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IA in Wikipedia
Join WikiProjects Information Architecture
and Help Make IA Discoverable
Noreen Y. Whysel
OWASP Community ...
• Introduction: Cybersecurity on Wikipedia
• Information Architecture in Wikipedia
• Anatomy of a Wikipedia Page: "Talk", ...
TRAINING OUTLINE: LINKS TO KEEP OPEN
IA Wikipedia Information: https://bit.ly/ias-wikipedia
WikiProject: Information Archi...
Information Architecture in Wikipedia
SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
• 273 Wikipedia articles
• 45 files (mostly diagrams)
• 2 Templates included on IA Article:
• Information Science template...
• 399 Wikipedia pages link to the Information
Architecture article
• Quality: Start-Class
• Importance: Mid-Importance
• H...
EDITING WIKIPEDIA PAGES
SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
 Every page edit is publicly visible.
 Every page edit you make is
traceable to your user account or IP.
 Talk pages ar...
Anatomy of a Wikipedia Talk Page –
Peer Review
SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
Anatomy of a Wikipedia Page –
View History
SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
 Select Edit to view wikitext
markup
Anatomy of a Wikipedia Page - Editing
SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
 You can enter an explanation of your changes in the Edit
summary box, which you'll find below the edit window.
 If the ...
 You should always use the Show preview button. After you've
entered a change in the edit box for the sandbox, click the ...
USER PAGES
Your Turn!
Create your User Account
SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
• Click on Create
account to sign up for
a Wikipedia editor
account.
• Use your real name or
a pseudonym.
User Pages
Speak...
• Usernames are governed by
Wikipedia policy.
• Anonymity is preferred.
• If you are not sure which
username to create, cl...
User Pages
• Click on your Username
in the top left to view
your User Page.
• Select Edit to make edits
to your User Page....
PLEASE TAKE FIVE MINUTES TO MAKE SOME EDITS TO YOUR USER PAGE...
SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
To experiment, you can use the shared Sandbox or your personal
sandbox. Your Sandbox is a good place to start a new articl...
For a citation to appear in a footnote, it needs to be enclosed in
"ref" tags (i.e. <ref>citation</ref>).
…or highlight yo...
References and Citations - Footnote
On a new page, you may need to create a section
usually named "Notes" or "References" ...
When you’re ready, add a citation to a page in your area of
expertise!
1. In your sandbox, insert a reference for a
book u...
• Do not copy-paste text from a website directly
into Wikipedia. Paraphrasing and citation is
necessary.
• Most of Wikiped...
Every image has a description page which indicates the license
under which it is released or, if it is non-free, the ratio...
Copyright – Wikimedia Commons
SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
POLICIES AND GUIDELINES
SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:List_of_policies
Wikipedia – 5 Pillars
 Wikipedia is an Encyclopedia
 Neutral Point of View
 Free Content: Anyone can see, use and edit
...
Wikipedia Conduct Policies
 Civility
 Clean start
 Consensus
 Dispute resolution
 Edit warring
 Editing policy
 Har...
Neutral point of view – All Wikipedia articles and other
encyclopedic content must be written from a neutral
point of view...
If you think you have a Conflict Of Interest (COI), don’t or edit
create the article. Ask someone else.
Find a related art...
Verifiability – Material challenged or likely to be
challenged, and all quotations, must be attributed to
a reliable, publ...
If available, academic and peer-reviewed
publications are usually the most reliable sources.
Other reliable sources includ...
No original research – Wikipedia does not publish
original thought: all material in Wikipedia must be
attributable to a re...
BASIC RULES: NOTABILITY
What if notability guidelines reproduce structural sexism and racism?
How can we address and amend...
BASIC RULES: NOTABILITYContent Guidelines
 Cite sources
 Do not create hoaxes
 No full text of primary sources
 Identi...
• Post a question on a Wikipedia User’s Talk page.
• Ask a question to the Wikipedia Teahouse question
board.
• Resolving ...
Over the next few weeks, add some well-cited
sentences and paragraphs to articles in your area
of expertise.
In the follow...
WHAT NOW? Start Editing!
 Join WikiProject Information Architecture
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_I...
WikiData and DBpedia
SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
• Wikidata is a free knowledgebase that anyone
can edit
• Wikidata acts as a central storage for the
structured data of it...
