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The Amman Citadel is a national historic site at the center of downtown Amman,
Jordan. Known in Arabic as Jabal al-Qal'a , located on a hill in the middle of
Amman , the citadel was occupied as early as the Neolithic period .
The Citadel is considered an important site becauseit has had a long history of
occupation by many great civilizations. Mostof the buildings still visible at the site
are fromthe Roman, Byzantine, and Umayyad periods. The major buildings at the
site are the Temple of Hercules, a Byzantine church, and the Umayyad Palace.
Now I’mgoing to show you some pictures that I captured on the site:
Temple of Hercules
The great temple of Hercules (Herakls)
Larger than any temple in Rome itself,
The temple portico is framed
by six 33-foot tall columns.
The absence of columns
on the rest of the structure,
has convinced the excavator
that the temple
was actually left unfinished.
The Byzantine basilica was constructed in the 5th-6th centuries AD. Its naveis
flanked by two rows of columns. The photo looks eastwards fromtheentrance
down the length of the nave, towards the partially reconstructed semicircular wall
of the apse.
Governor's Palace and Mosque
This view looking north shows the domed entrance (vestibule) to the
Umayyad governor's palace(8th century) in the background. Thedome is a
modern reconstruction that gives the building an odd, Pac-Man-like
appearance. The entrance to the vestibule is the large semicircular archway
below the dome. In the foreground arethe remains of the palace mosque,
whosecolumn bases surround an open courtyard. A shortsection of the
mosque's wall has been reerected here.
Dome of the Vestibule
The interior of the dome of the Umayyad vestibule is shown here. This is a
modern recreation; the original dome's interior would havebeen painted and
plastered, giving a much different appearance.
Colossal Roman Statue
These hand and elbow fragments belonged to colossalstatue fromthe
Roman period and were found near the Temple Of Hercules.