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Presidential Libraries

Presentation on Presidential Libraries, featuring the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library.

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Presidential Libraries

  1. 1. Presidential Libraries Noreen Whysel LIS 651-02
  2. 2. What are Presidential Libraries? Archives and museums of an American President and his administration Contain documents and artifacts Administered by the National Archive Non-partisan: no emphasis given to political considerations or affiliation Belong to the American PeopleSource: National Archives: http://www.archives.gov/presidential-libraries/
  3. 3. Purpose of the Libraries Promote understanding of the presidency and the American experience, Preserve and provide access to historical materials, Support research, and Create interactive programs and exhibits that educate and inspire.
  4. 4. History of the Libraries In 1939, Franklin D. Roosevelt sought to preserve documents from his administration that, in the past, had often been lost, sold for profit or ruined by poor storage. Roosevelt raised private funds for the facility and then gave custody to the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). In 1950, Harry S. Truman also decided to create an archive, leading to public interest in preservation and Congressional action. The Presidential Libraries Act of 1955 established a system of privately erected and federally maintained libraries.
  5. 5. History of the Libraries The Presidential Records Act of 1978 established that the Presidential records that document the constitutional, statutory, and ceremonial duties of the President are the property of the United States Government. http://www.archives.gov/presidential- libraries/laws/1978-act.html The Presidential Libraries Act of 1986 also made significant changes to Presidential libraries, requiring private endowments linked to the size of the facility. NARA uses these endowments to offset a portion of the maintenance costs for the library. http://www.archives.gov/presidential- libraries/laws/1986-act.html
  6. 6. Franklin D. Roosevelt Our nearest presidential library is the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library in Hyde Park, NY. Current exhibits on FDR and Housing and The Roosevelts: Public Figures, Private Lives.Source: http://www.fdrlibrary.marist.edu
  7. 7. FDR Library WebsiteSource: http://www.fdrlibrary.marist.edu/daybyday/
  8. 8. FDR Library WebsiteSource: http://www.fdrlibrary.marist.edu/archives/collections.html
  9. 9. FDR Library WebsiteSource: http://www.fdrlibrary.marist.edu/archives/collections/list.html
  10. 10. FDR Library WebsiteSource: http://www.fdrlibrary.marist.edu/archives/pdfs/findingaids/
  11. 11. Existing Presidential Libraries Herbert Hoover  Gerald R. Ford Franklin D. Roosevelt  Jimmy Carter Harry S. Truman  Ronald Reagan Dwight D. Eisenhower  George H. W. Bush John F. Kennedy  William J. Clinton Lyndon B. Johnson  George W. Bush Richard Nixon http://www.archives.gov/presidential-libraries/visit/