• Tools
http://tools.wmflabs.org/hay/directory/#/search/
wikidata
• Gadgets
https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Wikidata:Tools/G...
DBpedia
 DBpedia is the major hub (largest repository of LOD)
 Information derived from Wikipedia
 Connected with other...
Linked Open Data Cloud
SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
Source: http://lod-cloud.net/
DBpedia
 DBPedia Semantics
 4.58 million “things
 583 million “facts”
SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
Dbpedia “Things”
 Each thing in the DBpedia dataset is identified by a URI:
http://dbpedia.org/resource/Name
 “Name” is ...
Dbpedia “Facts”
 “Facts” as RDF Triples
 A “has name” B
 Subject → Predicate → Object
S http://dbpedia.org/resource/Ric...
Extracting DBPedia Components
 Core of DBpedia consists of an infobox
 An Infobox is a summary of article metadata
 Inf...
Extracting DBPedia Components
 Raw: creates triples directly from infobox data
 Generic
 Algorithm based
 Retains prop...
Extracting DBPedia Components
 Extraction tools
 DBpedia Information Extraction Framework
http://wiki.dbpedia.org/Docume...
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Information Architecture Wikipedia Edit-a-Thon: Training Guide

IA in Wikipedia Presentation at 2015 IA Summit, Minneapolis, MN, April 25, 2015.

  • Entre para ver os comentários

Information Architecture Wikipedia Edit-a-Thon: Training Guide

  1. 1. IA in Wikipedia Join WikiProjects Information Architecture and Help Make IA Discoverable Noreen Y. Whysel OWASP Community Manager Wikipedia User:nwhysel nwhysel@gmail.com @nwhysel
  2. 2. • Introduction: Cybersecurity on Wikipedia • Information Architecture in Wikipedia • Anatomy of a Wikipedia Page: "Talk", "Read", "Edit", and "View History“ • Making Simple Edits • Userpages • Working in the Sandbox • Putting in Citations • Additional Ways to Contribute • Copyright and Wikipedia • Basic Rules • Asking for Help and Resolving Disputes Training Outline SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  3. 3. TRAINING OUTLINE: LINKS TO KEEP OPEN IA Wikipedia Information: https://bit.ly/ias-wikipedia WikiProject: Information Architecture https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_Information_Architect ure Guide to Contributing to Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Contributing_to_Wikipedia Wiki Markup Cheat Sheet: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Wiki_markup_cheatsheet_EN.pdf Help on Creating Biographies of Living Persons https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Biographies_of_living_persons Article Wizard https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Article_wizard Training Outline: Helpful Links SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  4. 4. Information Architecture in Wikipedia SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  5. 5. • 273 Wikipedia articles • 45 files (mostly diagrams) • 2 Templates included on IA Article: • Information Science template • Semantic Web template • 3 WikiProjects: • Human Computer Interaction • Information Architecture (NEW!) • Usability Information Architecture Article SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  6. 6. • 399 Wikipedia pages link to the Information Architecture article • Quality: Start-Class • Importance: Mid-Importance • How can we improve Quality and Importance of Information Architecture related information on Wikipedia? Information Architecture Article SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  7. 7. EDITING WIKIPEDIA PAGES SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  8. 8.  Every page edit is publicly visible.  Every page edit you make is traceable to your user account or IP.  Talk pages are Wikipedia's version of peer review.  A lot of extra information is available in the View History tab. Anatomy of a Wikipedia Page SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  9. 9. Anatomy of a Wikipedia Talk Page – Peer Review SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  10. 10. Anatomy of a Wikipedia Page – View History SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  11. 11.  Select Edit to view wikitext markup Anatomy of a Wikipedia Page - Editing SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  12. 12.  You can enter an explanation of your changes in the Edit summary box, which you'll find below the edit window.  If the change you have made to a page is minor, check the box "This is a minor edit." Anatomy of a Wikipedia Page – Edit Summary SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  13. 13.  You should always use the Show preview button. After you've entered a change in the edit box for the sandbox, click the Show preview. This lets you see what the page will look like after your edit, before you actually save. Anatomy of a Wikipedia Page – Show Preview SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  14. 14. USER PAGES Your Turn! Create your User Account SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  15. 15. • Click on Create account to sign up for a Wikipedia editor account. • Use your real name or a pseudonym. User Pages SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  16. 16. • Usernames are governed by Wikipedia policy. • Anonymity is preferred. • If you are not sure which username to create, click help me choose: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Wikipedia:Username_policy User Pages SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  17. 