • How available and accessible is will this take to administer and end user documentation/support? maintain at the server level? • How responsiveness of will support be?• How many valuable resource hours will this take to administer and • How available is maintain at the program level? documentation, how-to guides, training and online help?• How granular and distributed is the administration (the more granular • Will the program require lots of the better)? training or is it fairly intuitive to use?• Are all of the data processes automated and will they integrate • How long will it take faculty to set easily with your other systems? up their courses at a minimal level?• Does the program run on a server platform on which your staff already • How well will this program help an has excellent expertise? average group of faculty deliver their materials online?
•General Criteria USER ADOPTION / CURRENT OPENNESS USER COMMUNITY• Is there a strong development • How open is the source code community associated with the really? program? • Is it written in a modular• Are comparable institutions format that is designed for easy currently utilizing the program? modification and new, custom• Dog story/fraternity of users modules? • Are there clear code specifications for writing new modules?
•General Criteria STANDARDS COMPLIANCY / SPECIFICATION CONFORMANCE INTEGRATION CAPACITY• Does the LMS adhere to • Has the application been specifications like integrated with other systems? SCORM, IMS, OKI, AiCC? • Does the solution allow for• Can the LMS import and manage ready integration with other content and courseware that systems? complies with standards regardless of the authoring system that produced it?• Is XML support available?
•General Criteria LOM INTEGRATION RELIABILITY• • Is the solution reliable?• How available is compatible content?• What is the capacity to integrate with existing and newly created learning objects? INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY SCALABILITY SECURITY• Is the program suitable for both • Are there tools for digital right small and large installations? management (DRM)?• How easily does the solution allow • Are the provisions for privacy for growth of issues? users, content, functionality?
•General Criteria HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE CONSIDERATIONS MULTILINGUAL SUPPORT• Does the software run under an • Does the system support open source operating system? additional languages?• Is there provision for platform solutions?• What are the client browser requirements?• What are the database requirements?• What additional server software is required?• What are the hardware specifications?•
•Benchmark of a good LMS Feature – Specific Criteria Security Access Course Design, Development and Integration Course Monitoring Assessment Design Online Collaboration and Communications Productivity Tools
•Feature – Specific Criteria SECURITY ACCESS• Encryption (encodes and decrypts • Individual/Group Login and Password messages)- Ability to accommodate privacy - note that full certificate-SSL (a • Assignable Privileges protocol that encrypts a single TCP • Browser accessible session) likely to be too slow for this purpose • Course Authorization - Course• Authentication (verifies the identity of selection by keyword, course ID, title. a user) --Username & password with Program recommendation. forgotten password routine • Registration Integration - Registration, Prerequisite Screening, Cancel Notification • Student Tracking - minimum PC requirements; bandwidth requirements and ability to work offline.
•Feature – Specific Criteria COURSE DESIGN, DEVELOPMENT AND INTEGRATION• Enables easy maintenance of • Accessibility Compliance courses. • Instructional design tools• Customizable adaptable look and • Instructional Specifications feel Support• Support classroom and virtual • Curriculum Management courses • Easy Navigation/linking• Course templates • Easy Course structuring• Use and access LO • Extensible Architecture• Web course creation • Support style sheets• Support multimedia types
•Feature – Specific Criteria COURSE MONITORING PRODUCTIVITY TOOLS• Course Listing/Catalogue • Bookmarks• Course Descriptions • Calendar/Progress• Schedules and Availability Review Control • Orientation/Help • Search • Work offline/Synchronize
•Feature – Specific Criteria ASSESSMENT DESIGN • Ease of exam and assessment • Competency Mapping/Skill Gap creation and grades tracking. Analysis • Creates test questions and • Course Certificate Creation - facilitates test administration Support for multiple certificate • Automated Testing and Scoring types. Restricted creation. • Learner Profile • Self-assessment Management/progress tracking • Online Grading tools -- Enables measurement of • Activity Tracking training needs and identify improvement areas. • Course Path Maintenance - Path lists and diagrams
•Feature – Specific Criteria ONLINE COLLABORATION AND COMMUNICATIONS • Community learning or • newsgroups collaboration components that • online support / help desk support communication. • file exchange • Messaging - Integration with • online journals SMS/text messaging on cell phones • notes • E-mail - Ability to integrate with • whiteboard emails sent from regular POP • discussion groups/forums mail accounts (from learners • groupwork not logged in real-time) • chat rooms • bulletin boards
•Hardware & Software for LMS Learning management system works in a Client-Server mode. Teacher/Administrator – Server Student – Client Server Hosted – Asynchronous (wider in coverage) Stand alone – Synchronous (works with campus area network) The selection of hardware depends upon the type of the usage. All open standard LMS are based on php language.
•Hardware & Software for LMSAll sever side generally needs http server software.Server Software windows 2003 ApacheDatabase software MsSQL OracleVideo (handled in two ways) Interactive learning – Video streaming server Non-Interactive learning – FLVVMware packages are also available for easy installation. http server Database server php support
•Examples of popular LMS Each LMS package boasts how it is incorporating the above criteria. LMS are available as Open standard package (freely available) Commercially sold package Most popular LMS packages 1. Commercially sold LMS - TrainNet 2. Open standard LMS - MOODLE Let us study them.
•Features of TrainNet The following slides the features of commercially available LMS named TrainNet. The features are taken from it’s brochure.
•Unique Features of TrainNetHigh Quality Adjustable size LiveVideo:•Students receive high-quality, clearvideo and audio from the instructor.Both the teacher and student canindependently adjust the video to any ofthree available sizes: small, mediumand full screen,or completely turn thevideo off.•TrainNets video encoder is based onpure software and requires no thirdparty hardware.
