2. Materials can be anything in linguistic, visual,
auditory and kinesthetic forms that are used
to facilitate the teaching and learning process.
3. Designing materials play a central role in
teaching and learning;
It helps teachers to boost their confidence
as well as being a positive and
empowering experience of teacher
They provide opportunities for teachers
to explore and learn new information
which takes shape in the form of tasks.
Why is it important designing
4. A source of activities for learners practice
and communicative interaction.
A reference source for learners on grammar,
vocabulary and pronunciation.
A support for less experienced teachers.
A source of stimulation and ideas for
The role of materials
5. Will the materials stimulate and
To what extend does the material match
the stated learning objectives and your
To what extent will the materials support
the learning process?
Questions to ask when
6. Good and effective teaching
Arouse and mantain learners´ interest
Meet the learners needs and backgraound.
Provide examples of language use.
Provide meaningful activities.
Provide opportunities por authentic
7. Achieve impact
Help learners develop confidence
Provide relevant and useful
Encourage leaners involvement
Take into account that the
learners have different learning
8. Foster learning autonomy
Engage learners effectively and
Promote proposel use of language.
Provide opportunities for outcome
Provide the learners with
opportunities to achieve
9. ● Motivating students to learn vocabulary.
● Training students to use the language skills in various
● Providing corporate scenario through materials and
● Motivating students to interact with the learning
materials, peers and discuss topics with teachers.
● Encouraging students to involve themselves in varied
Materials should be designed with
10. • Learner needs
Any consideration to desig materials must begin on
base students´ needs.
Factors to Consider When
11. • Resources and facilities
Teachers must be realistic about what they can achieve in
terms of materials design and production within the
limitations of available resources and facilities.
12. Personal confidence and competence
This will be influenced by the teacher’s level of teaching
experience and his or her perceived creativity or artistic
skills and overall understanding of principles of materials
design and production.
13. • The curriculum and the context
These are variables that will significantly impact in
desicions about materials; they define the content,
skills and values to be taught.
14. 1. English teaching materials should be
Materials should be contextualized to the curriculum
they are intended to address and also contextualised to
the experiences, realities and first language of the
Guidelines for Designing Effective
English Teaching Materials
15. 2. Materials should stimulate
interaction and be generative in terms
Language teaching materials should provide situations
where learners need to interact with each other in a
manner that reflects the type of interactions they will
engage in outside of the classroom.
16. 3.English language teaching materials
should encourage learners to develop
learning skills and strategies.
It is important to provide learners with the confidence to
persist in their attempts to find solutions when they have
difficulties in communicating.
17. 4.English language teaching materials
should offer opportunities for integrated
Materials should give learners opportunities to integrate
all the language skills in an authentic manner and to
18. 5. English language teaching materials
should be authentic.
It assesses the student’s ability to efficiently and
effectively use a repertoire of knowledge and skill to
negotiate a complex task.
19. 6. English language teaching materials
should be attractive
Criteria for evaluating English language teaching
materials and course books frequently include reference
to the ‘look’ and the ‘feel’ of the product. -Physical
appearance -User-friendliness -Durability -Ability to be
20. 7. English language teaching materials
should have appropriate instructions.
Excellent materials fail in their “pedagogical realisation”
because of a lack of clarity in their instructions. For
instructions to be effective, they should be written in
language that is appropriate for the target learners, and
the use of the correct metalanguage can assist with
making instructions more concise and efficient.
26. Positive effect on learner motivation
Exposure to real language
Encourage more teacher autonomy
It is empowering
It is memorable
It is creative
It encourages critical evaluation of teaching
27. It takes to much time
It is not always possible to ensure that everyone
Organisatation (materials may lack overall
coherence and clear progression)
Quality (they may contain errors,be poorly
constructed and lack durability)