Cloud computing is a virtualization-based technology
that allows us to create, configure, and customize
applications via an internet connection.
The cloud technology includes a development platform,
hard disk, software application, and database.
3. What is Cloud Computing
The term cloud refers to a
network or the internet.
It is a technology that
uses remote servers on
the internet to store,
manage, and access data
online rather than local
The data can be anything
such as files, images,
documents, audio, video,
4. Why Cloud Computing?
Small as well as large IT
companies, follow the traditional
methods to provide the IT
infrastructure. That means for any
IT company, we need a Server
Room that is the basic need of IT
In that server room, there should be
a database server, mail server,
networking, firewalls, configurable
system, high net speed, and the
To establish such IT infrastructure,
we need to spend lots of money. To
overcome all these problems and to
reduce the IT infrastructure cost,
Cloud Computing comes into
5. Characteristics of Cloud Computing
2) High availability and reliability
3) High Scalability
5) Device and Location Independence
7) Low Cost
6. Cloud Computing Architecture
As we know, cloud computing technology is used by both
small and large organizations to store the information in
cloud and access it from anywhere at anytime using the
Cloud computing architecture is a combination of service-
oriented architecture and event-driven architecture.
Cloud computing architecture is divided into the following two
7. The below diagram shows the
architecture of cloud computing -
The front end is used by
the client. It contains
client-side interfaces and
applications that are
required to access the
cloud computing platforms.
The front end includes web
servers (including Chrome,
Firefox, internet explorer,
etc.), thin & fat clients,
tablets, and mobile
The back end is used by
the service provider. It
manages all the resources
that are required to provide
cloud computing services.
It includes a huge amount
of data storage, security
models, servers, traffic
control mechanisms, etc.
8. Components of Cloud Computing
Here are the following components of cloud computing architecture -
1. Client Infrastructure
Client Infrastructure is a Front end component. It provides GUI
(Graphical User Interface) to interact with the cloud.
The application may be any software or platform that a client wants
A Cloud Services manages that which type of service you
access according to the client’s requirement.
9. Types of Cloud
There are the following 4 types of cloud that you can deploy according to the
10. Public Cloud
Public cloud is open to all to store and access information via the Internet
using the pay-per-usage method.
In public cloud, computing resources are managed and operated by the Cloud
Service Provider (CSP).
Example: Amazon elastic compute cloud (EC2), IBM SmartCloud Enterprise,
Microsoft, Google App Engine, Windows Azure Services Platform.
11. Private Cloud
Private cloud is also known as an internal cloud or corporate cloud. It is
used by organizations to build and manage their own data centers internally
or by the third party. It can be deployed using Opensource tools such as Open
stack and Eucalyptus
12. Hybrid Cloud
Hybrid Cloud is a combination of the public cloud and the private cloud. we
Hybrid Cloud = Public Cloud + Private Cloud
Hybrid cloud is partially secure because the services which are running on the
public cloud can be accessed by anyone, while the services which are
running on a private cloud can be accessed only by the organization's users.
13. Community Cloud
Community cloud allows systems and services to be accessible by a group of
several organizations to share the information between the organization and a
specific community. It is owned, managed, and operated by one or more
organizations in the community, a third party, or a combination of them.
14. Difference between public cloud, private
cloud, hybrid cloud, and community cloud -
Parameter Public Cloud Private Cloud Hybrid Cloud Community
Access Internet Internet, VPN Internet, VPN Internet, VPN
Enterprise Enterprise Community
15. 3. Service
A Cloud Services manages that which type of service you access according
to the client’s requirement.
Cloud computing offers the following three type of services:
16. Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
IaaS contains the basic building blocks for cloud IT. It typically provides
access to networking features, computers (virtual or on dedicated hardware),
and data storage space. IaaS gives you the highest level of flexibility and
management control over your IT resources. It is most similar to the existing
IT resources with which many IT departments and developers are familiar.
17. Platform as a Service (PaaS)
PaaS removes the need for you to manage underlying infrastructure (usually
hardware and operating systems), and allows you to focus on the deployment
and management of your applications. This helps you be more efficient as
you don’t need to worry about resource procurement, capacity planning,
software maintenance, patching, or any of the other undifferentiated heavy
lifting involved in running your application.
18. Software as a Service (SaaS)
SaaS provides you with a complete product that is run and managed by the
service provider. In most cases, people referring to SaaS are referring to end-
user applications (such as web-based email). With a SaaS offering, you don’t
have to think about how the service is maintained or how the underlying
infrastructure is managed. You only need to think about how you will use that