17. User Pages • Click on your Username in the top left to view your User Page. • Select Edit to make edits to your User Page. • Using this Cheatsheet, write something about yourself. SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  18. 18. PLEASE TAKE FIVE MINUTES TO MAKE SOME EDITS TO YOUR USER PAGE... SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  19. 19. To experiment, you can use the shared Sandbox or your personal sandbox. Your Sandbox is a good place to start a new article. Editing the Sandbox SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  20. 20. For a citation to appear in a footnote, it needs to be enclosed in "ref" tags (i.e. <ref>citation</ref>). …or highlight your whole citation and then click the markup icon to automatically enclose your citation in ref tags. References and Citations –Footnotes SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  21. 21. References and Citations - Footnote On a new page, you may need to create a section usually named "Notes" or "References" near the end of the page: == Notes == <references /> or... == Notes == {{Reflist}} Example of a complete footnote: <ref>Name of author, [http://www.nytimes.com/article_name.html "Title of article"], ''The New York Times'', date</ref> SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  22. 22. When you’re ready, add a citation to a page in your area of expertise! 1. In your sandbox, insert a reference for a book using the Worldcat entry for this book: Alexander, Christopher (1979). The Timeless Way of Building. New York: Oxford University Press. 2. Insert a reference using a citation template for this magazine article: Boiano, R. (Fall 2011). Ethnotelling for User-generated Experiences. Journal of Information Architecture, Vol. 3, No. 2. Article link References and Citations – Your Turn! SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  23. 23. • Do not copy-paste text from a website directly into Wikipedia. Paraphrasing and citation is necessary. • Most of Wikipedia's text and many of its images are co-licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC BY-SA) and the GNU Free Documentation License (GFDL) . Copyright and Wikipedia SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  24. 24. Every image has a description page which indicates the license under which it is released or, if it is non-free, the rationale under which it is used. Copyright – Wikimedia Commons SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  25. 25. Copyright – Wikimedia Commons SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  26. 26. POLICIES AND GUIDELINES SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:List_of_policies
  27. 27. Wikipedia – 5 Pillars  Wikipedia is an Encyclopedia  Neutral Point of View  Free Content: Anyone can see, use and edit  Editors should treat each other with Respect and Civility  Wikipedia has No Firm Rules https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Five_pillars SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  28. 28. Wikipedia Conduct Policies  Civility  Clean start  Consensus  Dispute resolution  Edit warring  Editing policy  Harassment  No personal attacks  Ownership of articles  Sock puppetry  Username policy  Vandalism https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:List_of_policies#Conduct SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  29. 29. Neutral point of view – All Wikipedia articles and other encyclopedic content must be written from a neutral point of view, representing significant views fairly, proportionately and without bias. Basic Rules: Core Content Policies SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Neutral_point_of_view
  30. 30. If you think you have a Conflict Of Interest (COI), don’t or edit create the article. Ask someone else. Find a related article and use the Talk page to request the article. This includes Person pages, Companies you work for, Books you wrote, etc. Basic Rules: Conflict of Interest SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  31. 31. Verifiability – Material challenged or likely to be challenged, and all quotations, must be attributed to a reliable, published source. In Wikipedia, verifiability means that people reading and editing the encyclopedia can check that information comes from a reliable source. Basic Rules: Core Content Policies SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Verifiability
  32. 32. If available, academic and peer-reviewed publications are usually the most reliable sources. Other reliable sources include: • university-level textbooks • books published by respected publishing houses • magazines • journals • mainstream newspapers More information here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Verifiability#W hat_counts_as_a_reliable_source Basic Rules: Reliable Source SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  33. 33. No original research – Wikipedia does not publish original thought: all material in Wikipedia must be attributable to a reliable, published source. Articles may not contain any new analysis or synthesis of published material that serves to advance a position not clearly advanced by the sources. BASIC RULES: CORE CONTENT POLICIESBasic Rules: Core Content Policies SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:No_original_research
