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PerformanceSCORM - Supporting data readiness and
life cycle logistics in learning content.

Publicada em: Negócios, Educação
  • Brilliant presentation on PerformanceSCORM.

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  1. 1. Performance SCORM <ul><li>Supporting Data Readiness and </li></ul><ul><li>Life Cycle Logistics </li></ul><ul><li>In Learning Content </li></ul><ul><li>SC 36 Open Forum </li></ul><ul><li>Stuttgart, Germany </li></ul><ul><li>September 2-4, 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Wayne Gafford </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Distributed Learning </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>703 283 3372 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Presentation Structure <ul><li>Defining Performance SCORM </li></ul><ul><li>Problem Statement </li></ul><ul><li>Problem Statement Contributors </li></ul><ul><li>SCORM 2.0 Requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Use Case </li></ul><ul><li>Solutions that Meet Requirements </li></ul>
  3. 3. Defining Performance SCORM <ul><li>Performance SCORM is the name given to the collection of </li></ul><ul><li>three SCORM 2.0 requirements described in this presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>Performance SCORM objectives include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve learning data readiness. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve learning life cycle logistics. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve learning content management. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Problem Statement <ul><ul><li>SCORM allows for a misalignment of product requirements and content by its inability to address the following generic business process in a life cycle “eco-system” : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Identify all learning elements affected by a new product requirement. Learning elements include: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Learners </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Competencies </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Content packages </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assets (and reused content) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>School houses </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Customers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Technical data </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Problem Statement Contributors <ul><li>No SCORM requirements for content, format and file naming. SCORM treats all content equally. </li></ul><ul><li>Equality supports interoperability but is a data readiness liability. </li></ul><ul><li>SCORM leaves out or is weak in the following meta data types that align a life cycle eco-system: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Configuration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Applicability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Competency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Position description </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learner profile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>File naming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Authoritative source </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. SCORM 2.0 Requirements <ul><li>Requirement #1: Improve SCORM 2004 support for modern content management practices: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify current learning content “in-production” from a common source database (CSDB). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apply configuration management to learning content to obtain the right information in support of a product version. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrate CSDB with an available LMS for content update notification to learners and instructors. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obtain any set of sequenced content outside an LMS. Size of data does not matter. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. SCORM 2.0 Requirements <ul><li>Requirement #2: Diversify SCORM 2004 to allow a Community of Practice to develop and reference its own aggregation model. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A CoP aggregation model will structure resources and organizations. Those structures and metadata will be expressed according to CoP specifications and requirements. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Product life cycle aggregation models will use S1000D or DITA, depending on life cycle requirements. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. SCORM 2.0 Requirements <ul><li>Requirement #3: Integrate SCORM 2004-based learning content development editors with common source databases. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SCORM learning content developers would have direct access to authoritative source content for reuse. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SCORM learning content developers can leverage S1000D and DITA processing tools. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Common source databases would have direct access to SCORM compilers to output content packages. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Use Case Description <ul><li>A learning content manager must have the ability to know how a new requirement affects all learning content elements in a life cycle ecosystem. </li></ul>Requirements Change What data is affected? What learning objectives are affected? What SCO/CP is affected? What learners are affected? New certification? What competencies are affected?