•Unique Features of TrainNetInteraction Tools Video BW: Video supports MPEG4 and H.264 standards with scalable bandwidth from 28Kbps to 3Mbps Video Control by Instructor: The instructor has full control over the video and can synchronize all students’ PCs to the same video size, as well as disable the ability of the students to change the video size. Return Video from the remote classrooms – TrainNet enables the teacher to receive return video either automatically from the remote, which received permission to speak, or from multiple remotes. Return video is based on software and requires no specific HW. This video can be rebroadcasted to all Students Multiple Video Bit Rates – Course video stream, can be sent in both High, and Low, video bit rates,
•Unique Features of TrainNetInteraction Tools Full Duplex Voice Interaction: •Voice is provided in full-duplex enabling clear and uninterrupted communication between the teacher and the students. •TrainNet allows the instructor to connect any student in the class for a VoIP conversation. •When the student is connected, the student’s voice is broadcast to all students in the class. Immediate Anonymous Feedback: •TrainNet allows the instructor to request instantaneous anonymous (yes/no) feedback from the students at any time during the lesson. •The feedback is displayed as a percentage of yes/no responses, providing the instructor with on-the-fly results.
•Unique Features of TrainNet Interaction ToolsRaise Hand:•Students can raise a "virtual hand" by clicking a "raise hand" icon on their PC, to ask forpermission to speak to the instructor.•The raise hand option also provides a window for a text question to be typed and sentto the instructor.•Only when given permission to speak, the student can speak.•White Board:The Whiteboard allows the instructor to write, annotate and use graphic tools toillustrate points directly on the course material slides. A connected student can use theWhiteboard tool, as well. Text Chat:TrainNet includes a built-in text chat, allowing students to send real-time messages toother students and to the instructor, as well as private messages to the instructor only. Email:An integrated email system enables students and instructorsto communicate and send attachments within the learning system.
•Unique Features of TrainNetInstructor Control Guided Content Presentation: The instructor can present the course slides and synchronize all students with a particular slide in the presentation, with just the click of a button. Hidden slides: The instructor has the option to disable or enable students to view slides that have not been discussed by the instructor. Guided Web Browsing The instructor can synchronize all students to any site on the Web and use external HTML content during the course. Student Raised Hand List: TrainNet provides a queue list of students who have raised their hand in the training session. The first student who has their hand raised appears in a “Quick-Connect” button that allows the instructor to simply click the students name to connect them to speak. Full control over Student PCs: The instructor can turn off and disable select features in all student PC during the course (e.g., video, mouse, keyboard, and chat).
•Unique Features of TrainNetAdministrationStudent Registration: Students are registered to TrainNet either bythe teacher/system administrator or, if enabled, by self-registrationfrom their desktop. Course Registration: The system administrator has the ability toassign students to courses in the system. Courses are either“open”, where all students are eligible to participate, or as“restricted”, where students are enrolled by a system administrator. Attendance List: The instructor, as well as the students, hasaccess to an attendance list, which details the names of all studentsattending the class. The instructor can also view the queue ofstudents who raised their hand. Reports: TrainNet offers a variety of reports such as attendance,tests scores, and other information that enable both the instructorand the students to get a clear picture of class and individualstudent progress.
•Unique Features of TrainNetRecording, Playback and Rebroadcast Recording of Sessions: TrainNet is capable of recording live lessons for use in various asynchronous modes. After a recorded lesson is created, the instructor or system administrator can upload the course immediately to the virtual campus. Re-broadcast of Recorded Lesson: The recorded lesson can be re-broadcasted at specific time and students can attend the re- broadcasted lesson as if they were in a live lesson (including registration, tracking of responses, etc). Distribution for Offline Learning: The recorded lesson can be distributed, (on CD or downloaded from the TrainNet server) for offline viewing and study. Playback of Recorded Lessons: After a recorded lesson is uploaded to the server, students can access the course. While participating in a recorded playback session, the student can pause or stop the course at any time.
•Unique Features of TrainNetApplication Projection and Sharing •TrainNet offers special tools for IT or software training that enable the instructor to project any application from his/her PC to all student PCs. •It also allows an organization to get trainees’ feedback on an application prior to inducting it or making a large purchase. • Application Projection: •Any software applications residing on the instructor’s PC can be projected to all student PCs. •The students can view and follow all instructor operation and movement within the application. • Application Sharing: •The instructor can pass control over the application to any student and give him/her the ability to control and operate an application as if it was installed on their PC. •All other students see all students’ movements in the lesson.
•Unique Features of TrainNetContent Creation TrainNet provides various options for easy creation and presentation of course content. Using the Desktop Camera: The desktop camera enables the teacher to present printed material from books, slides or even free hand writing without advance preparation. PowerPoint Conversion: TrainNet includes a tool for converting PowerPoint content to HTML HTML Content: TrainNet can import any HTML content from external sources, such as websites or files. HTML Content generation tools like EXE Learning (Freeware) comes quite handy for HTML Contenet creation. HTML Questions: TrainNet enables the instructor or course designer to add HTML questions to content courseware.
•Unique Features of TrainNetAdditional Features Intuitive User Interface: •TrainNet provides an attractive and userfriendly, icon-based interface appropriate for users without prior PC knowledge. • The interface is “clutter-free” to direct the student’s attention to the study material. Teacher Assistant: •When large groups of students attend a lesson, the teacher has the option to redirect all students’ questions to a Teacher Assistant (a separate PC on the network). •The teacher assistant can respond to students’ questions without interrupting the flow of the lesson. Content Previewing: •Students can preview the content before the lesson starts or review previously discussed material during and after a lesson. Status Messages: •Status update messages (i.e. "student is connected to speak" or "HTML content is being synchronized with the instructor") are continuously sent to all students.