  34. 34. BASIC RULES: NOTABILITY What if notability guidelines reproduce structural sexism and racism? How can we address and amend this? Who are we leaving out? Basic Rules: Notability SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  35. 35. BASIC RULES: NOTABILITYContent Guidelines  Cite sources  Do not create hoaxes  No full text of primary sources  Identify reliable sources  No plagiarism  No patent nonsense SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  36. 36. • Post a question on a Wikipedia User’s Talk page. • Ask a question to the Wikipedia Teahouse question board. • Resolving disputes; Wikipedia:Dispute resolution, Wikipedia:Etiquette, Wikipedia:Staying cool when the editing gets hot. Asking for Help and Resolving Disputes SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  37. 37. Over the next few weeks, add some well-cited sentences and paragraphs to articles in your area of expertise. In the following slides, we’ll offer some guidelines and helpful tips about editing Wikipedia articles. WHAT NOW? BE BOLD! SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  38. 38. WHAT NOW? Start Editing!  Join WikiProject Information Architecture https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_Information_Architecture  Find an article in need of improvement and add it to WikiProject Information Architecture or pick one from the project list.  Tag the Talk page of an article with the WikiProject Information Architecture category. Insert: [[Category:WikiProject_Information_Architecture]]  Research citations on a person or topic that interests you.  Suggest citations or content on the Talk page of an article.  Fix typos and grammatical errors on existing articles.  If you are feeling bold, create a new article. Try out your Sandbox!  Ask for help if you need it!  Are You Hooked? Find a Wikipedia Meetup near you at: https://ne.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Meetup SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  39. 39. WikiData and DBpedia SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  40. 40. • Wikidata is a free knowledgebase that anyone can edit • Wikidata acts as a central storage for the structured data of its sister sites: Wikipedia, Wikimedia, Wikisource, etc. • Wikidata items link to external database through identifier properties • Wikidata supports FRBR and other ontologies https://www.wikidata.org Wikidata SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  41. 41. • Tools http://tools.wmflabs.org/hay/directory/#/search/ wikidata • Gadgets https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Wikidata:Tools/Ga dgets • User Scripts https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Wikidata:Tools/Use r_script https://www.wikidata.org Wikidata Tools SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  42. 42. DBpedia  DBpedia is the major hub (largest repository of LOD)  Information derived from Wikipedia  Connected with other Linked datasets by over 50 million RDF links.  Most widely used linking predicates: owl:sameAs http://dbpedia.org/ SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  43. 43. Linked Open Data Cloud SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931 Source: http://lod-cloud.net/
  44. 44. DBpedia  DBPedia Semantics  4.58 million “things  583 million “facts” SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  45. 45. Dbpedia “Things”  Each thing in the DBpedia dataset is identified by a URI: http://dbpedia.org/resource/Name  “Name” is derived from the URL of the source Wikipedia article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Name  Examples  http://dbpedia.org/resource/Billie_Holiday  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billie_Holiday SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  46. 46. Dbpedia “Facts”  “Facts” as RDF Triples  A “has name” B  Subject → Predicate → Object S http://dbpedia.org/resource/Richard_Saul_Wurman P http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name” O Richard Saul Wurman S http://dbpedia.org/resource/Richard_Saul_Wurman P <http://dbpedia-owl:occupation> O <http://dbpedia-owl:Architect> SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  47. 47. Extracting DBPedia Components  Core of DBpedia consists of an infobox  An Infobox is a summary of article metadata  Infobox template: {{Infobox person |name = Name |image = person.jpg |caption = “This is a person” ... |website = http://www.person.com }} SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  48. 48. Extracting DBPedia Components  Raw: creates triples directly from infobox data  Generic  Algorithm based  Retains property names used in infobox  Properties identified by ???  Mapping Based: maps against the DBpedia Ontology  mapping data to community-curated DBpedia Ontology  has ontology dbpedia-owl reference SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931
  49. 49. Extracting DBPedia Components  Extraction tools  DBpedia Information Extraction Framework http://wiki.dbpedia.org/Documentation  DBpedia Applications http://wiki.dbpedia.org/Applications  DBpedia Mappings http://mappings.dbpedia.org/index.php/Main_Page  Sourceforge: DBpedia - Wikipedia Data Extraction http://sourceforge.net/projects/dbpedia/ SpeakerRate: http://spkr8.com/t/53931

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