  10. 10. Linking Life Cycle to Meta Data <ul><li>Technical learning elements must be developed, managed and distributed in parallel with other supporting documentation to support data readiness. In addition, learners must be notified of new and updated courses that affect their performance. </li></ul>Elements Affected by Life Cycle Requirements Life Cycle Meta Data Learners Learner Profile ID Competencies Competency ID / Position Description Content Packages Configuration Assets (and reused content) File naming School houses Applicability Customers Configuration Authoritative Source Data File naming
  11. 11. SCORM 2.0 Solutions <ul><li>Requirement #1: </li></ul><ul><li>Support SCORM with modern content management practices: </li></ul><ul><li>Solution: </li></ul><ul><li>Reference the S1000D and the DITA data specifications into SCORM. </li></ul>
  12. 12. S1000D/DITA Learning Content Model
  13. 13. How S1000D and DITA will support data readiness and human performance in SCORM 2.0 <ul><li>S1000D supplies life cycle and file naming meta data for content packages, SCOs and assets. </li></ul><ul><li>S1000D configures learning content directly to products, components and doctrines being taught. </li></ul><ul><li>S1000D and DITA operate as common digital data formats to support complete family of information products. </li></ul><ul><li>Information marketplace supports S1000D and DITA management and processing. </li></ul><ul><li>S1000D and DITA supports direct access to “chunked” information aligned to performance and learning needs. </li></ul>
  14. 14. SCORM 2.0 Solutions <ul><li>Requirement #2: </li></ul><ul><li>Diversify SCORM 2004 to allow a Community of Practice to develop and reference its own aggregation model. </li></ul><ul><li>Solution: </li></ul><ul><li>Substitute generic SCORM functions with like S1000D and DITA functions suitable for a CoP. </li></ul>
  15. 15. S1000D, DITA & SCORM Functions Function S1000D/DITA SCORM 2004 Aggregation S1000D - PubModule, scormContentPackage DITA – DITA Maps IMS Manifest Sequencing S1000D - Process Data Module DITA – DITA Maps IMS Simple Sequencing Granularization and Reuse S1000D - Data Modules DITA - Topics Sharable Content Objects Meta Data S1000D - <idStatus>, <pmStatus>, <scormContentPackageStatus> DITA – DITA meta data Learning Object Metadata (Institute for Electronics and Electrical Engineers, LOM) Content S1000D/DITA - Learning Data Modules No reference to content and format Reporting and Interfacing S1000D/DITA – Protocol not specified. IEEE ECMA Script API for Content-to-Runtime Services Communication
  16. 16. How S1000D and DITA functions will support data readiness and human performance in SCORM 2.0 <ul><li>1. Aggregations contain CoP content packaging meta data that configures curriculum to products. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Aggregation meta data will remain in the content package throughout life cycle. </li></ul><ul><li>3. LOM is now featured in the S1000D and DITA aggregation models. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Sequencing is achieved through specific linking that supports CoP activities such as troubleshooting. </li></ul><ul><li>5. SCORM API can be expanded to track on-the-job human performance measures. </li></ul>
  17. 17. SCORM 2.0 Solutions <ul><li>Requirement #3 </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate SCORM 2004-based learning content development editors with common source databases. </li></ul><ul><li>Solution: </li></ul><ul><li>Develop an API enabling learning content development tools access to S1000D and DITA common source databases (CSDBs). API will also support CSDBs to compile S1000D and DITA content into SCORM content packages. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Sample S1000D-SCORM Production Framework CSDB 1 CSDB 2 CSDB 3 Commercial S1000D-DITA Databases Content Access SCORM Compiler Data ProductionAPI Bridge LCD 1 LCD 2 Data Data Learning Content Development Tools And Developers Learning Content Packages
  19. 19. How a S1000D and DITA data production API Bridge will support data readiness and life cycle logistics <ul><li>Learning content developers will leverage existing S1000D and DITA CSDB tool functionality such as version control, file naming, workflow and security. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning content developers will have direct reuse access to authoritative source information. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning content developers can create new content as other data developers are creating related content in the same environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Classroom instructors will be relieved of managing content anomalies between current authoritative material and potential outdated learning content. </li></ul><ul><li>S1000D and DITA CSDBs can compile SCORM packages and output related information products from a CSDB. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Discussion <ul><li>Performance SCORM : </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting Data Readiness and </li></ul><ul><li>Life Cycle Logistics </li></ul><ul><li>In Learning Content </li></ul><ul><li>Wayne Gafford </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Distributed Learning </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>703 283 3372 </li></ul>